Counterculture of the 1960s

counterculture1960s counterculturecountercultural
John 'Hoppy' Hopkins (1937–2015) (publisher, activist, photographer). Dennis Hopper (1936–2010) (actor, director). Jack Kerouac (1922–1969) (author, early counterculture critic). Ken Kesey (1935–2001) (author, Merry Prankster). Paul Krassner (1932–2019) (author). William Kunstler (1919–1995) (attorney, activist). Timothy Leary (1920–1996) (professor, LSD advocate). John Lennon (1940–1980) and Yoko Ono (born 1933) (musicians, artists, activists). Charles Manson (1934–2017) (conspirator to mass murder). Eugene McCarthy (1916–2005) (anti-war politician). Michael McClure (born 1932) (poet). Terence McKenna (1946–2000) (author, Marijuana, Psilocybin, DMT advocate).

Bob Dylan

DylanDylanesqueB. Dylan
Also in 1972, Dylan protested the move to deport John Lennon and Yoko Ono, who had been convicted of possessing cannabis, by sending a letter to the U.S. Immigration Service, in part: "Hurray for John & Yoko. Let them stay and live here and breathe. The country's got plenty of room and space. Let John and Yoko stay!" Dylan began 1973 by signing with a new label, David Geffen's Asylum Records (and Island in the UK), when his contract with Columbia Records expired. On his next album, Planet Waves, he used the Band as backing group, while rehearsing for a tour. The album included two versions of "Forever Young", which became one of his most popular songs.


Manhattan, New YorkManhattan, New York CityNew York
The borough is widely acclaimed as the cradle of the modern LGBTQ rights movement, with its inception at the June 1969 Stonewall Riots in Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan – widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for LGBT rights in the United States. Multiple gay villages have developed, spanning the length of the borough from the Lower East Side, East Village, and Greenwich Village, through Chelsea and Hell's Kitchen, uptown to Morningside Heights.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
On October 23, 2012, hedge fund manager John A. Paulson announced a $100 million gift to the Central Park Conservancy, the largest ever monetary donation to New York City's park system. Washington Square Park is a prominent landmark in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan. The Washington Square Arch at the northern gateway to the park is an iconic symbol of both New York University and Greenwich Village. Prospect Park in Brooklyn has a 90 acre meadow, a lake, and extensive woodlands. Within the park is the historic Battle Pass, prominent in the Battle of Long Island.

Jann Wenner

Wenner MediaJann S. WennerWenner Media LLC
John Kerry, November 11, 2004. Al Gore, November 9, 2000. Mick Jagger, December 14, 1995. Bill Clinton, December 9, 1993. Jerry Garcia, January 20, 1972. John Lennon, January 21, 1971. Bob Dylan, November 29, 1969. Pete Townshend, September 28, 1968. Digital media. LGBT culture in New York City. List of self-identified LGBTQ New Yorkers. New Yorkers in journalism. Publishing Triangle. The Official Jann S. Wenner Website. How I Built This - Rolling Stone: Jann Wenner (audio interview). How I Built This - Rolling Stone: Jann Wenner (audio interview).

Happy Xmas (War Is Over)

Happy Christmas (War Is Over)Happy XmasWar Is Over
Another demo of the song was made in late October, after the couple had taken an apartment in Greenwich Village. As with his previous two albums, John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine (released in the US just several weeks prior), Lennon brought in Phil Spector to help produce. The first recording session was held the evening of Thursday, 28 October, at the Record Plant studio. After the session musicians – some of whom had performed at one time or another as members of the Plastic Ono Band – laid down the basic instrumental backing and overdub tracks, Lennon and Ono added the main vocals.

Sean Ono Lennon

Sean LennonSeanSean Taro Ono Lennon
Muhl and Lennon are involved in a number of musical endeavours, and much of their work is written at their own home-based studio in Greenwich Village. * Infinite Escher Into the Sun (1998). Half Horse, Half Musician (EP 1999). Friendly Fire (2006). Super Relax (1997). Stereo ★ Type A (1999). Acoustic Sessions (2010). La Carotte Bleue (2011). Midnight Sun (2014). Rising (1995). Blueprint for a Sunrise (2001). Don't Stop Me! EP (2009). Between My Head and the Sky (2009). The Flaming Lips 2011 EP: The Flaming Lips with Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band (2011). Take Me to the Land of Hell (2013). Mystical Weapons (2012). Crotesque (2013). Monolith of Phobos (2016). Lime and Limpid Green (2017).

