The TerraMar Project, in the United States, was an environmentalist nonprofit organization with a focus on ocean protection founded by the alleged trafficker, Ghislaine Maxwell in 2012. A separate ocean conservation charity, TerraMar (UK), was incorporated in 2013 by Maxwell in Salisbury, United Kingdom. TerraMar (US) announced closure on their website and Twitter on July 12, 2019, a week after the charges, brought by New York federal prosecutors against Jeffrey Epstein, became public. However, the UK company continues to exist with Maxwell listed as a director.
Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX)
Richard Sandor, creator of the Sustainable Performance Group, founded the exchange and has been a spokesman for it. The exchange traded in emissions of six gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, perfluorocarbons, and hydrofluorocarbons. CCX started trading in October 2003, prior to the commencement of trading in the European Union through the ETS system. IntercontinentalExchange (nyse: ICE), a leading operator of regulated global futures exchanges, clearing houses and over-the-counter (OTC) markets, announced in April 2010 that it had agreed on terms to acquire Climate Exchange plc.
MaxwellBritish publisherMaxwell Aviation
In 1945, he married Elisabeth "Betty" Meynard, a French Protestant, and the couple had nine children over the next sixteen years: Michael, Philip, Ann, Christine, Isabel, Karine, Ian, Kevin and Ghislaine. In a 1995 interview, Elisabeth talked of how they were recreating his childhood family, victims of the Holocaust. Five of his children – Christine, Isabel, Ian, Kevin and Ghislaine – were later employed within his companies. Daughter Karine died of leukemia at age three, while Michael was severely injured in a car crash in 1961, at the age of fifteen, when his driver fell asleep at the wheel. Michael never regained consciousness and died seven years later.
Jeffery EpsteinJeffrey E. EpsteinVirginia Giuffre
Previous long-term girlfriends associated with Epstein include Eva Andersson-Dubin and publishing heiress Ghislaine Maxwell. Epstein was romantically linked with Andersson-Dubin in the 1980s and the two later remained friendly well after her marriage to Glenn Dubin. Epstein met Ghislaine Maxwell, daughter of disgraced media baron Robert Maxwell, by 1991. Epstein had Maxwell come to the United States in 1991 to recover from her grief following the death of her father. Maxwell was implicated by several of Epstein's accusers as procuring or recruiting underage girls in addition to once being Epstein's girlfriend.
The field of Environmental Finance was first defined by Richard L. Sandor, American economist and entrepreneur, when he taught the first ever Environmental Finance course at Columbia University in the fall of 1992. Dr. Gretchen Daily, of Stanford University has written a book, The New Economy of Nature that addresses the issue of financing ecosystem services. Dr. Jürg P. Blum, defined the term environmental finance (Dissertation: Corporate Environmental Responsibility and Corporate Economic Performance..... 1994 at USIU) as a fairly new field, "concerned mainly with finance and investment regarding the ecological environment.
ElisabethElisabeth "Betty" Meynard
Elisabeth Maxwell and Robert had nine children: Michael, Philip, Ann, Christine, Isabel, Karine, Ian, Kevin and Ghislaine. All of Maxwell's children were delivered by her sister Yvonne, a gynecologist, in Maisons-Laffitte, France. Two of the children died in childhood; daughter Karine died in 1957 at age three from leukemia and son Michael entered a coma following a car crash in 1961 and died six years later without regaining consciousness. At first, the family lived on a budget at a "second-hand Morris estate" but later moved into a mansion at Broomfield, Esher.
Lady GhislaineLady Mona K
Emad Khashoggi, also developer of the Château Louis XIV and the Palais Rose, sold the yacht to Robert Maxwell who renamed it Lady Ghislaine (named after his daughter Ghislaine). In 1991, she was the base for Maxwell in New York, moored on the East River as he negotiated with the unions over his purchase of the New York Daily News. On 5 November 1991, at the age of 68, Maxwell was on board Lady Ghislaine, which was cruising off the Canary Islands. Maxwell's body was subsequently found floating in the Atlantic Ocean. He was buried in Jerusalem. The official verdict was accidental drowning, though some commentators have surmised that he may have committed suicide.
