Filippino Lippi

FilippinoSchool of '''Lippi''' Filippino
Bernard, which is now in the Badia Fiorentina, Florence. This is Lippi's most popular picture: a composition of unreal items, with its very particular elongated figures, backed by a phantasmagorical scenario of rocks and almost anthropomorphic trunks. The work is dated to 1485–1487. Later, he worked for Tanai de' Nerli in Florence's Santo Spirito church. On April 21, 1487, Filippo Strozzi asked him to decorate the Strozzi family chapel in Santa Maria Novella with Stories of St. John Evangelist and St. Philip. He worked on this commission intermittently, over a long time. He only completed it in 1503, after Strozzi's death.

Santa Croce, Florence

Santa CroceBasilica of Santa CroceBasilica di Santa Croce
A monument to Florence Nightingale stands in the cloister, in the city in which she was born and after which she was named. Brunelleschi also built the inner cloister, completed in 1453. In 1940, during the safe hiding of various works during World War II, Ugo Procacci noticed the Badia Polyptych being carried out of the church. He reasoned that this had been removed from the Badia Fiorentina during the Napoleonic occupation and accidentally re-installed in Santa Croce. Between 1958 and 1961, Leonetto Tintori removed layers of whitewash and overpaint from Giotto's Peruzzi Chapel scenes to reveal his original work. In 1966, the Arno River flooded much of Florence, including Santa Croce.


Filippo Brunelleschi made great contributions to architectural design with his dome for the Cathedral of Florence, a feat of engineering that had not been accomplished since antiquity. A popular achievement of Italian Renaissance architecture was St. Peter's Basilica, originally designed by Donato Bramante in the early 16th century.

Dante Alighieri

Dante, like most Florentines of his day, was embroiled in the Guelph–Ghibelline conflict. He fought in the Battle of Campaldino (June 11, 1289), with the Florentine Guelphs against Arezzo Ghibellines; then in 1294 he was among the escorts of Charles Martel of Anjou (grandson of Charles I of Anjou) while he was in Florence. To further his political career, he became a pharmacist. He did not intend to practice as one, but a law issued in 1295 required nobles aspiring to public office to be enrolled in one of the Corporazioni delle Arti e dei Mestieri, so Dante obtained admission to the Apothecaries' Guild.

Giovanni Boccaccio

BoccaccioBoccacioGiovanni Bocaccio
He was born in Florence or in a village near Certaldo where his family was from. He was the son of Florentine merchant Boccaccino di Chellino and an unknown woman; he was likely born out of wedlock. Boccaccio's stepmother was called Margherita de' Mardoli. Boccaccio grew up in Florence. His father worked for the Compagnia dei Bardi and, in the 1320s, married Margherita dei Mardoli, who was of a well-to-do family. Boccaccio may have been tutored by Giovanni Mazzuoli and received from him an early introduction to the works of Dante. In 1326, his father was appointed head of a bank and moved with his family to Naples. Boccaccio was an apprentice at the bank but disliked the banking profession.

Bernardo Rossellino

BernardoBernardo RosselinoBernardo di Matteo Gamberelli
Bernardo Rossellino was back in Florence in 1436 to establish his own workshop and to join a crew of stonemasons already at work constructing the Aranci Cloister of the Badia. Payment records, supported by stylistic evidence, indicate that his principal contributions (1436–38) to this project included a handsome stone doorframe and an unusual cross window, both of which are identifiable today. It also is possible that he proposed the addition of the pilaster strips which divide the surfaces of the loggias of the two-storey courtyard into a systematic grid.

Divine Comedy

The Divine ComedyInfernoDivina Commedia
Florence's Guelphs split into factions around 1300 – the White Guelphs and the Black Guelphs. Dante was among the White Guelphs who were exiled in 1302 by the Lord-Mayor Cante de' Gabrielli di Gubbio, after troops under Charles of Valois entered the city, at the request of Pope Boniface VIII, who supported the Black Guelphs. This exile, which lasted the rest of Dante's life, shows its influence in many parts of the Comedy, from prophecies of Dante's exile to Dante's views of politics, to the eternal damnation of some of his opponents. The last word in each of the three cantiche is stelle ("stars").

