life savinglife-savinglifesaver
It often refers to water safety and aquatic rescue; however, it could include ice rescue, flood and river rescue, swimming pool rescue and other emergency medical services. Lifesaving also refers to sport where lifesavers compete based on skills, speed and teamwork. Lifesaving activities specialized in oceanic environment is called surf lifesaving or coastal lifesaving. Those who participate in lifesaving activities as a volunteer are called lifesavers, and those who are employed to professionally perform lifesaving activities are called lifeguards.

Mission Santa Barbara

Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara Missionmission
It is the oldest library in the State of California that still remains in the hands of its founders, the Franciscans. Beginning with the writings of Hubert Howe Bancroft, the library has served as a center for historical study of the missions for more than a century. The collections of the Santa Barbara Mission-Archive Library had their inception in the 1760s with Fray Junipero Serra's plans for missions in Alta California. The collections include named sections, the Junipero Serra Collection (1713–1947), the California Mission Documents (1640–1853), and the Apostolic College collection (1853–1885).

Arroyo (creek)

Signs are posted at the constructed arroyos warning to keep out due to danger of flash flooding. The Arroyo Seco and Los Angeles River are more famous examples in Southern California of former natural arroyo seasonal watercourses that became constructed open drainage system arroyos. * Wadi

California State Route 192

State Route 192SR 192
California Highways: Route 192. Caltrans: Route 192 highway conditions. California @ - State Route 192. Video of entire 192 route going East.


UTState of UtahUtah, U.S.
Dry lightning strikes and the general dry weather often spark wildfires in summer, while intense thunderstorms can lead to flash flooding, especially in the rugged terrain of southern Utah. Although spring is the wettest season in northern Utah, late summer is the wettest period for much of the south and east of the state. Tornadoes are uncommon in Utah, with an average of two striking the state yearly, rarely higher than EF1 intensity. One exception of note, however, was the unprecedented F2 Salt Lake City Tornado that moved directly across downtown Salt Lake City on August 11, 1999, killing 1 person, injuring 60 others, and causing approximately $170 million in damage.


forest fireforest fireswildfires
Wildfires generate ash, reduce the availability of organic nutrients, and cause an increase in water runoff, eroding away other nutrients and creating flash flood conditions. A 2003 wildfire in the North Yorkshire Moors burned off 2.5 km2 of heather and the underlying peat layers. Afterwards, wind erosion stripped the ash and the exposed soil, revealing archaeological remains dating back to 10,000 BC. Wildfires can also have an effect on climate change, increasing the amount of carbon released into the atmosphere and inhibiting vegetation growth, which affects overall carbon uptake by plants.

Johnstown Flood

Johnstown Flood of 18891889 Johnstown floodGreat Flood of 1889
Frank Shomo, the last known survivor of the 1889 flood, died March 20, 1997, at the age of 108. Floods have continued to be a concern for Johnstown, which had major flooding in 1894, 1907, 1924, 1936, and 1977. The biggest flood of the first half of the 20th century was the St. Patrick's Day Flood of March 1936. It also reached Pittsburgh, where it was known as the Great Pittsburgh Flood of 1936. Following the 1936 flood, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dredged the river within the city and built concrete river walls, creating a channel nearly 20 feet deep. Upon completion, the Corps proclaimed Johnstown "flood free."

Domestic partnership

same-sex married couples or partnershipsSame-sex couplesdomestic partnerships
Thus, residents of San Francisco, West Hollywood, and a few other locations may choose between a local domestic partnership, a California domestic partnership, or marriage. Nothing in either the 1999 or 2003 domestic partnership legislation applies to any of the municipal or county domestic partnership ordinances, whose scopes are extremely limited and are not portable outside of the jurisdiction that issued them. The State of California has developed an Online Self-Help Center that provides resources and information to assist domestic partners in many areas, including filing domestic partnerships, dissolving domestic partnerships, parenting issues, tax issues, and more.

Santa Barbara County Sheriff's Office

County Sheriffs DeputiesSanta Barbara County SheriffSheriff of Santa Barbara
The Santa Barbara County Sheriff's Office (SBSO) provides law enforcement for the unincorporated areas of Santa Barbara County, California, as well as several cities within the county. The cities that the Sheriff's Office provides police services for include Buellton, Carpinteria, Goleta and Solvang. In total the 640 full-time employees of the Sheriff's Office are responsible for 2745 mi2 of the county. Founded in 1850, the Santa Barbara Sheriff's Office is the oldest law enforcement agency in the state. In its early days, the department battled outlaws Salomon Pico and Jack Powers.

