Orthodox stance

Orthodoxconventional stanceOrthodox
Many boxing champions, such as Jack Johnson,{Adam Zeroual} Anthony Joshua, Marco Antonio Barrera, Evander Holyfield, Rocky Marciano, Ingmar Johansson, Roberto Durán, Floyd Mayweather Jr., Sugar Ray Robinson, Muhammad Ali, Amir Khan, Peter Buckley, Johnny Tapia, Joyce Gracie, Mike Tyson, Larry Holmes, Lennox Lewis, Joseph Parker, Vitali Klitschko, Wladimir Klitschko, and Tyson Fury, fought in an orthodox stance. The corresponding designation for a left-handed boxer is southpaw and is generally a mirror image of the orthodox stance. A southpaw boxer guards and jabs with his right hand.

Jeff Mayweather

Jeff
He is a member of the Mayweather boxing family: his brothers are former welterweight contender Floyd Mayweather Sr. and two-division world champion Roger Mayweather, and his nephew is five-division world champion Floyd Mayweather Jr. Mayweather attended Ottawa Hills High School, in Grand Rapids, Michigan as a member of the class of 1981. While Mayweather pursued a degree in Graphic Arts from Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, Michigan, he competed in the 1987 National Golden Gloves. *Notable boxing families#United States

2010 Chechen Parliament attack

Chechen Parliament attackattackattack on the Chechen parliament
In 2010, a majority of the seats in the Parliament of the Chechen Republic are held by loyalists of the Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov and the 2005 election was seen by critics as a "sham". The reigning government has been labeled by many observers and organizations, including Freedom House's yearly investigations and Memorial, as "totalitarian", although Kadyrov has furiously denied these allegations and characterized them as slander.

Promoter (entertainment)

promotermusic promoterpromoters
Floyd Mayweather, Jr., boxing promoter (Mayweather Promotions). Mike Tyson, boxing promoter (Acquinity Sports). Frank Warren, boxing promoter (Queensberry Promotions Limited – London, UK). Dana White, MMA and boxing promoter (Ultimate Fighting Championship). Mario Yagobi, boxing promoter (Boxing360 - New York City). Felix "Tuto" Zabala, boxing promoter (Miami). Gary Davidson, ABA co-founder. Dennis Murphy, ABA co-founder. Gary Davidson, WHA co-founder. Dennis Murphy, WHA co-founder. Conn Smythe, namesake of the Conn Smythe Trophy. Leonard Bloom, World Team Tennis co-founder. Nancy Jeffett, women's tennis promoter.

James Prince

J. PrinceJames A. SmithJames Smith
Prince) (born October 31, 1964) is the CEO of Houston-based Rap-a-Lot Records, and boxing manager to the sport's top talents, such as Andre Ward and previously Floyd Mayweather Jr. Prince, who for 22 years has worked to promote Houston's rap scene and rap artists, is now working to promote underprivileged neighborhoods and communities. He recently broke ground on a community center he is building in his old 5th Ward neighborhood that will help young children, teens and adults to excel more in their lives. On January 30, 2007, Houston Mayor Bill White and the City Council honored Prince for over 20 years of commitment and dedication to the city.

Lightweight

lightlight weightlightweight boxer
Notable lightweight boxers include Alexis Argüello, Henry Armstrong, Ken Buchanan, Tony Canzoneri, Pedro Carrasco, Joel Casamayor, Al "Bummy" Davis, Oscar De La Hoya, Roberto Durán, Artur Grigorian, Joe Gans, Benny Leonard, Ray Mancini, Floyd Mayweather Jr., Juan Manuel Marquez, Sugar Shane Mosley, Miguel Ángel González, Carlos Ortiz, Edwin Valero, Pernell Whitaker, Manny Pacquiao, and Ike Williams. Artur Grigorian holds the record for most consecutive title defenses at this division, with 17 defenses of the WBO title. Current champions Below is a list of "longest reigning lightweight champions" career time as champion (for multiple time champions) does not apply.

José Luis Castillo

CastilloLuis Castillo
In his first bout with undefeated American junior lightweight champion Floyd Mayweather Jr., Castillo started slow but gradually lured the flashy boxer into a toe to toe battle. Castillo had great success in the middle rounds, when he cut off the ring and used his strength to try wear down Mayweather. As the fight progressed, Castillo's power and pressure seemed to turn the fight in his favor, having tremendous success with body punching while Mayweather became more stationary, allowing the stronger Castillo to do significant work. Castillo closed the fight strong, outlanding Mayweather 35-20 in the 11th round and totally dominated the 12th.

Golden Boy Promotions

Golden BoyGolden Boy BoxingGolden Boy Promotions: Liddell vs. Ortiz 3
Golden Boy promoted the May 5, 2007, "super fight" between De La Hoya and Floyd Mayweather at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, Nevada. Mayweather won the bout by a split decision. The fight once held the record for most pay-per-view buys and once held the record as the second highest grossing fight in the history of the sport. They also co-promoted along with Top Rank, The Dream Match: Oscar De La Hoya Vs Manny Pacquiao on December 6, 2008. In June 2009, Golden Boy Enterprises became embroiled in a dispute over who would fight for the WBA junior welterweight title.

Roy Jones Jr.

Roy JonesRoy Jones, Jr.Roy Jones Jr
After the loss in the third Tarver bout, Jones resumed his duties as a commentator for HBO World Championship Boxing, calling the Floyd Mayweather Jr.–Sharmba Mitchell fight on November 19, 2005, and the Jermain Taylor–Bernard Hopkins rematch on December 3, 2005. His return to the network was short lived, as Jones was let go from his ringside analyst role in January 2006. HBO cited his reported lack of commitment to attending the network's production meetings. Jones took on Prince Badi Ajamu (25-2-1, 14 KOs) on July 29, 2006, at the Qwest Arena in Boise, Idaho. Jones defeated Ajamu by a unanimous decision (119-106, 3 times), winning the WBO NABO light heavyweight title.