Prince AndrewThe Duke of YorkDuke of York
In the interview, Prince Andrew says he met Epstein in 1999 through British socialite Ghislaine Maxwell; this contradicts comments made by the Duke's private secretary in 2011, who claims the two met in "the early 1990s". He also said he did not regret his friendship with Epstein, saying "the people that I met and the opportunities that I was given to learn either by him or because of him were actually very useful". In the interview he denied having sex with Virginia Roberts on 10 March 2001, as she had accused, because he had been at home with his daughters, having taken his elder daughter Beatrice, to a party at PizzaExpress in Woking.
ECX was a member of the Climate Exchange Plc group of companies, founded by Richard Sandor. Other member companies include the Chicago Climate Exchange (“CCX”) and IFEX. Climate Exchange Plc is listed on AIM (Alternative Investment Market) on the London Stock Exchange, and was bought in April 2010 by Intercontinental Exchange (ICE). The last Chief Executive was Patrick Birley, son of archaeologist Robin Birley. On 1 April 2009, Camp for Climate Action protesters set up a campsite and farmers' market outside the European Climate Exchange in Hasilwood House in Bishopsgate, City of London, to protest against carbon trading as a "false solution" to the problem of climate change.
Drexel BurnhamDrexel & Co.Drexel and Company
Richard Sandor, Current Chairman of the Chicago Climate Exchange. Rick Santelli, Current On-Air Editor for CNBC's Squawk on the Street. Tom Sosnoff, Founder of the thinkorswim trading platform and current CEO of tastytrade.com. Gary Winnick, founder and former chairman of Global Crossing.
Richard Sandor. http://www.chicagoclimatex.com/news/press/release_20081223_CLE_announcement.pdf. http://www.cnpc.com.cn/eng/press/newsreleases/CSR/d1495066-3c79-482a-a36b-88b834cf3f78.htm. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2008-10/27/content_7144537.htm.
One of nine children, siblings include her twin sister Isabel Maxwell, brothers Kevin Maxwell and Ian Maxwell, and younger sister Ghislaine Maxwell. Her mother stated that all of her children were brought up Anglican. In 1960, her family resided at Headington Hill Hall where the offices to Robert Maxwell's Pergamon Press were also located. After completing her high schooling at Milham Ford Grammar School in Oxford, England in 1969, she entered Pitzer College, Claremont, California, from which she received the degree of Bachelor of Arts with a major in Latin American Studies and Sociology in May 1972. In September 1973 she entered Lady Spencer Churchill College of Education near Oxford.
Relatives include sisters Christine Maxwell, Isabel Maxwell, and Ghislaine Maxwell, and brother Ian Maxwell. The family residence was once at Headington Hill Hall where the offices of Robert Maxwell’s Pergamon Press were also located. Educated at Marlborough and Oxford University, Kevin Maxwell spent most of his working life before 1991 employed by his father, including a spell as chairman of Oxford United F.C.. Following his father’s death and the collapse of the Mirror Group media empire, he became the biggest personal bankrupt in UK history with debts of £406.5 million in 1992. He was later tried and acquitted of fraud arising from his role in his father's companies.
One of nine children, her siblings include brothers Kevin Maxwell and Ian Maxwell, and younger sister Ghislaine Maxwell. In 1960, her family resided at Headington Hill Hall where the offices to Robert Maxwell's Pergamon Press were also located. Her mother stated that while all of her children were brought up Anglican, Isabel was "very taken by the Jewish faith and the politics in Israel." Maxwell studied at St Hilda's College at Oxford, graduating with her BA and MA in History and French in 1972. She earned a master's degree in Education (French) from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, before beginning her career in film and television production.
