European External Action Service

External Action ServiceEEASEuropean Union External Action Service
The EEAS is led by the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR), who is also President of the Foreign Affairs Council and Vice-President of the European Commission, and carries out the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), including the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The EEAS does not propose or implement policy in its own name, but prepares acts to be adopted by the High Representative, the European Commission or the Council. The EEAS is also in charge of EU diplomatic missions (delegations) and intelligence and crisis management structures.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,475,757 km2 and an estimated total population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development.

High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

High RepresentativeHigh Representative for the Common Foreign and Security PolicyHigh Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Council of the European Union. European External Action Service (EEAS). European Union Special Representative. Foreign Affairs Council. Foreign relations of the European Union. High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Supreme Allied Commander Europe. Mogherini's official term website in the European Commission. Official website of the post. Ashton's official term website at the Council of Europe. Ashton's official term website in the European Commission. EU – External Action (official site).

European Union Military Staff

Military StaffEU Military StaffEUMS
Common Security and Defence Policy. European Union Operations Centre. European External Action Service. Military of the European Union. Political and Security Committee. European Union Military Committee. International Military Staff. CSDP structure, instruments, and agencies, EEAS website. EUMS - European Union Military Staff, EU Whoiswho. The EU Military Staff: a frog in boiling water?, Militaire Spectator. MPCC: towards an EU military command?, European Union Institute for Security Studies.

European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats

European Union Intelligence and Situation Centre. Finnish Institute of International Affairs. Finnish Security Intelligence Service. Machtpolitik. Maskirovka. Official website. Memorandum of Understanding on the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats.

Structure of the Common Security and Defence Policy

CSDP structurestructure
Cdr.), Military Staff (EUMS), Military Committee (EUMC), Political and Security Committee (PSC) and Council have different roles: All military or civilian missions of the European Union (EU), as part of its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), are planned and conducted by an operation headquarters (OHQ). All civilian missions are directed by the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC), a directorate of the External Action Service (EEAS) in Brussels, Belgium. For each military mission an OHQ is chosen.

Finnish Security Intelligence Service

Finnish Security PoliceSupoSuojelupoliisi
The Finnish Security Intelligence Service (Supo) (Suojelupoliisi (Supo), Skyddspolisen (Skypo), ), formerly the Finnish Security Police, is the security and intelligence agency of Finland in charge of national security, such as counter-intelligence and counter-terrorism, under the jurisdiction of the Interior Ministry. Operational since 1949 and headquartered in Helsinki, Supo had 291 employees and a budget of 27.9 million euros in 2016.

Gerhard Conrad (intelligence officer)

Gerhard Conrad
On December 13, 2015 he was announced as the Head of European Union Intelligence and Situation Centre. *Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany *

Joint European Union Intelligence School

Common Security and Defence Policy. Permanent Structured Cooperation. European Security and Defence College. European External Action Service. European Union Intelligence and Situation Centre. Club de Berne. European Union Institute for Security Studies. European Union Satellite Centre.

Federica Mogherini

Mogherini
Federica Mogherini (born 16 June 1973) is an Italian politician who served as High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the European Commission since November 2014 to November 2019. She previously served as Italy's Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation from February 2014 to October 2014, in the centre-left Renzi Cabinet. She was a Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 2008 to 2014.

Open-source intelligence

open source intelligenceOSINTopen sources
Defense Intelligence Agency. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. US Army Foreign Military Studies Office. EUCOM JAC Molesworth. Foreign Media Monitoring in Support of Information Operations, U.S. Strategic Command. Wikipedia. ICWATCH. Intellipedia. Open Source Center. Private intelligence agency. ROSIDS. Special Libraries Association. Strategic intelligence. NATO Open Source Intelligence Handbook, NATO Open Source Intelligence Reader. MiTAP. DARPA TIDES program. Investigative Data Warehouse. Fusion Center. National Intelligence Open Source Committee. Open data. Co-occurrence networks. Doxing. WashTimes.com, Washington Times – CIA mines 'rich' content from blogs, 19 April 2006.

Federal Intelligence Service

BundesnachrichtendienstBNDFederal Intelligence Bureau
List of intelligence agencies of Germany. Operation Eikonal.

Foreign policy

foreign affairsforeignforeign relations
Common Security and Defence Policy (Europe). Foreign relations of China. Foreign relations of India. North Atlantic Treaty Organization. United Nations. Christopher Hill, The Changing Politics of Foreign Policy, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Jean-Frédéric Morin and Jonathan Paquin, Foreign Policy Analysis: A Toolbox, Palgrave, 2018. Steve Smith, Amelia Hadley and Tim Dunne (eds), Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases, 1st ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. The definition of foreign policy, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica, here in the video.

Serviço de Informações Estratégicas de Defesa

external intelligence service (SIED)SIED (Defense Strategic Informations Service)
In 2004, the SIEDM lost its military component and was renamed SIED. * Official Website List of intelligence agencies. Sistema de Informações da República Portuguesa. PIDE.

