Moro Rebellion

MoroAmericansMoro Rebels
As the Moros have never asked more than that, it is not surprising, that they refused all overtures made, by Aguinaldo's agents, at the time of the Filipino insurrection. President McKinley sent a personal letter of thanks to Mr. Straus for the excellent work he had done, and said, its accomplishment had saved the United States at least twenty thousand troops in the field. If the reader will pause to consider what this means in men and also the millions in money, he will appreciate this wonderful piece of diplomacy, in averting a holy war.

Mariano Marcos

MarianoDon Mariano Marcos y RubioMariano Rubio Marcos
., and Imee Marcos have run for numerous posts, alternatingly winning posts including the house seat for the Second District of Ilocos Norte, the house seat for the Second District of Ilocos Norte, the governorship of Ilocos Norte. Ferdinand Jr. became a Senator from 2010 to 2016, and ran for the post of Vice President during the 2016 Philippine National election, but narrowly lost to Leni Robredo. Ferdinand Marcos (1917–1989), who became president of the Philippines (1965–1986). Pacifico Marcos (born 1919), a physician. Elizabeth Marcos-Keon (1921–1986), former Ilocos Norte governor (1971–1983) and mother of Michael Marcos Keon. Fortuna Marcos-Barba (1921–2018).

Nacionalista Party

Ferdinand Marcos (10th). Joseph Estrada (13th). Vice President. Fernando Lopez (4th and 8th vice president under Elpidio Quirino and Ferdinand Marcos). Emmanuel Pelaez (7th vice president under Diosdado Macapagal). Salvador Laurel (10th vice president and 5th and last prime minister under President Corazon Aquino). Claro M. Recto. Jose Diokno. Blas Ople. Cipriano Primicias Sr. Eulogio Rodriguez. Francisco Tongio Liongson. Manuel Briones. José Fuentebella. Miriam Defensor Santiago. Manuel Villar (former Senator and Nacionalista president), party chairman.

Spree killer

spree killingkilling spreeshooting spree
Mass murderers are defined by one incident, with no distinctive time period between the murders. How to distinguish a spree killer from a mass murderer, or from a serial killer, is subject to considerable debate, and the terms are not consistently applied, even within the academic literature. For example, The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment lists five different categories of spree killers and cites Mark O. Barton as an example of the second one. He is also noted with other mass murderers, such as Patrick Sherrill, in the respective entry about mass murder. In The Anatomy Of Motive, John E.

Jovito Salonga

Jovito R. SalongaSenator Jovito SalongaDr. Jovito Salonga
Jovito "Jovy" Reyes Salonga (June 22, 1920 – March 10, 2016) was a Filipino statesman and lawyer, as well as a leading opposition leader during the regime of Ferdinand Marcos from the declaration of martial law in 1972 until the People Power Revolution in 1986, which removed Marcos from power. Salonga was the 14th President of the Senate of the Philippines serving from 1987 to 1992. Jovito Salonga was born in poverty in Pasig on June 22, 1920. His father was a Presbyterian pastor, Esteban Salonga and his mother, Bernardita Reyes, was a market vendor. His parents married in 1904.

University of the Philippines College of Law

College of LawUP College of LawU.P. College of Law
Laurel, Elpidio Quirino, and Ferdinand E. Marcos, as well as prominent jurists such as Chief Justice Maria Lourdes P.A. Sereno, former chief justices Reynato S. Puno, Hilario Davide, Jr., Marcelo B. Fernan, Ramon Aquino, Felix V. Makasiar, Enrique M. Fernando, Fred Ruiz Castro, César Bengzon, Ricardo Paras, and José Yulo. The College is noted for having produced the largest number of bar topnotchers and maintaining one of the highest bar passing rates among law schools in the Philippines. It was George Malcolm who had first proposed the establishment of the College of Law within the University of the Philippines system.

Jim Jones

Rev. Jim JonesJim Jones and the Jonestown suicidesJones
Jones subsequently committed a mass murder-suicide of 918 of his followers, 304 of whom were children, almost all by cyanide poisoning via Flavor Aid. Jones was born on May 13, 1931, in a rural area of Crete, Indiana to James Thurman Jones (1887–1951), a World War I veteran, and Lynetta Putnam (1902–1977). Jones was of Irish and Welsh descent; he later claimed partial Cherokee ancestry through his mother, but his maternal second cousin later stated this was untrue. Economic difficulties during the Great Depression led to the Jones family moving to the town of Lynn in 1934, where Jones grew up in a shack without plumbing.