Sandor and her husband, economist Richard L. Sandor, have assembled a private art collection with over 1,800 objects dating from the 1840s to the present. In 1988, 2001, and 2002 the Sandors were listed by Art & Antiques magazine as one of America’s top 100 private collectors. The Richard and Ellen Sandor Family Collection contains photographs, paintings, drawings, sculptures, and new media works focusing around themes such as 19th- and 20th-century icons, Paris between the wars, the American West, Hollywood portraits, and surrealism. Ellen Sandor is chair of the advisory board of the Gene Siskel Film Center.
Waitt was romantically linked to Ghislaine Maxwell, after she ended her relationship with Jeffrey Epstein. Waitt owns homes in the Bird Streets area of Hollywood Hills West, Los Angeles (put up for sale for $20 million in September 2015) and in La Jolla, California (purchased in 2005 for $13.32 million and put for sale for $22.9 million in November 2015). Waitt also owns a home in Beverly Hills, California. Waitt was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of South Dakota. Business Week named Waitt one of America’s 50 most generous philanthropists due to his work with the Waitt Foundation.
Relatives include sisters Isabel Maxwell, Christine Maxwell, and Ghislaine Maxwell, and brother Kevin Maxwell. The family moved to Headington Hill Hall in 1960. Ian Maxwell was educated at Summer Fields School, Marlborough College and Oxford University. His first involvement in his father's business was at Pergamon Press from 1978 to 1983. After a short time at the Prince's Charitable Trust, he rejoined the Maxwell business, this time at British Printing and Communications Corporation (later renamed Maxwell Communications Corporation). Ian Maxwell was appointed chairman of Mirror Group Newspapers plc (MGN) following the death of his father on 5 November 1991.
Ghislaine Maxwell. AVILOOP Commercial flying website.
socialitessociety hostesshigh society
A socialite is a person (usually from a wealthy, or aristocratic background) who plays a prominent role in high society. A socialite spends a significant amount of time attending various fashionable social gatherings.
CBOTBoard of TradeBoard of Trade Building
The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), established on April 3, 1848, is one of the world's oldest futures and options exchanges. On July 12, 2007, the CBOT merged with the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) to form CME Group. CBOT and three other exchanges (CME, NYMEX, and COMEX) now operate as designated contract markets (DCM) of the CME Group.
Procuring or pandering is the facilitation or provision of a prostitute or sex worker in the arrangement of a sex act with a customer. A procurer, colloquially called a pimp (if male) or a madam (if female), is an agent for prostitutes who collects part of their earnings. The procurer may receive this money in return for advertising services, physical protection, or for providing, and possibly monopolizing, a location where the prostitute may engage clients. Like prostitution, the legality of certain actions of a madam or a pimp vary from one region to the next.
greenhouse gasescarbon emissionsgreenhouse gas emissions
A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range. Greenhouse gases cause the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere are water vapor (H 2 O), carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), methane (CH 4 ), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), and ozone (O 3 ). Without greenhouse gases, the average temperature of Earth's surface would be about -18 °C, rather than the present average of 15 °C. The atmospheres of Venus, Mars and Titan also contain greenhouse gases.
Maisons-Laffitte is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the north-western suburbs of Paris 18.2 km from the center.
University of ChicagoLaw SchoolUniversity of Chicago School of Law
The University of Chicago Law School is a professional graduate school of the University of Chicago. It is consistently ranked among the top law schools in the world, and has produced many distinguished alumni in the judiciary, academia, government, politics and business. It employs more than 200 full-time and part-time faculty and hosts more than 600 students in its Juris Doctor program, while also offering the Master of Laws, Master of Studies in Law and Doctor of Juridical Science degrees in law.
media mogulpress baronnewspaper proprietor
A media proprietor, media mogul or media tycoon refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through personal ownership or via a dominant position in any media related company or enterprise, media consumed by many individuals. Those with significant control, ownership, and influence of a large company in the mass media may also be called a tycoon, baron, or business magnate. Social media creators and founders can also be considered media moguls.