Office of Justice Programs

Director of the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and TrackingOffice of Justice Program
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is an agency of the United States Department of Justice that focuses on crime prevention through research and development, assistance to state, local, and tribal criminal justice agencies, including law enforcement, corrections, and juvenile justice through grants and assistance to crime victims. The Office of Justice Programs is headed by an Assistant Attorney General. Matt M. Dummermuth is the Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General. OJP's Assistant Attorney General is responsible for the overall management and oversight of the office.

ISO/IEC 11179

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) 11179
US Department of Justice - Global Justice XML Data Model GJXDM. US Environmental Protection Agency - Environmental Data Registry. US Health Information Knowledgebase (USHIK). US National Cancer Institute - Cancer Data Standards Repository (caDSR). US National Information Exchange Model NIEM. Nurocor MDR. Software AG's OneData Metadata Registry. SALUS MDR Project - EU. . Aristotle Metadata Registry (open source registry). Data dictionary. Data reference model. Global Justice XML Data Model. National Information Exchange Model. Representation term. Semantic Web. Universal Data Element Framework. METeOR. NCI caDSR. Metadata standards. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32/WG 2.

National Information Exchange Model

NIEMNational Information Exchange Model (NIEM)3rd party NIEM tools
Global Justice XML Data Model (GJXDM). ISO/IEC 11179. Metadata publishing. Metadata registry. Universal Core (UCore). The official NIEM.gov website. Justice Information Exchange Model (JIEM) Tool.

Synonym ring

synsetssynsetsynonym set
Data Reference Model. Metadata. Vocabulary-based transformation. WordNet.

Federal government of the United States

United States governmentU.S. governmentfederal government
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories and several island possessions. The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the president and the federal courts, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of Congress, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.

Justice minister

Minister of JusticeJustice ministryDepartment of Justice
A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of justice (called minister for justice in only very few countries) or secretary of justice. In countries where this agency is called a department (usually department of justice, sometimes attorney general's department) the head of the department is entitled attorney general, for example in the United States.

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FBIFBI agentF.B.I.
However, the vast majority of federal government publications covering these topics are published by the Office of Justice Programs agencies of the United States Department of Justice, and disseminated through the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. In the 1920s, the FBI began issuing crime reports by gathering numbers from local police departments. Due to limitations of this system found during the 1960s and 1970s—victims often simply did not report crimes to the police in the first place—the Department of Justice developed an alternative method of tallying crime, the victimization survey.

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

ATFBureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and FirearmsBureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice. Its responsibilities include the investigation and prevention of federal offenses involving the unlawful use, manufacture, and possession of firearms and explosives; acts of arson and bombings; and illegal trafficking and tax evasion of alcohol and tobacco products. The ATF also regulates via licensing the sale, possession, and transportation of firearms, ammunition, and explosives in interstate commerce.

Drug Enforcement Administration

DEAUnited States Drug Enforcement AdministrationU.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
In contrast to the statistics presented by the DEA, the United States Department of Justice released data in 2003 showing that purity of methamphetamine was on the rise. The DEA has a registration system in place which authorizes anyone to manufacture, import, export, and distribute by filing DEA form 225 along with medical professionals, researchers and manufacturers access to "Schedule I" drugs, as well as Schedules 2, 3, 4 and 5. Authorized registrants apply for and, if granted, receive a "DEA number".

Federal law enforcement in the United States

List of United States federal law enforcement agenciesfederal law enforcement agencyfederal law enforcement
The United States Department of Justice was formerly the largest, and is still the most prominent, collection of federal law enforcement agencies. It has handled most law enforcement duties at the federal level. It includes the United States Marshals Service (USMS), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP), and others.

Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant

Grant administrationUlysses S. Grant's presidencypresidency
On June 22, 1870, Grant signed a bill into law passed by Congress that created the Department of Justice and to aid the Attorney General, the Office of Solicitor General. Grant appointed Amos T. Akerman as Attorney General and Benjamin H. Bristow as America's first Solicitor General. Both Akerman and Bristow used the Department of Justice to vigorously prosecute Ku Klux Klan members in the early 1870s. Grant appointed Hiram C. Whitley as director of the new Secret Service Agency in 1869, after he had successfully arrested 12 Klansmen in Georgia who would murdered a leading local Republican official.

United States Attorney General

Attorney GeneralU.S. Attorney GeneralAttorney General of the United States
List of living former members of the United States Cabinet. for "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Justice".

Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses GrantGrantPresident Grant
As president, Grant stabilized the post-war national economy, created the Department of Justice, and prosecuted the Ku Klux Klan. He appointed African-Americans and Jewish-Americans to prominent federal offices. In 1871, he created the first Civil Service Commission. The Liberal Republicans and Democrats united behind Grant's opponent in the presidential election of 1872, but Grant was handily re-elected. Grant's Native American policy had both successes and failures. In foreign affairs, the Grant administration peacefully resolved the Alabama claims against Great Britain, but the Senate rejected Grant's prized Caribbean Dominican Republic annexation.

William Lawrence (Ohio Republican)

William LawrenceWiliam Lawrence
On February 19, 1868, Lawrence authored the bill that ultimately created the United States Department of Justice. However, this first bill died in Congress due to the Congress's (and Lawrence's) concern with the impeachment of President Johnson. In the following Congress, the issue was brought back to the table. Representative Thomas Jenckes of Rhode Island introduced a bill to create the Department of Justice on February 25, 1870. Though Lawrence did not write this bill, it incorporated many of the ideas from Lawrence's previous bill, and he gave the bill his full support. On June 22, 1870, President Ulysses Grant signed this second bill into law, creating the Department of Justice.

