Kilusang Bagong Lipunan

KBLNew Society MovementBagong Lipunan
It was formed in 1978, as an umbrella coalition of parties supporting then-President Ferdinand E. Marcos for the Interim Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly), and was his political vehicle during his rule. In the post-Marcos era, it was reorganised as a political party in 1986. Since 1986, the KBL has contested in most of the national and local elections in the Philippines but retained a single seat in the House of Representatives in Ilocos Norte which was held by former First Lady Imelda Marcos, until 2013.

Presidential Commission on Good Government

Presidential Commission on Good GovernanceChairperson of the Presidential Commissioner on Good GovernmentPCGG
The mandates of the PCGG are spelled out under Section 2 of Executive Order No. 1, series 1986: (a) Recovery of ill-gotten wealth of the Marcoses – The executive order specifies this as "''all ill-gotten wealth accumulated by former President Ferdinand E. Marcos, his immediate family, relatives, subordinates and close associates, whether located in the Philippines or abroad, including the takeover or sequestration of all business enterprises and entities owned or controlled by them, during his administration, directly or through nominees, by taking undue advantage of their public office and/or using their powers, authority, influence, connections or relationship.''"

Marcos family

Marcos dynastyMarcosesJosefa Edralin
Ferdinand Marcos' political prominence would pave the way for other members of the Marcos family to be appointed or elected to various national elections - what would eventually become known as the Marcos dynasty. Some time in 1968, Ferdinand Marcos began an affair with Nashville actress Dovie Beams. When Marcos got tired of the dalliance in early 1970 and broke up with Beams, the actress released sex tapes of herself and President Marcos.

1986 Philippine presidential election

19861986 Snap Electionssnap elections
A presidential and vice-presidential election was held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines, and is popularly known as the snap election that followed the end of martial law and brought about the People Power Revolution, the downfall of President Ferdinand E. Marcos, and the accession of Corazon C. Aquino as president. After being dared by an American journalist, President Ferdinand E. Marcos declared a snap election during an interview on the American Broadcasting Company political affairs programme, This Week with David Brinkley in November 1985. On 3 December, the Batasang Pambansa passed a law setting the date of the election on 7 February 1986.

Moro Rebellion

MoroAmericansMoro Uprising
Moro insurgency in the Philippines. M1911. Rice, Donald Tunnicliff (2016). Cast in Deathless Bronze: Andrew Rowan, the Spanish–American War, and the Origins of American Empire. West Virginia University Press. ISBN 978-943665-43-3. Battles of Bud Dajo and Bud Bagsak. American Moro War History. Imperial historicism and American military rule in the Philippines' Muslim south.

Mariano Marcos

MarianoDon Mariano Marcos y RubioMariano Rubio Marcos
Elizabeth Marcos-Keon (1921–1986), former Ilocos Norte governor (1971–1983) and mother of Michael Marcos Keon. Fortuna Marcos-Barba (1921–2018).

Nacionalista Party

Ferdinand Marcos (10th). Joseph Estrada (13th). Vice President. Fernando Lopez (4th and 8th vice president under Elpidio Quirino and Ferdinand Marcos). Emmanuel Pelaez (7th vice president under Diosdado Macapagal). Salvador Laurel (10th vice president and 5th and last prime minister under President Corazon Aquino). Claro M. Recto. Jose Diokno. Blas Ople. Cipriano Primicias Sr. Eulogio Rodriguez. Francisco Tongio Liongson. Manuel Briones. José Fuentebella. Miriam Defensor Santiago. Manuel Villar (former Senate President), Party President. Cynthia Villar (current Senator), Party Chairman. Alan Peter Cayetano (current House Speaker), Secretary-General.

Ilocos Norte

Ilocos Norte ProvinceGovernor of Ilocos NorteIlocos
Ilocos Norte is noted for being the birthplace of the former President Ferdinand E. Marcos. Ilocos Norte is also known as a northern tourist destination, being the location of Fort Ilocandia, an upper class hotel and beach resort famous among expatriates, and Pagudpud. Long before the arrival of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region (consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines. Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk.

Philippine Bar Examination

bar examinationsPhilippine Bar Examinationsbar exams
Ferdinand E. Marcos – former Philippine Senate President; 1st placer, 1939 Bar Exams. Jovito Salonga – former Philippine Senate President; 1st placer, 1944 Bar Exams. Neptali Gonzales – former Philippine Senate President; 9th placer, 1949 Bar Exams. Ernesto M. Maceda – former Philippine Senate President; 10th placer, 1956 Bar Exams. Franklin M. Drilon – former Philippine Senate President; 3rd placer, 1969 Bar Exams. Lorenzo Sumulong – former Philippine Senator; 1st placer, 1929 Bar Exams. Jose W. Diokno – former Philippine Senator; 1st placer, 1944 Bar Exams. Rene Saguisag – former Philippine Senator; 6th placer, 1963 Bar Exams.

