Dares Phrygius

Dares the PhrygianDaresDares of Phrygia
The work was a significant source for Joseph of Exeter's De bello Troiano. *List of Greek mythological figures O.S. von Fleschenberg, Daresstudie, i, 1908. (fr) Louis Faivre d'Arcier, Histoire et géographie d’un mythe. La circulation des manuscrits du De excidio Troiae de Darès le Phrygien (VIIIe-XVe s.), Paris, 2006 (ISBN: 2-900791-79-0). (de) Andreas Beschorner, Untersuchungen zu Dares Phrygius-Narr, Tübingen, 1992 (ISBN: 3-8233-4863-9). (fr) Louis Faivre d'Arcier, Histoire et géographie d’un mythe. La circulation des manuscrits du De excidio Troiae de Darès le Phrygien (VIIIe-XVe s.), Paris, 2006 (ISBN: 2-900791-79-0).

Baldwin of Forde

Baldwin of ExeterBaldwinArchbishop Baldwin
His clerk and nephew, Joseph of Exeter, accompanied Baldwin on the crusade, and wrote two works after his return to England: Antiocheis, an epic poem about King Richard on crusade, and De Bello Trojano, a rewriting of the Trojan War. * *


Latin languageLat.la
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna, ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.

12th century in literature

1151 or 1152118412th
By 1177 Unum ex quatuor (gospel harmony with commentary) by Clement of Llanthony. c. 1178–1208 Gesta Danorum by Saxo Grammaticus. c. 1181–82 Witherlogh by Sven Aggesen. c. 1183 De bello Troiano by Joseph of Exeter. c. 1186–87 Historia brevis regum Dacie by Sven Aggesen. 1188 Topographia Hibernica ("Topography of Ireland") by Gerald of Wales. 1190s Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja. c. 1190–1215 Brut by Layamon. 1192 Chronicon de rebus gestis Ricardi Primi by Richard of Devizes. c. 1193–98 De instructione principis (On the education of a prince) by Gerald of Wales.

Trojan War in popular culture

Trojan War in art and literature
De bello Troiano by Joseph of Exeter (1183-4). Historiae destructionis Troiae by Guido delle Colonne (1287), derived from Benoît. Il filostrato by Boccaccio, derived from Benoît and Colonne. "Troilus and Criseyde" by Geoffrey Chaucer, a poem in rhyme royal telling a tragic love story set during the war, derived from the above works. The Rawlinson Excidium Troie. The Seege of Troye a Middle English poem based on "Dares" and Benoît. The Laud Troy Book another Middle English poem written about 1400. Troy Book by John Lydgate Middle English poem composed 1412-20.

List of epic poems

De bello Troiano and the lost Antiocheis (Latin) by Joseph of Exeter. Carmen de Prodicione Guenonis, version of the story of the Song of Roland in Latin. Architrenius by John of Hauville, (Latin satire). Liber ad honorem Augusti by Peter of Eboli, narrative of the conquest of Sicily by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (Latin). The Tale of Igor's Campaign and Bylinas (Old east slavic) (11th-19th centuries). Naishadha Charita (Sanskrit) by Sriharsha. Parishishtaparvan (Sanskrit) by Hemachandra. Prithviraja Vijaya (Sanskrit) by Jayanaka (1191–1192). Roman de Troie by Benoît de Sainte-Maure (Old French). Roman de Brut and Roman de Rou by Wace (Old French). Poem of Almería (Latin).


Antiocheis is an epic poem by Joseph of Exeter, written in Latin soon after the year 1190, when Joseph returned to England from the Third Crusade on the death of his friend and fellow Crusader, Baldwin of Exeter, archbishop of Canterbury. The poem is lost, except for a single fragment of 21 lines quoted by William Camden in his miscellany Remains Concerning Britain. The fragment praises Britain as a land of warriors, giving King Arthur as an example. Camden, William Remains Concerning Britain (London, 1657) pp. 309–310. Mortimer, Richard Angevin England 1154–1258 Oxford: Blackwell 1994 ISBN: 0-631-16388-3.

Epic poetry

epic poemepicepics
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe for their descendants, the poet and his audience, to understand themselves as a people or nation.


City of ExeterExeter, EnglandExeter, Devon
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England, with a population of 130,428 (mid-2018 est.). The city is located on the River Exe approximately 36 mi northeast of Plymouth and 65 mi southwest of Bristol. It is the county town of Devon, and the base of Devon County Council. Also situated in Exeter are two campuses of the University of Exeter, Streatham Campus and St Luke's Campus.


England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.


Duchy of GueldersGelreCounty of Guelders
Guelders or Gueldres (Gelre, Geldern) is a historical county, later duchy of the Holy Roman Empire, located in the Low Countries.

Guibert of Gembloux

GuibertWicbertSaint Guibert
Saint Guibert (892 - 23 May 962) is the founder of Gembloux Abbey, in Gembloux (Namur, Belgium). He was canonized in 1211. Saint Guibert's Day is observed on 23 May.


Florennes is a Walloon municipality located in Belgium in the province of Namur. On 1 January 2006 Florennes had a total population of 10,754. The total area is 133.55 km² which gives a population density of 81 inhabitants per km².

Trojan War

Fall of TroySiege of TroyTroy
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War (Τρωικός Πόλεμος; Truva Savaşı) was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably Homer's Iliad. The core of the Iliad (Books II – XXIII) describes a period of four days and two nights in the tenth year of the decade-long siege of Troy; the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the war's heroes. Other parts of the war are described in a cycle of epic poems, which have survived through fragments.


