Blood squirt

blood spatterblood gushblood spurt
The rape and revenge film I Spit on Your Grave, first released in 1978 and re-released to a wider audience in 1980, contained several gory scenes. The 1991 film Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country has a scene where a Klingon is shot ("phasered") in zero gravity. The blood that spurts out of the Klingon's wounds was created using computer generated imagery (CGI); the animators had to make sure that the blood floated in a convincing manner while still looking interesting and not too gory. The effects artist looked at NASA footage of floating water globules to match the physics of the blood particles. Video games can use a particle system to create blood squirt effects.

Nazi salute

Hitler saluteHeil HitlerSieg Heil
But Hitler is Germany, just as Germany is Hitler. Hitler! Sieg Heil!" At his total war speech delivered in 1943, audiences shouted Sieg Heil as Joseph Goebbels solicited from them "a kind of plebiscitary 'Ja to total war. ('Ja' means 'yes' in German.) On 11 March 1945, less than two months before the capitulation of Nazi Germany, a memorial for the dead of the war was held in Marktschellenberg, a small town near Hitler's Berghof residence.


SlovakSlovakianSlovak nation
The final three terms are variations of the Germanic term Wends, which was historically used to refer to any Slavs living close to Germanic settlements. The early Slavs came to the territory of Slovakia in several waves from the 5th and 6th centuries and were organized on a tribal level. Original tribal names are not known due to the lack of written sources before their integration into higher political units. Weakening of tribal consciousness was probably accelerated by Avars, who did not respect tribal differences in the controlled territory and motivated remaining Slavs to join together and to collaborate on their defense.

Internet café

Internet cafeInternet cafescybercafe
An example of such a country is Germany. The cause of this development is a combination of complicated regulation, relatively high Internet penetration rates, the widespread use of notebooks, tablets and smartphones and the relatively high number of wireless internet hotspots. Many pubs, bars and cafés in Germany offer wireless internet, but no terminals since the Internet café regulations do not apply if no terminal is offered. Additionally, the use of Internet cafés for multiplayer gaming is very difficult in Germany since the Internet café regulations and a second type of regulations which was originally established for video arcade centres applies to this kind of Internet cafés.

Dnipropetrovsk Oblast

DnipropetrovskDnipropetrovsk regionDnepropetrovsk Oblast
Tatars – 0.11%. 🇩🇪 Germans – 0.11%. Other – 0.95%. Ukrainian 67%.

Google Street View

Street ViewGoogle StreetviewStreetView
However, this cessation has since ended, with Google announcing plans to continue production on May 4, 2011 and subsequently releasing updated Street View imagery for Australian towns and cities on July 27, 2011. Germany: In 2011, after having put online the pictures of the 20 largest cities, Google stopped taking Street View images in Germany. India: In 2011, Google stopped taking street images in India, after receiving a letter from police authorities in Bangalore. Canada: Street View cars were spotted as early as September 2007, in Montreal, however service for Canada was delayed while they attempted to settle with the Canadian government over its privacy laws.

Politics of Germany

German governmentGovernment of GermanyGerman
Official source from the German Embassy in Washington, DC.

International Space Station

ISSInternational Space Station (ISS)Space Station
The functional equipment and software of the lab was designed by EADS in Bremen, Germany. It was also integrated in Bremen before being flown to the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida in an Airbus Beluga. It was launched aboard on 7 February 2008 on flight STS-122. It is designed for ten years of operation. The module is controlled by the Columbus Control Centre, located at the German Space Operations Centre, part of the German Aerospace Center in Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich, Germany. The European Space Agency has spent €1.4 billion (about US$2 billion) on building Columbus, including the experiments that will fly in it and the ground control infrastructure necessary to operate them.

Credit Suisse

Credit Suisse GroupCredit Suisse Group AGCrédit Suisse
Separately, in 2013, German authorities began to probe Credit Suisse, its private bank subsidiary Clariden Leu, and its regional subsidiary Neue Aargauer Bank for helping German citizens evade taxes. The bank eventually entered into a €150 million settlement with the government. In March 2014, Credit Suisse denied claims it had been drawn into a Swiss competition probe investigating potential collusion to manipulate foreign exchange rates by various Swiss and foreign banks. In May 2014, Credit Suisse pleaded guilty to conspiring to aid tax evasion.

