In the 1970s, escalating hostilities between government forces and the Moro National Liberation Front prompted President Ferdinand Marcos to issue a proclamation forming an Autonomous Region in the Southern Philippines. This was, however, turned down by a plebiscite. In 1979, Batas Pambansa No. 20 created a Regional Autonomous Government in the Western and Central Mindanao regions. The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao region was first created on August 1, 1989 through Republic Act No. 6734 (otherwise known as the Organic Act) in pursuance with a constitutional mandate to provide for an autonomous area in Muslim Mindanao.
Insurgency in the PhilippinesCommunist Insurgenciesinsurgency
The civil conflict in the Philippines consists of a dual insurgency that began in 1969 during the rule of Ferdinand Marcos. Note:Some casualties from small-scale conflicts are not given. the CPP–NPA–NDF rebellion. the Moro conflict. February 2000 Operation Valiancy. March 2000 Operation Audacity. July 2000 Battle of Camp Abubakar. November 2001 2001 Misuari rebellion. February 2003 Battle of the Buliok Complex. July 2007 Basilan beheading incident. August 2008 North Cotabato conflict. September 2013 Zamboanga City crisis. June 2001 Siege of Lamitan. January 2014 Operation Darkhorse. April 2014 Battle of Basilan. January 2015 Mamasapano clash. February 2016 Butig clash.
attacks by militants in the southern Philippinesattacks from militant groupsthreats of militants from the southern Philippines
Many civilians have died or suffered during these incidents, causing an increase in anti-Filipino sentiment among the native peoples of Sabah, especially after major attacks in 1985, 2000 and 2013. The attacks were more intense during the presidential terms of Diosdado Macapagal and Ferdinand Marcos who supported irredentist claims to include eastern Sabah as part of the Philippines territory.
UPUniversity of the Philippines SystemUniversity of the Philippines Theater
As of 2019, two Americans and 19 Filipinos served as President of the University of the Philippines. The current president of U.P. is lawyer and former University of the Philippines College of Law Dean Danilo L. Concepcion. He assumed office on February 10, 2017. The governance of the University is vested in the Board of Regents of the University of the Philippines System (or Lupon ng mga Rehente in Filipino) and commonly abbreviated as BOR. The board, with its 12 members, is the highest decision-making body of the U.P. system.
FBIF.B.I.FBI Special Agent
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes.
Supreme CourtChief JusticePhilippine Supreme Court
Enriquez, et al (2016, Constitutional validity of internment of the remains of President Ferdinand Marcos to the Libingan ng mga Bayani). Philippines: Gov.Ph: About the Philippines – Justice category. The Supreme Court of the Philippines – Official website.
Filipinos remained loyal to the United States, partly because of the American guarantee of independence, and also because the Japanese had pressed large numbers of Filipinos into work details and even put young Filipino women into brothels. General MacArthur kept his promise to return to the Philippines on 20 October 1944. The landings on the island of Leyte were accompanied by a force of 700 vessels and 174,000 men. Through December 1944, the islands of Leyte and Mindoro were cleared of Japanese soldiers. During the campaign, the Imperial Japanese Army conducted a suicidal defense of the islands. Cities such as Manila were reduced to rubble.
Philippine InsurrectionPhilippinesFilipino-American War
The Philippine–American War, also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency (Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense), was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the conflict as a continuation of the struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution, the U.S. government regarded it as an insurrection.
Tokyo, JapanTokyo MetropolisTōkyō
Tokyo, officially, one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869., the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world. The urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island, Honshu, and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was formerly named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603. It became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo.
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL ), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS ), officially known as the Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh (داعش dāʿish, ), is a Salafi jihadist militant group and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi doctrine of Sunni Islam. ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive, followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre.
', officially the ', (Lungsod sa Kauswagan, Maranao: Monisipiyo san Kauswagan, Filipino: Bayan ng Kauswagan), is a province of, . According to the, it has a population of people. Kauswagan before was part affiliated municipality of Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte. Executive Order No. 126, s. 1948 separated the barrio of Kauswagan and the sitios of Linamon, Magoong, Purakan, Rebukon, Samburun, Lapayan, Takub and Kawit from the then municipality of Iligan. Kauswagan was the one of the municipalities suffered in Lanao del Norte during Marshall Law and ILAGA war against Moro.
🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
Indonesia (, ; Indonesian: ), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia ), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 km2, the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. With over million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, contains more than half of the country's population.
United States of AmericaSyriaNazi Germany
Undefined may refer to:
MILFMoro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF)civil war
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF; جبهة تحرير مورو الإسلامية Jabhat Taḥrīr Moro al-ʾIslāmiyyah) is a group based in Mindanao, Philippines seeking an autonomous region of the Moro people from the central government. The group has a presence in the Bangsamoro region of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, Palawan, Basilan, and other neighbouring islands.
Asian Americans are the country's second-largest racial minority; the three largest Asian American ethnic groups are Chinese Americans, Filipino Americans, and Indian Americans. According to a 2015 survey, the largest American community with European ancestry is German Americans, which consists of more than 14% of total population. In 2010, the U.S. population included an estimated 5.2 million people with some American Indian or Alaska Native ancestry (2.9 million exclusively of such ancestry) and 1.2 million with some native Hawaiian or Pacific island ancestry (0.5 million exclusively).
SuluSultan of SuluSulu Sultanate
On 24 May 1974 Mohammad Mahakuttah Kiram, under Memo Order 427, which was issued by Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos. Memo Order 427 states that "The Government has always recognised the Sultanate of Sulu as the legitimate claimant to the historical territories of the Republic of Philippines". The province of Sulu hosted the Daru Jambangan (Palace of Flowers) which was the royal palace of the Sultan of Sulu since historical times. The palace, located in Maimbung was made of wood, and was destroyed in 1932 by a huge storm. Today, a few arches and posts remain from the once grand palace complex.
9/119/11 attacksSeptember 11, 2001
Multimedia U.S. support of Israel. support for the "attacks against Muslims" in Somalia. support of Philippines against Muslims in the Moro conflict. support for Israeli "aggression" against Muslims in Lebanon. support of Russian "atrocities against Muslims" in Chechnya. pro-American governments in the Middle East (who "act as your agents") being against Muslim interests. support of Indian "oppression against Muslims" in Kashmir. the presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia. the sanctions against Iraq. American Airlines Flight 11: a Boeing 767 aircraft, departed Logan Airport at 7:59 a.m. en route to Los Angeles with a crew of 11 and 76 passengers, not including five hijackers.
territorial claimdormant claimSabah
At the ASEAN Summit on 4 August 1977, Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos announced that the Philippines would take “definite steps to eliminate one of the burdens of ASEAN — the claim of the Philippine Republic to Sabah”. The statement, however was not followed through, despite negotiations and reassurances made by Marcos again in 1984 with Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. A bill, certified urgent by President Corazon Aquino to repeal Republic Act 5446 was filed by Leticia Ramos Shahani in the Philippine Senate in 1987. The bill was widely criticised for effectively dropping the country's claim over the territory.
ZamboangaCity of ZamboangaZamboanga City, Philippines
On September 21, 1972, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Proclamation No. 1081 placing the Philippines under martial law. Zamboanga City's local government came under presidential control for the first time since 1955. Marcos extended Enriquez's term when his tenure was about to end in 1975, causing public outrage in the city.