11th Airborne Division (United States)

11th Airborne Division11th Air Assault Division (Test)11th Air Assault Division
The largest of these was located on the campus of the Agricultural College of the Philippines at Los Baños, some forty miles (64 km) south-east of Manila. General Douglas MacArthur had tasked the 11th Airborne Division with rescuing the Los Baños internees on 3 February, but the division's ongoing combat operations around the Genko Line left it unable to divert any resources at that time. All that could be accomplished during February was to gather information, primarily through liaison with the guerilla groups operating in Southern Luzon and around Los Baños. Maj. Gen. Swing and his command staff were briefed daily by the officer working with the guerilla groups, Major Vanderpool.

Raid on Los Baños

Raid at Los BañosLos Baños internment campLos Baños
Edward Lahti appointed Company B, 1st Battalion, 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division under 1st Lt. John Ringler together with the Headquarters Company Light Machine Gun Platoon of 2nd Lt. Walter Hettinger. The 188th Glider Infantry Regiment of Colonel Robert Soule had perhaps the most daunting task; trying to stave off a counterattack from the main highway. Bivouacked across the San Juan River were some 8,000-10,000 Japanese troops of the 8th "Tiger" Division, commanded by Lt. Gen. Shizuo Yokoyama. The various Filipino guerrilla groups operating in the vicinity of Los Baños played a key role that led to the successful liberation of the camp.

Tomoyuki Yamashita

General YamashitaYamashita TomoyukiGeneral Tomoyuki Yamashita
On 23 February 1946, Yamashita was sentenced to be hanged at Los Baños, Laguna Prison Camp, 30 mi south of Manila. After climbing the thirteen steps leading to the gallows, he was asked if he had a final statement. To this Yamashita replied through a translator: "As I said in the Manila Supreme Court that I have done with my all capacity, so I don't ashame [sic] in front of the gods for what I have done when I have died. But if you say to me 'you do not have any ability to command the Japanese Army' I should say nothing for it, because it is my own nature. Now, our war criminal trial going under your kindness and right.

Bay, Laguna

BayBae, Laguna
It is also located at the east of Los Baños, west of Calauan, northeast of Santo Tomas and northwest of Alaminos. The Patron of Bay is Saint Augustine of Hippo celebrating his Feast Day during August 28. Laguna de Bay, the country's largest freshwater lake, is named after the town. Just like the rest of the archipelago, the town of Bay has no record before the coming of Spaniards in the 18th century. Bay existed long before the coming of Spaniards. The Chinese must have come to the lakeshore towns to trade as early as the 9th century. The earliest account of Bay appeared in the conquest of island of Luzon published in April 20, 1572.

Calamba, Laguna

CalambaCalamba CityCalamba City, Laguna
Main national highways includes the Maharlika Highway (Daang Maharlika) or National Highway, which passes through the city and curves toward Santo Tomas in Batangas, Calamba-Santa Cruz–Famy Road (also called "National Highway") links Calamba with Los Baños and Santa Cruz.

International Rice Research Institute

IRRIInternational Rice Research Institute (IRRI)International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS),
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines and offices in seventeen countries with ~1,300 staff. IRRI is known for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s which preempted the famine in Asia. The Institute, established in 1960 aims to reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers, and ensure environmental sustainability of rice farming.

Orin D. Haugen

Orin D. "Hard Rock" Haugen
Orin Haugen died en route to a hospital on New Guinea from wounds sustained during the Battle of Manila, one day before his regiment would rescue POWs under Japanese military control at Los Baños. Raid at Los Baños. JGSDF Camp Hachinohe. Flanagan, Edward M. (1986) The Los Baños Raid: The 11th Airborne Jumps at Dawn (Presidio Books) ISBN: 0891412506. Flanagan, Edward M (1988) The Angels – A History of the 11th Airborne Division 1943–1946 (The Battery Press) ISBN: 0891413588. Hagerman, Bart (1990) U.S.A. Airborne: 50th Anniversary, 1940-1990 (Turner Publishing Company) ISBN: 9780938021902.

University of the Philippines Open University

UPOUUP Open UniversityUniversity of the Philippines, Open University
The University of the Philippines Open University (also referred to as UPOU, UP Open University, or UP OpenU) is a public research university and distance learning institution headquartered in the town of Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. It was established on February 23, 1995 as the fifth constituent university of the University of the Philippines System. Its mandate is to provide education opportunities to individuals aspiring for higher education and improved qualifications but were unable to take advantage of traditional modes of education because of personal and professional obligations.