Köppen climate classification

Los Angeles, California, United States (Csa/Csb bordering on BSh/BSk). Sacramento, California, United States (Csa). Medford, Oregon, United States (Csa). Perth, Australia (Csa). Adelaide, Australia (Csa). Santiago, Chile (Csb bordering BSk). A Coruña, Spain (Csb). Essaouira, Morocco (Csb). Porto, Portugal (Csb). Potenza, Italy (Csb). San Francisco, California, United States (Csb). Santa Barbara, California, United States (Csb). Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (Csb). Cape Town, South Africa (Csb). Albany, Western Australia, Australia (Csb). Balmaceda, Chile (Csc). Haleakalā Summit, Hawaii, United States (Csc). Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cfa). Montevideo, Uruguay (Cfa).

Training (meteorology)

trainingthunderstorm traininga very long-duration
A series of storms continually moving over the same area, dumping heavy rains, can cause flash flooding. Each storm usually produces heavy rain, and after a significant amount of rain falls from the storms which have moved over the same area, flooding occurs. Thunderstorm training is used to refer specifically to training occurring with thunderstorms. It forms when storms tend to backbuild. This type of training can quickly cause flash flooding, especially if the thunderstorms are strong. fr:Orage#Orages en V ou en série MCS Movement and Behavior by Stephen Corfidi. May 28th Bear Creek Flash Flood Meteorological Analysis by Mike Evans.


lacustrinefreshwater lakelakes
Landslide lakes are lakes created by the blockage of a valley by either mudflows, rockslides, or screes. Such lakes are common in mountainous regions. Although landslide lakes may be large and quite deep, they are typically short-lived. An example of a landslide lake is Quake Lake, which formed as a result of the 1959 Hebgen Lake earthquake. Aeolian lakes are lakes produced by wind action. They are found mainly in arid environments although some aeolian lakes are relict landforms indicative of arid paleoclimates.

Outburst flood

megaflooddelugeBritish Superflood
Collapse of glacier dams that impound proglacial lakes (Missoula Floods). Rapid erosion, melting of ice sheets (jökulhlaups). Collapse of earthen barriers (landslides or glacial moraines). Collapse of volcanic dams created by lava flows, lahars, or pyroclastic flows. Overtopping of earthen or rock barriers. Lake overtopping (e.g., Lake Bonneville). Ocean spilling over a dividing ridge into a landlocked basin (e.g., Zanclean flood, Black Sea flood). A smaller scale example would be the Pantai Remis landslide., formerly of Alaska., formerly of California. ( megaflood). Alexei N. Rudoy.

Santa Cruz Island

Santa CruzSanta Cruz Island, California
Willis Linn Jepson (1993) Jepson Manual, University of California Press, Berkeley, California. The Nature Conservancy: Santa Cruz Island. Santa Cruz Island Foundation. Santa Cruz Island Channel Islands National Park. Volunteer on Santa Cruz Island!. University of California Natural Reserve System - Santa Cruz Island. A guide to the Santa Cruz Island report, 1922.

Dam failure

catastrophic failurefailedbreach
Dam Failure and Flood Event Case History Compilation Bureau of Reclamation. Mount Polley mine: Ex-engineers warned tailings pond 'getting large'.

Retention basin

retention pondflood retention basinretention
Sustainable Flood Retention Basin. Sustainable urban drainage systems. Urban runoff. Water pollution. Virginia retention basin standards. Detention vs. retention – Harris County, Texas Flood Control District. Stormwater Ecological Enhancement Project – University of Florida. The use of retention ponds in residential settings. International Stormwater BMP Database – Performance Data on Urban Stormwater BMPs.

