John "Cornplanter" AbeelChief CornplanterCorn Planter
Cornplanter joined forces with the Loyalist Lt. Colonel John Butler and his rangers at the 1778 Battle of Wyoming Valley in present-day Pennsylvania. They killed many settlers and destroyed their properties, in what the rebel Americans called the Wyoming Massacre. Fighting on the frontier was fierce. Patriot forces under Colonel Thomas Hartley burned the Seneca village of Tioga. In reprisal, Cornplanter and Mohawk war chief Joseph Brant participated in the 1778 Loyalist-Iroquois attacks led by Captain Walter Butler and Butler's Rangers in Cherry Valley, New York. The Americans called these events the Cherry Valley Massacre.

Molly Brant

Mary BrantBrant, MaryDegonwadonti
"Molly Brant—Loyalist." Ontario History 45 (1953): 97–108. Johnston, Jean. "Ancestry and Descendants of Molly Brant." Ontario History 63 (June 1971): 86–92. Maurice Kenny. Tekonwatonti: Molly Brant (1735–1795): Poems of War. Buffalo, NY: White Pine Press, 1992. Thomas, Earle. The Three Faces of Molly Brant. Kingston, Ontario: Quarry Press, 1996. ISBN: 1-55082-176-8. "Molly Brant", Cataraqui Archaeology Research Foundation. "Biography: Molly Brant", Canadian Museum of Civilization. Allan W Eckert, Wilderness Empire (1968) ISBN: 1931672024. This is an historical novel exploring the lives of Brant and Sir William Johnson.

Richard Montgomery

MontgomeryGeneral MontgomeryGeneral Richard Montgomery
Janet remained interested in politics for the rest of the war and was always a harsh critic of Loyalists. After the war, former Continental Army general Horatio Gates proposed marriage to her, but she declined. In 1789, Janet stopped in New York City on her way to visit some of Montgomery's relatives in Ireland. She attended Washington's inaugural ball that followed his swearing as president, and also visited Washington and his family several times more. She sailed for Ireland soon after, and returned to America in 1790 after she had a falling out with her sister-in-law over British-American politics.

Bloody Bill Cunningham

Major “Bloody Bill” CunninghamWilliam Cunningham
Cunningham's regiment arrived in Ninety-Six on November 19 to support Major Andrew Williamson against a band of Loyalist militia. The battle lasted for three days before the sides agreed to both lay down their arms. Despite the truce, Colonel Richard Richardson dispatched a fleet of Rangers to surprise a Loyalist party the morning of December 22. In what became known as the Battle of Great Cane Break, the rebels captured 130 men while suffering no casualties. The loyalist group was led by Cunningham's cousin Patrick, who managed to escape into Cherokee country. Capt.

Oliver De Lancey (American loyalist)

Oliver De LanceyOliver DeLanceyOliver De Lancey Sr.
The On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies. Re-enactor Group.

Staten Island

Staten Island, New YorkRichmondStaten Island, NY
Most Patriots fled after the British occupation, and the sentiment of those who remained was predominantly Loyalist. Even so, the islanders found the demands of supporting the troops to be heavy. The British army kept headquarters in neighborhoods such as Bulls Head. Many buildings and churches were destroyed for their materials, and the military's demand for resources resulted in an extensive deforestation by the end of the war. The British army again used the island as a staging ground for its final evacuation of New York City on December 5, 1783.

Expulsion of the Acadians

Great UpheavalGreat ExpulsionAcadian Expulsion
There is a museum dedicated to Acadian history and culture, with a detailed reconstruction of the Great Uprising, in Bonaventure, Quebec. * Podcast Episode discussing the Removal of the Acadians Military history of Nova Scotia. Grand-Pré National Historic Site. Expulsion of the Loyalists. France in the Seven Years War. Great Britain in the Seven Years War. Michel Bastarache dit Basque. Indian removal. English. and online at Nova Scotia Archives. and online at Nova Scotia Archives. Text of Charles Lawrence's orders to Captain John Handfield – Halifax August 11, 1755. and online at Nova Scotia Archives. and online at Nova Scotia Archives.

Burying the Hatchet ceremony (Nova Scotia)

Burying the Hatchet ceremonyBurial of the Hatchet CeremonyBurying of the Hatchet Ceremony
;Endnotes * Military history of Nova Scotia. Treaty Day (Nova Scotia). History of the Halifax Regional Municipality. Texts. Burying the Hatchet Ceremony - Art Gallery of Nova Scotia. Treaty Day in Nova Scotia - Plaque of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society.

