Privately held company

PrivatePrivate companyprivately held
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter. More ambiguous terms for a privately held company are closely held corporation, unquoted company, and unlisted company.

Albert Einstein

EinsteinEinsteinianA. Einstein
From 1922 to 1932, Einstein was a member of the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations in Geneva (with a few months of interruption in 1923–1924), a body created to promote international exchange between scientists, researchers, teachers, artists and intellectuals. Originally slated to serve as the Swiss delegate, Secretary-General Eric Drummond was persuaded by Catholic activists Oskar Halecki and Giuseppe Motta to instead have him become the German delegate, thus allowing Gonzague de Reynold to take the Swiss spot, from which he promoted traditionalist Catholic values.

Geneva Observatory

Observatory of GenevaGenevaObservatoire de Genève
The Geneva Observatory (Observatoire de Genève, Observatorium von Genf) is an astronomical observatory at Sauverny (CH) in the municipality of Versoix, Canton of Geneva, in Switzerland. It shares its buildings with the astronomy department of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. It has been active in discovering exoplanets, in stellar photometry, modelling stellar evolution, and has been involved in the European Space Agency's Hipparcos, INTEGRAL, Gaia, and Planck missions.

Seth G. Atwood

Time Museum
These included the Patek Philippe Henry Graves Supercomplication and the Breguet Sympathique Clock No.128 & 5009 (Duc d'Orléans Breguet Sympathique, owned by Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans), which was originally restored by English watchmaker George Daniels at the request of Seth G. Atwood. The Patek Philippe pocket watch currently holds the title of the most expensive watch ever sold at auction, fetching US$24 million US dollars (CHF 23,237,000) in Sotheby's Geneva auction on November 11, 2014.

Henry James

JamesJamesianJames, Henry
Between 1855 and 1860, the James' household traveled to London, Paris, Geneva, Boulogne-sur-Mer and Newport, Rhode Island, according to the father's current interests and publishing ventures, retreating to the United States when funds were low. Henry studied primarily with tutors and briefly attended schools while the family traveled in Europe. Their longest stays were in France, where Henry began to feel at home and became fluent in French. He was afflicted with a stutter, which seems to have manifested itself only when he spoke English; in French, he did not stutter. In 1860 the family returned to Newport.

Geneva Summit (1955)

Geneva SummitGeneva Conference1955 Geneva Summit
The Geneva Summit of 1955 was a Cold War-era meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. Held on July 18, 1955, it was a meeting of "The Big Four": President Dwight D. Eisenhower of the United States, Prime Minister Anthony Eden of Britain, Premier Nikolai A. Bulganin of the Soviet Union, and Prime Minister Edgar Faure of France. They were accompanied by the foreign ministers of the four powers (who were also members of the Council of Foreign Ministers): John Foster Dulles, Harold Macmillan, Vyacheslav Molotov, and Antoine Pinay. Also in attendance was Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union. The purpose was to bring together world leaders to begin discussions on peace.

Charles Albert of Sardinia

Charles AlbertCarlo AlbertoCharles Albert of Savoy
In the meantime, Albertina had moved to Geneva, where Charles Albert joined her from March 1812 to December 1813, and she was married to the Protestant Pastor, Jean-Pierre Etienne Vaucher (1763–1841), a follower of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. After Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813, the family left Geneva, fearing the arrival of Austrian forces and returned to France. At the beginning of 1814, Charles Albert enrolled in the military school in Bourges, hoping to become an officer in the French army. He was sixteen years old. Napoleon named him a lieutenant of dragoons in 1814.


Sotheby’sSothebysSotheby's New York
On 11 November 2014, the Patek Philippe Henry Graves Supercomplication became the most expensive watch ever sold at auction, reaching a final price of $23.98 million in Geneva. Peter Wilson (auctioneer), former chairman. Love is in the Bin. Sotheby's International Realty Dallas, Texas Branch. Sotheby's International Realty. Sotheby's Institute of Art (Education). Sotheby's Institute of Art (Education).

International Watch Company

IWCIWC SchaffhausenFlorentine Ariosto Jones
With a 100% stake in IWC, 60% in Jaeger-LeCoultre (the other 40% was owned by Audemars Piguet), and 90% in the Saxony-based watchmaking company of A. Lange & Söhne. The Group employed some 1,440 persons. In July 2000, LMH was acquired by Richemont, a Zug-based luxury goods behemoth, for CHF 2.8 billion. Despite the takeover by Richemont, IWC was guaranteed that it would continue to be managed by the same executives from the LMH Group. In 2001 IWC went online with the Collectors Forum. IWC's motto is Probus Scafusia, a Latin phrase meaning "good, solid craftsmanship from Schaffhausen". The motto was established in 1903.

