Communist Party of the Philippines

Communist PartyCPPFilipino Communist Party
The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968. It was designated as a terrorist group by current Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte in December 2017. However, it has been fighting a guerrilla war against the state since its establishment. Although its ranks initially numbered around 500, the party grew quickly, supposedly due to the declaration and imposition of martial law by former president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule.

Edgar Jopson

Edgardo Gil "Edgar" Jopson
Edgardo Gil Mirasol Jopson, or more popularly known as Edjop Jopson (September 1, 1948 - September 21, 1982), was a labor rights activist and active member of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) during the reign of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos. Jopson studied in Ateneo de Manila High School, and later proceeded to Ateneo de Manila University where he graduated under the Management Engineering program, garnering Latin Honors. He was active in politics since his years in college, even becoming the president of the National Union of Students of the Philippines (NUSP). He later went underground with the CPP when President Marcos declared Martial Law in 1972.

Fabian Ver

Fabian C. VerFabián VerGen. Fabian Ver
The Filipino Express, 10-27-1994 - Graft cases brought against Ver and Ongpin. The Filipino Express, 08-27-1998 - Let Ver come home - Erap. The Filipino Express, 12-13-1998 - Family feud: Quarrel avoided over Ver remains.

Edifice complex

grand architectural projects using public funds
While earlier use of the term elsewhere in the world has been suggested, the term was independently coined by Behn Cervantes to criticise the construction of the Cultural Center of the Philippines during the buildup to the 1969 presidential election campaign, during which Imelda Marcos' husband Ferdinand Marcos was running for a then-unprecedented second term as President of the Philippines.

List of Presidents of the Philippines

President of the PhilippinesPresidenttenth
The Third Republic started when independence was granted by the Americans on July 4, 1946, and ended upon the imposition of martial law by President Ferdinand E. Marcos on September 21, 1972. President Ferdinand E. Marcos ruled by decree when he declared martial law on September 21, 1972. He inaugurated the "New Society" after a new constitution was ratified on January 17, 1973. He declared the Fourth Republic on January 17, 1981, after martial law was lifted. President Corazon Aquino inaugurated the Fifth Republic after the present constitution was ratified. The plebiscite happened on February 2, 1987. Subnotes President of the Philippines.

Julio Nalundasan

Laurel (who, like Marcos, also became President). * G.R. No. L-47388 - the Supreme Court decision reversing Ferdinand Marcos' conviction for murder. Contains an official account of Nalundasan's assassination.

Cronies of Ferdinand Marcos

cronymarcos croniescronies
Certain associates of the former Philippine president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos have benefited from their friendship with Marcos - whether in terms of legal assistance, political favours, or facilitation of business monopolies, during the latter's administration. Marcos critics, and the local and international press began referring to these individuals as "cronies" during the latter days of the Marcos dictatorship, and the Philippine government - especially the Presidential Commission on Good Governance (PCGG) - continued using the term after the ouster of the Marcoses in 1986.

Bernabe Buscayno

Bernabe 'Kumander Dante' BuscaynoBernabé BuscaynoKumander Dante
From a group composed of about 35 members with only 10 rifles between them, the NPA grew up to about 26,000 members in its peak in the 1980s and spread throughout the Philippines (at present the NPA has about 6,000-10,000 members and associates as estimated by the CIA), challenging the Marcos regime during the Martial Law years. Buscayno was finally captured in September 1976 at age 32, during what was called "Operation Scorpio". He had been a revolutionary for about 16 years. On November 27, 1977, the Military Commission found him along with his two co-accused, Ninoy Aquino and Lt.

Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.

Danding CojuangcoEduardo "Danding" CojuangcoEduardo Cojuangco, Jr.
(born June 10, 1936) is a Filipino businessman and politician. He is the chairman of San Miguel Corporation, the largest food and beverage corporation in the Philippines and Southeast Asia. He is a former Philippine ambassador and former governor of Tarlac. In 2016, his personal wealth was estimated at US$1.1 billion. It was estimated that, at one time, his business empire accounted for 25% of the gross national product of the Philippines. As of July 2017, his personal wealth was estimated at US$1.16 billion. He has been called "one of the country's leading businessmen". Cojuangco was a close adviser and personal friend to former Philippine president Ferdinand E.

Manila Chronicle

The Manila Chronicle
It was closed down when martial law was imposed by Ferdinand Marcos in 1972. It was published daily by the Manila Chronicle Publishing Corporation. It was re-opened in 1986 but was closed down in 1998 after a labor dispute. * Manila Chronicle building

Anders Behring Breivik

Anders BreivikBreivikAnders Brievik
In July 2012, he was convicted of mass murder, causing a fatal explosion, and terrorism. Breivik was arrested as a juvenile and rejected from the Norwegian Armed Forces. At the age of 20 he joined the anti-immigration/right-wing Progress Party, and chaired the local Vest Oslo branch of the party's youth organization during 2002. He left the Progress Party in 2006 and went on to join a gun club and the Freemasons while also founding a company which he used to finance his planned terrorist attacks. On the day of the attacks, Breivik electronically distributed a compendium of texts entitled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, describing his militant ideology.

University of the Philippines Diliman

University of the PhilippinesUP DilimanDiliman
The Sentro ng Wikang Filipino-Diliman is devoted to research on the intellectualization of the Filipino language. The population of students continued to rise in succeeding years, reaching to 7,849 in 1928 from the initial 67 when the university was established in 1908. The need became apparent for UP to create more buildings and academic units, which would have been hampered by its small location in the heart of Manila. In 1939, the Board of Regents acquired a 493-hectare land in the Diliman District of the newly established Quezon City. Construction began on the area on the same year.