Berlin Police

policeBerlin Police DepartmentBerlin Police Presidium
List of law enforcement agencies in Germany. Law enforcement in Germany. Landespolizei (German state police forces). Stadtpolizei (German municipal police forces). Berlin Police official website. Berlin Police logo (from Berlin: Metropolis of crime 1918 - 1933 Part 1, Part 2 (warning: graphic depiction of murder and other violence), a Deutsche Welle English television documentary discussing advances in police methods and forensic technology, corruption in the police force, and selected investigations in Berlin during the early interbellum period.

Democratization of knowledge

spread of learning to the massesdemocratizing sciencespread and sharing of knowledge
Google Book Search has been pointed to as an example of democratization of knowledge, but Malte Herwig in Der Spiegel raised concerns that the virtual monopoly Google has in the search market, combined with Google's hiding of the details of its search algorithms, could undermine this move towards democratization. After the most powerful search engine, Google, and the most viewed encyclopedia, Wikipedia, the most viewed information based website is Encyclopædia Britannica. An article written in 2005 by the editors of Reference & User Services Quarterly calls the library the greatest force for the democratization of knowledge or information.


In August 2015, 8chan was blacklisted from Google Search for what Google described as content constituting "suspected child abuse content". In July 2016, U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump tweeted an image of Hillary Clinton with a background of money and a six-pointed star which resembled the Star of David, containing the message "Most corrupt candidate ever". The image had been posted to 8chan's /pol/ board as early as June 22, over a week before Trump's team tweeted it. A watermark on the image led to a Twitter account which had published many other overtly racist and antisemitic images.

Solitary confinement

incommunicadoisolationadministrative segregation
It is mostly employed for violations of discipline, such as murder, hostage-taking, deadly assault, and rioting. However, it is also used as a measure of protection for inmates whose safety is threatened by other inmates. Solitary confinement is colloquially referred to in American English as "the hotbox", "the hole", "AdSeg" (administrative segregation), the "SHU" (pronounced "shoe"), an acronym for "Special Housing Unit" or "Security Housing Unit"; in Australian English as "the Slot" or "the Pound"; in British English as "the block", "The Segregation Unit", or "the cooler". It has also been called prison "'segregation' and 'restrictive housing.'"

Right to privacy

invasion of privacyprivacy rightsright of privacy
Also, in some American jurisdictions the use of a person's name as a keyword under Google's AdWords for advertising or trade purposes without the person's consent has raised certain personal privacy concerns. Right to privacy and social media content laws have been considered and enacted in several states, such as California's “online erasure” law protecting minors from leaving a digital trail. However, the United States is still far behind that of European Union countries in protecting privacy online. For example, the “right to be forgotten” ruling by the EU Court of Justice protects both adults and minors.

Ancient Germanic law

Germanic lawEarly Germanic lawGermanic
Germanic Law”, in The Oxford Handbook of European Legal History, eds. Heikki Pihlajamäki, Markus D. Dubber, & Mark Godfrey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, pp. 249–63. Leges Romanae barbarorum. Volterra Project at UCL. Information on the leges Barbarorum and the respective manuscript tradition on the Bibliotheca legum regni Francorum manuscripta website, A database on Carolingian secular law texts (Karl Ubl, Cologne University, Germany, 2012).


stare decisislegal precedentbinding precedent
In other civil law jurisdictions, such as the German-speaking countries, ratio decidendi tend to be much more developed than in France, and courts will frequently cite previous cases and doctrinal writers. However, some courts (such as German courts) have less emphasis on the particular facts of the case than common law courts, but have more emphasis on the discussion of various doctrinal arguments and on finding what the correct interpretation of the law is. The mixed systems of the Nordic countries are sometimes considered a branch of the civil law, but they are sometimes counted as separate from the civil law tradition.

Kiwi Farms

KiwiFarmsJoshua Moon
Kiwi Farms, formerly known as CWCki Forums, is an American Internet forum dedicated to the ongoing harassment and stalking of online figures and communities it deems "lolcows". The targets of threads are often subject to doxing and other forms of organized group trolling, including real-life harassment by users. The website was originally launched as an exclusive imageboard to troll and harass "Chris-Chan", an autistic transgender webcomic artist, who was first spotted in 2007 on a 4chan video game board for having designed her homemade comic-series Sonichu.

