Bordeaux wine

BordeauxclaretBordeaux style
Permitted grapes are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec and rarely Carménère. Today Carménère is rarely used, with Château Clerc Milon, a fifth growth Bordeaux, being one of the few to still retain Carménère vines. As a very broad generalisation, Cabernet Sauvignon (Bordeaux's second-most planted grape variety) dominates the blend in red wines produced in the Médoc and the rest of the left bank of the Gironde estuary. Typical top-quality Châteaux blends are 70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 15% Cabernet Franc and 15% Merlot. This is typically referred to as the "Bordeaux Blend". Merlot tends to predominate in Saint-Émilion, Pomerol and the other right bank appellations.

Fronton, Haute-Garonne

Fronton is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France. It lies 28 km north of Toulouse and within its metropolitan area. It is the centre of one of the oldest wine regions in France, producing the AOC Côtes du Frontonnais, based (50%) on the local négrette grape (known as Pinot Saint-George in the United States) plus some or other of Syrah, Côt, cabernet franc, Cabernet sauvignon, fer servadou, gamay, cinsaut and mauzac. *Communes of the Haute-Garonne department * INSEE


BordelaisBordeaux, Francebordelaise
With an annual production of approximately 960 million bottles, the Bordeaux area produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855: Both red and white wines are made in the Bordeaux region. Red Bordeaux wine is called claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.

French wine

FranceFrenchFrench vintages
List of Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée wines. List of VDQS wines. French wine regions list. Wine label. History of wine. List of Vins de Primeur. Old World wine. Geographical indications and traditional specialities in the European Union.


Saint-AmatorBlack Virgin of RocamadourOur Lady of Rocamadour
Rocamadour (Rocamador in Occitan) is a commune in the Lot department in southwestern France. It lies in the former province of Quercy. Rocamadour has attracted visitors for its setting in a gorge above a tributary of the River Dordogne, and especially for its historical monuments and its sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which for centuries has attracted pilgrims from many countries, among them kings, bishops, and nobles.


CubzaguaisLe Bouilh, or Saint André Bouilh Cubzac
In oenological terms, Cubzac is near the appellations d'origine contrôlée (AOC) côtes de Bourg and Fronsac, with its own wine castles. Cubzac's climate is oceanic, part of the Dfb group in the Köppen climate classification. Periodically, the river Dordogne causes flooding. Nowadays Cubzac is protected by a dam, but is still vulnerable to flooding during high tides and strong winds. Flooding occurred last in the 1999 Martin and 2010 Xynthia storms. The 1999 storm destroyed many trees from the Terrefort castle park. In 1708, a temperature extremum of -15 °C caused the river and vineyards to freeze.


Emilianusjurisdiction of Saint-EmilionSaint-Émilion Grand Cru
Bordeaux wine. French wine. Plan Bordeaux. Bordeaux wine regions. Classification of Saint-Émilion wine. Communes of the Gironde department. Saint-Émilion tourist office website. aerial photography of the Saint-Émilion and Aquitaine area. Cash-strapped French wine town Saint Emilion sells off historical monument RFI English.


Italy is the world's biggest wine producer, and one of the leading in olive oil, fruits (apples, olives, grapes, oranges, lemons, pears, apricots, hazelnuts, peaches, cherries, plums, strawberries and kiwifruits), and vegetables (especially artichokes and tomatoes). The most famous Italian wines are probably the Tuscan Chianti and the Piedmontese Barolo. Other famous wines are Barbaresco, Barbera d'Asti, Brunello di Montalcino, Frascati, Montepulciano d'Abruzzo, Morellino di Scansano, and the sparkling wines Franciacorta and Prosecco.


Nonetheless it is home to many vineyards whose blends of cabernet sauvignon, merlot and cabernet franc can age over a long period. *Communes of the Gironde department * INSEE * Listrac-Médoc on the site of Insee


Brie cheese
Despite the variety of bries, the French government officially certifies only two types of cheese to be sold under that name: Brie de Meaux and Brie de Melun. Brie de Meaux is an unpasteurized brie, with an average weight of 2.8 kg for a diameter of 36 to 37 cm. Manufactured in the town of Meaux in the Brie region of northern France since the 8th century, it was originally known as the "King's Cheese", or, after the French Revolution, the "King of Cheeses," and was enjoyed by the peasantry and nobility alike. It was granted the protection of Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) status in 1980, and it is produced primarily in the eastern part of the Parisian basin.


Gironde estuary33Bordeaux
The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party. * Tourism Office website Cantons of the Gironde department. Communes of the Gironde department. Arrondissements of the Gironde department. Bordeaux wine regions. General Council website. Prefecture website.


