Nick Berg

BergMurder of Nick BergNicholas Berg
Alan Henning. Jack Hensley. James Foley (photojournalist). John Dawson Dewhirst. Kenneth Bigley. Kim Sun-il. Margaret Hassan. Seif Adnan Kanaan. Shosei Koda. Paul Marshall Johnson, Jr. Piotr Stańczak.

Humanitarian aid

humanitarian assistancehumanitarianhumanitarian relief
Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people who need help. It is usually short-term help until the long-term help by government and other institutions replaces it. Among the people in need are the homeless, refugees, and victims of natural disasters, wars and famines. Humanitarian aid is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises including natural disasters and man-made disaster. The primary objective of humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity.


Decapitation is the complete separation of the head from the body. Such an injury is fatal to humans and most animals, since it deprives all other organs of the involuntary functions that are needed for the body to function, while the brain is deprived of oxygenated blood and blood pressure.

Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad

Tawhid and JihadAbu Musab al-Zarqawi's followersal-Tawhid wal-Jihad
October 7, 2004: Kenneth Bigley, British civilian beheaded. Presumably by Zarqawi and his men. October 29, 2004: Shosei Koda, Japanese civilian beheaded. An Islamist website that was used by al-Zarqawi's group had posted video of Koda shortly after the abduction. Abu Ayyub al-Masri. Terrorism in Iraq. Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda link allegations. Brutal kidnappers gaining in popularity The Guardian on September 21, 2004. Profile: Tawhid and Jihad group BBC News on October 8, 2004. Purported Zarqawi letter Coalition Provisional Authority.

The Beatles (terrorist cell)

The Beatles
They are responsible for beheadings in Iraq and Syria, most notably as shown in the beheading videos of American journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff, and British aid workers David Haines and Alan Henning, in 2014. The group also guarded more than 20 Western hostages of ISIL in Western Raqqa, Syria. They were harsher than other ISIL guards, torturing captives with electroshock weapons and subjecting them to mock executions (including a crucifixion) and waterboarding. The Beatles were a group of four, or three, British Muslims fighting for the extremist, jihadist Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

Rihab Taha

Rihab Rashid Taha
On September 18, 2004, the Tawhid and Jihad ("Oneness of God and Holy War") Islamist group, led by Jordanian Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, kidnapped Americans Eugene Armstrong and Jack Hensley, and British engineer Kenneth Bigley, threatening to kill them if Iraqi women prisoners were not released. Armstrong and Hensley were killed within the first 72 hours, but Bigley was kept alive for three weeks. The only Iraqi women prisoners being held at that time, according to the British government, were Taha and another woman scientist, Huda Salih Mahdi Ammash, a bio-tech researcher who was on the U.S. list of the 55 most wanted members of Saddam's regime.

Margaret Hassan

Bigley", a reference to Kenneth Bigley, who had been murdered in Iraq only weeks earlier. Patients of an Iraqi hospital (where her work had some effect) took to the streets in protest against the hostage takers' actions. On 25 October, between 100 and 200 Iraqis protested outside CARE's offices in Baghdad, demanding her release. Prominent elements of the Iraqi insurgency, such as the Shura Council of Fallujah Mujahideen, along with Iraqi political figures such as the Shia cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, condemned the kidnapping and called for her release.

Shosei Koda

Koda's captors stated that they would "treat him like his predecessors Berg and Bigley" (Bigley was murdered just weeks before by the organization, before being known as Al Qaeda in Iraq) if Japan did not withdraw its forces from Iraq within 48 hours. The Japanese government headed by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi refused to comply with these demands, stating that they will not concede to terrorists. In the video sequence of Koda's murder, Koda sits on the American flag, his captors standing behind him. Koda's hands are tied behind his back. He is blindfolded while a captor reads a speech for two minutes and ten seconds.

ISIL beheading incidents

2014 ISIL beheading incidentsbeheadingbeheadings
Beginning in 2014, a number of people from various countries were beheaded by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a radical Sunni Islamist group operating in Iraq and parts of Syria.

Hillsborough disaster

Hillsborough1989 Hillsborough disasterHillsborough football disaster
The Spectator was criticised for an editorial which appeared in the magazine on 16 October 2004 following the death of British hostage Kenneth John "Ken" Bigley in Iraq, in which it was claimed that the response to Bigley's killing was fuelled by the fact he was from Liverpool, and went on to criticise the "drunken" fans at Hillsborough and call on them to accept responsibility for their "role" in the disaster: The extreme reaction to Mr Bigley's murder is fed by the fact that he was a Liverpudlian. Liverpool is a handsome city with a tribal sense of community.

Daniel Pearl

ADL Daniel PearlDaniel Pearl AwardPearl, Daniel
Kenneth Bigley. Amjad Hussain Farooqi. James Foley (photojournalist). Jack Hensley. Margaret Hassan. Paul Marshall Johnson Jr. Seif Adnan Kanaan. Shosei Koda. Yevgeny Rodionov. Piotr Stańczak. Kim Sun-il. Austin Tice. – 'Fahad Naseem, one of the three militants accused of kidnapping Pearl, told a judge in Karachi yesterday that Pearl was kidnapped because he was "a Jew and is working against Islam."'. – 'The intelligence official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that information from American intelligence agencies helped Pakistani investigators track down the ring involved in the plot.

Piotr Stańczak

Kenneth Bigley. Shosei Koda. Margaret Hassan. Seif Adnan Kanaan.

Paul Marshall Johnson Jr.

Paul JohnsonPaul M. Johnson JrPaul Marshall Johnson, Jr.
Kenneth Bigley. Shosei Koda. Margaret Hassan. Seif Adnan Kanaan. Daniel Pearl.

Seif Adnan Kanaan

Kenneth Bigley. Piotr Stańczak. Jack Hensley. Shosei Koda. USA Today:Internet tape purportedly shows beheading By The Associated Press Posted: October 23, 2004. Retrieved: December 30, 2010. Washington Times:Car Bombings Kill 17 Iraqis; Attack Injures 6 U.S. Soldiers/Extremists Said to Behead Man Working With Americans By Karl Vick. Washington Post Foreign Service. Posted: October 24, 2004. Retrieved: December 30, 2010.

Mansour district

MansourAl MansourAl-Adel Neighborhood
Al Mansour district is one of the nine administrative districts in Baghdad, Iraq. It is in western Baghdad and is bounded on the east by Karkh district in central Baghdad, to the north by Kadhimiya, to the west by Baghdad International Airport, and to the south by Baghdad Airport Road, on the other side of which is Al Rashid district.


BagdadBaghdad, IraqBaghdād
Baghdad is the capital of Iraq. The population of Baghdad, is approximately 8,765,000, making it the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab world (after Cairo, Egypt), and the second largest city in Western Asia (after Tehran, Iran).

Islamic extremism

radical IslamIslamic extremistextremist
Islamic extremism has been defined by the British government as any form of Islam that opposes "democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs." Related terms include "Islamist extremism" and Islamism.