Internet censorship in China

Internet censorship in the People's Republic of ChinaChinaInternet censorship
Censors back on Google as China defends Internet actionsCNN, 14 January 2010. China reacts to Google threatCNN, 15 January 2009. Blogging on report on blogging in China, 16 March 2006. People's Republic of China: State control of the Internet Amnesty International, 27 February 2002. CHINA: Government blocks religious websites Forum 18 News, 21 July 2004. The Internet "black holes" – China Reporters sans frontières – Internet press releases from 2002 to 2007. The Chinese Internet Crash of 2007 – Calamity or Capitalism? NewsVine report. Discussion about the best hosting services for websites and blogs looking to get around the Great Firewall.

Murder in German law

murderGermanymurdered
Before 1949 the usual punishment for Mord (§ 211) in Germany was capital punishment, except in less severe cases. In 1949, the death penalty was abolished by the Grundgesetz in West Germany. In East Germany the death penalty was abolished in 1987. After the 1950s it was very rarely used. *List of murder laws by country Totschlag, § 212, "intentional killing", is punished with five to fifteen years in prison.

Kosovo War

Kosovowar in KosovoKosovo Conflict
Other units included 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 10th Special Forces Group(Airborne) from Stuttgart Germany and Fort Carson, Colorado, TF 1–6 Infantry (1-6 infantry with C Co 1-35AR) from Baumholder, Germany, the 2nd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment from Fort Bragg, North Carolina, the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit from Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, the 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment from Schweinfurt, Germany, and Echo Troop, 4th Cavalry Regiment, also from Schweinfurt, Germany. Also attached to the US force was the Greek Army's 501st Mechanised Infantry Battalion.

First-person shooter

first person shooterFPSfirst-person
While its combination of gory violence, dark humor and hellish imagery garnered acclaim from critics, these attributes also generated criticism from religious groups, with other commentators labelling the game a "murder simulator." There was further controversy when it emerged that the perpetrators of the Columbine High School massacre were fans of the game; the families of several victims later unsuccessfully attempted to sue numerous video game companies - among them id Software - which the families claimed inspired the massacre.

Thrill killing

thrill killerthrill killersfor the experience
Execution-style murder. Lust murder. Spree killer.

Academy maniacs

Artyom AnoufrievArtyom Anoufriev and Nikita Lytkin
A certain role was played when they viewed in 2007 a TV program about the "Bitsa Park Maniac" Alexander Pichushkin, who committed several dozen murders in Moscow. The pair became interested in him, and Anoufriev created the "Pichushkin - Our President" group on the Internet. On February 13, one day before the anniversary of the execution of Andrei Chikatilo, they posted his portrait on the Internet with the signature "Andrei Romanovich. We grieve." They were interested in the so-called "Dnepropetrovsk maniacs" Viktor Sayenko and Igor Suprunyuk, as well as the Irkutsk "Blood Magic Gang", whose sentence was delivered on March 1, 2010.

Social networking service

social networkingSocial network servicesocial networking site
"For the Net generation, social networking sites have become the preferred forum for social interactions, from posturing and role playing to simply sounding off. However, because such forums are relatively easy to access, posted content can be reviewed by anyone with an interest in the users' personal information". The UK government has plans to monitor traffic on social networks. As well, schemes similar to e-mail jamming have been proposed for networks such as Twitter and Facebook. These would involve "friending" and "following" large numbers of random people to thwart attempts at network analysis.

Mark Twitchell

Dexter Copycat KillerJohnny Altinger
Luka Magnotta. 48 Hours: "Screenplay for Murder" (2012). SKConfessions Manuscript. Mark Twitchell's Profile of a Psychopath. Email exchange between Altinger and Twitchell posing as a dating woman.

Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés

CNILCNIL (FR)National Commission on Informatics and Liberty
Germany in 1971, Sweden in 1973, and France in 1978 were the first three States to vote for a "Computers and Liberty" law; these work with an independent control authority. International, economic, and political structures have been created or assigned to apply CNIL directives. Amongst these are the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1980, the Council of Europe in 1981 and the United Nations (UN) in 1990. In 1995, the European Commission voted through a directive in this manner. As of 2004, 25 countries have applied this directive.

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-EuropeanPIEIndo-European
In 1816 Franz Bopp published On the System of Conjugation in Sanskrit in which he investigated a common origin of Sanskrit, Persian, Greek, Latin, and German. In 1833 he began publishing the Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Old Slavic, Gothic, and German. In 1822 Jacob Grimm formulated what became known as Grimm's law as a general rule in his Deutsche Grammatik. Grimm showed correlations between the Germanic and other Indo-European languages and demonstrated that sound change systematically transforms all words of a language.

Video game

video gamesgamegaming
Stricter game rating laws mean that Germany does not operate within the PEGI. Instead, they adopt their own system of certification which is required by law. The Unterhaltungssoftware Selbstkontrolle (USK) checks every game before release and assigns an age rating to it – either none (white), 6 years of age (yellow), 12 years of age (green), 16 years of age (blue) or 18 years of age (red). It is forbidden for anyone, retailers, friends or parents alike, to allow a child access to a game for which he or she is underage.

Animation

animatedanimated filmanimated short
Animation is a method in which pictures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film. Today, most animations are made with computer-generated imagery (CGI). Computer animation can be very detailed 3D animation, while 2D computer animation can be used for stylistic reasons, low bandwidth or faster real-time renderings. Other common animation methods apply a stop motion technique to two and three-dimensional objects like paper cutouts, puppets or clay figures.

