MoroccanSultanate of MoroccoKingdom of Morocco
Other large communities can be found in Italy, Canada, the United States, and Israel, where Moroccan Jews are thought to constitute the second biggest Jewish ethnic subgroup. The religious affiliation in the country was estimated by the Pew Forum in 2010 as 99% Muslim, with all remaining groups accounting for less than 1% of the population. Sunnis form the majority at 67% with non-denominational Muslims being the second largest group of Muslims at 30%. There are an estimated 3,000 to 8,000 Shia Muslims, most of them foreign residents from Lebanon or Iraq, but also a few citizen converts.


real-time traffic software
Google bought Waze for $966 million in June 2013 to add social data to its mapping business. Waze's 100 employees received about $1.2 million on average, the largest payout to employees in Israeli high tech. In June 2013, the United States Federal Trade Commission started considering whether Google's purchase of Waze might violate competition law – Waze was one of very few competitors in the mobile mapping sector to Google's own Google Maps. The FTC decided that it would not challenge Google's acquisition of Waze. The UK Office of Fair Trading and the Israel Antitrust Authority also investigated it and allowed the acquisition.

Matam, Haifa

MATAMMATA"M Industrial ParkMatam - Haifa
Matam (Hebrew מת"ם - מרכז תעשיות מדע Merkaz Ta'asiyot Mada lit. acronym of Scientific Industries Center), located at the southern entrance to Haifa, is the largest and oldest dedicated hi-tech park in Israel. The Park is an international technology center, with some of the world's leading hi-tech companies maintaining research and development facilities, including Amazon, Intel, Microsoft, Yahoo!, Philips, Google, Qualcomm, CSR, NDS Group, Elbit Systems, Apple, Plus500, Matrix, Aladdin Knowledge Systems, NetManage, ProcessGene, Neustar and NetApp.

Market capitalization

market capitalisationmarket capcapitalization
Market capitalization, commonly called market cap, is the market value of a publicly traded company's outstanding shares.

Peter Thiel

Peter A. ThielPeter Thiel’sPeter Theil
In his book The Facebook Effect, David Kirkpatrick outlines how Thiel came to make this investment: Napster co-founder Sean Parker, who at the time had assumed the title of "President" of Facebook, was seeking investors for Facebook. Parker approached Reid Hoffman, the CEO of work-based social network LinkedIn. Hoffman liked Facebook but declined to be the lead investor because of the potential for conflict of interest with his duties as LinkedIn CEO. Thus, Hoffman directed Parker to Thiel, whom he knew from their PayPal days. Thiel met Parker and Mark Zuckerberg, the Harvard student who had founded Facebook.


Facebook ResearchFacebook Study
In August 2018, Facebook pulled Onavo Protect from the iOS App Store after pressure by Apple, who declared it a violation of guidelines barring apps from harvesting data from other apps on a user's device. On February 21, 2019, in the wake of renewed controversy over the service due to the related Facebook Research program, Facebook announced that it would sunset Onavo Protect VPN and pull its app from Google Play Store. Effective immediately, the service ceased collecting personal data. On January 29, 2019, TechCrunch published a report detailing "Project Atlas"—an internal market research program employed by Facebook since 2016.

Google Photos

Google Photos BackupGoogle+ PhotosPhotos
Google Photos is the standalone successor to the photo features previously embedded in Google+, the company's social network. Google launched the social network to compete with Facebook, but the service never became as popular and Facebook remained the Internet's preferred website for social networking and photo sharing. Google+, however, offered photo storage and organizational tools that surpassed Facebook's in power, though Google+ lacked the user base to use it. By leaving the social network affiliation, the Photos service changed its association from a sharing platform to a private library platform.

Online advertising

online marketingadvertisingInternet advertising
Over half of all Google and Facebook users are concerned about their privacy when using Google and Facebook, according to Gallup. Many consumers have reservations about online behavioral targeting. By tracking users' online activities, advertisers are able to understand consumers quite well. Advertisers often use technology, such as web bugs and respawning cookies, to maximize their abilities to track consumers. According to a 2011 survey conducted by Harris Interactive, over half of Internet users had a negative impression of online behavioral advertising, and forty percent feared that their personally-identifiable information had been shared with advertisers without their consent.

Fake news

fakea claimfake stories
An Egyptian newspaper reported on Israeli spy sharks trained to eat Arab bathers in the Red Sea, an example of an Israel-related animal conspiracy theory. The Israeli state has been accused of spreading propaganda in the USA. In April 2018, Palestinian-Israeli football team Bnei Sakhnin threatened to sue Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for libel, after he claimed fans booed during a minute of silence for Israeli flash-flood victims. In a social media post, Netanyahu blasted various Israeli news critical of him, as fake news including Channel 2, Channel 10, Haaretz and Ynet the same day US President Trump decried "fake news".

Accel (venture capital firm)

Accel PartnersAccelAccel India
Facebook: IPO valuation of $104 billion in 2012. ForeScout: IPO valuation of $935+ million in 2017. Fusion-io: acquired by Sandisk for $1.1 billion in 2014. Iron Planet: acquired by Ritchie Bros. for approximately $758.5 million in 2017. Jet: acquired by Walmart for $3.3 billion in 2016. Krux: acquired by Salesforce for $700 million in 2016. acquired by LinkedIn at a $1.5 billion valuation in 2015. Legendary Pictures: acquired by Wanda Group for $3.5 billion in 2016. Rovio: IPO valuation of $1 billion in 2017. Supercell: acquired by Softbank for $5.5 billion in 2015 and acquired by Tencent for $8.6 billion in 2016.


Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country by total area and the 22nd-most-populous country. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.


web sitewebsitesonline
Very large websites, such as Facebook, Yahoo!, Microsoft, and Google employ many servers and load balancing equipment such as Cisco Content Services Switches to distribute visitor loads over multiple computers at multiple locations. As of early 2011, Facebook utilized 9 data centers with approximately 63,000 servers. In February 2009, Netcraft, an Internet monitoring company that has tracked Web growth since 1995, reported that there were 215,675,903 websites with domain names and content on them in 2009, compared to just 19,732 websites in August 1995.

Digg Digg.comDigg, Inc.
Facebook. Fark. Mixx. Reddit. Slashdot. Social bookmarking. StumbleUpon. Virato Social News. Web 2.0.


WhatsApp MessengerWhatsApp media
Israel is one of WhatsApp's strongest markets in terms of ubiquitous usage. According to Globes, already by 2013 the application was installed on 92% of all smartphones, with 86% of users reporting daily use. WhatsApp's group chat feature is reportedly used by many Israeli families to stay in contact with each other. WhatsApp competes with a number of messaging services. Those, as of 2019, were services like iMessage (estimated 1.3 billion active users ), WeChat (1 billion active users ), Viber (260 million active users ), Telegram (200 million users ) and LINE (187 million active users ).

Research and development

R&DResearch & DevelopmentR & D
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products. Research and development constitutes the first stage of development of a potential new service or the production process.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington; D.C.; or the district, is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city, located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

IPad (3rd generation)

iPad 3third-generation iPadthird generation iPad
The iOS 6 update includes new features such as Apple Maps, which replaced a mapping application operated by Google, Facebook integration and the ability to operate Siri on the third-generation iPad. The third-generation iPad is compatible with iOS 7, which was released in 2013. Although complete support, some newer features such as AirDrop that were released to newer models were not supported. This is the similar support that was also given on the iPhone 4S. iOS 8 is also supported by the third-generation iPad. However, some features have been stripped down. iOS 9 supports the third-generation iPad as well. It is the fifth major iOS release that this model supports.

Intellectual property

intellectual property rightsIPintellectual property law
Using IP royalty payment schemes to profit shift income from higher-tax locations to lower-tax locations (such as the Facebook 2012 double Irish and the Microsoft 2015 single malt BEPS tax schemes); 2. Using IP royalty payment schemes to overcome EU withholding tax protections (such as the circa 2007 Google dutch sandwich BEPS tax scheme); 3. Using advanced IP GAAP accounting to create intangible assets which can be expensed against taxation in certain IP-beneficial regimes (such as the Apple 2015 Irish capital allowances for intangible assets BEPS tax scheme); 4.

The New York Times

New York TimesNY TimesNYT
For its coverage of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, some (such as Ed Koch) have claimed that the paper is pro-Palestinian, while others (such as As'ad AbuKhalil) have insisted that it is pro-Israel. The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy, by political science professors John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, alleges that The New York Times sometimes criticizes Israeli policies but is not even-handed and is generally pro-Israel. On the other hand, the Simon Wiesenthal Center has criticized The New York Times for printing cartoons regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that were claimed to be anti-Semitic.

Al Gore

GoreVice President Al GoreAl Gore, Jr.
Gore is the founder and current chair of The Climate Reality Project, the co-founder and chair of Generation Investment Management and the now-defunct Current TV network, a member of the Board of Directors of Apple Inc., and a senior adviser to Google. Gore is also a partner in the venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins, heading its climate change solutions group. He has served as a visiting professor at Middle Tennessee State University, Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, Fisk University, and the University of California, Los Angeles. He served on the Board of Directors of World Resources Institute.

Initial public offering of Facebook

Facebook IPOinitial public offering$16 billion IPO
Some investors expressed keen interest in Facebook because they felt they had missed out on the massive gains Google saw in the wake of its IPO. LinkedIn stock, meanwhile, had doubled on its first day. At $26.81 per share, which Facebook closed at a week after its IPO, Facebook was valued like "an ultra-growth company," according to Robert Leclerc of the Financial Post. Its PE ratio was 85, despite a decline in both earnings and revenue in the first quarter of 2012. A number of commentators argued retrospectively that Facebook had been heavily overvalued because of an illiquid private market on SecondMarket, where trades of stock were minimal and thus pricing unstable.

Mobile operating system

mobile platformsmobile OSmobile
June — Apple announces iOS 13, watchOS 6, and iPadOS as a distinct variant of iOS. September. Apple releases iOS 13 with the iPhone 11 series, watchOS 6 with Apple Watch Series 5, and iPadOS with the 7th generation iPad. Google releases Android 10.

Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space

(Technoda)Haifa Museum of Science and TechnologyIsrael National Museum of Science
The Israel National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space (also known as Madatech) (מדעטק - המוזיאון הלאומי למדע, טכנולוגיה וחלל MadaTek - HaMuze'on HaLe'umi LeMada, Tekhnologya VeHalal, متحف إسرائيل الوطني للعلوم والتكنولوجيا والفضاء) is a science and technology museum in the city of Haifa, Israel. The museum has approximately 200,000 visitors annually. The museum, established in 1983, is housed in a historic building that was designed as the first home of the Technion — Israel Institute of Technology, until it relocated to its current campus. The architect was Alexander Baerwald, a German Jewish immigrant, who began working on the building in 1912.


FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The Philippines ( or Filipinas ), officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.