Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow

Sky Captain2004 movie
Another key influence was Hugh Ferriss, one of the designers for the 1939 World’s Fair who designed bridges and huge housing complexes. He was an American delineator (one who creates perspective drawings of buildings) and architect. In 1922, skyscraper architect Harvey Wiley Corbett commissioned Ferriss to draw a series of four step-by-step perspectives demonstrating the architectural consequences of the 1916 Zoning Resolution. These four drawings would later be used in his 1929 book The Metropolis of Tomorrow (Dover Publications, 2005, ISBN: 0-486-43727-2).

The Metropolis of Tomorrow

The Metropolis of Tomorrow is a 1929 book written and illustrated by Hugh Ferriss. Prominently featuring 60 of Ferriss' drawings, the book is divided into three sections. The first, "Cities of Today", underscores the lack of planning in contemporary cities and the powerful psychological impact that cities have on their inhabitants while also profiling 18 influential modern buildings in five cities.

1916 Zoning Resolution

first zoning regulationsZoning Resolution of 19161916 Zoning Act
Architectural delineator Hugh Ferriss popularized these new regulations in 1922 through a series of massing studies, clearly depicting the possible forms and how to maximize building volumes. "By the end of the 1920s the setback skyscraper, originally built in response to a New York zoning code, became a style that caught on from Chicago to Shanghai," observe Eric Peter Nash and Norman McGrath, discussing the Williamsburgh Savings Bank Building, which rose in isolation in Brooklyn, where no such zoning dictated form. The tiered Art Deco skyscrapers of the 1920s and 1930s are a direct result of this resolution.

Harvey Wiley Corbett

CorbettCorbett, Harvey W.Harvey Corbett
In 1922, Corbett commissioned delineator and architect Hugh Ferriss to draw a series of four step-by-step perspectives demonstrating the architectural consequences of New York's "setback" zoning law. These four drawings would later be used in Ferriss's 1929 book The Metropolis of Tomorrow. By demonstrating how architecture might evolve, Corbett's commission and Ferriss's book continue to influence popular culture; the Gotham City of Batman and the cities seen in the 2004 movie Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow both were influenced by Corbett and Ferriss. In the late 1920s, the impact of skyscrapers on cities and downtowns was still hotly debated.

The Mechanical Monsters

Mechanical MonstersMechanical Monsters, TheThe second ''Superman'' animated short
The Mechanical Monsters is referenced in works such as Hayao Miyazaki's animated film Castle in the Sky and the more modern short World of Tomorrow (2004) by director Kerry Conran, and his 2004 film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow (2004, also released by Paramount), based on the short film, in both cases, in which an army of robots attack New York City. The film was parodied in the 1995 Toon Disney series The Shnookums and Meat Funny Cartoon Show in the short "Darkness on the Edge of Black". Historians also point out the similarity between the robot in the Lupin III (Episode 155 Farewell My Beloved Lupin) television series and the ones in The Mechanical Monsters.

Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library

Avery Index to Architectural PeriodicalsAvery Architectural & Fine Arts LibraryAvery Library
Hugh Ferriss. Greene and Greene. Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin. Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue. Percival Goodman. Ferdinand Gottlieb. Hector Guimard. Charles Coolidge Haight. Wallace K. Harrison. Herts & Tallant. Raymond Hood. Norman Jaffe. John MacLane Johansen. Philip Johnson. Ely Jacques Kahn. Charles R. Lamb. Thomas W. Lamb. Morris Lapidus. Lee Lawrie. Detlef Lienau. Harold Van Buren Magonigle. McKim, Mead, and White. John J. McNamara. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Mayers, Murray & Phillip. Hermann Muthesius. Paul Nelson. Richard Neutra. Carl Pfeiffer. Charles A. Platt. John Russell Pope. James Renwick, Jr. James Gamble Rogers. Emery Roth/Emery Roth & Sons. John Calvin Stevens.

John Carter (film)

John CarterJohn Carter of MarsCarter
In 2004, unable to employ a non-DGA filmmaker, Paramount assigned Kerry Conran to direct and Ehren Kruger to rewrite the John Carter script. The Australian Outback was scouted as a shooting location. Conran left the film for unknown reasons and was replaced in October 2005 by Jon Favreau. Favreau and screenwriter Mark Fergus wanted to make their script faithful to Burroughs' novels, retaining John Carter's links to the American Civil War and ensuring that the Barsoomian Tharks were 15 feet tall (previous scripts had made them human-sized). Favreau argued that a modern-day soldier would not know how to fence or ride a horse like Carter, who had been a Confederate officer.

Film director

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

Gotham City

GothamCrime AlleyGotham Academy
Gotham City, or simply "Gotham", is a fictional city appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, best known as the home of Batman. The city was first identified as Batman's place of residence in Batman #4 (December 1940) and has since been the primary setting for stories featuring the character.

Pulp magazine

pulp fictionpulppulp novel
Pulp magazines (often referred to as "the pulps") were inexpensive fiction magazines that were published from 1896 to the late 1950s. The term pulp derives from the cheap wood pulp paper on which the magazines were printed. In contrast, magazines printed on higher-quality paper were called "glossies" or "slicks". The typical pulp magazine had 128 pages; it was 7 in wide by 10 in high, and 0.5 inch thick, with ragged, untrimmed edges.