John Connolly (loyalist)

John ConnollyDr. Connolly
John Connolly (c. 1741–1813) was an American Loyalist during the American Revolution. Connolly was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He is best known for a plan he concocted with Virginia Governor Lord Dunmore to raise a regiment of loyalists and Indians in Canada called the Loyal Foresters and lead them to Virginia to help Dunmore put down the rebellion. In the early 1770s Connolly was the leading figure at the Forks of the Ohio in present-day Western Pennsylvania in Virginia's claims to the region surrounding Pittsburgh.

Maya Jasanoff

Jasanoff, Maya
Jasanoff published Liberty's Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World in 2011, also with Alfred A. Knopf. The book describes the trajectories of the approximately 60,000 loyalists who fled the American Revolution to relocate in other parts of the British Empire; some 8,000 of those who elected to relocate were free black people, but 15,000 enslaved people of African descent were also forcibly moved when their owners chose to go. Liberty's Exiles was widely and favorably reviewed. In The New York Times, Thomas Bender called it a "richly informative account," "smart, deeply researched and elegantly written."

William Bull II

William BullLieutenant Governor William Bull
A Loyalist, he left the colony in 1782 when British troops were evacuated at the end of the American Revolutionary War, and died in London. William (Guilielus) Bull matriculated at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands 10 October 1732 and 13 April 1734. He received his Medical Doctor degree on the same University 18 August 1734. The title description of his thesis is: Dissertatio medica inauguralis de colica pictonum. Quam … pro gradu Doctoratus, summisque in Medicina honoribus & privilegiis rite ac legitime consequendis, eruditorum examini submittit Gulielmus Bull … ad diem 18. Augusti 1734. hora locoque solitis. - Lugduni Batavorum : apud Gerardum Potvliet, 1734. - 19,[1]p. ; 4to.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Treaty of Paris1783 Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 1783
Individual states ignored federal recommendations, under Article 5, to restore confiscated Loyalist property, and also ignored Article 6 (e.g., by confiscating Loyalist property for "unpaid debts"). Some, notably Virginia, also defied Article 4 and maintained laws against payment of debts to British creditors. The British often ignored the provision of Article 7 about removal of slaves. The actual geography of North America turned out not to match the details used in the treaty.

Elisabeth Brewer

Elisabeth Brewer was a nurse and loyalist in the American Revolutionary War who was captured and imprisoned for intelligence gathering activities. Brewer lived in New Brunswick, New Jersey, a British stronghold during the war. When stopped by General Israel Putnam's forces on her way out of the town in April 1777, she gave testimony about three supposed loyalist agents.


Acadiel'AcadieHistory of Acadia
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Acadians. Acadia National Park. (published in the United States as ). (published in the United States as ). (published in the United States as ). (published in the United States as ). Acadian Heritage Portal – Acadian history, genealogy and folklore. National Society of Acadia. Acadian Ancestral Home by Lucie LeBlanc Consentino – a repository for Acadian history & genealogy.

Andrew Deveaux

AndrewColonel Deveaux
In defense of his father, young Deveaux banded together a group of Loyalists who created havoc in and around Beaufort. He and his Loyalist partisans are believed to have been responsible for burning the Prince William Parish church at Sheldon in April 1779. Deveaux joined the services of the British under Major General Augustine Prévost in 1779 and was present at the Siege of Savannah where the Franco-American assault was repulsed with heavy loss. He was also at the Siege of Charleston, after which he was given a commission by Lord Cornwallis to raise a regiment called the "Royal Foresters".

Elizabeth Calvert

In 1748, aged 17, she married her cousin Benedict Swingate Calvert, a Loyalist politician and planter and the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore. Benedict's connections to the ruling Calvert family allowed him to benefit from considerable proprietarial patronage, until the American Revolution saw the overthrow of British rule and the end of Calvert power in Maryland. Benedict and Elizabeth had to pay triple taxes after the war's end but, unlike many loyalists, their lands and fortune remained unconfiscated. Elizabeth was the grandmother of Charles Benedict Calvert (1808–1864), a U.S.

Nassau, Bahamas

NassauNassau, New ProvidenceNassau, BAH
Nassau's modern growth began in the late eighteenth century, with the influx of thousands of Loyalists and their slaves to the Bahamas following the American War of Independence. Many of them settled in Nassau (then and still the commerce capital of the Bahamas) and eventually came to outnumber the original inhabitants. As the population of Nassau grew, so did its populated areas. Today the city dominates the entire island and its satellite, Paradise Island. However, until the post-Second World War era, the outer suburbs scarcely existed.