Some Time in New York City

Sometime in New York CityJohn SinclairPeace for Christmas
When they eventually settled in Greenwich Village, in October, they were quickly contacted by activists Jerry Rubin and Abbie Hoffman who persuaded them to appear at an upcoming rally for left-wing writer John Sinclair, who was jailed for possession of two marijuana joints. The Lennons also spoke out on the Attica Prison riots, jailing of Angela Davis and oppression of women. On 12 November, Lennon taped numerous demos of "The Luck of the Irish", which was filmed, and titled Luck of the Irish – A Videotape by John Reilly. On 9 December, Lennon and Ono flew to Ann Arbor, Michigan, for the John Sinclair rally, which was due to start the next day.

Mind Games (John Lennon album)

Mind GamesOne Day (At a Time)You Are Here
Wanting to produce an album that would be more accepted than his previous politically charged commercial flop Some Time in New York City, Lennon began writing and demoing a few songs for Mind Games in his Greenwich Village apartment. He began composing after a period of almost a year of not writing any material. Amid frequent court appearances battling to stay in the United States, Lennon became stressed, a situation that was only worsened by constant surveillance by the FBI, due to his political activism. Lennon said, "I just couldn't function, you know? I was so paranoid from them tappin' the phone and followin' me." All this combined made Lennon begin to feel emotionally withdrawn.


hippieshippyhippie movement
During this period Greenwich Village in New York City and Berkeley, California anchored the American folk music circuit. Berkeley's two coffee houses, the Cabale Creamery and the Jabberwock, sponsored performances by folk music artists in a beat setting. In April 1963, Chandler A. Laughlin III, co-founder of the Cabale Creamery, established a kind of tribal, family identity among approximately fifty people who attended a traditional, all-night Native American peyote ceremony in a rural setting.

Elephant's Memory

Elephants Memory
Known around the Greenwich Village area as a politically active street band, Elephant's Memory backed Lennon and Ono on the double album Some Time in New York City during recording sessions in March 1972. The album was released in June 1972 in the United States, and in September 1972 in the UK. Later in 1972, they were billed as the Plastic Ono Elephant's Memory Band and performed with Lennon and Ono on various TV shows, albums and concerts.

Beat Generation

Beatbeat poetBeats
Greenwich Village Story* (1961). Next Stop, Greenwich Village* (1976). Heart Beat (1980) (motion picture). What Happened to Kerouac? (1986) (documentary). Naked Lunch (1991) (motion picture). Life and Times of Allen Ginsberg (1993) (documentary). So I Married an Axe Murderer (1993) (motion picture). Allen Ginsberg Live in London (1995) (documentary). The Last Time I Committed Suicide (1997). The Source (1999) (documentary). Beat (2000) (motion picture). American Saint (2001) (dramatic motion picture) 90 minutes. Words of Advice: William S. Burroughs on the Road (2007). Neal Cassady* (2007). Crazy Wisdom: The Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics (2008)(documentary).

Jimi Hendrix

HendrixGypsy Sun and RainbowsJimi
, a Greenwich Village, New York City nightclub. Chandler liked the Billy Roberts song "Hey Joe", and was convinced he could create a hit single with the right artist. Impressed with Hendrix's version of the song, he brought him to London on September 24, 1966, and signed him to a management and production contract with himself and ex-Animals manager Michael Jeffery. On September 24, Hendrix gave an impromptu solo performance at The Scotch of St James, and later that night began a relationship with Kathy Etchingham that lasted for two and a half years.

Phil Ochs

OchsLive AgainP. Ochs
Its theatrical run began on January 5, 2011, at the IFC Theater in Greenwich Village, New York City, opening in cities around the US and Canada thereafter. The film features extensive archival footage of Ochs and many pivotal events from the 1960s civil rights and peace movements, as well as interviews with friends, family and colleagues who knew Ochs through music and politics.

The Lovin' Spoonful

Lovin' SpoonfulSteve BooneLoving Spoonful
Founded in New York City in 1965 by lead-singer/songwriter John Sebastian and guitarist Zal Yanovsky, it is best known for a number of hits which include "Summer in the City", "Do You Believe In Magic", "Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind?", and "Daydream". The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. The band had its roots in the folk music scene based in the Greenwich Village section of lower Manhattan during the early 1960s. John B. Sebastian, the son of classical harmonicist John Sebastian, grew up in the Village in contact with music and musicians, including some of those involved with the American folk music revival of the 1950s through the early 1960s.

Jackson Browne

Jackson Brown
Browne left the Dirt Band after a few months and moved to Greenwich Village, New York, where he became a staff writer for Elektra Records' publishing company, Nina Music, before his eighteenth birthday. He reported on musical events in New York City with his friends Greg Copeland and Adam Saylor. He spent the remainder of 1967 and 1968 in Greenwich Village, where he backed Tim Buckley and singer Nico of the Velvet Underground. In 1967, Browne and Nico were romantically linked and he became a significant contributor to her debut album, Chelsea Girl, writing and playing guitar on several of the songs (including "These Days").