John Mayer

MayerdemosJohn Mayer’s
His collection—which he values in the "tens of millions" of dollars —includes a Patek Philippe with a Sky Moon Tourbillion, a Rolex GMT Master 116710 BLNR, and an IWC Big Pilot Ref 5002, his signature watch. He has also served as a juror at the Grand Prix d'Horlogerie de Genève, a competition rewarding timepieces that champion the values of Swiss-made watches and writes a column for the horology website Hodinkee. In his column for January 16, 2015, he wrote an open letter to the watch brand IWC, encouraging it to "embrace [its] heritage, scale the product line down in terms of model variants, and simplify the design language".

Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile

The FIA also moved back to Paris, having been based in Geneva (outside the EU) for the previous two years during the European Commission's investigation. The FIA Foundation was established in 2001 as the FIA's charitable arm. The Foundation received a US$300 million grant from the sale of Formula One's rights to fund research into road safety, the environmental impact of motoring, and to support sustainable motoring. In 2004 the FIA and the Foundation established the FIA Institute for Motor Sport Safety, which brought together the various safety research groups into one organisation.

Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

Victor Emmanuel IIIKing Victor Emmanuel IIIVittorio Emanuele III
Victor Emmanuel III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro di Savoia; Vittorio Emanuele III, Viktor Emanueli III, ; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was the King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he held the thrones of Ethiopia and Albania as Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–1943) and King of the Albanians (1939–1943). During his reign of nearly 46 years, which began after the assassination of his father Umberto I, the Kingdom of Italy became involved in two world wars. His reign also encompassed the birth, rise, and fall of Italian Fascism and its regime.

Grzegorz Nowak (conductor)

Grzegorz Nowak
Born in Poznań, Poland, he began his international conducting career by winning the first prize at the Ernest Ansermet Conducting Competition in Geneva. He also won the Grand Prix Patek Philippe, Rolex Prize, Swiss Prize, American Patronage Prize and the Europäische Förderpreis für Musik as the European Musician of the Year. Nowak was honoured with the Distinguished Teacher Award during his tenure as Professor at the BGSU University in Ohio, and the title of "Honorary Professor" was bestowed upon him by the University of Alberta. After studying conducting, composition and violin at the Music Academy in Poznań, Nowak was awarded a doctorate fellowship at the Eastman School of Music.

Show Jumping World Cup

World Cup FinalFEI World Cup JumpingWorld Cup
From 1999 to 2013, the series has been sponsored by Rolex. Longines has been the title sponsor of the series from October 2013. Approximately 45 riders qualify from 13 leagues around the world. Usually there are 20 riders from Europe, 15 from the United States, 5 from Canada and 5 from elsewhere in the world. In the 28 World Cup finals held until 2007, United States riders have emerged with the most titles, having won the championship seven times. Hugo Simon was the first rider to win the FEI World Cup three times, followed by Rodrigo Pessoa. Mario Deslauriers is so far the youngest winner, aged 19, in the competition's history riding Aramis in 1984.

Richard Mille

On 27 September 2018, Richard Mille announced it would be withdrawing from the Salon international de la haute horlogerie (SIHH) in Geneva after the 2018 edition, like its shareholder Audemars Piguet, as the show no longer corresponded to the brand's distribution strategy. In October 2018, Richard Mille opened its largest store in the world in New York. It is the brand's sixth store in the United States, with a surface area of 390 m² and is located on 57th Street, at 432 Park Avenue, in the highest residential tower in the western hemisphere.

Queen Elizabeth II Cup

QE II CupQueen Elizabeth II Cup (Hong Kong)
The Queen Elizabeth II Cup has been sponsored by the Swiss haute horlogerie brand Audemars Piguet for around 17 years now, they continue to make special edition pieces (mostly based on the Royal Oak) to celebrate their sponsorship of the event.

New Bilibid Prison drug trafficking scandal

alleged drug operations inside the prisonalleged illegal drug operations inside the New Bilibid Prisoncollector for drug protection money
In subsequent raids, police also found other items and contrabands prohibited in the prison such as firearms and bladed weapons, mobile phones, flat screen TVs, laptops, WIFi, luxury Patek Philippe, Cartier and Rolex watches, sauna and over ₱2 million in cash from body searches of several high profile inmates. In the villa of convicted drug lord Peter Co linked by secret pathways to areas around the Bilibid, authorities also seized documents containing a list of names with corresponding cash amounts and dates.

Gallet & Co.

