24 Hours of Le Mans

Le MansLe Mans 24 HoursLMS
The race became the center of a major motion picture in 1971 when Steve McQueen released his simply titled Le Mans, starring McQueen as Michael Delaney, a driver in the 1970 event for the Gulf Porsche team. Likened to other motorsports films such as Grand Prix for Formula One racing and Winning for the Indianapolis 500, Le Mans is the best known film to center on sports car racing. It was filmed during the race using modified racing cars carrying cameras, as well as purchased Porsche 917s, Ferrari 512s and Lola T70s for action shots made after the race.

24 Hours of Daytona

Rolex 24 at DaytonaDaytona 24 HoursDAY
Specialist chassis makers like Riley, Dallara, and Lola provide the DP cars for the teams and the engines are branded under the names of major car companies like Pontiac, Lexus, Ford, BMW, and Porsche. The Gran Turismo class cars at Daytona are closer to the road versions, similar to the GT3 class elsewhere. For example, the more standard Cup version of the Porsche 996 is used, instead of the usual RS/RSR racing versions. Recent Daytona entries also include BMW M3s and M6s, Porsche 911s, Chevy Camaros and Corvettes, Mazda RX-8s, Pontiac GTO.Rs, and Ferrari F430 Challenges. The Audi R8 and the Ferrari 458 Italia debuted in the 50th anniversary of the race in 2012.

Spa 24 Hours

24 Hours of SpaSPA24 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps
With the participation of Swiss Lilian Bryner on the victorious Ferrari 550 of the BMS Scuderia Italia team, the 2004 race marked the first time in history that a female driver was part of the winning team of a 24-hour endurance race in a Gran Turismo with more than 500 hp. The current version of the Spa 24 Hours is an event under the Blancpain Endurance Series calendar, although it was previously run as part of the FIA GT Championship featuring GT1 and GT2 machinery, and by various touring car series. Currently, the cars run fall under the FIA GT3 and GT3 Cup classifications. It has also been a round of the SRO Group's Intercontinental GT Challenge since its inaugural season in 2016.

Targa top

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Ferrari 575 Maranello Superamerica. Fiat X1/9. Ford GTX-1 (1966 12 Hours of Sebring winner). Ford GTX-1 Roadster (2005). Honda CR-X del Sol. Honda NSX-T. Honda S660. Jaguar XJ-SC 'twin-targa' cabriolet (1984–1988). Koenigsegg (all models). Lamborghini Diablo VT Roadster. Lamborghini Miura Roadster. Lamborghini Aventador Roadster. Lotus Elise. Maserati MC12. Matra 530. Mazda MX-5 RF. Mercedes-Benz Silver Lightning. Nissan 100NX. Nissan URGE. Nissan 300ZX. Pontiac Solstice Coupe (2009). Porsche 911 Targa (1966–present). Porsche 914. Porsche Carrera GT. Porsche 918 Spyder. Porsche 944. Porsche 924. Qvale Mangusta (optional). Renault Wind. Saab Catherina prototype (1964). Smart Roadster.

Le Mans race results

In 2014 and 2017, the Porsche Carrera Cup Great Britain joined the Porsche Carrera Cup France in races on the circuit de la Sarthe in support of the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The Porsche Carrera Cup Germany held a race in 2006 as support to the DTM Le Mans Race. The Porsche GT3 Cup Challenge Benelux held common races with Porsche Carrera Cup France. In 2017, Porsche GT3 Cup Challenge Benelux raced on the circuit de la Sarthe in support of the 24 Hours of Le Mans along with the Porsche Carrera Cup France and the Porsche Carrera Cup Great Britain. The 1994 and 1996 races were held on the Circuit de la Sarthe track as support to the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Formula One

Formula 1F1Formula One World Championship
Ferrari is the oldest Formula One team, the only still-active team which competed in 1950. Early manufacturer involvement came in the form of a "factory team" or "works team" (that is, one owned and staffed by a major car company), such as those of Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, or Renault. After having virtually disappeared by the early 1980s, factory teams made a comeback in the 1990s and 2000s and formed up to half the grid with Ferrari, Jaguar, BMW, Renault, Toyota, and Honda either setting up their own teams or buying out existing ones. Mercedes-Benz owned 40% of the McLaren team and manufactured the team's engines.