The IliadIlliadIlias
The Iliad (, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.

Archbishop of Canterbury

Archbishops of CanterburyCanterburysee of Canterbury
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury. The current archbishop is Justin Welby, who was enthroned at Canterbury Cathedral on 21 March 2013. Welby is the 105th in a line which goes back more than 1400 years to Augustine of Canterbury, the "Apostle to the English", sent from Rome in the year 597. Welby succeeded Rowan Williams.

Dictys Cretensis

Dictys of CreteDictysDictys Cretensis Ephemeridos belli Trojani
Dictys Cretensis or Dictys of Crete of Knossus was the legendary companion of Idomeneus during the Trojan War, and the purported author of a diary of its events, that deployed some of the same materials worked up by Homer for the Iliad. With the rise in credulity in Late Antiquity, the story of his journal, an amusing fiction addressed to a knowledgeable and sophisticated Alexandrian audience, came to be taken literally.

Holy Land

the Holy LandHoly LandsHoliness of Palestine
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة or الديار المقدسة ) is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea that also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River. Traditionally, it is synonymous both with the biblical Land of Israel and with the region of Palestine. The term "Holy Land" usually refers to a territory roughly corresponding to the modern State of Israel, the Palestinian territories, western Jordan, and parts of southern Lebanon and of southwestern Syria. Jews, Christians, and Muslims all regard it as holy.

Third Crusade

The Third Crusade (1189–1192) was an attempt by the leaders of the three most powerful states of Western Christianity (England, France and the Holy Roman Empire) to reconquer the Holy Land following the capture of Jerusalem by the Ayyubid sultan Saladin in 1187. It was partially successful, recapturing the important cities of Acre and Jaffa, and reversing most of Saladin's conquests, but it failed to recapture Jerusalem, which was the major aim of the Crusade and its religious focus.

Cornelius Nepos

NeposExcellentium Imperatorum VitaeNepos, Cornelius
Cornelius Nepos (c. 110 BC – c. 25 BC) was a Roman biographer. He was born at Hostilia, a village in Cisalpine Gaul not far from Verona.

List of people from Exeter

Joseph of Exeter (12th century), poet. Robert Stone (1516–1613), composer and member of the Chapel Royal. John Hooker (1525–1601), constitutionalist. William Peryam (1534 – after 1603), lawyer. Sir Thomas Bodley (1545–1613), diplomat and founder of the Bodleian Library. Nicholas Hilliard (c. 1547–1619), portraitist. John Rainolds (1549–1605), Puritan scholar. Richard Hooker (1554–1600), Anglican theologian. William Hakewill (1574–1655), legal antiquarian. George Hakewill (1578–1649), clergyman and author. Matthew Locke (c. 1621–1677), baroque composer. Henrietta Anne Stuart (1644–1670), daughter of King Charles I. Peter King, 1st Baron King (1669–1734), Lord Chancellor.

Josephus (disambiguation)

Josephus Exoniensis/Josephus Iscanus (Joseph of Exeter; fl. 1180–1190), English poet in Latin. Josephus a Matre Dei (José de Calasanz; 1557–1648), Spanish Catholic priest, educator and the founder of the Pious Schools. Josephus Quercetanus (Joseph Duchesne; c.1544–1609), French physician. Josephus Scottus (died between 791 and 804), Irish scholar, diplomat, poet and ecclesiastic. Josephus Struthius (1510–c. 1569), Polish physician. Josephus Albertus "Joseph" Alberdingk Thijm (1820–1889), Dutch art critic, philologist, and poet. Josephus "Joop" Beek (1917–1983), Dutch and later Indonesian Jesuit, priest, educator and politician. Josephus S.


Joseph of Exeter writes the first account of a sport resembling cricket. Three-year-old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan, after the forced abdication of his brother Emperor Antoku, during the Genpei War. August 14 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures, and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan (traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth Day of the Seventh Month of the Second Year of Juei). November 17 – The Battle of Mizushima takes place. William of Tyre is excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power.

List of principal leaders of the Crusades

List of principal CrusadersCrusader KingCrusader Kings
Joseph of Exeter. William de Ferrers. Walchelin de Ferriers. Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy. Galeran V of Beaumont. Henry II, Count of Champagne. Guy of Bazoches. Peter de Preaux. Phillipe de Plessis. Robert de Beaumont. Roger of Hoveden. Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland. Ambroise. Hubert Walter. William des Roches. Ranulf de Glanvill. Eustace de Vesci. Philip II of France. Theobald V, Count of Blois. Alberic Clement. Conon de Béthune. Robert II of Dreux. Philip of Dreux, son of Robert I of Dreux and a bishop of Beauvais. Philip of Alsace. Henry I of Bar. Stephen I of Sancerre. Peter II of Courtenay. Raoul I, Lord of Coucy. William II, Lord of Béthune.

List of people from Devon

Joseph of Exeter (12th century), poet. Josh Widdicombe, comedian. Fred Karno (1866–1941), comedy pioneer and impresario. Benjamin Kennicott, Hebrew scholar. Peter King, 1st Baron King (1669–1734), Lord Chancellor. Charles Kingsley, novelist. Steve Knightley, musician (born in Poole, Dorset). George Knight-Bruce, clergyman becoming Bishop of Bloemfontein, then translated to be the first Bishop of Mashonaland. Seth Lakeman, folk musician. William Elford Leach (1791–1836), scientist. Jon Lee (b. 1982 Newton Abbott), singer with S Club 7. Zion Lights, writer. Chris Lintott (b. 1980), scientist and writer. Matthew Locke (ca. 1621–1677), baroque composer.