Spree killer

Spree shootingspree killingshooting spree
Mass murderers are defined by one incident, with no distinctive time period between the murders. How to distinguish a spree killer from a mass murderer, or from a serial killer, is subject to considerable debate, and the terms are not consistently applied, even within the academic literature. For example, The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment lists five different categories of spree killers and cites Mark O. Barton as an example of the second one. He is also noted with other mass murderers, such as Patrick Sherrill, in the respective entry about mass murder. In The Anatomy Of Motive, John E.

Cultural Center of the Philippines

CCPCCP ComplexCCP Tanghalang Pambansa
The CCP was established through Executive Order No. 30 s. 1966 by President Ferdinand Marcos. Although an independent corporation of the Philippine government, it receives an annual subsidy and is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination. The CCP is headed by an 11-member Board of Trustees, currently headed by Chairperson Margarita Moran-Floirendo. Its current president is Arsenio Lizaso. The CCP provides performance and exhibition venues for various local and international productions at the 62 ha Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex located in the cities of Pasay and Manila.

Jovito Salonga

Jovito R. SalongaSenator Jovito SalongaDr. Jovito Salonga
Jovito "Jovy" Reyes Salonga (June 22, 1920 – March 10, 2016) was a Filipino statesman and lawyer, as well as a leading opposition leader during the regime of Ferdinand Marcos from the declaration of martial law in 1972 until the People Power Revolution in 1986, which removed Marcos from power. Salonga was the 14th President of the Senate of the Philippines serving from 1987 to 1992. Jovito Salonga was born in poverty in Pasig on June 22, 1920. His father was a Presbyterian pastor, Esteban Salonga and his mother, Bernardita Reyes, was a market vendor. His parents married in 1904.

University of the Philippines College of Law

College of LawUP College of LawU.P. College of Law
Laurel, Elpidio Quirino, and Ferdinand E. Marcos, as well as prominent jurists such as former chief justices Teresita de Castro, Maria Lourdes Sereno, Reynato S. Puno, Hilario Davide, Jr., Marcelo B. Fernan, Ramon Aquino, Felix V. Makasiar, Enrique M. Fernando, Fred Ruiz Castro, César Bengzon, Ricardo Paras, and José Yulo. The College is noted for having produced the largest number of bar topnotchers and maintaining one of the highest bar passing rates among law schools in the Philippines. It was George Malcolm who had first proposed the establishment of the College of Law within the University of the Philippines system.

Diosdado Macapagal

Diosdado P. MacapagalMacapagalPresident Diosdado Macapagal
With Senate President Ferdinand Marcos, a fellow member of the Liberal Party, unable to win his party's nomination due to Macapagal's re-election bid, Marcos switched allegiance to the rival Nacionalista Party to oppose Macapagal. Among the issues raised against the incumbent administration were graft and corruption, rise in consumer goods, and persisting peace and order issues. Macapagal was defeated by Marcos in the November 1965 polls. Macapagal announced his retirement from politics following his 1965 loss to Marcos. In 1971, he was elected president of the constitutional convention that drafted what became the 1973 constitution.

University of the Philippines Manila

University of the PhilippinesUniversity of the Philippines, ManilaUP Manila
Thereafter, UP was reorganized into the University of the Philippines System to effect institutional unity, while allowing decentralization of authority and autonomy of the component units through Presidential Decree No. 58, promulgated on November 20, 1972, under the administration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. It was approved by the Board of Regents at its 828th meeting on November 21, 1972, and was implemented on January 1, 1973. The UP Health Sciences Center became an autonomous component of the UP System through Executive Order No. 519 dated January 24, 1979.

Aquilino Pimentel Jr.

Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr.Aquilino Pimentel
The nature of the Constitutional Convention changed when then-President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972. Pimentel and a few like-minded delegates feared the Constitutional Convention would produce a Marcos-scripted Constitution and were vocal in their opposition. Pimentel also protested certain provisions as being contrary to the people's interest. In the subsequent roundup of those who opposed Marcos, he was arrested in early 1973 and jailed for three months at Camp Crame. Pimentel, who had a young family, bade his wife Bing "Be brave. Don’t cry," and submitted to the incarceration. He was released from prison in time for the signing of the Constitution.

Upsilon Sigma Phi

The administration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos saw Upsilon members lead opposing sides in the leadership of the Philippines. Fellows with the administration were President Ferdinand Marcos, Senate President Arturo M. Tolentino (who went on to become Philippine Vice President), Supreme Court Chief Justice Querube Makalintal (who after his retirement would be elected Speaker of the Batasang Pambansa), Secretary of Education and former UP President Onofre Corpuz, Batasan Speaker Nicanor Yniguez, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Governor Alfonso Calalang, and industry magnate Roberto Benedicto among many others. Leading the opposition were Senators Benigno S.

