Politics of the Philippines

Philippine governmentpoliticsgovernment
Magsaysay, who oversaw the surrender of the longimplemented a "Filipino First" policy and an austerity program. Garcia was defeated by his Vice President, Diosdado Macapagal of the Liberal Party, in 1961. Macapagal initiated a return to a system of free enterprise not seen since the Quirino administration. However, Macapagal's policies faced a stiff opposition in Congress, where the Nacionalistas hold the majority. Macapagal was defeated in 1965 by Senator Ferdinand Marcos.

1996 Final Peace Agreement

Final Peace AgreementA permanent peace agreement is signedpeace agreement
However, then Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos implemented the agreement by creating two autonomous regions (instead of one) consisting of ten (instead of thirteen) provinces. This led to the collapse of the peace pact and the resumption of hostilities between the MNLF and Philippine government forces. A year after Marcos was ousted from power during the People Power Revolution, the government under Corazon Aquino signed the 1987 Jeddah Accord in Saudi Arabia with the MNLF, agreeing to hold further discussions on the proposal for autonomy to the entirety of Mindanao and not just the thirteen provinces stated in the 1976 Tripoli Agreement.

List of Islamophobic incidents

islamophobic incidents
Below is a list of incidents in Albania that could be considered Islamophobic: Below is a list of incidents in Australia that could be considered Islamophobic: Below is a list of incidents in Austria that could be considered Islamophobic: Below is a list of incidents in Belgium that could be considered Islamophobic: In the 1990s, the Bosnian Genocide and the Kosovo War, both of which involved the "mass murder of innocent Muslims," have been linked to Islamophobia. In Bosnia, Christian Serb and Croat militias carried out genocidal attacks on the Muslim Bosniak community.

Philippine Air Force

Air ForcePAFPhilippine Air Force (PAF)
On February 24, 1986 at the height of political struggle between the Marcoses and the Aquinos, the 15th Strike Wing defected to the Ramos-Enrile camp, taking their squadrons of S-76 “Sikorsky” that later dictated the EDSA People Power Revolution which effectively ended the Marcos rule.

Presidential transition of Rodrigo Duterte

Transition Team of Rodrigo Duterte and Presidential Transition Committee
Killings of journalists in the past were cited, particularly those of 58 journalists killed by a political clan in Maguindanao in 2009, along with those of a recorded 176 journalists murdered since the corruption-plagued Martial Law era under Ferdinand Marcos, the total of which has marked the Philippines as one of the most dangerous countries in the world for journalists to work in. Furthermore, Duterte's controversial statement was made three days after another journalist was shot dead by two unidentified men in Manila.

Libya–Philippines relations

Through Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos' diplomacy, the OIC soften its stance against the Philippines and took advantage of the MNLF's membership in the organization to start negotiations between the secessionist group and the Philippine government. Diplomatic relations between Libya and the Philippines were formally established in 1976 with the signing of a Joint Communique. An agreement was signed in 1976 in Tripoli which made the MNLF drop its secessionist goal in favor of autonomy. However the pact was short-lived due to President Marcos' insistence to hold a pleibiscite to determine which province wanted to be part of the autonomous region.

List of diplomatic visits to the Philippines

This is a list of diplomatic visits made to the Philippines for diplomatic reasons, which is classified by the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs as either a state visit, official visit, or working visit.

1995 Ipil massacre

Ipil massacreattack
The 1995 Ipil massacre occurred on the morning of April 4, 1995, in the municipality of Ipil in Zamboanga Sibugay province when approximately 200 heavily armed Abu Sayyaf militants fired upon residents, strafed civilian homes, plundered banks, took up to 30 hostages and then burned the centre of the town to the ground.

Persecution of Muslims

anti-MuslimPersecution of Muslims in the former USSRpersecution
The Secretary-General of the United Nations described the mass murder as the worst crime on European soil since the Second World War. A paramilitary unit from Serbia known as the Scorpions, officially part of the Serbian Interior Ministry until 1991, participated in the massacre, along with several hundred Russian and Greek volunteers. In 1989, 310,000 Turks left Bulgaria, many under pressure as a result of the communist Zhivkov regime's assimilation campaign (though up to a third returned before the end of the year). That program, which began in 1984, forced all Turks and other Muslims in Bulgaria to adopt Bulgarian names and renounce all Muslim customs.

List of wars involving the Philippines

This is a list of direct armed conflicts involving the Philippines since its founding during the Philippine revolution.


Other events of 197171Abhi Toh Main Jawaan Hoon
Camden was, however, the site of a 1949 shooting rampage by Howard Unruh, considered by some to be the first mass murderer in the United States. The riots result in the demise of Camden's Sears and A&P branches. Also in 1971, Philadelphia International Records is established, with Camden native Leon Huff as co-founder. August 1 – In New York City, 40,000 attend The Concert for Bangladesh. August 2 – J. C. Penney debuts its trademark Helvetica wordmark which has been used ever since. August 5 – The South Pacific Forum (SPF) is established.