Carol Burnett

BurnettCaroltelevision comedian
1977/80: Same Time, Next Year. 1985: Follies. 1990: Love Letters. 1993: Company. 1995: Moon Over Buffalo. 1998: Putting It Together. 2002: Broadway on Broadway. 2014: Love Letters. 1998: Grand Marshal of the 109th Rose Parade and the 84th Rose Bowl Game on New Year's Day. 1999: The first honoree and presenter at second annual awards ceremony of the Back Stage West Garland Awards. 2003: Kennedy Center Honors recipient. 2009: Inducted into the California Hall of Fame at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts. 2014: Harvey Award recipient by The Jimmy Stewart Museum on August 12. 2019 : First recipient of the Golden Globes Carol Burnett Lifetime Achievement Award in Television which


estuariesestuarinetidal estuary
These estuaries are formed by subsidence or land cut off from the ocean by land movement associated with faulting, volcanoes, and landslides. Inundation from eustatic sea level rise during the Holocene Epoch has also contributed to the formation of these estuaries. There are only a small number of tectonically produced estuaries; one example is the San Francisco Bay, which was formed by the crustal movements of the San Andreas fault system causing the inundation of the lower reaches of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers. In this type of estuary, river output greatly exceeds marine input and tidal effects have a minor importance.


It is believed that melting Arctic ice will cause sea levels to rise and flood coastal areas. Extraordinary population growth in the 21st century has placed stress on the planet's ecosystems. For example, on Saint Lucia, harvesting mangrove for timber and clearing for fishing reduced the mangrove forests, resulting in a loss of habitat and spawning grounds for marine life that was unique to the area. These forests also helped to stabilize the coastline. Conservation efforts since the 1980s have partially restored the ecosystem.

Jeff Bridges

Jeffrey Leon Bridges was born on December 4, 1949, in Los Angeles, California. He is the son of actor Lloyd Bridges (1913–1998) and actress and writer Dorothy Bridges (née Simpson; 1915–2009). His older brother Beau Bridges is also an actor. He has a younger sister Lucinda, and had another brother named Garrett who died of sudden infant death syndrome in 1948. His maternal grandfather was an immigrant from Liverpool in England. Bridges and his siblings were raised in the Holmby Hills section of Los Angeles. He shared a close relationship with his brother Beau, who acted as a surrogate father when their father was working. He graduated from University High School in 1967.

Death Valley

Death Valley, California
During flash floods, rainfall from the steep mountains to the west pours through narrow canyons, picking up everything from fine clay to large rocks. When these torrents reach the mouths of the canyons, they widen and slow, branching out into distributary channels. The paler the fans, the younger they are. In spite of the overwhelming heat and sparse rainfall, Death Valley exhibits considerable biodiversity. Wildflowers, watered by snowmelt, carpet the desert floor each spring, continuing into June. Bighorn sheep, red-tailed hawks, and wild burros may be seen. Death Valley has over 600 springs and ponds.

List of domesticated animals

domestic animaldomestic animalsdomesticated animals
This page gives a list of domestic animals, also including a list of animals which are or may be currently undergoing the process of domestication and animals that have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation. This includes species which are semi-domesticated, undomesticated but captive-bred on a commercial scale, or commonly wild-caught, at least occasionally captive-bred, and tameable.

Stream bed

riverbedstreambedriver bed
With global warming there is a fear that the size and shape of riverbeds will change due to increased flood magnitude and frequency. However, one study has shown that the majority of sediment washed out in floods is "near-threshold" sediment that has been deposited during normal flow and only needs a slightly higher flow to become mobile again. This shows that the stream bed is left mostly unchanged in size and shape. Beds are usually what would be left once a stream is no longer in existence; the beds are usually well preserved even if they get buried, because the walls and canyons made by the stream usually have hard walls, usually soft sand and debris fill the bed.

Endorheic basin

endorheicendorheic lakeclosed basin
In areas where rainfall is higher, riparian erosion will generally carve drainage channels (particularly in times of flood), or cause the water level in the terminal lake to rise until it finds an outlet, breaking the enclosed endorheic hydrological system's geographical barrier and opening it to the surrounding terrain. The Black Sea was likely such a lake, having once been an independent hydrological system before the Mediterranean Sea broke through the terrain separating the two. Lake Bonneville was another such lake, overflowing its basin in the Bonneville flood.


meandersoxbowincised meander
The final break-through of the neck, which is called a neck cutoff, often occurs during a major flood because that is when the watercourse is out of its banks and can flow directly across the neck and erode it with the full force of the flood. After a cutoff meander is formed, river water flows into its end from the river builds small delta-like feature into either end of it during floods. These delta-like features block either end of the cutoff meander to form a stagnant oxbow lake that is separated from the flow of the fluvial channel and independent of the river. During floods, the flood waters deposit fine-grained sediment into the oxbow lake.