Manufacture d'horlogerie

manufacturemanufacturerwatch manufacturer
For example, a company that does not manufacture crystals (the watch glass) or hairsprings may still be regarded as a manufacture. The following companies produce whole watches, including cases and movements: A. Lange & Söhne. Audemars Piguet. Blancpain. Breguet. Breitling SA. Chopard. Citizen Holdings. Frédérique Constant (some models). F. P. Journe. Girard-Perregaux. Moritz Grossman. H. Moser & Cie. Hublot. IWC. Jaeger-LeCoultre. Lang & Heyne. Maurice Lacroix. Nomos Glashütte. Omega SA. Panerai. Parmigiani Fleurier. Patek Philippe & Co. Piaget SA. Roger Dubuis. Rolex. Seiko. The Swatch Group. Tudor. Ulysse Nardin. Vacheron Constantin. Vostok. Vulcain Watches. Zenith.


In 1970, 18 manufacturers exhibited production versions of the beta 21 wristwatch, including the Omega Electroquartz as well as Patek Philippe, Rolex Oysterquartz and Piaget. The first quartz watch to enter production was the Seiko 35 SQ Astron, which hit the shelves on 25 December 1969, swiftly followed by the Swiss Beta 21, and then a year later the prototype of one of the world's most accurate wristwatches to date: the Omega Marine Chronometer.

The Swatch Group

Swatch GroupSwatchSwatch Group USA
List of watch manufacturers. Pierre Jaquet-Droz. Swatch. Mudambi, Ram, "Branding Time: Swatch and Global Brand Management" - Temple University, Fox School of Business, Temple University IGMS Case Series No. 05-001, January 2005. The Swatch Group Ltd., "History of the Swatch Group". The Nicolas G. Hayek Watchmaking Schools Official Website. Yahoo! - The Swatch Group Ltd. Company Profile. The Swatch Group History.

Omega SA

OmegaOmega WatchesLouis Brandt
List of watch manufacturers. History of the Omega Speedmaster. Observatory Chronometer Database (OCD).

Universal Genève

However, the mechanisms would be rechristened as Zenith 146's, 146D's and 146H's when competing Le Locle watchmaker Zenith acquired Martel, and effectively all of its patents, by 1960. Arguably the most well-known Universal watch of the post-war era was the Polerouter. Designed by Gérald Genta, it was originally produced as the Polarouter in 1954, appearing with a Cal 138SS Bumper movement. The following year it was replaced with the innovative Cal 215 microtor movement which, with minor changes and a name change (from Polarouter to Polerouter, in 1958), was produced until late 1969.


Team TissotTissot Timing
It has sponsored the Swiss national team, the Chinese Basketball Association and other basketball-related events, teams, and organizations. * List of watch manufacturers * Official website

Diving watch

dive watchdiving watchesdiver's watch
Following a request made by the Royal Italian Navy, in September 1935, for a luminous underwater watch for divers, Panerai offered "Radiomir" underwater timepieces in 1936. These watches were made by Rolex for Panerai. In addition, a large number of "canteen" style dive watches by Hamilton, Elgin or Waltham were made to military specification during and after World War II. However, these watches were made in small numbers, and were not intended for large-scale commercial distribution. Today, interest in these watches is limited to collectors. In 1953, Lip-Blancpain's Fifty Fathoms waterproof watch came on the market in France.


ETAETA MovementsETA S.A.
With the exception of hairsprings manufactured by sister company Nivarox, ETA maintains vertical control over the manufacturing of all of the components required to create a watch movement and therefore is considered a true manufacture d'horlogerie. ETA is the result of successive consolidation of the Swiss watch industry, a combination of several former Swiss watch movement manufacturers including Valjoux, Peseux and Lemania. In 1856 at Grenchen, Urs Schild, a schoolmaster, and Dr. Girard set up a watch movement (ébauche) factory which eventually became Eterna.