University of the Philippines

UPUniversity of the Philippines SystemUniversity of the Philippines Theater
Hidalgo Street (Quiapo district) in Manila, while the School of Agriculture was in Los Baños, Laguna. A few years later, the university opened the College of Law and the College of Engineering in Manila, as well as academic units under the College of Agriculture and Forestry in Los Baños, Laguna. The Board of Regents approved the decision to look for a larger site, and a 493-hectare lot was acquired by the university in Diliman, Quezon City, then a town in the province of Rizal. Construction of the Quezon City campus began in 1939. During World War II, most of its colleges had to be closed except the Colleges of Medicine, Pharmacy, and Engineering.

Laguna de Bay

Laguna LakeLaguna de BaýLake of Ba-i
Remnants of its volcanic history are shown by the presence of series of maars around the area of Tadlac Lake and Mayondon hill in Los Baños, Laguna, another maar at the southern end of Talim Island, and a solfataric field in Jala Jala. Laguna de Bay is a large shallow freshwater body in the heart of Luzon Island with an aggregate area of about 911 km2 and a shoreline of 220 km. It is considered to be the third largest inland body of water in Southeast Asia after Tonle Sap in Cambodia and Lake Toba in Sumatra, Indonesia.

Buko pie

bukoCoconut pie
It is considered a specialty in the city of Los Baños, Laguna located on the island of Luzon. Popular with Filipinos, it resembles a coconut cream pie, except that it is made with young coconuts (buko in Tagalog) and has neither cream in the coconut custard filling or meringue swirls on top of the baked coconut custard. Instead, the pie uses sweetened condensed milk, making it denser and more delicious. The pie is made with buko meat. There are also variations of the pie, which are similar but use slightly different ingredients, such as macapuno pie, that uses macapuno, special type of coconut that is thick and sticky.

Mount Makiling

Mt. MakilingMakiling Forest ReserveMakiling Forest Reservation
University of the Philippines Los Baños. University of the Philippines System.

10th World Scout Jamboree

The 10th World Scout Jamboree was held 17–26 July 1959 and was hosted by the Philippines at Mount Makiling, Los Baños, Laguna. Dubbed "The Bamboo Jamboree" due to the prevalence of bamboo and nipa palm. There were a total 12,203 Scouts from 44 countries. The theme was "Building Tomorrow Today". It was the first World Scout Jamboree to be held outside Europe and Canada. From every clime and region, we crossed mount, vale, and sea We're in the Philippines now for our World Jamboree. Here East and West are meeting, as Heaven so decrees We live and work and play in true fellowship and peace. Mabuhay to all Scouts who are here Let the message of BP now resound loud, long, and clear.

Airborne forces

airborneairborne troopsairborne infantry
Army's 11th Airborne Division saw a great deal of action in the Philippines as a ground unit. The 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment made the division's first jump near Tagaytay Ridge on 3 February 1945, meeting no resistance at the drop zone. Elements of the division also jumped to liberate 2,000 Allied civilians interned at Los Baños, 23 February 1945. The final operation of the division was conducted on 23 June 1945, in conjunction with an advance by U.S. ground forces in northern Luzon. A task force from the 11th was formed and jumped on Camalaniugan Airfield, south of Aparri. A large British force, known as the Chindits, operated behind Japanese lines during 1944.

Camp Toccoa

Camp Toccoa, GeorgiaCamp Toccoa, GACamp Toombs
. * Camp Toccoa at Currahee Project 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment: attached to the 101st Airborne Division. 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment: attached to the 101st Airborne Division. 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment: attached to the 82nd Airborne Division and the 17th Airborne Division. 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment: attached to the 11th Airborne Division. 517th Parachute Infantry Regiment: attached to the 17th Airborne Division and the 13th Airborne Division. 457th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion: attached to the 11th Airborne Division. 295th Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company (FA): completed basic training at Camp Toccoa, from July 21, 1943 through November 24, 1943. 296th.

2005 Southeast Asian Games

20052005 SEA Games23rd Southeast Asian Games
The 2005 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 23rd Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Manila, Philippines.