Nina Simone

Clifton HendersonThe Other Woman
John Lennon cited Simone's version of "I Put a Spell on You" as a source of inspiration for the Beatles' song "Michelle". American singer Meshell Ndegeocello released her own tribute album Pour une Âme Souveraine: A Dedication to Nina Simone in 2012.

The Luck of the Irish (song)

The Luck of the IrishThe Luck of the Irish" (song)
On 12 November 1971 John Reilly filmed the couple rehearsing and performing the song at their home on 105 Bank Street in the Greenwich Village section of New York City. Soundtracks from the released short film as well as from unused rehearsal footage have also been bootlegged. The Lennons had intended "The Luck of the Irish" to be the first single from Some Time in New York City in late February or early March 1972, backed by "Attica State," and it even received a catalogue number of Apple 1846 before being pulled and replaced by "Woman Is the Nigger of the World."

Tittenhurst Park

Ascot Sound StudiosStartling StudiosStarling Studios
During 1970 and 1971, Lennon and Ono began to visit the United States, first for Primal Therapy at Arthur Janov's Primal Institute in California, then for child custody hearings over Ono's daughter Kyoko Chan Cox, in Houston and New York City. Ono had spent her late teens and twenties living in New York (including Scarsdale and Greenwich Village), and preferred there to England — as did Lennon. They rented a Bank Street apartment late in 1970 and, on 31 August 1971, the Lennons moved to New York City permanently. John would never return to England. Tittenhurst was Grade II listed for its architectural merit in March 1972.

David Peel (musician)

David PeelDavid Peel and the 360David Peel and the Lower East Side
John Lennon (2006).

Weather Underground

WeathermenWeathermanWeather Underground Organization
In 2006, Dan Berger (writer, activist, and longtime anti-racism organizer) states that following their initial set of bombings, which resulted in the Greenwich Village townhouse explosion, the organization adopted a new paradigm of direct action set forth in the communiqué New Morning, Changing Weather, which abjured attacks on people. The shift in the organization's outlook was in good part due to the 1970 death of Weatherman Terry Robbins, Diana Oughton and Ted Gold, all graduate students, in the Greenwich Village townhouse explosion. Terry Robbins was renowned among the organization members for his radicalism and belief in violence as effective action.

Bleecker Street

BleeckerLeRoy Place147 Bleecker Street
John's of Bleecker Street, famous pizzeria established in 1929. Kesté, highly rated Neapolitan style pizzeria established in 2009. Quartino Bottega Organica, or "Quartino" for short, at 11 Bleecker Street. Music venue Cafe Wha?, where Bob Dylan, Jimi Hendrix, Bruce Springsteen, Kool & the Gang, Bill Cosby, Richard Pryor, and many others began their careers. The CBGB club, which closed in 2006, was located at the east end of Bleecker Street, on Bowery. Bleecker Bob's record shop started at 149 Bleecker street. James Agee lived at 172 Bleecker Street, above Cafe Espanol (1941–1951). John Belushi lived at 376 Bleecker Street (1975). Mykel Board. Robert De Niro grew up on Bleecker Street.

Joan Baez

BaezCivil rightsJoan Báez
Baez first met Dylan in 1961 at Gerde's Folk City in New York City's Greenwich Village. At the time, Baez had already released her debut album and her popularity as the emerging "Queen of Folk" was on the rise. Baez was initially unimpressed with the "urban hillbilly", but was impressed with one of Dylan's first compositions, "Song to Woody" and remarked that she would like to record it. At the start, Dylan was more interested in Baez's younger sister Mimi, but under the glare of media scrutiny that began to surround Baez and Dylan, their relationship began to develop into something more.

Bank Street (Manhattan)

Bank StreetBank
Next, in no. 105 lived John Lennon and Yoko Ono from 1971 until 1973; their neighbours at no. 107 were John Cage and Merce Cunningham, whose phone they'd use to avoid FBI wiretapping. Cunningham's studio was in the Westbeth complex, a block away. The 17-year-old Betty Bacall, soon to be known as Lauren Bacall, moved into no. 75. Marion Tanner, inspiration for the book, play, and musical "Auntie Mame" lived at 72. On February 2, 1979, Sid Vicious died of a drug overdose in no. 63. The journalist Charles Kuralt lived downstairs at no. 34 which was built in 1844 in the Gothic Revival style.

Annie Leibovitz

Annie LiebovitzAnnie LebovitzAnnie Leibowitz
The Greenwich Village properties, at 755–757 Greenwich Street, are part of the Greenwich Village Historic District, and thus the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission must review and approve any work done to the buildings. However, work initiated on the buildings in October 2002, without a permit, began a chain of destruction of those buildings and the neighbor's at 311West11th Street. Due to pressure from the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation and other groups, the buildings were finally stabilized, though the preservation group criticized the eventual repairs as shoddy and historically insensitive.