Internet

onlinethe Internetweb
While social networking sites were initially for individuals only, today they are widely used by businesses and other organizations to promote their brands, to market to their customers and to encourage posts to "go viral". "Black hat" social media techniques are also employed by some organizations, such as spam accounts and astroturfing. A risk for both individuals and organizations writing posts (especially public posts) on social networking websites, is that especially foolish or controversial posts occasionally lead to an unexpected and possibly large-scale backlash on social media from other Internet users.

Email

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For example, in comparison to 75% of those consumers in the US who used it, only 17% in India did., the number of Americans visiting email web sites had fallen 6 percent after peaking in November 2009. For persons 12 to 17, the number was down 18 percent. Young people preferred instant messaging, texting and social media. Technology writer Matt Richtel said in The New York Times that email was like the VCR, vinyl records and film cameras—no longer cool and something older people do. A 2015 survey of Android users showed that persons 13 to 24 used messaging apps 3.5 times as much as those over 45, and were far less likely to use email.

Facebook

Facebook LiveFacebook, Inc.Facebook page
In March 2012, Facebook announced App Center, a store selling applications that operate via the website. The store was to be available on iPhones, Android devices, and mobile web users. On May 22, 2012, the Yahoo! Finance website reported that Facebook's lead underwriters, Morgan Stanley (MS), JP Morgan (JPM), and Goldman Sachs (GS), cut their earnings forecasts for the company in the middle of the IPO process. The stock had begun its freefall by this time, closing at 34.03 on May 21 and 31.00 on May 22. A "circuit breaker" trading curb was used in an attempt to slow down the stock price's decline.

Web search engine

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There are two remaining reasons to submit a web site or web page to a search engine: to add an entirely new web site without waiting for a search engine to discover it, and to have a web site's record updated after a substantial redesign. Some search engine submission software not only submits websites to multiple search engines, but also add links to websites from their own pages. This could appear helpful in increasing a website's ranking, because external links are one of the most important factors determining a website's ranking.

Smartphone

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Windows 10 Mobile (formerly called Windows Phone) is from Microsoft. It is closed source and proprietary. Unveiled on February 15, 2010, Windows Phone includes a user interface inspired by Microsoft's Metro Design Language. It is integrated with Microsoft services such as OneDrive and Office, Xbox Music, Xbox Video, Xbox Live games and Bing, but also integrates with many other non-Microsoft services such as Facebook and Google accounts. Windows Phone devices were made primarily by Microsoft Mobile/Nokia, and also by HTC and Samsung.

Outlook.com

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It was such a simple attack that by the time the patch was made, dozens of newspapers and hundreds of web sites published exact descriptions allowing tens of thousands of hackers to run rampant across Hotmail. The exploitable vulnerability exposed millions of accounts to tampering between August 7, 2001 and August 31, 2001. In 2004, Google announced its own mail service, Gmail. Featuring greater storage space, speed, and interface flexibility, this new competitor spurred a wave of innovation in webmail. The main industry heavyweights – Hotmail and Yahoo! Mail – introduced upgraded versions of their email services with greater speed, security, and advanced features.

Blog

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The Australian Netguide magazine maintained the Daily Net News on their web site from 1996. Daily Net News ran links and daily reviews of new websites, mostly in Australia. Another early blog was Wearable Wireless Webcam, an online shared diary of a person's personal life combining text, digital video, and digital pictures transmitted live from a wearable computer and EyeTap device to a web site in 1994. This practice of semi-automated blogging with live video together with text was referred to as sousveillance, and such journals were also used as evidence in legal matters.

Internet forum

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Active Directory (Microsoft-proprietary single sign-on, access, remote and domain control service). Xenforo Forums. Delphi Forums. Adobe forums posting guidelines. The Purple Martin Forum Posting Policy. Ubuntu Forums: The BUMP Thread. Threadbombing: Bump Images. Why people like to use Internet forums.

Social networking service

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The number one reason for these users was privacy concerns (48%), being followed by a general dissatisfaction with the social networking website (14%), negative aspects regarding social network friends (13%) and the feeling of getting addicted to the social networking website (6%). Facebook quitters were found to be more concerned about privacy, more addicted to the Internet and more conscientious. Sites such as Facebook are becoming increasingly popular tools for methods of ending relationships and friendships, proving that although new media is being used as a tool for connecting with individuals, it is now creating new problems associated with disconnecting from others.

Twitter

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This feature adds websites to the bottom of a tweet's permalink page. If a website embedded a tweet onto one of their stories, the tweet will show the websites that mentioned the tweet. This feature was added onto Twitter so if the viewer doesn't understand what the tweet means, they can click on the sites to read more about what the person is talking about. In 2015, Twitter began to roll out the ability to attach poll questions to tweets. Polls are open for up to 7 days, and voters are not personally identified.

Online video platform

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Some websites prefer use open source video formats such as Ogg or WebM. The compression formats used for open source video formats are Theora (with Ogg) and VP8 (with WebM). In particular, the Wikipedia community advocates the Ogg format and some web sites now support searching specifically for WebM videos. On some websites, users share entire films by breaking them up into segments that are about the size of the video length limit imposed by the site (e.g. a 15-minute video length limit). An emerging practice is for users to obfuscate the titles of feature-length films that they share by providing a title that is recognizable by humans but will not match on standard search engines.