86Archbishop of VienneDépartement Vienne
Vienne has a partnership relationship with: Communes of the Vienne department. Cantons of the Vienne department. Arrondissements of the Vienne department. Anjou wine. French Vienne Tourism Agency. General Council website.


ShirazHermitageShiraz (Syrah)
The Syrah-dominated appellations (AOCs) of northern Rhône have, like most other French appellations and regions, no tradition of varietal labeling of their wines. Indeed, such practices are generally disallowed under AOC rules, and only the AOC name (such as Cote-Rotie, Crozes-Hermitage or Hermitage) appears on the label. Varietal labeling of Syrah/Shiraz wines is therefore a practice that has emerged in the New World, primarily in Australia.


The next-door and slightly larger "satellite" appellation of Lalande-de-Pomerol produces similar wines which are shorter-lived and less expensive. * INSEE * Pomerol wine information French wine. Bordeaux wine. Plan Bordeaux. Bordeaux wine regions. Communes of the Gironde department.

Provence wine

Sub-appellations include the Fréjus, La Londe, Pierrefeu and Montagne Sainte-Victoire regions. The Côtes du Luberon AOC in the nearby Vaucluse département is occasionally cited by some sources with Provence due to some similarities in wine style; the appellation is however officially part of the Rhône wine region and its typicity more closely approaches that of its neighbour on its northern border, Côtes de Ventoux AOC, also a Rhône wine. The region has several vin de pays designations, with Bouches-du-Rhône, near Aix-en-Provence, being one of the most common designations seen abroad.


CorseCorsican1 collectivity
Many communities owe their origin and former richness to the ensuing chestnut woods. Chestnut bread keeps fresh for as long as two weeks. Corsica produces gourmet cheese, wine, sausages, and honey for sale in mainland France and for export. Corsican honey, of which there are six official varieties, is certified as to its origin (Appellation d'origine contrôlée) by the French National Institute of Origin and Quality (Institut National des Appellations d'Origine – INAO). Corsica's main exports are granite and marble, tannic acid, cork, cheese, wine, citrus fruit, olive oil and cigarettes.

Regions of France

regionrégionadministrative region
Ranked list of French regions. Administrative divisions of France. List of French regions and overseas collectivities by GDP. List of regions of France by population. Flags of the regions of France. ISO 3166-2:FR. Decentralisation in France. Budget of France. Regional councils of France. Administrative divisions of France. Overseas. Outremer. Overseas collectivity. Overseas department. Overseas departments and territories of France. Guide to the regions of France. Local websites by region. Will 2010 regional elections lead to political shake-up? Radio France Internationale in English. Overseas regions.


French wine. Bordeaux wine. Plan Bordeaux. Bordeaux wine regions. Communes of the Gironde department.


Saint-JulienSt JulienSaint Julien
St-Julien contains no First Growths but it does have estates ranked as Second, Third and Fourth Growths in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. * INSEE Bordeaux wine regions. Communes of the Gironde department.


34 Hérault, Francedepartment of Hérault
Hérault (Erau ) is a department in southern France named after the Hérault. It is part of the Occitanie region of the country. Hérault is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc. At the beginning of the 20th century, viticulture in the wine-growing region was devastated by a slump in sales combined with disease affecting the vines. Thousands of small scale producers revolted. This revolt was suppressed very harshly by the government of Georges Clemenceau.


PyreneanPyrenees MountainsPyrénées
The French Pyrenees are part of the following départements, from east to west: Pyrénées-Orientales (North Catalonia and Fenolheda), Aude, Ariège, Haute-Garonne, Hautes-Pyrénées, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques (the latter two of which include the Pyrenees National Park). The independent principality of Andorra is sandwiched in the eastern portion of the mountain range between the Spanish Pyrenees and French Pyrenees. Physiographically, the Pyrenees may be divided into three sections: the Atlantic (or Western), the Central, and the Eastern Pyrenees. Together, they form a distinct physiographic province of the larger Alpine System division.

Arrondissements of France

arrondissementarrondissementsdepartmental arrondissements
The departments of Paris and of the Territory of Belfort have only one, while the department of Pas-de-Calais has seven. Mayotte has none. Administrative divisions of France. List of arrondissements of France. Arrondissement. Municipal arrondissements of France. Arrondissements of Paris.


Côtes de Saint-Mont
For white wine: Arrufiac, Gros Manseng, Petit Manseng, Courbu, Clairette Blanche. The soil is mainly siliceous earth, clay and sand. * INSEE Communes of the Gers department. French wine.