Expulsion of the Acadians

;French Military history of Nova Scotia. Grand-Pré National Historic Site. Expulsion of the Loyalists. France in the Seven Years War. Great Britain in the Seven Years War. Michel Bastarache dit Basque. Indian removal. English. and online at Nova Scortia Archives. and online at Nova Scotia Archives. Text of Charles Lawrence's orders to Captain John Handfield – Halifax August 11, 1755. and online at Nova Scotia Archives. and online at Nova Scotia Archives. Sauvageau, Robert (1987). Acadie : La guerre de Cent Ans des français d'Amérique aux Maritimes et en Louisiane 1670–1769 Paris: Berger-Levrault. Gaudet, Placide (1922).

William Bull II

William BullLieutenant Governor William Bull
A Loyalist, he left the colony in 1782 when British troops were evacuated at the end of the American Revolutionary War, and died in London. William (Guilielus) Bull matriculated at the University of Leiden 10 October 1732 and 13 April 1734. He received his Medical Doctor degree 18 August 1734. The title description of his thesis is: Dissertatio medica inauguralis de colica pictonum. Quam … pro gradu Doctoratus, summisque in Medicina honoribus & privilegiis rite ac legitime consequendis, eruditorum examini submittit Gulielmus Bull … ad diem 18. Augusti 1734. hora locoque solitis. - Lugduni Batavorum : apud Gerardum Potvliet, 1734. - 19,[1]p. ; 4to.

Andrew Deveaux

Colonel Deveaux
In defense of his father, young Deveaux banded together a group of loyalists who created havoc in and around Beaufort. Deveaux joined the services of British under Major General Augustine Prévost in 1779 and was present at the Siege of Savannah where the Franco-American assault was repulsed with heavy loss. He was present at the Siege of Charleston which afterwards he was given a commission by Lord Cornwallis to raise a regiment called the Royal Foresters. This however did not succeed but Deveaux was promoted to colonel and was given command of a group Loyalist irregulars for which two American generals were captured in woodland ambushes.

Elizabeth Calvert

In 1748, aged 17, she married her cousin Benedict Swingate Calvert, a Loyalist politician and planter and the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore. Benedict's connections to the ruling Calvert family allowed him to benefit from considerable proprietarial patronage, until the American Revolution saw the overthrow of British rule and the end of Calvert power in Maryland. Benedict and Elizabeth had to pay triple taxes after the war's end but, unlike many loyalists, their lands and fortune remained unconfiscated. Elizabeth was the grandmother of Charles Benedict Calvert (1808–1864), a U.S.

George Clinton (vice president)

George ClintonGovernor George ClintonClinton
George Clinton (July 26, 1739 – April 20, 1812) was an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A prominent Democratic-Republican, Clinton served as the fourth vice president of the United States from 1805 until his death in 1812. He also served as governor of New York from 1777 to 1795 and from 1801 to 1804. Along with John C. Calhoun, he is one of two vice presidents to hold office under two presidents.


Acadiel'Acadie(New France)
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Acadians. Acadia National Park. Acadian Heritage Portal – Acadian history, genealogy and folklore. National Society of Acadia. Acadian Ancestral Home by Lucie LeBlanc Consentino – a repository for Acadian history & genealogy.

French and Indian Wars

series of warsFrench and Indian War.fending off attacks
Military history of Nova Scotia. Colonial American military history. American Indian Wars.

Richard Clarke (merchant)

Richard ClarkeRichard
With one of his sons he joined the Loyalist Club of London. The family was on the American proscription lists, but in his will Clarke disposed of considerable property, including Bank of England stock and American securities. * "Richard Clarke". Dictionary of American Biography. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936.

John Singleton Copley

CopleyMr. CopleyJ S Copley
Copley's family connections were all Loyalists. He defended his wife's relatives at a meeting described in his letter of December 1, 1773. He wrote on April 26, 1774, of an unpleasant experience when a mob visited his house demanding the person of Col. George Watson, a Loyalist mandamus counselor who had gone elsewhere. The patriots having threatened to have his blood if he "entertained any such Villain for the future," Copley exclaimed: "What a spirit! What if Mr. Watson had stayed (as I pressed him to) to spend the night. I must either have given up a friend to the insult of a Mob or had my house pulled down and perhaps my family murthered."

David Fanning (loyalist)

David Fanning
In March 1778, Loyalist activity again swelled in South Carolina, and Fanning raised a company of Loyalist militia which raided Patriot sympathizers on the Georgia border. After being wounded and nearly captured, Fanning accepted a pardon from South Carolina Governor John Rutledge in August 1779. After accepting the pardon, Fanning agreed to serve in the Patriot militia, but after the British success in the Siege of Charleston, Fanning took up the Loyalist banner once again and began recruiting men to his cause.