AcadianAcadian settlersFrench
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Acadians. Acadian cuisine. Chetro-Szivos, J. Talking Acadian: Work, Communication, and Culture, YBK 2006, New York ISBN: 0-9764359-6-9. Griffiths, Naomi. From Migrant to Acadian: a North American border people, 1604–1755, Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005. Hodson, Christopher. The Acadian Diaspora: An Eighteenth-Century History (Oxford University Press; 2012) 260 pages online review by Kenneth Banks. Jobb, Dean. The Acadians: A People's Story of Exile and Triumph, John Wiley & Sons, 2005 (published in the United States as The Cajuns: A People's Story of Exile and Triumph). Kennedy, Gregory M.W.

Elizabeth Ann Seton

St. Elizabeth Ann SetonSaint Elizabeth Ann SetonElizabeth Seton
A loyalist, the senior William Seton was the last royal public notary for the city and province of New York. He brought his sons William (Elizabeth's husband) and James into the import-export mercantile firm, the William Seton Company, which became Seton, Maitland and Company in 1793. The younger William had visited important counting houses in Europe in 1788, was a friend of Filippo Filicchi (a renowned merchant in Leghorn, Italy, with whom his firm traded), and brought the first Stradivarius violin to America. Shortly after they married, Elizabeth and William moved into a fashionable residence on Wall Street.

Siege of Fort Nashwaak

Siege of Fort Nashwaak (1696)siege of the Capital of Acadia at Fort Nashwaak1696 Siege of Fort Nashwaak
Military history of Nova Scotia. Secondary Sources. Primary Sources. – (1869 edition). –. –. Fredericton Heritage Trust. New Brunswick Military Heritage Project. Fredericton Heritage Trust. New Brunswick Military Heritage Project.

George Clinton (vice president)

George ClintonGovernor George ClintonClinton
George Clinton (July 26, 1739 – April 20, 1812) was an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A prominent Democratic-Republican, Clinton served as the fourth vice president of the United States from 1805 until his death in 1812. He also served as governor of New York from 1777 to 1795 and from 1801 to 1804. Along with John C. Calhoun, he is one of two vice presidents to hold office under two presidents.

Royal Naval Dockyard, Halifax

Halifax Naval YardHalifaxHalifax Dockyard
Military history of Nova Scotia. Port of Halifax. 1) Brent Raymond, "Tracing the Built Form of HMC Dockyard", Nova Scotia Museum, 1999. Curatorial Report No. 88. 2) Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897–1903). The royal navy, a history from the earliest times to the present Volume III. London, England: S. Low Marston. 3) Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897–1903). The royal navy, a history from the earliest times to the present Volume IV. London, England: S. Low Marston. 4) Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897–1903). The royal navy, a history from the earliest times to the present Volume V. London, England: S. Low Marston. 5) George Bates. John Gorham 1709–1751.

Abraham de Peyster (captain)

Abraham de Peyster
Abraham de Peyster (born 18 February 1753, New York City; died 19 February 1798, Saint John, New Brunswick) was a Loyalist and royal officer in the American Revolutionary War. He is best known for leading the Loyalists in the Battle of Kings Mountain and for helping, after the war, to settle the new royal colony of New Brunswick. Born in 1753 into an upper-class family of New York City, Abraham was the great-grandson and namesake of former city mayor Abraham de Peyster. Upon the outbreak of war in 1775-1776 between the rebel colonists and the colonists loyal to King George III, de Peyster chose the King's side.

Richard Clarke (merchant)

Richard ClarkeRichard
With one of his sons he joined the Loyalist Club of London. The family was on the American proscription lists, but in his will Clarke disposed of considerable property, including Bank of England stock and American securities. * "Richard Clarke". Dictionary of American Biography. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936.

David Fanning (loyalist)

David FanningColonel David FanningFanning
In March 1778, Loyalist activity again swelled in South Carolina, and Fanning raised a company of Loyalist militia which raided Patriot sympathizers on the Georgia border. After being wounded and nearly captured, Fanning accepted a pardon from South Carolina Governor John Rutledge in August 1779. After accepting the pardon, Fanning agreed to serve in the Patriot militia, but after the British success in the Siege of Charleston, Fanning took up the Loyalist banner once again and began recruiting men to his cause.