President of the United States

PresidentU.S. Presidentpresidential
Bill Wilson, board member of Americans for Limited Government, opined that the expanded presidency was "the greatest threat ever to individual freedom and democratic rule". [[Article Two of the United States Constitution#Clause 5: Qualifications for office|Article II, Section 1, Clause 5]] of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency.


FLState of FloridaFloridian
Florida remained a Loyalist stronghold for the duration of the American Revolution. Spain regained both East and West Florida after Britain's defeat in the American Revolution and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles in 1783, and continued the provincial divisions until 1821. Defense of Florida's northern border with the United States was minor during the second Spanish period. The region became a haven for escaped slaves and a base for Indian attacks against U.S. territories, and the U.S. pressed Spain for reform. Americans of English descent and Americans of Scots-Irish descent began moving into northern Florida from the backwoods of Georgia and South Carolina.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
[[Plan for Establishing Uniformity in the Coinage, Weights, and Measures of the United States]] A report submitted to Congress (1790). " An Essay Towards Facilitating Instruction in the Anglo-Saxon and Modern Dialects of the English Language" (1796). Manual of Parliamentary Practice for the Use of the Senate of the United States (1801). Autobiography (1821). Jefferson Bible, or The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth. List of Presidents of the United States by previous experience. List of Presidents of the United States who owned slaves. List of abolitionist forerunners. Jefferson Monroe Levy. Clotel or The President's Daughter an 1853 Novel by William Wells Brown. Seconds pendulum.

Vicksburg, Mississippi

VicksburgVicksburg, Miss.Vicksburg, Miss
Mary's Catholic School served the African-American community. McIntyre Elementary School served the African-American community. Magnolia Avenue School serviced the African-American community and was renamed Bowman High School to honor a former principal. Rosa A. Temple High School served the African-American community. King's Elementary School served the African-American community. Carr Central High School. J.H. Culkin Academy (grades 1-12 until 1965, thereafter Culkin Elementary School). H.V. Cooper High School. First graduating class 1959. Jefferson Davis School. Oak Ridge School. Eliza Fox School (a.k.a. Grove Street School). All Saints' College. An Episcopal college for white women.


Atlanta, GeorgiaAtlanta, GAAtlanta, United States
Also completed during the era is Atlanta's tallest skyscraper, the Bank of America Plaza (1992), which, at 1023 ft, is the 61st-tallest building in the world and the 14th-tallest building in the United States. The Bank of America Plaza is the tallest building outside of New York City, Chicago, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, and San Francisco, and was the last building built in the United States to be in the top 10 tallest buildings in the world until One World Trade Center was completed externally in May 2013.


Boston, MassachusettsBoston, MABoston, United States
This love of sports made Boston the United States Olympic Committee's choice to bid to hold the 2024 Summer Olympic Games, but the city cited financial concerns when it withdrew its bid on July 27, 2015. The Boston Red Sox, a founding member of the American League of Major League Baseball in 1901, play their home games at Fenway Park, near Kenmore Square in the city's Fenway section. Built in 1912, it is the oldest sports arena or stadium in active use in the United States among the four major professional American sports leagues, Major League Baseball, the National Football League, National Basketball Association, and the National Hockey League.

Citizenship of the United States

AmericanU.S. citizenU.S. citizens
Accidental American. Anchor baby. Birth tourism. Birthright citizenship in the United States of America. Birthright generation. Citizenship (general discussion for all nations). DREAM Act. History of citizenship. Jus soli. Natural born citizen of the United States. Undocumented students in the United States. Undocumented youth in the United States. United States nationality law.

Siege of Vicksburg

Vicksburgfall of VicksburgVicksburg campaign
The surrender was finalized on July 4, Independence Day, a day Pemberton had hoped would bring more sympathetic terms from the United States. Although the Vicksburg Campaign continued with some minor actions, the fortress city had fallen and, with the surrender of Port Hudson on July 9, the Mississippi River was firmly in Union hands and the Confederacy split in two. President Lincoln famously announced, "The Father of Waters again goes unvexed to the sea." Union casualties for the battle and siege of Vicksburg were 4,835; Confederate were 32,697 (29,495 surrendered). The full campaign, since March 29, claimed 10,142 Union and 9,091 Confederate killed and wounded.

Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas CityKansas City, MOMissouri (Kansas City)
The most nationally prominent Democrat associated with the machine was Harry S Truman, who became a Senator, Vice President and then President of the United States from 1945 to 1953. Kansas City is the seat of the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri, one of two federal district courts in Missouri. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri is in St. Louis. It also is the seat of the Western District of the Missouri Court of Appeals, one of three districts of that court (the Eastern District is in St. Louis and the Southern District is in Springfield).