Sports car

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Ferrari's first regular production turbocharged engine was used in the 2014-2017 Ferrari California T, followed by the 2015-2019 Ferrari 488. Similarly, in 2016, the Porsche 911 (991.2) began to use turbocharging on all models and the Porsche 982 Cayman/Boxster downsized from a six-cylinder engine to a turbocharged four-cylinder engine. Also in the 2010s, dual-clutch transmissions became more widespread, causing manual transmissions to decline in sales and no longer be offered on some models. Hybrid-electric sports cars began to appear in the 2010s— notably the 2013-2016 LaFerrari, 2013-2015 McLaren P1, 2013-2015 Porsche 918 Spyder "hypercars".

Targa Florio

Circuito Piccolo delle MadonieTARCircuito delle Madonie
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, race cars with up to 600 hp (450 kW) such as Nino Vaccarella's Ferrari 512S raced through small mountain villages while spectators sat or stood right next to, or even on, the road. Porsche, on the other hand, did not race its big Porsche 917, but rather the nimble Porsche 908/03 Spyders.

12 Hours of Sebring

SEBSebringSebring 12 Hours
In another incident Mario Andretti in his Ferrari 365 P2 tangled with Don Wester's Porsche 906 on the Warehouse Straight near the Webster Turns, killing four spectators and then crashing into a warehouse next to the track. Subsequent to these events, the facilities were upgraded and the circuit layout was changed, including eliminating the Webster Turns and creating the Green Park Chicane further down the track to move the straight further away from the airport warehouses. The circuit was made safer and there were no fatalities until 1980.

Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile

FIAAIACRFISA
Former Scuderia Ferrari boss Jean Todt was elected the new President of the FIA in 2009, beating former World Rally champion Ari Vatanen. The true history of Formula One began in 1946 with the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's (FIA's) standardisation of rules. Then in 1950, the FIA organised the first World Championship for Drivers. From 1958, a Constructors Championship title was introduced. The World Sportscar Championship was created in 1953, and was the first points series for sports car racing in the world. The championship was solely for manufacturers up to 1981.

Magna PT

Getrag233Getrag 221
Porsche 911 (1964-1968). 902 — 4 and 5-speed. Porsche 912 (1965-1969). 923 — 5-speed. Porsche 912E (1976). 016 — 5-speed. Porsche 924 (1977-1980). G31 — 5-speed. Porsche 924 GTS. G50 — 5-speed. Porsche 911 (1987-1989). G50 — 5-speed. Porsche 911 (1987-1989) (G50/00-G50/02). Porsche 911 Turbo (1989 type 930) (G50/50). Porsche 964 Carrera 2 (1990-1994) (G50/03-04). Porsche 964 Carrera 2 RS America (1992-1994) (G50/05). Porsche 964 Carrera 2 RS (1993) (G50/10). Porsche 964 Turbo (1991-1994 type 965) (G50/52). G64 — 5-speed. Porsche 964 Carrera 4 (1989-1994) (G64/00-02). G40/50 — 6-speed.

World Sportscar Championship

World Endurance ChampionshipWorld Championship for MakesWorld Sports Car Championship
Manufacturers such as Ferrari, Maserati, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, and Aston Martin fielded entries, often featuring professional racing drivers with experience in Formula One, but the majority of the fields were made up of gentleman drivers (privateers) in the likes of Nardis and Bandinis. Cars were split into Sports Car and GT (production car) categories and were further divided into engine displacement classes. The Ferrari and Maserati works teams were fierce competitors throughout much of the decade, but although Maserati cars won many races the make never managed to clinch the World title.