United States federal executive departments

federal executive departmentsexecutive departmentsfederal executive department
The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States. They are analogous to ministries common in parliamentary or semi-presidential systems but (the United States being a presidential system) they are led by a head of government who is also the head of state. The executive departments are the administrative arms of the President of the United States. There are currently 15 executive departments.

Supreme Court of the United States

United States Supreme CourtU.S. Supreme CourtSupreme Court
Once the Senate confirms a nomination, the president must prepare and sign a commission, to which the Seal of the Department of Justice must be affixed, before the new justice can take office. The seniority of an associate justice is based on the commissioning date, not the confirmation or swearing-in date. The importance of commissioning is underscored by the case of Edwin M. Stanton. Although appointed to the court on December 19, 1869, by President Ulysses S. Grant and confirmed by the Senate a few days later, Stanton died on December 24, prior to receiving his commission. He is not, therefore, considered to have been an actual member of the court.

Amos T. Akerman

Amos AkermanAmos Tappan AkermanAmos Tappan Ackerman
His appointment by Grant in November 1870 was well timed, as he gained the strong enforcement powers of the newly created U.S. Department of Justice and the assistance of the newly created office of the U.S. Solicitor General. Having the Department of Justice and the first Solicitor General, Benjamin Bristow, Attorney General Akerman was ready to federally prosecute the Klan. Akerman, expanding the powers of the Department of Justice, started an investigating division that looked into the organization of the Klan in the South. Congress passed the Ku Klux Klan Act, and it was signed into law by President Grant on April 20, 1871. Akerman and Bristow acted quickly and efficiently.

Interior minister

Minister of the InteriorInterior MinistryMinistry of Internal Affairs
The functions that fall under what most other countries call an "interior ministry" come under other government departments—mostly the Department of Homeland Security (established in 2002 with functions such as public safety and disaster relief), with some others falling under the Department of Justice (with functions such as handling the national police and the management of prisons). In Canada the Interior Minister's post existed from 1873 to 1936, replacing previous role of the Secretary of State for the Provinces. In Hong Kong, the Secretary for Home Affairs is responsible for matters relating to communities, culture, sports and local governance.

Federal Prison Camp, Alderson

Alderson Federal Prison CampFederal Reformatory for WomenAlderson
It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. FPC Alderson is located in two West Virginia counties, near the town of Alderson. A portion of the prison is located in unincorporated Monroe County, while the other portion of the prison, including the dormitories, lies in unincorporated Summers County. Four other area towns, Hinton, Lewisburg, Ronceverte, and White Sulphur Springs, are within commuting distance of FPC Alderson. In the 1920s, there was a shortage of federal prison space for female inmates. Women offenders either were given alternative punishments or were housed alone within all-male institutions.

United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth

Leavenworth Federal PenitentiaryLeavenworthLeavenworth Penitentiary
Within a year, Fort Leavenworth housed more than 300 prisoners in a remodeled, supply-depot building. 1894: Secretary of War conceded to the House Appropriations Committee that War Department could do without the military prison. 1895 July 1: Congress transferred the military prison from the War Department to the US Department of Justice. The Department of Justice took over the plant and inaugurated the United States Penitentiary. Commandant of the military prison, James V. Pope. Warden of the USP, James W.

United States Deputy Attorney General

Deputy Attorney GeneralDeputy Attorney General of the United StatesU.S. Deputy Attorney General
The United States Deputy Attorney General is the second highest-ranking official in the United States Department of Justice and oversees the day-to-day operation of the Department. The Deputy Attorney General acts as Attorney General during the absence of the Attorney General. The Deputy Attorney General is a political appointee of the President of the United States and takes office after confirmation by the United States Senate. The position was created in 1950. Jeffrey A. Rosen has been serving as the Deputy Attorney General since May 22, 2019. *

Solicitor General of the United States

Solicitor GeneralUnited States Solicitor GeneralU.S. Solicitor General
The Solicitor General of the United States is the fourth-highest-ranking official in the United States Department of Justice. The current Solicitor General, Noel Francisco, took office on September 19, 2017. The United States Solicitor General represents the federal government of the United States before the Supreme Court of the United States. The Solicitor General determines the legal position that the United States will take in the Supreme Court. In addition to supervising and conducting cases in which the government is a party, the office of the Solicitor General also files amicus curiae briefs in cases in which the federal government has a significant interest.

United States Associate Attorney General

Associate Attorney GeneralAssociate Attorney General of the United StatesU.S. Associate Attorney General
The Associate Attorney General of the United States is the third-ranking official in the U.S. Department of Justice. The Associate Attorney General advises and assists the Attorney General and the Deputy Attorney General in policies relating to civil justice, federal and local law enforcement, and public safety matters. The Associate Attorney General is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
The 2019 Mueller Report on Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election detailed evidence of possible obstruction of justice, but investigators declined to refer Donald Trump for prosecution based on a United States Department of Justice policy against indicting an incumbent president. The report noted that impeachment by Congress was available as a remedy. As of October 2019, a case was pending in the federal courts regarding access to personal tax returns in a criminal case brought against Donald Trump by the New York County District Attorney alleging violations of New York state law. The president fulfills many ceremonial duties.