SwissSwiss ConfederationSWI
Switzerland's most important economic sector is manufacturing. Manufacturing consists largely of the production of specialist chemicals, health and pharmaceutical goods, scientific and precision measuring instruments and musical instruments. The largest exported goods are chemicals (34% of exported goods), machines/electronics (20.9%), and precision instruments/watches (16.9%). Exported services amount to a third of exports. The service sector – especially banking and insurance, tourism, and international organisations – is another important industry for Switzerland. Slightly more than 5 million people work in Switzerland; about 25% of employees belonged to a trade union in 2004.

Movement (clockwork)

movementmovementswatch movement
Different watch manufacturers tend to use their own identification system to number their calibers. Power source: Either a mainspring, or a weight suspended from a cord wrapped around a pulley. The mainspring or pulley has a mechanism to allow it to be wound up, which includes a ratchet to prevent it from unwinding. The barrel or pulley has gear teeth on it which drives the center wheel. Wheel train: A gear train that transmits the force of the power source to the escapement. Large gears known as wheels mesh with small gears known as pinions. The wheels in a typical going train are the centre wheel, third wheel, and fourth wheel.

Quartz crisis

quartz revolutionadventCentre Electronique Horloger
List of watch manufacturers. Smartwatch. Le Rouage dégrippé, Les crises horlogères, une fatalité en voie de disparition?. Watch Wars (the Smithsonian). Watches tick to a different beat. Swatch Print Ads from the Early 1980s.


One major Swiss watch brand – Rolex – now pre-qualifies independent watchmakers before they provide them with spare parts. This qualification may include, but is not limited to, holding a modern training certificate from one of several reputable schools; having a workshop environment that meets Rolex's standards for cleanliness; using modern equipment; and being a member of the American Watchmakers-Clockmakers Institute. The Omega brand has the same approach. However, the vast majority of modern Swiss brands do not sell parts to independent watchmakers, irrespective of the watchmaker's expertise, training or credentials.

Concord watch

While the company struggled initially, it transitioned into a luxury quartz watch company, and during the quartz crisis it attained a large market share despite other competitors like Rolex. Throughout the 1980s, Concord watches became some of the most recognizable watches on the American luxury watch market, seeing massive sales in luxury stores throughout the Americas. While the majority of Swiss watch makers were in financial trouble due to the quartz crisis Concord took advantage of the situation by producing some of the most expensive quartz watches on the market.

Rolex Daytona

Paul Newman" Rolex Daytona
The second series uses a modified automatic winding movement, originally manufactured by Zenith for their "El Primero" watch, designated by Zenith as Calibre 3019PHC. The movement was originally designed in 1969 after development commenced in 1962 and remains the highest VPH (vibrations per hour) mass-produced chronograph movement on the market at 36,000 VPH. After Zenith was sold to the American company of the same name in 1971, the company discontinued production of mechanical movements in 1975.

Audemars Piguet

Audemars Piguet Renaud & Papi SA
List of watch manufacturers. Manufacture d'horlogerie.

Breguet (brand)

BreguetBreguet (watch)Breguet S. A.
List of watch manufacturers. Manufacture d'horlogerie. Marie Antoinette (watch). Official site. Breguet watches in the Hermitage Museum. The history of Breguet (Time and Watches). Breguet 1747–1823 – online edition of the seminal 1921 biography by Sir David Salomons, hosted by

Doxa S.A.

Lieutenant General Panteleev wears a Doxa pocket watch in the 1945 film Veliky Perelom. * List of watch manufactures "Professional" refers to an orange-faced dive watch. "Sharkhunter" refers to a black-faced dive watch. "Searambler" refers to a silver (metallic)-faced dive watch. "Caribbean" refers to a blue-faced dive watch. "Divingstar" refers to a yellow-faced dive watch. "Conquistador" refers to a watch with a helium release valve. DOXA Watches official web site. DOXA SUB 300T Sharkhunter. DOXA Sub 300T Professional Aqua Lung. 1969 DOXA Sub 300T Searambler Aqua-Lung. The Restoration Of A Doxa 300T Searambler. Diver Marco Thier and his possibly unique Golden Doxa Sub 300.