Patikul massacre

massacred BGen Teodulfo BautistaTeodulfo Bautista
Then President Ferdinand E. Marcos, in his eulogy to the fallen, stated that Gen. Bautista and his men were "killed with perfidy and treachery", and that the massacre "conclusively brands the MNLF as the violator of the ceasefire agreement". This is in reference to the 1976 Tripoli Agreement, signed by the Philippine government and the MNLF ten months before, which included the provision of a ceasefire. In 2012, Bautista's son, then-Commanding General of the Philippine Army Emmanuel T. Bautista inaugurated a museum in Camp General Teodulfo Bautista in Barangay Busbus, Jolo. The Army camp is named in honor of his late father.

History of the Philippines (1965–86)

Fourth RepublicMartial LawMarcos regime
The history of the Philippines, from 1965–1986, covers the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, also known as Ferdinand Marcos Administration. The Marcos era includes the final years of the Third Republic (1965–72), the Philippines under martial law (1972–81), and the majority of the Fourth Republic (1981–86). By its end, the country was experiencing a debt crisis, extreme poverty, and severe underemployment. In 1965, Ferdinand Marcos won the presidential election and became the 10th President of the Philippines. His first term was marked with increased industrialization and the creation of solid infrastructure nationwide, such as the North Luzon Expressway and the Maharlika Highway.

Serial killer

serial killersserial killingserial murder
The Washington DC newspaper Evening Star, in a 1967 review of the book: "There is the mass murderer, or what he [Brophy] calls the "serial" killer, who may be actuated by greed, such as insurance, or retention or growth of power, like the Medicis of Renaissance Italy, or Landru, the "bluebeard" of the World War I period, who murdered numerous wives after taking their money." This use of "serial" killer to paraphrase Brophy's serial murderer does not appear to have been influential at the time.

Imelda Marcos

ImeldaImelda R. MarcosImelda Romualdez-Marcos
She called the CCP Complex the "sanctuary of the Filipino soul", as it became the locus of all state-initiated cultural productions. Another construction project closely linked with Imelda Marcos during Ferdinand Marcos' first term is the San Juanico Bridge, which links Samar to Imelda's home province of Leyte. Although it wasn't initiated by Imelda herself, it was promoted by the administration as Ferdinand Marcos' gift to his wife. It was funded with foreign loans of US$22 million (about ), from Japan's Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency (OTCA), the predecessor of today's Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Assassination of Benigno Aquino Jr.

assassinatedassassinationassassination of Ninoy Aquino
A longtime political opponent of President Ferdinand Marcos, he had just landed in his home country after three years of self-imposed exile in the United States when he was shot in the head while being escorted from an aircraft to a vehicle that was waiting to transport him to prison. Also killed was Rolando Galman, who was later implicated in Aquino's murder. Aquino was elected to the Philippine Senate in 1967 and shortly thereafter began speaking out against Marcos's authoritarian rule. He was imprisoned on trumped up charges shortly after Marcos's 1972 declaration of martial law.

Kilusang Bagong Lipunan

KBL KBL Bagong Lipunan
It was formed in 1978, as an umbrella coalition of parties supporting then-President Ferdinand E. Marcos for the Interim Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly), and was his political vehicle during his rule. In the post-Marcos era, it was reorganised as a political party in 1986. Since 1986, the KBL has contested in most of the national and local elections in the Philippines but a single retained seat in the House of Representatives in Ilocos Norte was held by former First Lady Imelda Marcos, until 2016.

Presidential Commission on Good Government

PCGG1stChairperson of the Presidential Commissioner on Good Government
The mandates of the PCGG are spelled out under Section 2 of Executive Order No. 1, series 1986: (a) Recovery of ill-gotten wealth of the Marcoses – The executive order specifies this as "''all ill-gotten wealth accumulated by former President Ferdinand E. Marcos, his immediate family, relatives, subordinates and close associates, whether located in the Philippines or abroad, including the takeover or sequestration of all business enterprises and entities owned or controlled by them, during his administration, directly or through nominees, by taking undue advantage of their public office and/or using their powers, authority, influence, connections or relationship.''"

Capital punishment in the Philippines

death penaltydeath penalty in the PhilippinesPhilippines
Capital punishment was legal after independence and increased in use under the Ferdinand Marcos regime. After the fall of Marcos, there was a moratorium on capital punishment from 1987 to 1999, followed by a resumption in executions from 1999 to 2006, and followed - in turn - by a law ending the practice. Filipinos have mixed opinions about the death penalty, with many opposing it on religious and humanitarian grounds, while advocates see it as a way of deterring crimes.

1986 Philippine presidential election

19861986 Snap Electionssnap elections
The Presidential election was held on 7 February 1986 in the Philippines were snap elections, and are popularly known as the snap elections, that followed the end of martial law and brought about the People Power Revolution, the downfall of President Ferdinand E. Marcos, and the accession of Corazon C. Aquino as president. After being dared by an American journalist, President Ferdinand E. Marcos declared a snap election during an interview on the American Broadcasting Company political affairs programme, This Week with David Brinkley in November 1985.