Elizabeth Ann Seton

St. Elizabeth Ann SetonSaint Elizabeth Ann SetonElizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
A loyalist, the senior William Seton was the last royal public notary for the city and province of New York. He brought his sons William (Elizabeth's husband) and James into the import-export mercantile firm, the William Seton Company, which became Seton, Maitland and Company in 1793. The younger William had visited important counting houses in Europe in 1788, was a friend of Filippo Filicchi (a renowned merchant in Leghorn, Italy, with whom his firm traded), and brought the first Stradivarius violin to America. Shortly after they married, Elizabeth and William moved into a fashionable residence on Wall Street.

Daniel Claus

Christian Daniel Claus
Christian Daniel Claus (1727–1787) was a Commissioner of Indian Affairs and a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution. He was born September 13, 1727 at Bönnigheim, Württemberg the son of Adam Frederic Claus and his wife Anna Dorothea. He arrived in America in 1749. In 1755 he was made a Lieutenant in the Indian Department and a Deputy Secretary of Indian Affairs. He had lived with Joseph Brant and the Mohawks for a while and could speak their language. In September 1775, he was replaced as the deputy superintendent by Major John Campbell. In November, Daniel Claus sailed to London to appeal his case before the British House of Lords.


AcadianAcadian settlersFrench
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Acadians. Acadian cuisine. Chetro-Szivos, J. Talking Acadian: Work, Communication, and Culture, YBK 2006, New York ISBN: 0-9764359-6-9. Griffiths, Naomi. From Migrant to Acadian: a North American border people, 1604–1755, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005. Hodson, Christopher. The Acadian Diaspora: An Eighteenth-Century History (Oxford University Press; 2012) 260 pages online review by Kenneth Banks. Jobb, Dean. The Acadians: A People's Story of Exile and Triumph, John Wiley & Sons, 2005 (published in the United States as The Cajuns: A People's Story of Exile and Triumph). Kennedy, Gregory M.W.

John Burgoyne

BurgoyneGeneral BurgoyneGeneral John Burgoyne
The British Campaign of 1777, Volume Two – The Burgoyne Expedition: Burgoyne's Native and Loyalist Auxiliaries, Global Heritage Press, Milton, 2013. Burgoyne burial site at Westminster Abbey. Map from a London Newspaper 1778.

Joseph Galloway

"Joseph Galloway, the Loyalist Politician." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 26.2 (1902): 161-191. online * Galloway’s Plan for Union at the University of Chicago website Boyd, J. P. Anglo-American union: Joseph Galloway's plans to preserve the British empire, 1774–1788 (1941). Ferling, John The Loyalist Mind: Joseph Galloway and the American Revolution. Pennsylvania State Univ Press, 1977; ISBN: 0-271-00514-9. Ferling, John. "Compromise or Conflict: The Rejection of the Galloway Alternative to Rebellion." Pennsylvania History 43.1 (1976): 5-21. online. Ferling, John E. "Joseph Galloway's Military Advice: A Loyalist's View of the Revolution."

Thomas Edison

EdisonThomas Alva EdisonThomas A. Edison
His father, the son of a Loyalist refugee, had moved as a boy with the family from Nova Scotia, settling in southwestern Ontario (then called Upper Canada), in a village known as Shewsbury, later Vienna, by 1811. Samuel Jr. eventually fled Ontario, because he took part in the unsuccessful Mackenzie Rebellion of 1837. His father, Samuel Sr., had earlier fought in the War of 1812 as captain of the First Middlesex Regiment. By contrast, Samuel Jr.'s struggle found him on the losing side, and he crossed into the United States at Sarnia-Port Huron. Once across the border, he found his way to Milan, Ohio.

Rebecca Franks

Rebecca Franks (1760 – September 1823) was a prominent member of loyalist society in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution. She was born in Pennsylvania about 1760, the daughter and youngest child of David Franks, a businessman, and the sister of Abigail (1745–1798), the wife of Andrew Hamilton (son of the noted attorney of the same name and proprietor of "The Woodlands"), and the niece of Phila Franks, who married Oliver De Lancey an American loyalist politician and a major general during the American War of Independence.

Raid on Chignecto (1696)

Raid on Chignectohad been raided in 16961696 Raid on Chignecto
. * Military history of Nova Scotia ; Endnotes ; Secondary Sources Primary Sources. Villebon letter, Oct. 29, 1696, Webster, p. 94-96 Villebon Letters.

Kenneth Roberts (author)

Kenneth RobertsRoberts, Kenneth
Oliver Wiswell focuses on a Loyalist officer during the American Revolution and covers the entire war, from famous events such as the Siege of Boston, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the New York and New Jersey campaign through the Battle of Fort Washington, and the Franco-American alliance, to less-remembered events such as the Convention Army, the exodus to Kentucky County, the Siege of Ninety-Six, and the resettlement of the United Empire Loyalists, as well as providing a later look at both a dissolute Rogers and a frustrated Arnold among the British.