Patek Philippe SA

Patek PhilippePatek Philippe & Co.Patek Phillipe
In December 2018, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) released an official report giving environmental ratings for 15 major watch manufacturers and jewelers in Switzerland. Patek Philippe, along with 7 other manufacturers including Audemars Piguet, Breguet and Rolex, was given the lowest environmental rating as "Latecomers/Non-transparent", suggesting that the manufacturer has taken very few actions addressing the impact of its manufacturing activities on the environment and climate change.

Automatic watch

automaticself-windingself-winding watch
The watches were first produced with the help of Swiss watch manufacturer Fortis and went on sale in 1928. 30,000 were made before the Harwood Self-Winding Watch Company collapsed in 1931 in the Great Depression. 'Bumper' watches were the first commercially successful automatic watches; they were made by several high grade watch manufacturers during the 1930s and 1940s. The Rolex Watch Company improved Harwood's design in 1930 and used it as the basis for the Rolex Oyster Perpetual, in which the centrally mounted semi-circular weight could rotate through a full 360° rather than the about 200° of the 'bumper' winder.

International Watch Company

IWCIWC SchaffhausenFlorentine Ariosto Jones
The magazine includes feature stories about IWC, and other articles. * List of watch manufacturers Official website. History of the IWC Portuguese.


JeanRichardGirard Perregaux
List of watch manufacturers. Manufacture d'horlogerie. All the information about Girard Perregaux. Girard Perregaux Watch News and Reviews. Website of the Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie. Girard-Perregaux Brand Profile by Michael Weare. Website of the Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie. Girard-Perregaux Watch news and Reviews at The Watch Review Site.

List of most expensive watches sold at auction

most expensive watches ever sold at auctionmost expensive watch ever sold at auctionmost expensive watches ever sold at auctions
North America: The most expensive watch ever sold at auction in North America is the Paul Newman's Rolex Daytona, which fetched 17.75 million US dollars in New York on October 26, 2017 (by Phillips). List of watch manufacturers. Patek Philippe Henry Graves Supercomplication. Patek Philippe Calibre 89. Rolex Daytona.

Counterfeit watch

Replica watchCounterfeit watchescounterfeited
These are difficult to trace, since the watch manufacturer's serial numbers are engraved only in watch case. A homage watch is a legal replica of a watch. These are timepieces produced to be as similar as possible to often historic watches while usually of high quality while avoiding the use of trademarked names and logos. Watch. Horology. List of watch manufacturers. Timepiece. Counterfeit. Replica. Authentication. Counterfeit consumer goods. Watchmaker. Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry. Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry FH, Definition of Swiss Made. Swiss Anti-Counterfeiting and Piracy Platform.


ChronometerChronometer Certificatechronometer certification
Three laboratories now test the movements submitted by individual watch manufacturers to be granted chronometer status. They are in Biel/Bienne, Saint-Imier/BE and Le Locle. The Saint-Imier and Biel laboratories are almost entirely devoted to testing Rolex movements. Although not all Rolex watches are chronometers, Breitling has claimed that since 2000 all of its production is COSC certified. Omega also has much of its production certified.

Helium release valve

helium escape valverelease or escape valve
Models that feature a helium release valve include most of the Omega Seamaster series, Rolex Sea Dweller, Tudor watches Pelagos, some dive watches from the Citizen Watch Co., Ltd, Breitling, Girard-Perregaux, Panerai, Mühle Rasmus by Nautische Instrumente Mühle Glashütte, all watches produced by Enzo Mechana, Aegir Watches and selected Doxa, selected Victorinox models, Oris models and TAG Heuer Aquaracer models, as well as the DEL MAR Professional Dive 1000 watch.