List of SS personnel. Uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel.
HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH Himmler
List of SS personnel. Racial policy of Nazi Germany. List of Himmler speeches This list of Himmler speeches includes online sources and material in the US National Archives. Die Schutzstaffel als antibolschewistische Kampforganisation: An essay by Himmler (in German). Heinrich Himmler at the Holocaust Research Project. Register of the Heinrich Himmler Papers, 1914–1944 at the Hoover Institution Archives. Footage of Himmler's corpse and the cyanide capsule he used to kill himself.
List of SS personnel. SS State of Burgundy. Judgment of Nuremberg Trials on the SS. SS at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Testimonies concerning SS crimes in occupied Poland in "Chronicles of Terror" testimony database.
His FBK commanding officer, Franz Schädle, appointed Misch to be the bunker telephone operator. Misch handled all of the direct communication from the bunker. He did not leave it for any significant period of time until the war ended in May 1945. On 22 April 1945, Schädle called him on the phone and told him there was a place reserved for his wife and young daughter on one of the last planes out of Berlin. Misch was temporarily released from duty and drove to pick up his family to take them to the aircraft. However, his wife refused to take their daughter and leave him and her parents in Berlin.
bodyguardHitler's bodyguardSS bodyguards
Franz Schädle. Erich Kempka. August Körber. Adolf Dirr. Bodo Gelzenleuchter: March 1932 to later that same year. Willy Herzberger: Later part of 1932 to 11 April 1933. Kurt Gildisch: 11 April 1933 to 15 June 1934. Bruno Gesche: 15 June 1934 to April 1942 and December 1942 to December 1944. Franz Schädle: January to April 1945. Ewald Lindloff. Fritz Darges. Hans Hermann Junge. Heinz Linge. Karl Wilhelm Krause. Max Wünsche. Otto Günsche. Richard Schulze-Kossens. Rochus Misch.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP). He rose to power to become dictator of Germany, serving as Chancellor from 1933 and Führer ("Leader") from 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He closely supervised military operations during the war and by December 1941 had full control of all strategic decisions, especially on the Eastern Front. He was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.
Josef "Sepp" DietrichJosef DietrichDietrich
Josef Dietrich (28 May 1892 – 21 April 1966) (also known as "Sepp") was a German politician and SS commander during the Nazi era. He joined the Nazi Party in 1928 and was elected to the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic in 1930. Prior to 1929, Dietrich was Adolf Hitler's chauffeur and bodyguard. He received rapid promotions in the SS after his participation in the extrajudicial executions of political opponents during the 1934 purge known as the Night of the Long Knives.
Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
Munich (München ; Minga Monachium) is the capital and most populous city of the second most populous German federal state of Bavaria, and, with a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city of Germany after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people. Straddling the banks of the River Isar (a tributary of the Danube) north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany (4,500 people per km²).
Reichsführer-SS (, "Reich Leader-SS") was a special title and rank that existed between the years of 1925 and 1945 for the commander of the Schutzstaffel (SS). Reichsführer-SS was a title from 1925 to 1933, and from 1934 to 1945 it was the highest rank of the SS. The longest serving and most noteworthy Reichsführer-SS was Heinrich Himmler.
New Reich ChancelleryChancelleryReichskanzlei
The Reich Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) was the traditional name of the office of the Chancellor of Germany (then called Reichskanzler) in the period of the German Reich from 1878 to 1945. The Chancellery's seat, selected and prepared since 1875, was the former city palace of Prince Antoni Radziwiłł (1775–1833) on Wilhelmstraße in Berlin. Both the palace and a new Reich Chancellery building (completed in early 1939) were seriously damaged during World War II and subsequently demolished.
SS-BrigadeführerSS-Brigadeführe and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SSSS Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer (, "brigade leader") was a paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that was used between the years of 1932 to 1945. It was mainly known for its use as an SS rank. As an SA rank, it was used after briefly being known as Untergruppenführer in late 1929 and 1930.
Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,723,914 (2018) inhabitants make it the second most populous city proper of the European Union after London. The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which is, with 6,004,857 (2015) inhabitants and an area of 30,370 square km, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.