Fetus

fetalfoetusfetuses
A fetus or foetus (plural fetuses, feti, foetuses, or foeti) is the unborn offspring of an animal that develops from an embryo. Following embryonic development the fetal stage of development takes place. In human prenatal development, fetal development begins from the ninth week after fertilisation (or eleventh week gestational age) and continues until birth. Prenatal development is a continuum, with no clear defining feature distinguishing an embryo from a fetus. However, a fetus is characterized by the presence of all the major body organs, though they will not yet be fully developed and functional and some not yet situated in their final anatomical location.

Conditional sentence (Canada)

conditional sentenceconditional sentenceshouse arrest
A conditional sentence is a non-custodial punishment for crime. It is one type of criminal sentencing used in Canada.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
Canada is also a member of various other international and regional organizations and forums for economic and cultural affairs. Canada acceded to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 1976. Canada joined the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1990 and hosted the OAS General Assembly in 2000 and the 3rd Summit of the Americas in 2001. Canada seeks to expand its ties to Pacific Rim economies through membership in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC). Canada and the United States share the world's longest undefended border, co-operate on military campaigns and exercises, and are each other's largest trading partner.

Email

e-mailelectronic maile-mails
Such addresses are supported by Google and Microsoft products, and promoted by some governments. The message header must include at least the following fields: RFC 3864 describes registration procedures for message header fields at the IANA; it provides for permanent and provisional field names, including also fields defined for MIME, netnews, and HTTP, and referencing relevant RFCs. Common header fields for email include: Note that the To: field is not necessarily related to the addresses to which the message is delivered. The actual delivery list is supplied separately to the transport protocol, SMTP, which may or may not originally have been extracted from the header content.

Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
The Holocaust and Germany's war in the East were based on Hitler's long-standing view that the Jews were the enemy of the German people and that Lebensraum was needed for Germany's expansion. He focused on Eastern Europe for this expansion, aiming to defeat Poland and the Soviet Union and then removing or killing the Jews and Slavs. The Generalplan Ost (General Plan East) called for deporting the population of occupied Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union to West Siberia, for use as slave labour or to be murdered; the conquered territories were to be colonised by German or "Germanised" settlers.

Quran

Qur'anKoranQur’an
Multilingual Quran (Arabic, English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Italian). Koran Translations in many languages. Quranic Arabic Corpus, shows syntax and morphology for each word. Word for Word English Translation – emuslim.com. Several digitised Qurans in the Cambridge University Digital Library. Corpus Coranicum research project at Berlin-Brandenburg Academy. 2017-232-1 al-Qurʼān. / القرآن at OPenn. The British Library: Discovering Sacred Texts - Islam.

Insanity defense

not guilty by reason of insanityinsanitycriminally insane
However, in colonial America a delusional Dorothy Talbye was hanged in 1638 for murdering her daughter, as at the time Massachusetts's common law made no distinction between insanity (or mental illness) and criminal behavior. Edward II, under English Common law, declared that a person was insane if their mental capacity was no more than that of a "wild beast" (in the sense of a dumb animal, rather than being frenzied). The first complete transcript of an insanity trial dates to 1724. It is likely that the insane, like those under 14, were spared trial by ordeal.

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporationthe BBCBBC Music
In total, 99 German, 38 Austrian and 38 Italian composers were censored. The BBC argued that like the Italian or German languages, listeners would be irritated by the inclusion of enemy composers. Any potential broadcaster said to have pacifist, communist or fascist ideologies were not allowed on the BBC's airwaves. There was a widely reported urban myth that, upon resumption of the BBC television service after the war, announcer Leslie Mitchell started by saying, "As I was saying before we were so rudely interrupted ..." In fact, the first person to appear when transmission resumed was Jasmine Bligh and the words said were "Good afternoon, everybody. How are you?

Toronto Sun

The Toronto SunSunToronto
The Toronto Sun is an English-language tabloid newspaper published daily in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Dismemberment

dismembereddismemberquartered
Karnhars was found guilty of 52 separate acts of murder, including the rape and murder of 8 women, and the murder of a child, whose heart he had allegedly eaten for rituals of black magic. To begin, Karnhars had three strips of flesh torn from his back, before being pinched 18 times with glowing pincers, having his fingers clipped off one by one, his arms and legs broken on the wheel, and finally, while still alive, quartered. In the seventeenth century, a number of travel reports speak of an exotic "Turkish" execution method, where first, the waist of a man was constricted by ropes and cords, and then a swift bisection of the trunk was performed.

Obscenity

obsceneobscenitiesindecent
An obscenity is any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent morality of the time. It is derived from the Latin obscēnus, obscaenus, "boding ill; disgusting; indecent", of uncertain etymology. The word can be used to indicate a strong moral repugnance, in expressions such as "obscene profits" or "the obscenity of war". As a legal term, it usually refers to graphic depictions of people engaged in sexual and excretory activity.

Necrophilia

necrophilenecrophiliacnecrophilic
He committed murders in states from Washington to Florida. For a few of his victims, he would dump bodies to lay with their corpses and have sexual intercourse with them. He confessed to killing about 30 people, but sources believe that there might have been around 100. He was eventually sentenced to death. Dennis Nilsen (born in November 1945) was a Scottish serial killer and necrophile who murdered about twelve young men between the years 1978-1983. When Nilsen was very young, he had a really close relationship with his grandfather and when he passed away, Nilsen’s mother told him that they moved onto a better place.

Cannibalism

cannibalisticcannibalscannibal
Cannibalism is the act of consuming another individual of the same species as food. Cannibalism is a common ecological interaction in the animal kingdom and has been recorded in more than 1,500 species. Human cannibalism is well-documented, both in ancient and in recent times.