Public holidays in the United States

state holidaynational holidayHolidays
Observed with Jefferson Davis' Birthday, and known officially as National Memorial Day / Jefferson Davis' Birthday, in Mississippi. July 4 – Independence Day. September 1–7 (floating Monday) – Labor Day. November 11 – Veterans Day. Known officially as Armistice Day in Mississippi. November 22–28 (floating Thursday) – Thanksgiving. December 25 – Christmas. Confederate Memorial Day is a public holiday observed by Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, South Carolina, Louisiana and Texas and an unofficially observed holiday in some other states. It is often in late April to align with the final surrender of the last Confederate Army. Texas observes Confederate Heroes Day.

Liberty Bell

Liberty Bell CenterBellL. Bell
Although no immediate announcement was made of the Second Continental Congress's vote for independence, and so the bell could not have rung on July 4, 1776, related to that vote, bells were rung on July 8 to mark the reading of the United States Declaration of Independence. While there is no contemporary account of the Liberty Bell ringing, most historians believe it was one of the bells rung. After American independence was secured, the bell fell into relative obscurity until, in the 1830s, the bell was adopted as a symbol by abolitionist societies, who dubbed it the "Liberty Bell".

Vicksburg Campaign

Vicksburgfall of VicksburgGrant's Mississippi Central Campaign
Even his friend, confederate general Richard Taylor, wrote after the war that a large part of the population believed "He had joined the South for the express purpose of betraying it, and this was clearly proven by the fact that he surrendered on the 4th of July, a day sacred to the Yankees." The blame for losing Vicksburg fell not only on John Pemberton, but on the overcautious Joseph E. Johnston. Jefferson Davis said of the defeat, "Yes, from a want of provisions inside and a General outside who wouldn't fight." Anguished soldiers and civilians starving in the siege held hopes that he would come to their aid, but he never did.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil Warthe Civil War
Costliest battles of the American Civil War. Origins of the American Civil War. Uniforms of the Confederacy. Uniforms of the Union. Weapons in the American Civil War. United States. Union Army. Union Navy. Presidency of Abraham Lincoln. Emancipation Proclamation. Confederate States. Confederate Army. Confederate Navy. Jefferson Davis. African Americans in the American Civil War. German Americans in the American Civil War. Irish Americans in the American Civil War. Native Americans in the American Civil War. Blockade runners of the American Civil War. Union blockade. Commemoration of the American Civil War. Commemoration of the American Civil War on postage stamps.

Mexican–American War

Mexican Warwar with MexicoMexican-American War
History of the United States. List of conflicts in the United States. List of wars involving the United States. List of wars involving Mexico. Mexico–United States relations. De Voto, Bernard, Year of Decision 1846 (1942), well written popular history. Greenberg, Amy S. A Wicked War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln, and the 1846 U.S. Invasion of Mexico (2012). ISBN: 9780307592699 and Corresponding Author Interview at the Pritzker Military Library on December 7, 2012. Guardino, Peter. The Dead March: A History of the Mexican-American War. Cambridge: Harvard University Press (2017). ISBN: 978-0-674-97234-6. Henderson, Timothy J. A Glorious Defeat: Mexico and Its War with the United States (2008).

American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
He now saw a chance to make the United States a valuable economic partner. The US obtained all the land east of the Mississippi River, south of Canada, and north of Florida. It gained fishing rights off Canadian coasts, and agreed to allow British merchants and Loyalists to try to recover their property. It was a highly favorable treaty for the United States, and deliberately so from the British point of view. Prime Minister Shelburne foresaw highly profitable two-way trade between Britain and the rapidly growing United States, as indeed came to pass.


MSState of MississippiMiss.
In 1819 the United States completed the purchase of West Florida and all of East Florida in the Adams–Onís Treaty, and in 1822 both were merged into the Florida Territory. After the American Revolution (1765–83), Britain ceded this area to the new United States of America. The Mississippi Territory was organized on April 7, 1798, from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina to the United States. Their original colonial charters theoretically extended west to the Pacific Ocean. The Mississippi Territory was later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the United States and Spain.

The Star-Spangled Banner

national anthemAmerican national anthemU.S. national anthem
President Herbert Hoover signed the bill on March 4, 1931, officially adopting "The Star-Spangled Banner" as the national anthem of the United States of America. As currently codified, the United States Code states that "[t]he composition consisting of the words and music known as the Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem." The song is notoriously difficult for nonprofessionals to sing because of its wide range – a 12th. Humorist Richard Armour referred to the song's difficulty in his book It All Started With Columbus. "In an attempt to take Baltimore, the British attacked Fort McHenry, which protected the harbor.


In 1898, the Spanish–American War began in Cuba and reached the Philippines. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898, and the First Philippine Republic was established in the Barasoain Church in the following year. The islands were ceded by Spain to the United States alongside Puerto Rico and Guam as a result of the latter's victory in the Spanish–American War. A compensation of US$20 million was paid to Spain according to the terms of the 1898 Treaty of Paris. As it became increasingly clear the United States would not recognize the nascent First Philippine Republic, the Philippine–American War broke out. Brigadier General James F.

Continental Army

In 1796, the United States Army was raised following the discontinuation with the legion of the United States. This preceded the graduation of the first cadets from United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, which was established in 1802.