Mobile phone tracking

GSM localizationlocation informationpositioning
Google Latitude. GPS phone. Information privacy. IMEI number. Local positioning system. Mass surveillance. Mobile dating. Mobile device forensics. Mobile identification number. Mobile security. Positioning technology. Radio resource location services protocol. Real-time locating system. Riley v. California. Satellite navigation. Secure telephone. United States v. Jones. United States v. Karo. Vehicle tracking system.

Ex post facto law

ex post factoretroactiveretroactively
The problem of ex post facto law was also relevant in the 1990s as there was a discussion about the trials against East German soldiers who killed fugitives on the Inner-German border (Mauerschützen-Prozesse - Wall-shooters'/ -guards' trials). German courts in these cases recurred to the Radbruch formula. In 2010, the parliament established a 98% punitive tax on any income over two million forints received either as a retirement package or as severance pay in the previous five years in the government sector.

Atom (Web standard)

AtomAtom (standard)Atom Publishing Protocol
This version gained widespread adoption in syndication tools, and in particular it was added to several Google-related services, such as Blogger, Google News, and Gmail. Google's Data APIs (Beta) GData are based on Atom 1.0 and RSS 2.0. In 2004, discussions began about moving the project to a standards body such as the World Wide Web Consortium or the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The group eventually chose the IETF and the Atompub working group was formally set up in June 2004, finally giving the project a charter and process. The Atompub working group is co-chaired by Tim Bray (the co-editor of the XML specification) and Paul Hoffman.


"Selling under the Swastika: Advertising and Commercial Culture in Nazi Germany." German History (2014): ghu058. Short, John Phillip. "Advertising Empire: Race and Visual Culture in Imperial Germany." Enterprise and Society (2014): khu013. Sivulka, Juliann. Soap, sex, and cigarettes: A cultural history of American advertising (Cengage Learning, 2011). Spring, Dawn. "The Globalization of American Advertising and Brand Management: A Brief History of the J. Walter Thompson Company, Proctor and Gamble, and US Foreign Policy." Global Studies Journal (2013). 5#4. Stephenson, Harry Edward, and Carlton McNaught. The Story of Advertising in Canada: A Chronicle of Fifty Years (Ryerson Press, 1940).

Voat is a site which hosts aggregated content and discussion forums. According to Wired, Voat is "aesthetically and functionally similar to Reddit." Like Reddit, Voat is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users to themed categories (called "subverses" on Voat) similar to a bulletin board system. Unlike Reddit, Voat has emphasized looser content restrictions and an ad-revenue sharing program. Voat is written in the C# programming language, while Reddit is written in Python. In a January 2017 New Yorker article, Voat was described as a descendant of 2chan, 4chan, and 8chan, where users compete for shock value.


KyivKiev, UkraineKyiv, Ukraine
Allegedly in response to the actions of the NKVD, the Germans rounded up all the local Jews they could find, nearly 34,000, and massacred them at Babi Yar in Kiev over the course of 29 to 30 September 1941. In the months that followed, thousands more were taken to Babi Yar where they were shot. It is estimated that the Germans murdered more than 100,000 people of various ethnic groups, mostly civilians, at Babi Yar during World War II. Kiev recovered economically in the post-war years, becoming once again the third-most important city of the Soviet Union. The catastrophic accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986 occurred only 100 km north of the city.

File hosting service

file hostingonline file storagecloud storage
Rapidshare AG in Germany, the Düsseldorf higher regional court examined claims related to alleged infringing activity and reached the conclusion on appeal that "most people utilize RapidShare for legal use cases" and that to assume otherwise was equivalent to inviting "a general suspicion against shared hosting services and their users which is not justified".

HTTP cookie

cookiescookieHTTP cookies
For example, Bob might be browsing a chat forum where another user, Mallory, has posted a message. Suppose that Mallory has crafted an HTML image element that references an action on Bob's bank's website (rather than an image file), e.g., If Bob's bank keeps his authentication information in a cookie, and if the cookie hasn't expired, then the attempt by Bob's browser to load the image will submit the withdrawal form with his cookie, thus authorizing a transaction without Bob's approval. Cookiejacking is a form of hacking wherein an attacker can gain access to session cookies of an Internet Explorer user.