1981 Philippine presidential election and referendum

19811981 presidential election11th
President Ferdinand E. Marcos of the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) defeated retired general and World War II veteran Alejo Santos of the Nacionalista Party in a landslide victory. Most opposition parties boycotted the elections as a sign of protest over the 1978 elections for the Interim Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly), which they condemned as fraudulent. Marcos' 80% margin of victory is allegedly regarded as the most lopsided Philippine presidential election ever, beating out Manuel L. Quezon's landslide victory in 1941. Marcos would have served another six-year term, which was cut short by the 1986 snap elections that eventually resulted in his ouster in the People Power Revolution.

Jack Gilbert Graham

Jack GrahamGraham, Jack Gilbert
John "Jack" Gilbert Graham (January 23, 1932 – January 11, 1957) was an American mass murderer, who on November 1, 1955, killed 44 people aboard United Airlines Flight 629 near Longmont, Colorado using a dynamite time bomb. Graham planted the bomb in his mother's suitcase, who was killed along with 43 other people, in an apparent move to claim US$37,500 (US $343,667 today) worth of life insurance money from policies he purchased in the airport terminal just before the flight departure. Graham was convicted only of the murder of his mother due to laws at the time, for which he was sentenced to death and was executed by the state of Colorado in 1957.

Seung-Hui Cho

Cho, Seung-Huimotivationmultimedia manifesto
Seung-Hui Cho (조승희 in Korean, properly Cho Seung-Hui; January 18, 1984 – April 16, 2007) was a South Korean-born spree killer and mass murderer who killed 32 people and wounded 17 others armed with two semi-automatic pistols on April 16, 2007, at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Virginia. An additional six people were injured jumping from windows to escape. Cho was a senior-level undergraduate student at the university. The shooting rampage came to be known as the Virginia Tech shooting. Cho committed suicide after police breached the doors of the building where most of the shooting had taken place. His body is buried in Fairfax, Virginia.

National Economic and Development Authority

NEDADirector-General of the National Economic and Development AuthorityMinister of Economic Planning
The need for an office in charge of national development was revived during the administration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. In his 1970 State of the Nation Address, Marcos said the administrative machinery of government must be restructured and revitalized to meet the challenge of change and development. Marcos, thereafter, crafted a government reorganization plan which included a National Economic Development Authority and submitted it to Congress for their approval. In 1972, the National Economic Development Authority (without the conjunction “and”) was created as the government’s central planning body.

Interim Batasang Pambansa

Region IVMambabatas Pambansa (Assemblyman)Region V
Ferdinand E. Marcos 1 (KBL). First Lady. Imelda R. Marcos (KBL, Minister of Human Settlements/Region IV-A). Prime Minister. Cesar E.A. Virata (KBL, Minister of Finance/Region IV-B), elected June 30, 1981. Deputy Prime Minister. Cesar E.A. Virata (KBL, Minister of Finance/Region IV-B). Jose A. Roño, Jr. (KBL, Region VIII), elected June 30, 1981. Speaker of the Batasan. Querube C. Makalintal (KBL, Region IV-A). Speaker Pro-Tempore. Datu Blah T. Sinsuat (KBL, Region XII). Majority Floor Leader. Jose A. Roño, Jr. (KBL, Region VIII). Minority Floor Leader. Hilario G. Davide, Jr. (Pusyon Bisaya, Region VII). Batas Pambansa Blg. 1 — General Appropriations Act of 1978.

Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold

Eric HarrisDylan KleboldHarris, Eric David
Eric David Harris (April 9, 1981 – April 20, 1999) and Dylan Bennet Klebold (September 11, 1981 – April 20, 1999) were two American mass murderers who killed 13 people and wounded 24 others armed with firearms, explosives and knives on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado. They were twelfth grade (senior) students at the high school. The shooting rampage came to be known as the Columbine High School massacre. Harris and Klebold committed suicide in the library, where they had killed 10 of their victims. Harris was born in Wichita, Kansas. The Harris family relocated often, as Eric's father, Wayne Harris, was a U.S. Air Force transport pilot.

Marcelo Fernan

Marcelo B. FernanJustice Marcelo Briones Fernan
In 1984, during the Marcos regime, he was elected to the Regular Batasang Pambansa, then the country's unicameral parliament with Antonio Cuenco, representing district 1 and district 2 of Cebu City under the banner of the opposition UNIDO party and actively scrutinized the bills presented by the administration lawmakers and delivered privilege speeches against the Marcos regime. On 1986, after the snap elections, he was the one of the opposition lawmakers who walked out when the administration lawmakers after a canvassing session that was then filled with debates and tensions, proclaimed then President Ferdinand E.

Carlos P. Romulo

Carlos RomuloCarlos Peña RomuloCarlos P. Rómulo
Quezon to Ferdinand Marcos, as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines and as the country's representative to the United States and to the United Nations. He also served as the Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives during the Commonwealth era. In addition, he served also as the Secretary of Education in President Diosdado P. Macapagal's and President Ferdinand E. Marcos's Cabinet through 1962 to 1968. Romulo served as Resident Commissioner of the Philippines to the United States Congress from 1944 to 1946.