Chechnya

ChechenChechen RepublicChechens
Since 2007, Chechnya has been run by Ramzan Kadyrov. Kadyrov's rule has been characterized by high-level corruption, a poor human rights record, and a growing cult of personality. However, his rule has also seen Chechnya rebuild, with much of Grozny already reconstructed. In April 2009, Russia ended its counter-terrorism operation and pulled out the bulk of its army. The insurgency in the North Caucasus continued even after this date.

Umar Israilov

Israilov (c. 1982 – January 13, 2009) was a former bodyguard of Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov who became a critic of the Chechen government. He was shot and killed in exile in Vienna, Austria on January 13, 2009. Israilov fought against Russian forces during the Second Chechen War, but was captured in 2003. He began serving as Ramzan Kadyrov’s bodyguard in a militia that was led by Ramzan Kadyrov's father, then Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov. Israilov claimed to have witnessed killings, torture, and other crimes by Kadyrovites including Ramzan Kadyrov and Adam Delimkhanov, who went on to serve in the Russian Parliament.

Dokka Umarov

UmarovDokku UmarovDoku Umarov
Pro-Moscow Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov offered him medical care if Umarov were to "beg for forgiveness". On 9 May 2009, Kadyrov claimed Umarov had been reportedly severely wounded and that four of his bodyguards were killed in an operation commanded by Kadyrov's cousin and deputy, Adam Delimkhanov. Early rumors claimed Umarov had been killed, and in June the Russian authorities forensically examined the four burned corpses to see whether they included that of Umarov.

Professional boxing

professional boxerprizefighterprofessional
Interest in the lower weight divisions further increased with the possibility of a superfight between two of the current best fighters in the world, Manny Pacquiao and Floyd Mayweather, Jr. Experts predicted this would break current pay-per-view records, due to the tremendous public demand for the fight. Long negotiations finally culminated in the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight on May 2, 2015, six years after negotiation first began and resulted in estimated revenues of $450,000,000. Professional bouts are limited to a maximum of twelve rounds, most are fought over four, six, eight or ten rounds depending upon the experience of the boxers.

Al Haymon

Haymon Boxing
He is the adviser to Floyd Mayweather, Jr. and has twice won the Boxing Writers of America Manager of the Year Award. Haymon was raised in Cleveland, Ohio and studied economics at Harvard. He also has an MBA from Harvard. His main career start was in music promotion, where he promoted such acts as M. C. Hammer, New Edition, Whitney Houston, Janet Jackson and Mary J. Blige, and he branched out to other entertainment areas, such as when he worked with Eddie Murphy. In 1999, he sold 50% of A. H. Enterprises to SFX Entertainment. Around 2000, Haymon ventured into boxing when he managed Vernon Forrest.

Diego Corrales

CorralesDiego "Chico" Corrales
On January 20, 2001, Corrales challenged Ring No. 2 ranked Super Featherweight and #7 Pound-For-Pound Floyd Mayweather Jr. for the WBC super featherweight title and recorded his first knockdown and first loss. In the bout, Mayweather knocked down Corrales five times (three times in the seventh round and twice in the tenth). After the fifth knockdown, Corrales' corner stopped the fight, despite Corrales' protests. Shortly after the Mayweather fight, Corrales served 14 months in prison after opting for a plea bargain on charges he faced for abusing his pregnant wife, Maria. In 2003, Corrales returned to the ring.

CompuBox

Floyd Mayweather Jr., based on his past nine fights, ranks as the best among current active fighters, with an average connect rate of 46 percent. Super middleweight champion Andre Ward has a rate of 38 percent, while Sergio Martinez and Miguel Cotto both scored 34 percent during their primes, and Nonito Donaire averages 29 percent. Mayweather's opponents land just 16 percent of punches thrown, the lowest collective figure recorded in CompuBox's 4,000-fight database. "Compubox Online". Jones, Robert. "Interview With the Owner of CompuBox: Bob Canobbio", Mike Marley's FightNightNews.com, accessed February 12, 2008. Perry, Kevin.

Sergio Martínez (boxer)

Sergio MartínezSergio MartinezSergio "Maravilla" Martínez
In 2011, Martínez reached a career high ranking as the world's third best active boxer, pound for pound, behind Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Manny Pacquiao, as voted by most sporting news and boxing publications, including Sports Illustrated, ESPN, Yahoo! Sports, and The Ring. In 2010 he received Fighter of the Year awards by both The Ring and the Boxing Writers Association of America, as well as The Ring's Knockout of the Year for his rematch victory against Paul Williams. The WBC named him their Boxer of the Year in 2010 and 2012.

Sulim Yamadayev

YamadayevSulim
Together with his paramilitary soldiers known within Chechnya as Yamadayevtsy, which are alleged to be unruly and prone to mix warfare with crime, Yamadayev often conflicted with Ramzan Kadyrov (the son of Akhmad) and Said-Magomed Kakiyev over who controls overall military authority in Chechnya. Isa and Badrudi, the younger brothers of Sulim, became the company commanding officers in the battalion. On 14 April 2008, the forces loyal to Yamadayev and Ramzan Kadyrov engaged in one of the biggest battles between rival Chechen factions. The clash occurred when convoys from each group ran into each other in Gudermes and reportedly resulted in around 18 dead.