European Union Satellite Centre

EU Satellite CentreEUSCSatellite Centre
Common Security and Defence Policy. European External Action Service. Military of the European Union. European Union Institute for Security Studies. European Defence Agency. Western European Union. Joint European Union Intelligence School. June 2014 Council Decision. About GEOINT. EU Satellite Centre Annual Report 2015. EU SatCen website. CSDP structure, instruments, and agencies, EEAS website.

Triangle building

EEAS building
Kortenberg building, in which most Common Security and Defence Policy, including those of the EEAS, bodies are situated as the Triangle building was not deemed sufficiently secure in 2012. European External Action Service. Brussels and the European Union. Institutional seats of the European Union. Ashton set to take new office in EU nerve centre - EUobserver. listings-belgium.eur.cushwake.com, Cushman & Wakefield. L'Europe toise "The Capital" -La Libre Belgique. Projects. hooox: Axa Real Estate.

Michael Beary

Major General Michael Beary
From August 2011 to February 2013, Beary commanded the European Union Training Mission Somalia (EUTM Somalia), a EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) mission to train Somali Armed Forces in Uganda. On Friday, 27 May 2016 Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon appointed Major General Beary as the Head of Mission and Force Commander of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, to succeed Major General Luciano Portolano of the Italian Army. Beary assumed command of UNIFIL on 19 July 2016.

Club de Berne

Club of Berne
CTG, like the Club, is outside of the EU's institutions but communicates with them via the participation of the EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (EU INTCEN) (a branch of the European External Action Service). Although it is outside the EU, its presidency rotates inline with that of the EU Council presidency and acts as a formal interface between the Club de Berne and the EU. *Joint European Union Intelligence School

Munich Security Conference

Munich Conference on Security PolicyMSCSecurity Conference
For the first time, the heads of important Western Intelligence Services took part in a public panel discussion at the security conference. James R. Clapper, US Director of National Intelligence, Robert Hannigan, Director of the British intelligence agency GCHQ, Robert Bertholee, director of the Dutch secret service AIVD and Gerhard Conrad, Director of the EU Intelligence Analysis Centre INTCEN, discussed together with Vinton G. Cerf, Internet pioneer and vice president of Google, the relationship between security and civil liberty.

Defence forces of the European Union

EU forcesmilitaryunified EU defence force
This articles outlines the defence forces of the European Union (EU), which implement the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) in CSDP missions. There are two categories of EU multinational forces: ones that have been established intergovernmentally and made available to the CSDP through article 42.3 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), such as the Eurocorps; and the EU Battlegroups, established at the EU level. The military operations of the EU are typically named with a prefix that is either European Union Force (EUFOR) og European Union Naval Force (NAVFOR), depending on whether the operation is terrestrial or at sea.

Permanent Structured Cooperation

projectPESCOaspects of PESCO
Based on [[s:Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union/Title V: General Provisions on the Union's External Action Service and Specific Provisions on the Common Foreign and Security Policy#SECTION 2: PROVISIONS ON THE COMMON SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY|Article 42.6]] and Protocol 10 of the Treaty on European Union, introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009, PESCO was first initiated in 2017. The initial integration within the PESCO format is a number of projects planned to launch in 2018.

Government agency

agencygovernment agenciesGovernmental organization
A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency. There is a notable variety of agency types. Although usage differs, a government agency is normally distinct both from a department or ministry, and other types of public body established by government. The functions of an agency are normally executive in character, since different types of organizations (such as commissions) are most often constituted in an advisory role—this distinction is often blurred in practice however.

Intelligence analysis

intelligence analystsintelligence analystanalyst
Frequently, the intelligence service will organize the production process and its output to mirror the customer organization. Government production by the single-source intelligence agencies is largely organized geographically or topically, to meet the needs of all-source country, region, or topic analysts in the finished-intelligence producing agencies. In terms of intended use by the customer, both business and government producers may generate intelligence to be applied in the current, estimative, operational, research, science and technology, or warning context. Serendipity plays a role here, because the collected and analyzed information may meet any or all of these criteria.

European Defence Fund

defence fund
The European Defence Fund (EDF) is a component of the European Union's (EU) Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) which aims to coordinate and increase national investment in defence research and improve interoperability between national armed forces. It was proposed in 2016 by Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and established in 2017. The fund has two stands; Research (€90 million until the end of 2019 and €500 million per year after 2020) and Development & Acquisition (€500 million in total for 2019-20 then €1 billion per year after 2020). In July 2018, the European Commission announced that the budget for 2021-2027 would be €13 billion.

Command and control structure of the European Union

Operational headquarters of the European Unionoperational headquarterscommand and control
Structure of the Common Security and Defence Policy. List of military and civilian missions of the European Union. Berlin Plus agreement. Structure of NATO. European Union Concept for Command and Control, European External Action Service. STRATEGIC COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2) SYSTEM FOR CSDP MISSIONS AND OPERATIONS, Permanent Structured Cooperation.