Fra Angelico

Beato AngelicoAngelicoBlessed Fra Angelico
Cortona *Annunciation (c. 1430) – Diocesan Museum, Cortona Fiesole Florence, Santa Trinita Florence, Santa Maria degli Angeli *Last Judgement, Accademia, Florence Florence, Santa Maria Novella *Altarpiece - Coronation of the Virgin, Uffizi. * Altarpiece for chancel – Virgin with Saints Cosmas and Damian, attended by Saints Dominic, Peter, Francis, Mark, John Evangelist and Stephen. Cosmas and Damian were patrons of the Medici. The altarpiece was commissioned in 1438 by Cosimo de' Medici. It was removed and disassembled during the renovation of the convent church in the seventeenth century.

Hugh, Margrave of Tuscany

HughHugh of TuscanyHugh the Great
He was buried in the Badia Fiorentina, which his mother had founded in 978, where a monument was later added by Mino da Fiesole. Hugh is still commemorated annually by the monks on 21 December, the feast of Saint Thomas. Hugh's life became surrounded by legends and he was remembered by Placido Puccinelli in the 17th century as a moral and pious prince. His tomb was said to be the site of celestial visions. The Tuscan poet Dante Alighieri, in Paradiso XVI, 127–30, calls Hugh a "great baron": ;Notes ;Citations * * Sources. Further reading.


Uffizi GalleryGalleria degli UffiziUffizi Palace
In early August 2007, Florence experienced a heavy rainstorm. The Gallery was partially flooded, with water leaking through the ceiling, and the visitors had to be evacuated. There was a much more significant flood in 1966 which damaged most of the art collections in Florence severely, including some of the works in the Uffizi. • Cimabue: Santa Trinita Maestà • Duccio: Rucellai Madonna • Giotto: Ognissanti Madonna, Badia Polyptych • Simone Martini: Annunciation with St. Margaret and St.

Giovanni Villani

VillaniGiovanniVillani, Giovanni
At the same time, he served as the consul for his guild of the Arte di Calimala and watched over the raising of the campanile of the Badìa. He was also sent with others as a hostage to Ferrara, to ensure that Florence made good on a debt; he resided there for some months in 1341. Villani often expressed an optimistic viewpoint in his writing; this changed with the short-lived regime of Walter VI of Brienne, a despot invited to Florence and granted signoria.

Apparition of the Virgin to St Bernard (Filippino Lippi)

Apparition of the Virgin to St. Bernard
It is housed in the Badia Fiorentina, a church in Florence. The picture was commissioned for the chapel of Francesco del Pugliese by the latter's son Piero, who is portrayed in the lower right corner in the traditional praying posture of the donor portrait. It is one of the most admired Lippi's works, due to its powerful, Flemish-inspired chromatism and attention to details, which contribute in turning the mystical apparition of the Virgin to St. Bernard into an everyday life scene. The composition is set in a rocky landscape in which the saint, while writing on his lectern, is suddenly visited by the Virgin.

Giovanni Domenico Ferretti

Gian Domenico FerrettiGiandomenico Ferretti
Ferretti soon joined the Florentine Accademia del Disegno, where he later taught painting but also designed tapestries for the Medici. He found abundant patronage in fresco painting for the Florentine Abbey (Badia Fiorentina), the Chapel of San Giuseppe in the Duomo, and the altar and cupola of the Church of San Salvatore al Vescovo. One of his most important works was the decoration of the ceiling of the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine, since lost in a fire. Ferretti's fresco style was influenced by Sebastiano Ricci's lively, colourful, and pastel-hued frescoes in the Palazzo Marucelli-Fenzi.

Badia Polyptych

The Badia Polyptych (Italian: Polittico di Badia) is a painting by the Italian artist Giotto, painted around 1300 and housed in the Uffizi Gallery of Florence. Contemporary sources such as Lorenzo Ghiberti's Commentarii and Giorgio Vasari's Lives agree in mentioning the presence of a polyptych by Giotto at the high altar in the Badia Fiorentina. However, the work is no more document for centuries, and was considered to be lost. In the 19th century, however, it was found in the archives of the Museum of Santa Croce of Florence, and identified thanks to a cartouche on it saying "Badia di Firenze", which was added in 1810.