Fernando Lopez

Fernando LópezFernando H. Lopez Fernando
In 1965, he ran with Ferdinand Marcos and won as vice-president. He was re-elected in 1969. By the time martial law was declared in 1972, the Lopez family fell out of Marcos' favor and was targeted by the dictatorship because of their denunciations of Marcos' alleged corruption. They were also targeted due to their family's political influence, being members of the entrenched oligarchy. The position of vice-president was dissolved, and the Lopez family was stripped of most of its political and economic assets.

1969 Philippine presidential election

19691969 presidential electionre-elected
Ferdinand Marcos on the Presidential Museum and Library.

1969 Ferdinand Marcos presidential campaign

1969 presidential campaign1969 campaignFerdinand Marcos presidential campaign, 1969
The 1969 reelection campaign of Ferdinand Marcos, the 10th President of the Republic of the Philippines, started in July 1969 when incumbent President Ferdinand Marcos was unanimously nominated as the Presidential candidate of the Nacionalista Party, and concluded when the 1969 Philippine presidential election concluded with Marcos winning an unprecedented second full term as President of the Philippines. With Fernando Lopez as his vice president, he ran against the Liberal Party slate of, Sergio Osmena, Jr and Genaro Magsaysay. Ferdinand Marcos won his first campaign for the Philippine Presidency in November 1965, and was inaugurated just before new year's day in December the same year.

Ratification Cases

Javellana v. Executive SecretaryJavellana vs. Executive Secretarylegality of the ratification
L-36142, March 31, 1973; 50 SCRA 30), was a 1973 Supreme Court of the Philippines case that allowed the 1973 Philippine Constitution to come into full force, which led to dictator President Ferdinand Marcos staying in power and ruling by decree until he was ousted by the People Power Revolution in 1986. The decision became the cornerstone of subsequent decisions whenever the validity of the 1973 Constitution was questioned. Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972. The Congress of the Philippines was then padlocked, and full legislative authority was vested on Marcos who ruled by decree. Many prominent members of the opposition, notably Benigno Aquino Jr. and Jose W.

Juan Ponce Enrile

EnrileJuan Ponce Enrile, Sr.Johnny: The Juan Ponce Enrile Story
He was a protégé of President Ferdinand Marcos, and served as Justice Secretary and then Defense Minister under the Marcos regime. He later became one of the leaders (along with General Fidel V. Ramos) of the 1986 People Power Revolution that drove Marcos from power and into exile. Enrile has continued to be a prominent politician since then; he was Senate President from November 2008 until his resignation on June 5, 2013. Enrile was born in Gonzaga, Cagayan, to Petra Furagganan, the stepdaughter of a poor fisherman.

1984 Philippine parliamentary election

1984May 1984 elections1984 elections
His death exposed an increasingly incapable administration under Ferdinand Marcos, exposing serious corruption and nepotism within, including from Marcos' wife Imelda Marcos, as well as exposing Marcos' worsening health at the time. As a result of Aqunio's assassination and subsequent investigation, opposition became more widespread and united, rallying under his wife Corazon Aquino. The economy was also in crisis with severe poverty and debt dragging down growth.

Raul Manglapus

Raul S. ManglapusRaúl ManglapusRaúl S. Manglapus
Nonetheless, by the time of the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos, he had attained prominence and stability in the Filipino political arena. Fortuitously, Manglapus was on a speaking engagement in the United States when Marcos declared martial law in 1972. Marcos refused to allow Manglapus' wife and children to join him in exile, and they were forced to flee the country by the backdoor, leapfrogging even by small raft to freedom. Manglapus remained in exile for 14 years, dissuaded by an outstanding warrant of arrest should he return to the country. Even in exile, Manglapus remained as one of the leading Filipino opposition figures along with Benigno Aquino, Jr., Jovito Salonga and Jose Diokno.


Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
Concurrent with the reinstatement of Manila as the capital, Ferdinand Marcos designated his wife, Imelda Marcos, as the first governor of Metro Manila. She started the rejuvenation of the city as she re-branded Manila as the "City of Man". During the martial law era, Manila became a hot-bed of resistance activity as youth and student demonstrators repeatedly clashed with the police and military which were subservient to the Marcos regime. After decades of resistance, the non-violent People Power Revolution (predecessor to the peaceful-revolutions that toppled the iron-curtain in Europe), led by Maria Corazon Aquino and Cardinal Jaime Sin, ousted the dictator Marcos from power.