Bruce WayneBruce Wayne / BatmanBruce Wayne/Batman
Batman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in 1939. Originally named the "Bat-Man," the character is also referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, and the World's Greatest Detective.


motion picturemoviefilms
Film, also called movie or motion picture, is a visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty or atmosphere by the means of recorded or programmed moving images along with other sensory stimulations. The word "cinema", short for cinematography, is often used to refer to filmmaking and the film industry, and to the art form that is the result of it.

Serial film

film serialserialmovie serial
A serial film, film serial (or just serial), movie serial or chapter play, is a motion picture form popular during the first half of the 20th century, consisting of a series of short subjects exhibited in consecutive order at one theater, generally advancing weekly, until the series is completed. Generally, each serial involves a single set of characters, protagonistic and antagonistic, involved in a single story, which has been edited into chapters after the fashion of serial fiction and the episodes cannot be shown out of order or as a single or a random collection of short subjects.

King Kong (1933 film)

King Kong1933 filmfilm of the same name
King Kong is a 1933 American pre-Code monster adventure film directed and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack. The screenplay by James Ashmore Creelman and Ruth Rose was developed from an idea conceived by Cooper and Edgar Wallace. It stars Fay Wray, Bruce Cabot and Robert Armstrong, and opened in New York City on March 2, 1933, to rave reviews. It has been ranked by Rotten Tomatoes as the fourth greatest horror film of all time and the thirty-third greatest film of all time.

Lost Horizon (1937 film)

Lost Horizon1937Lost Horizon'' (1937 film)
Lost Horizon is a 1937 American drama-fantasy film directed by Frank Capra. The screenplay by Robert Riskin is based on the 1933 novel of the same name by James Hilton.

Metropolis (1927 film)

Metropolis1927 film of the same namefilm of the same name
Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang. Written by Thea von Harbou in collaboration with Lang, it stars Gustav Fröhlich, Alfred Abel, Rudolf Klein-Rogge and Brigitte Helm. Erich Pommer produced it in the Babelsberg Studios for Universum Film A.G. (UFA). The silent film is regarded as a pioneering science-fiction movie, being among the first feature-length movies of that genre. Filming took place over 17 months in 1925–26 at a cost of more than five million Reichsmarks.

Flash Gordon (serial)

Flash GordonFlash Gordon'' serialFlash Gordon serial
Flash Gordon is a 1936 science-fiction film superhero serial. Presented in 13 chapters, it is the first screen adventure for Flash Gordon, the comic-strip character created by Alex Raymond in 1934. It presents the story of Gordon's visit to the planet Mongo and his encounters with the evil Emperor Ming the Merciless. Buster Crabbe, Jean Rogers, Charles Middleton, Priscilla Lawson and Frank Shannon portray the film's central characters. In 1996, Flash Gordon was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

St. Louis

St. Louis, MissouriSt. Louis, MOSaint Louis, Missouri
St. Louis is an independent city (city not in a county) in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is the second largest city in the state of Missouri behind Kansas City. It is situated along the western bank of the Mississippi River, which forms the state line between Illinois and Missouri. The Missouri River merges with the Mississippi River 15 river miles north of Downtown St. Louis, forming the fourth-longest river system in the world. The estimated 2018 population of the city proper was 302,838 and the bi-state metropolitan area was 2,804,724.

Local community

local communitieslocalcommunity
A community has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. The word is often used to refer to a group that is organized around common values and is attributed with social cohesion within a shared geographical location, generally in social units larger than a household. The word can also refer to the national community or global community. The word "community" is derived from the Old French communité which is derived from the Latin communitas (cum, "with/together" + munus, "gift"), a broad term for fellowship or organized society.

Television channel

channelTV channeltelevision channels
A television channel is a terrestrial frequency or virtual number over which a television station or television network is distributed. For example, in North America, "channel 2" refers to the terrestrial or cable band of 54 to 60 MHz, with carrier frequencies of 55.25 MHz for NTSC analog video (VSB) and 59.75 MHz for analog audio (FM), or 55.31 MHz for digital ATSC (8VSB). Channels may be shared by many different television stations or cable-distributed channels depending on the location and service provider

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
The City of New York, usually referred to as either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 sqmi, New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area.

John Joseph Adams

Nightmare MagazineAdams, John JosephJohn Adams
John Joseph Adams (born 1976) is an American science fiction and fantasy editor, critic, and publisher.

California Institute of the Arts

CalArtsCal ArtsCalifornia Institute for the Arts
The California Institute of the Arts (CalArts) is a private art university in the Los Angeles suburb of Santa Clarita, California, United States. It was incorporated in 1961 as the first degree-granting institution of higher learning in the US created specifically for students of both the visual and performing arts. It offers Bachelor of Fine Arts, Master of Fine Arts, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Musical Arts degrees through its six schools: Art, Critical Studies, Dance, Film/Video, Music, and Theater.