GalletGallet Watch CompanyGallet & Cie Fabrique d’horlogerie Electa
Humbertus Gallet (1430–1492) clock maker, became a citizen of Geneva on 18 April 1466. Gonin Gallet (1543–1610 ) grandson of Humbertus Gallet, clock maker, Geneva. Claude Gallet (1605–1675) son of Gonin Gallet, watch and clock maker, Geneva. Jacques Gallet (1649–1700) son of Claude Gallet, watchmaker and silk merchant, Geneva. Philippe Gallet (1679–1739) son of Jacques Gallet, goldsmith & watchmaker, Geneva, began his apprenticeship with Simon Duteil on 8 April 1692. Pierre Gallet (1712–1768) son of Philippe Gallet, goldsmith & watchmaker, Geneva. Jeremie Gallet (1729–1763) son of Pierre Gallet, watchmaker, apprenticed under Benedict de Rabours in 1745, Geneva.

Bernard Cheong

He was to become part of the formative committee of the Grand Prix Haute Horology in Asia, and later a juror in the Geneva GPHH. Cheong holds a unique position within the watch-makers community Grand Prix d'Horlogerie de Genève, being financially independent from it, buying and not usually selling, yet a significant influence on it. The past thirty years of collecting have let him work with both collectors and the industry, royalty, political figures and celebrities.

List of Swiss companies by revenue

largest Swiss companies by revenueSwiss companies by revenue
Switzerland has a large economy and highly skilled labor force. Fifteen Swiss companies are included on Fortune's "Global 500" list (in 2011). As of 2018 the largest non-financial companies in terms of annual revenue were Glencore, Vitol and Trafigura, with Nestlé as the largest employer. The largest banks were UBS and Credit Suisse, and the largest insurance company was Zurich Insurance Group.

Luxury goods of China

Chinaluxury goodsluxury goods in China
The top five luxury watch brands in the country are Rolex, Omega, Cartier, Vacheron Constantin, and Breitling. In a confidential report titled "China Luxury Market study 2010" in November 2010, the management consulting firm Bain & Company noted the top three luxury brands in China are Louis Vuitton, Chanel and Gucci. According to the report, watches and bags led the growth of the luxury market in 2010.

Timeline of Geneva

Geneva municipality created. 1845 – Gas lighting installed. 1846 – Political unrest; "constitution made more democratic.". 1847 – "Radical party" in power. 1848 – Banque de Geneve founded. 1849 – Fortifications begin to be demolished. 1850 – Population: 37,724 in city; 64,146 in canton. 1851 – Watchmaker Patek Philippe & Co. in business. 1852 – Union Chrétienne de Jeunes Gens branch established. 1854 – Jardin Anglais (park) laid out. 1856 – Quai Gustave-Ador built. 1858. Genève-Cornavin railway station opens. Ecole Saint-Antoine (school) built. 1860 – Population: 82,876 in canton. 1863 – International Committee of the Red Cross headquartered in Geneva. 1864.

Benjamin Vergnion

After a 5-year private banking experience at Chase and DLJ, and several positions as Art and Creative Director in prominent design firms, Benjamin Vergnion assumed the role of Chief Executive and Creative Director of his own agency, Buro Creative, working alongside brands like BMW, Mini, Columbia Records, Sony Music, MSC Cruises, Ford Luxury Automotive, Aston Martin, Jaeger Le Coultre, Audemars Piguet, Rockstar and Warner Music Group. In 2009, after selling his agency portfolio he made his way into the fashion arena by financing the launch and marketing strategy of several brands including Spring Court 1936 and Happy Socks in North America.

FEI World Cup Jumping 2011/2012, Western European League

World Cup, Western European LeagueWestern European League, 3rd competition
The main sponsor of the 2011/2012 Western European League is Rolex. The FEI broadcast all competitions of the Western European League via its website FEI TV with costs. In the nations of the world cup event the world cup competition is mostly broadcast live by television. Across Europe Eurosport shows a recording of the world cup competitions on Wednesday evening. The first Western European League competition is traditionally held in Oslo. The Oslo Horse Show was held from October 12 to October 16, 2011 in the Telenor Arena. The World Cup competition was held on October 16 from 3:30 pm. The high number of 14 riders qualify for the jump-off.

Geneva Seal

Fleurier Quality FoundationPoinçon de Genève
The Geneva Seal (English), Poinçon de Genève (French), or Genfer Siegel (German) is the official seal of the City and Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. When a variation of the official seal is applied to wristwatch movements, the Geneva Seal is the quality seal of the Watchmaking School of Geneva and it has an official purpose as defined by the law. The term is often mistakenly translated from the French as the "Geneva hallmark", as the word poinçon means "punch" and is the word used for hallmark. However, a hallmark is an official mark attesting to the fineness of a precious metal object.