Auto racing

racing driverracing carracecar driver
There are numerous notable one-make formulae from various countries and regions, some of which – such as the Porsche Supercup and, previously, IROC – have fostered many distinct national championships. Single marque series are often found at club level, to which the production-based cars, limited modifications, and close parity in performance are very well suited. Some of the better-known single-make series are the Mini 7 Championship (Europe's longest-running one make championship), the Radical European Masters, John Cooper Mini Challenge, Clio Cup, Ginettas, Caterhams, BMWs, and MX5s.

Sports car racing

sports carsports carssports car race
The Porsche 911 is currently the most popular car in the GT2 class. 2009 will be the last run of the GT1 class as a result of budgeting issues. GT1 teams are currently enlisting to run their cars in the GT2 class next year. The American Le Mans Series also runs a "GT-Challenge" class, which currently only uses Porsche 911 GT3 Cups but will open to other cars next year. This category is designed for privateer and rookie teams as an easier way to enter the series.

Carrera Panamericana

Pan American Road RaceLa Carrera PanamericanaPanamericana
Other common European entries include Alfa Romeo Giuliettas, Jaguar E-types, Porsche 356s & 911s. Rarer cars included Saab 96s, Volvo PV544s, and Jaguar MkII saloons. Porsche 911 and classic Ford Mustangs are extremely popular cars. However, despite the vintage appearance of the cars, often they conceal underpinnings more closely related to modern NASCAR entries. Tuned V8 engines of more than 500 PS are common, especially in the American cars, and the cars are often created especially for this race and usually ineligible for true vintage events elsewhere. Even less modified cars often have modern disc brakes at all four corners and coolant upgrades to help them survive the punishing course.

Convertible

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Examples include the Ford Thunderbird (1st-generation and 11th-generation), Mercedes SL (2nd-generation and 3rd-generation), Porsche Boxster, Jeep Wrangler, and Mazda MX-5. During the 1950s and 1960s, detachable hardtops were offered for various convertible sports cars and roadsters, including the 1955–1957 Ford Thunderbird and Chevrolet Corvette, as well as the 1963–1971 Mercedes-Benz W113 series of two-seaters. Because the convertible top mechanism is itself expensive, the hardtop was customarily offered as an additional, extra-cost option.

Geneva Motor Show

Geneva Auto Show2012 Geneva Motor Show2010 Geneva Motor Show
Porsche Panamera Sports Turismo. Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid. Porsche 911 GT3 (facelift). Porsche 911 Carrera 4 GTS. Porsche 911 Targa 4 GTS. Porsche 911 R by Tag Heuer. Renault Alaskan (European debut). Renault Captur (facelift). Renault Koleos II (European debut). Rimac Concept One. Rolls-Royce Ghost Elegance. RUF CTR 2017. Scuderia Cameron Glickenhaus SCG 003. SEAT Ibiza. SEAT León Cupra (facelift). Škoda Citigo (facelift). Sin Cars R1 550. Škoda Rapid (facelift). Škoda Octavia RS 245. Škoda Kodiaq Sportline and Scout. Smart Forfour crosstown edition. Smart Fortwo cabrio Brabus edition #2. Spyker C8 Preliator Spyder. Subaru XV / Crosstrek. Suzuki Swift. TechArt Magnum Sport.

Dual-clutch transmission

DCTdual-clutchdual clutch transmission
Getrag dual-clutch transmissions are used in the BMW M3, BMW 335is, BMW X1 (F48), BMW Z4 (E89) sDrive35i, Dacia Duster EDC, Ferrari California, Ferrari 458 Italia, LaFerrari, Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG, Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution X, Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart, Ford Fiesta, Ford Focus, Renault Megane, Renault Scenic, Smart Fortwo, Volvo V40, Volvo V60 Volvo V70 vehicles. The 2011–2016 Ford Fiesta and the 2012–2016 Focus with the Getrag DCT's are the subject of a class-action lawsuit and many individual lawsuits. Italian specialist Oerlikon Graziano was in the process of developing a wet-clutch DCT for original equipment manufacturer fitment into supercars.