The Philippine Star

Philippine StarPhilStar GlobalNews5
The Philippine Star was first published seven months after the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled strongman Ferdinand Marcos and propelled Corazon Aquino to the Philippine presidency. Before its establishment, founders Betty Go-Belmonte, Max Soliven and Art Borjal were veteran journalists involved in the "Mosquito Press", a collective name for the different newspapers critical of the Marcos administration that were published after the Martial Law era from 1972 to 1981. At that time, Belmonte was the publisher of a small, monthly magazine called The Star, a predecessor of The Philippine Star.

Fernando Lopez

Fernando H. Lopez FernandoFernando "Nanding" H. López, Sr.
In 1965, he ran with Ferdinand Marcos and won as vice-president. He was re-elected in 1969. By the time martial law was declared in 1972, the Lopez family fell out of Marcos' favor and was targeted by the dictatorship because of their denunciations of Marcos' alleged corruption. They were also targeted due to their family's political influence, being members of the entrenched oligarchy. The position of vice-president was dissolved, and the Lopez family was stripped of most of its political and economic assets.


Jonestown massacreJonestown, GuyanaJonestown deaths
While some refer to the events in Jonestown as mass suicide, many others, including Jonestown survivors, regard them as mass murder. As many as 70 people may have been injected with poison, and a third of the victims (304) were minors. It was the largest such event in modern history and resulted in the largest single loss of American civilian life in a deliberate act until September 11, 2001. The Peoples Temple was formed in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1955. Though its roots and teachings shared more with biblical church and Christian revival movements than with Marxism, it purported to practice what it called "apostolic socialism".

Juan Ponce Enrile

EnrileJohnny: The Juan Ponce Enrile StoryJuan "Jack" Ponce Enrile, Jr.
(born February 29, 1924), abbreviated JPE, is a Filipino politician, and lawyer. He was a protégé of President Ferdinand Marcos, and served as Justice Secretary and then Defense Minister under the Marcos regime. He later became one of the leaders (along with General Fidel V. Ramos) of the 1986 People Power Revolution that drove Marcos from power and into exile. Enrile has continued to be a prominent politician since then; he was Senate President from November 2008 until his resignation on June 5, 2013. Enrile was born in Gonzaga, Cagayan, to Petra Furagganan, the stepdaughter of a poor fisherman.

Martial law under Ferdinand Marcos

Martial Lawdeclared martial lawMarcos dictatorship
was a response to various leftist and rightist plots against the Marcos administration. was just the consequence of political decay after American-style democracy failed to take root in Philippine society; and. was a reflection of Filipino society's history of authoritarianism and supposed need for iron-fisted leadership. as a strategy to enable Ferdinand Marcos to stay in power past the two Presidential terms allowed him under Philippine Constitution of 1935; and. as a technique for covering up the ill-gotten wealth of Marcos, his family, and his cronies. was an acquiescence to the global market system, which required tight control of sociopolitical systems so that the country's resources could

Aquilino Pimentel Jr.

Aquilino PimentelAquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr.Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel Jr.
The nature of the Constitutional Convention changed when then President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law on September 21, 1972. Pimentel and a few like-minded delegates feared the Constitutional Convention would produce a Marcos-scripted Constitution and were vocal in their opposition. Pimentel also protested certain provisions as being contrary to the people's interest. In the subsequent roundup of those who opposed Marcos, he was arrested in early 1973 and jailed for three months at Camp Crame. Pimentel, who had a young family, bade his wife Bing "Be brave. Don’t cry," and submitted to the incarceration. He was released from prison in time for the signing of the Constitution.

Ratification Cases

Javellana v. Executive SecretaryJavellana vs. Executive Secretary
Fernando, though expected that he would be one to oppose the excesses of the Marcos’s regime, became its supporter. The decision in the Ratification Cases are still studied by students of Philippine Law with respect to the proper ratification and approval of a new Constitution. It also gave a lesson and reminder of the Marcos regime and its effects to the Filipino people.