Tadlac Lake

Alligator LakeAlligator
Alligator Lake is located in Barangay Tadlac, in the hot springs resort town of Los Baños ('The Baths' in English) near the border with Calamba City in the province of Laguna. The lake is contained in a piece of land jutting out to the Laguna de Bay that was known as Malilimbas Point, and is directly situated below the northeastern slope of Mount Makiling, the highest mountain in the Laguna Volcanic Field. Because of its origin, the lake has no outlet and is replenished only by rainfall. The slightly oval lake is 22.7 ha in surface area with a perimeter of about 1.8 km.


maar lakemaarsdry maar
The Crocodile Lake in Los Baños in the Philippines was originally thought of as a volcanic crater is also a maar. The notorious, carbon dioxide-saturated Lake Nyos in Africa is another example. An excellent example of a maar is Zuni Salt Lake in New Mexico, a shallow saline lake that occupies a flat-floored crater about 6500 ft across and 400 ft deep. Its low rim is composed of loose pieces of basaltic lava and wall rocks (sandstone, shale, limestone) of the underlying diatreme, as well as random chunks of ancient crystalline rocks blasted upward from great depths.

Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand E. MarcosMarcosPresident Marcos
By 1960 the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations had worked with the Garcia administration and the UP College of Agriculture to establish the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Los Baños, Laguna, signaling the rise of the Green Revolution (industrialized, chemical agriculture) to the Philippines. In the late '60s, the Marcos administration took advantage of IRRI's new "miracle rice" cultivar (IR8), promoting its use throughout the Philippines.

Molawin River

Molawin CreekMolawin
University of the Philippines Los Baños. UPLB Limnological Research Station.

University of the Philippines Los Baños

UP Los BañosUniversity of the Philippines, Los BañosUPLB
The University of the Philippines Los Baños (also referred to as UPLB, UP Los Baños, or colloquially, Elbi) is a public research university located in the towns of Los Baños and Bay in the province of Laguna, some 64 kilometers southeast of Manila. It traces its roots to the UP College of Agriculture (UPCA), which was founded in 1909 by the American colonial government to promote agricultural education and research in the Philippines. American botanist Edwin Copeland served as its first dean. UPLB was formally established in 1972 following the union of UPCA with four other Los Baños and Diliman-based University of the Philippines (UP) units.

Baker Memorial Hall

Baker Hall
The National Historical Institute (now National Historical Commission of the Philippines) declared it as a historic site and installed a historical marker entitled Pook ng Bilangguang Kampo sa Los Baños on February 23, 2005, the 60th commemoration of the Raid at Los Baños. *

Philippine High School for the Arts

Its campus is located in the National Arts Center in Mount Makiling, Los Baños, Laguna. Every year, the school opens its application process through the Annual Nationwide Search for Young Arts Scholars (ANSYAS). Applicants must be graduating Filipino elementary school students not more than 14 years old with outstanding abilities in the arts. Once accepted, students undergo basic education classes in the morning and specialized instruction in the afternoon. There are currently five fields of specialization that the school offers: It is estimated that the government spends around Ph₱ 500,000.00 (US$11,000 in 2012) per student in his or her stay in the school.

UAAP Season 76 swimming championships

UAAP Season 76
The swimming championships of Season 76 of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines were held at the Trace Aquatic Center, Los Baños, Laguna with the University of the Philippines (UP) as event host, from September 19 to 22, 2013. Ateneo de Manila University was the defending men's and boys division champions. The reigning women's and girls titlists were UP and University of the East (UE), respectively. At the end of the four-day competition, UP clinched a double championship in the seniors division: the 17th title in the men's and a five-peat for the women's. Ateneo won their ninth straight UAAP crown, while UE achieved a three-peat plum.

Boy Scouts of the Philippines

Boy ScoutsChief ScoutPresident
In 1973, the Golden Jubilee Jamboree and first Asia-Pacific Jamboree was held at the National Scout Reservation, University of the Philippines, Los Baños, Laguna. The jamboree song, "Kapatirang Paglilingkod," reflected the Bagong Lipunan regime of President Marcos. In 1974–75, the Cub Scout name was Philippinised: the Pilipino alphabet at that time did not include the letter C, so "Cub" was replaced with "Kab." However, since "kab" was not actually a Pilipino word, it was contrived as an acronym for "Kabataan Alay sa Bayan" and written in all caps. In 1975–86, in compliance with the orders of Pres.