Goodwood Festival of Speed

Festival of SpeedGoodwood2007 Goodwood Festival of Speed
The Goodwood Festival of Speed is an annual hill climb featuring historic motor racing vehicles held in the grounds of Goodwood House, West Sussex, England in late June or early July; the event is scheduled to avoid clashing with the Formula One season, enabling fans to see F1 machines as well as cars and motorbikes from motor racing history climb the hill.

6 Hours of Nürburgring

1000 km Nürburgring1000km Nürburgring1000 km of Nürburgring
In 2010, for the first time a distance of more than 1000 km was covered by the winning Porsche 911 GT3. Current record of most wins belongs to Stirling Moss who won the race in 1956, 1958, 1959 and 1960. In 2010, the winning Porsche 911 GT3 R of the 6h ADAC Ruhr-Pokal-Rennen race was the first to cover more than 1000 km in a 6-hour VLN endurance race for GT3 and touring cars, lapping the 24,369 km long modern version of the Nordschleife 42 times for 1023.498 km in a time of 6:06:56.091. The 2012 winner, a Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG GT3, covered the same distance in a time of only 6:01:29.541, at an average of 169.879 km/h.

Kamui Kobayashi

K. Kobayashi
He competed in the LMGTE-Pro class in the Ferrari 458 GT for what is expected to be all of the season's 8 rounds, including the 2013 24 Hours of Le Mans. Kobayashi also tested a 2010 Formula One Ferrari in preparation for a promotional event in Moscow, where he crashed in the wet. In the 81st edition of the 24 Hours of Le Mans 2013, Kobayashi and the AF Corse team scored fifth place in the GTE-Pro class along with his co-drivers Olivier Beretta and Toni Vilander, their Ferrari 458 GT covered a total of 312 laps in the Circuit de la Sarthe. The race was run in very difficult weather conditions and several serious accidents bringing out a record of twelve safety car caution periods.

British GT Championship

British GTGTBRDC National Sports GT Challenge
The British GT Championship is a sports car racing series based predominantly in the United Kingdom. The series was originally created by the British Racing Drivers' Club in 1993 and, for its first two seasons, was known as the National Sports GT Challenge. The series is currently run by the Stéphane Ratel Organisation, while Pirelli began its first season as the championship's official sole tyre supplier in 2016.

Sepang 12 Hours

Malaysia Merdeka Endurance RaceMerdeka Millennium Endurance Race12 Hours of Sepang
Hamman won in their Porsche 911 GT3. In 2003, the race got more serious with BSA Racing entering a Radical SR3 and a Porsche 911 GT3 Cup with Wolf Henzler as its lead driver, while Amprex Motorsport entered the BMW M3 GT for Charles Kwan, Matthew Marsh and Genji Hashimoto. Alex Yoong was also back with Jaseri Racing. But in the end unfancied G1-Meritus won the race after outlasting its rivals, with Eric Yeo, Firhat Mohkzani and Chin Tzer-Jinn driving their Porsche 911 GT3 Cup car serenely to victory after completing 268 laps.

Blancpain GT World Challenge America

Pirelli World ChallengeSCCA World ChallengeSpeed World Challenge
This spec class debuted in 2015 featuring Porsche 991 Cup Cars that ran as part of the overall GT Class races, with a separate victory circle presentation alongside that of the GT/GT-A class winners. In 2017 the class was expanded to include Lamborghini Huracan Super Trofeo and Ferrari 488 Challenge cars. Based on the Sports Car Club of America class of the same name, these were smaller cars with small, efficient, naturally aspirated motors (target HP is 125). Modifications were limited to manufacturer specified performance spring and shocks to keep overall cost down. Cars competing in TCB were prepared to the SCCA Club Racing B Spec rules.

WeatherTech SportsCar Championship

United SportsCar ChampionshipIMSA WeatherTech SportsCar ChampionshipTudor United SportsCar Championship
GT Daytona (GTD): a class that combined the Grand-Am GT & GX classes with the Porsche 911 GT3 Cup cars from the ALMS GTC class. Starting in the 2016 season the class adopted full FIA GT3 specifications. IMSA official site. United SportsCar Championship official site.