BavarianBayernFree State of Bavaria
Bavaria (German and Bavarian: Bayern ), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bavarian: Freistaat Bayern ), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres (27,200 sq mi), Bavaria is the largest German state by land area. Its territory comprises roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's capital and largest city, Munich, is the third-largest city in Germany.
bunkerBerlin bunkerHitler's Bunker
The Führerbunker was an air raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany. It was part of a subterranean bunker complex constructed in two phases in 1936 and 1944. It was the last of the Führer Headquarters (Führerhauptquartiere) used by Adolf Hitler during World War II.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for Germany between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party (NSDAP) controlled the country through a dictatorship. Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state that controlled nearly all aspects of life via the Gleichschaltung legal process. The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich ("German Reich") until 1943 and Großdeutsches Reich ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. Nazi Germany is also known as the Third Reich, from German Drittes Reich, meaning "Third Realm" or "Third Empire", the first two being the Holy Roman Empire and the German Empire.
MohnkeSS officers Wilhelm Mohnke
Wilhelm Mohnke (15 March 1911 – 6 August 2001) was one of the original members of the SS-Staff Guard (Stabswache) "Berlin" formed in March 1933. From those ranks, Mohnke rose to become one of Adolf Hitler's last remaining generals. He joined the Nazi Party in September 1931.
Oberscharführer (, "senior squad leader") was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank that existed between 1932 and 1945. Translated as "senior squad leader", Oberscharführer was first used as a rank of the Sturmabteilung (SA) and was created due to an expansion of the enlisted positions required by growing SA membership in the late 1920s and early 1930s. The SA rank of Oberscharführer was senior to Scharführer and junior to the rank of Truppführer.
GoebbelsPaul Joseph GoebbelsJoseph
Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. He was one of Adolf Hitler's close associates and most devoted followers, and was known for his skills in public speaking and his deep, virulent antisemitism, which was evident in his publicly voiced views. He advocated progressively harsher discrimination, including the extermination of the Jews in the Holocaust.
Obersturmbannführer (, "senior assault unit leader") was a paramilitary German Nazi Party (NSDAP) rank used by both the SA and the SS. It was created in May 1933 to fill the need for an additional rank above Sturmbannführer as the SA expanded. It became an SS rank at the same time. Translated as "senior assault (or storm) unit leader", Obersturmbannführer was junior to Standartenführer and was the equivalent to Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel) in the German Army. The insignia for Obersturmbannführer was four silver pips and a stripe, centered on the left collar of an SS/SA uniform.
Hanke joined the Nazi Party on 1 November 1928, with membership number 102606. Hanke began his National Socialist career at the somewhat low level of Amtswalter, a low ranking speaker and factory cell organizer in Berlin. He joined the Sturmabteilung (SA) Reserve in 1929; that same year he became a deputy street cell leader. In 1930 he was promoted to street cell leader (Strassenzellenleiter) and then a section leader (Sektionsführer) in Berlin. Hanke was fired from his teaching position at the vocational school in April 1931 for his political agitation for the Nazi Party. He went to work full-time for the party.
SSGerman SS-Allgemeine'' SS
List of SS personnel.
SSWaffen SSSS division
List of SS personnel. List of Waffen-SS units. Signal Corps of the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS. SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers. SS and Police Leader. Table of ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS. Uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel.
SSDeath's Head UnitsSS-Sonderkommando
List of SS personnel. Nazi gold. Postenpflicht.
. * Franz Schädle (1906-1945), German SS leader and last commander of the Führerbegleitkommando Stuttgart State Archives The church of St. Stephen, constructed in 1777/1778, has a barock high altar. The "Schertelshöhle" cave is a 212-meter long cave with stalactites. It is illuminated and can be visited daily from May to October. The "Steinerne Haus" (house of stone) is a 55-meter long cave with an 8-meter high entrance, located close to the Schertelshöhle. In winter hundreds of large icicles are formed here, which melt in the spring. Part of the cave is closed off in winter, to house hibernating animals. Internet site for Westerheim. Internet site for the Schertelshöhle cave.
Oberster SA-Führerleader of the SAOberster Führer der SA
List of SS personnel.