Advertising

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Viral marketing. World Federation of Advertisers. N. W. Ayer & Son - probably the first advertising agency to use mass media (i.e. telegraph) in a promotional campaign. Ernest Dichter - developed the field of motivational research, used extensively in advertising. E. St. Elmo Lewis - developed the first hierarchy of effects model (AIDA) used in sales and advertising. Arthur Nielsen - founded one of the earliest international advertising agencies and developed ratings for radio & TV. David Ogilvy - pioneered the positioning concept and advocated of the use of brand image in advertising.

Instant messaging

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This approach is popular in XMPP servers; however, the so-called transport projects suffer the same reverse engineering difficulties as any other project involved with closed protocols or formats. live chat on e-commerce Web sites. live chat on messaging apps such as WeChat, Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp. chatbots on messaging apps or Web sites. via voice assistants. Terms:. Ambient awareness. Communications protocol. Mass collaboration. Message-oriented middleware. Operator messaging. Social media. Text messaging. Unified communications / Messaging. Lists:. Comparison of instant messaging clients. Comparison of instant messaging protocols.

List of Internet phenomena

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Distracted boyfriend meme – A stock photograph taken in 2015 which went viral as an Internet meme in August 2017. Dog shaming – Originating on Tumblr, these images feature images of dogs photographed with signs explaining what antics they recently got up to. Doge – Images of dogs, typically of the Shiba Inus, overlaid with simple but poor grammatical expressions, typically in the Comic Sans MS font, though have since been applied to any picture as a form of commentary. The meme has also spawned Dogecoin.

Media manipulation

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Meme. News management. Propaganda. Promotion (marketing). Psychological manipulation. SourceWatch. Spin (public relations). The True Believer. Under color of authority. Viral marketing. Edward Bernays. Joseph Goebbels. Ryan Holiday. Ivy Lee. Frank Luntz. Edward Bernays. Noam Chomsky. Edward S. Herman. Ryan Holiday. Michael Moore. Beeston, R. (2001, September 12). Bin Laden Heads List of Suspects, Terror in America. Times. Braddock J, (7 July 2009), Historian says US backed "efficious terror" in 1965 Indonesian Massacre, World Socialist Website. Cialdini, Robert B., Influence: Science and Practice, 4th Edition, 2000. New Jersey: Allyn & Bacon. E.

Web browser

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For a user, a search engine is just a website, such as google.com, that stores searchable data about other websites. But to connect to a website's server and display its pages, a user needs to have a web browser installed on their device. The most popular browsers are Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, and Edge. The first web browser, called WorldWideWeb, was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. He then recruited Nicola Pellow to write the Line Mode Browser, which displayed web pages on dumb terminals; it was released in 1991. 1993 was a landmark year with the release of Mosaic, credited as "the world's first popular browser".

Web page

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"High-Performance Web Sites: Essential Knowledge for Front-End Engineers," Sebastopol, CA, USA: O'Reilly Media, ISBN: 0596550693, see, accessed 19 September 2015.

World Wide Web

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Lists of websites. Prestel. Streaming media. Web 2.0. Web development tools. Web literacy. Webgraph. World Wide Telecom Web. The first website. Early archive of the first Web site. Internet Statistics: Growth and Usage of the Web and the Internet. Living Internet A comprehensive history of the Internet, including the World Wide Web. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). W3C Recommendations Reduce "World Wide Wait". World Wide Web Size Daily estimated size of the World Wide Web. Antonio A. Casilli, Some Elements for a Sociology of Online Interactions. The Erdős Webgraph Server offers weekly updated graph representation of a constantly increasing fraction of the WWW.

Tablet computer

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Shiraz Shivji's company Momentus demonstrated in the same time a failed x86 MS-DOS based Pen Computer with its own GUI. In 1994, the European Union initiated the NewsPad project, inspired by Clarke and Kubrick's fictional work. Acorn Computers developed and delivered an ARM-based touch screen tablet computer for this program, branding it the "NewsPad"; the project ended in 1997. During the November 2000 COMDEX, Microsoft used the term Tablet PC to describe a prototype handheld device they were demonstrating.

Bill Gates

BillGatesBill and Melinda Gates
He is best known as the principal founder of Microsoft Corporation. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014. In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen launched Microsoft, which became the world's largest PC software company. Gates led the company as chief executive officer until stepping down in January 2000, but he remained as chairman and created the position of chief software architect for himself.

Bing (search engine)

BingBing search engineMicrosoft Bing
According to the website the service was decommissioned on June 1, 2009, having donated over $500,000 to charity and schools. Club Bing – a promotional website where users can win prizes by playing word games that generate search queries on Microsoft's then search service Live Search. This website began in April 2007 as Live Search Club. Big Snap Search – a promotional website similar to Live Search Club. This website began in February 2008, but was discontinued shortly after. Live Search SearchPerks! - a promotional website which allowed users to redeem tickets for prizes while using Microsoft's search engine. This website began on October 1, 2008 and was decommissioned on April 15, 2009.

Google

Google Inc.Google, Inc.Googling
Google Analytics allows website owners to track where and how people use their website, for example by examining click rates for all the links on a page. Google advertisements can be placed on third-party websites in a two-part program. Google's AdWords allows advertisers to display their advertisements in the Google content network, through a cost-per-click scheme. The sister service, Google AdSense, allows website owners to display these advertisements on their website and earn money every time ads are clicked.

Software

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Software can be quite a profitable industry: Bill Gates, the co-founder of Microsoft was the richest person in the world in 2009, largely due to his ownership of a significant number of shares in Microsoft, the company responsible for Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office software products - both market leaders in their respective product categories. Non-profit software organizations include the Free Software Foundation, GNU Project and Mozilla Foundation. Software standard organizations like the W3C, IETF develop recommended software standards such as XML, HTTP and HTML, so that software can interoperate through these standards.