Raul Manglapus

Raul S. ManglapusRaúl Manglapus
Commenting on his unsuccessful bid for the presidency, a writer wrote: ''"Raúl Manglapus was one of the leading Filipino intellectuals of his generation and a politician with wide appeal. It was the Philippines' misfortune that Ferdinand Marcos, equally able but lacking in principles, won the presidency rather than someone like Manglapus."''

First Quarter Storm

Battle of Mendiolastudent uprising
While this was happening, different student leaders were already in Malacañang having a meeting with Ferdinand Marcos to make the following demands: "the holding of a nonpartisan constitutional convention; the commitment that Marcos, a two-term president, would not suddenly change the rules forbidding a president from seeking a third term; the resignation of the Manila Police District top brass; and the disbandment of paramilitary units in Central Luzon."

Jose Maria Sison

Joma SisonAmado GuerreroJose Maria "Joma" Sison
This organization organized youth against the Vietnam War, Ferdinand Marcos, Imperialism, Bureaucrat Capitalism and Feudalism. The organization also spearheaded the study of Maoism as part of 'the struggle'. On December 26, 1968, he formed and led the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), an organization founded on Marxism–Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought, stemming from his experience as a youth leader and labor and land reform activist. This is known as the First Great Rectification Movement where Sison and other radical youth criticized the existing Party leadership for its errors and failures since 1942.


southern PhilippinesRegion Xisland of Mindanao
Filipino soldiers and local guerrilla fighters were actively fighting Japanese forces until liberation at the conclusion of the Battle of Mindanao. Violent conflicts in the southwestern regions of Mindanao, that began in the 1960s, led to the 1971 Manili Massacre, Pata Island Massacre, the founding of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), and the formation of the Ilaga. Under President Ferdinand Marcos's administration, the government was said to have encouraged Christian settlers in Mindanao, causing many locals to be displaced.

Francisco Tatad

Francisco S. Tatad
Francisco "Kit" Sarmiento Tatad (born October 4, 1939) is a Filipino journalist and politician best known for having served as Minister of Public Information under President Ferdinand Marcos from 1969 to 1980, and for serving as a Senator of the Philippines from 1992 to 2001. When Marcos first appointed Tatad as Minister of Public Information in 1969, he became the youngest member of Marcos' cabinet. During his term as Minister of Public Information, he announced the declaration of Martial Law on September 23, 1972, reading the text on air at 3:00 in the afternoon, five hours before Marcos himself would come on air to explain his justifications for the declaration, at 7:15 on the same date.

Kabataang Makabayan

Kabataang Makabayan was at the forefront of the First Quarter Storm, a period of civic unrest in the Philippines consisting of a series of violent demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government of Ferdinand Marcos from January until March 1970. The protests and subsequent violence they inspired collectively became a major factor that led to the declaration of Martial Law in 1972. Philippine government sources estimate that Kabataang Makabayan had 10,000-30,000 members at the height of its strength. Akbayan Youth. Diliman commune. Malayang Pagkakaisa ng Kabataang Pilipino. Student Movement Philippines (1965–1972).

Roseller T. Lim

Congressman Roseller Lim
Only to find out later that Almendras voted for Marcos. When Marcos bolted from the Liberals to the Nacionalistas to run as president in the 1965 election, Lim supported President Diosdado Macapagal of the rival Liberal Party. When Marcos won the election, Lim transferred to the Liberals. In 1970, Lim was elected to the 1971 constitutional convention. In 1973, Marcos appointed Lim to the Court of Appeals. Roseller Lim was the first and only politician from Zamboanga to be elected to the Philippine Senate. In March 16, 1982, President Ferdinand Marcos signed the Batas Pambansa No. 183 creating the municipality of Roseller T.

Rolex 12

Rolex 12 is the collective name of twelve of the closest and most powerful advisers of President Ferdinand Marcos during the martial law years in the Philippines from 1972 to 1981. During the latter years of his second elected term, Marcos conspired with various leaders of the military and Philippine Constabulary. The goal was for Marcos to gain full authoritarian control of the country during his declaration of martial law in 1972. Marcos gave the military leadership powers during martial law, taking over from democratically elected officials and court judges.