Hubert, Duke of Spoleto

HubertHumbertHubert of Tuscany
She was the founder of the church of the Badia Fiorentina at Florence. *

Romanesque architecture

RomanesqueRomanesque styleLate Romanesque
Other notable Romanesque baptisteries are that at Parma Cathedral remarkable for its galleried exterior, and the polychrome Baptistery of San Giovanni of Florence Cathedral, with vault mosaics of the 13th century including Christ in Majesty, possibly the work of the almost legendary Coppo di Marcovaldo. Arcading is the single most significant decorative feature of Romanesque architecture.

Bell tower

A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none. Such a tower commonly serves as part of a church, and will contain church bells, but there are also many secular bell towers, often part of a municipal building, an educational establishment, or a tower built specifically to house a carillon. Church bell towers often incorporate clocks, and secular towers usually do, as a public service.


Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
Napoléon Bonaparte (, ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. He was Emperor of the French as Napoleon I from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over much of continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
In 1438, the Council of Florence convened, which featured a strong dialogue focussed on understanding the theological differences between the East and West, with the hope of reuniting the Catholic and Orthodox churches. Several eastern churches reunited, forming the majority of the Eastern Catholic Churches. The Age of Discovery beginning in the 15th century saw the expansion of Western Europe's political and cultural influence worldwide.

Zanobi Strozzi

Zanobi di Benedetto Strozzi
Ada Labriola (ed.), Fra Angelico in Pontassieve, Mandragora, Florence 2010. ISBN: 9788874611492. Strehlke, Carl Brandon (1994). In Laurence B. Kanter and Barbara Drake Boehm. Painting and Illumination in Early Renaissance Florence 1300-1450. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 349–50.


Agnolo BronzinoAgnolo di CosimoAngelo Bronzino
Palazzo Strozzi, Florence/Bruce Adolphe's "Of Art and Onions: Homage to Bronzino". Italian Paintings: Florentine School, a collection catalog containing information about the artist and his works (see pages: 200-204).


Baroque styleBaroque eraBaroque period
Opera was born in Italy at the end of the 16th century (with Jacopo Peri's mostly lost Dafne, produced in Florence in 1598) and soon spread through the rest of Europe: Louis XIV created the first Royal Academy of Music, In 1669, the poet Pierre Perrin opened an academy of opera in Paris, the first opera theater in France open to the public, and premiered Pomone, the first grand opera in French, with music by Robert Cambert, with five acts, elaborate stage machinery, and a ballet. Heinrich Schütz in Germany, Jean-Baptiste Lully in France, and Henry Purcell in England all helped to establish their national traditions in the 17th century.

Province of Florence

The Province of Florence (Provincia di Firenze) was a province in the northeast of Tuscany region of Italy. The city or comune of Florence was both the capital of the Province of Florence, and of the Region of Tuscany. It had an area of 3514 km2 and a population of 1,012,180 as of 31 December 2014. The territory of the province was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. In 2015 the province was replaced by the Metropolitan City of Florence.


The AnnunciationAnnunciation to MaryAnnunciation of Mary
The mosaics of Pietro Cavallini in Santa Maria in Trastevere in Rome (1291), the frescos of Giotto in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua (1303), Domenico Ghirlandaio's fresco at the church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence (1486), and Donatello's gilded sculpture at the church of Santa Croce, Florence (1435) are famous examples. * Angelus. Annunciade, religious order. Annunciation of Ustyug. Basilica of the Annunciation. Chronology of Jesus. Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation, Nazareth. Incarnation (Christianity). Order of the Most Holy Annunciation. Roman Catholic Marian art. The Annunciation Icons. The Annunciation at art-threads.

List of buildings and structures in Florence

residential building via Piagentina
This is a list of the main architectural works in Florence, Italy by period. It also includes buildings in surrounding cities, such as Fiesole. Some structures appear two or more times, since they were built in various styles. * Guido Zucconi, Firenze, guida all'architettura, Arsenale editrice, Verona, 1995