David Farnsworth was a Colonial-era American Loyalist. He was a British agent during the American Revolutionary War. George Washington had him hanged for his involvement in a plot to destroy the American economy by placing counterfeit money into circulation. Farnsworth initially joined up with Patriot forces in Cambridge, Massachusetts at the age of 15 in 1775, serving as a drummer and participating in the Battle of Bunker Hill. The use of counterfeit money has been used as a strategy in warfare for centuries. The idea is to flood the enemy's economy with fake money, thus devaluing the real money and causing an economic collapse, rendering the enemy unable to fund their side of the war.
Thomas HutchinsonHutchinsonGovernor Hutchinson
Thomas Hutchinson (9 September 1711 – 3 June 1780) was a businessman, historian, and a prominent Loyalist politician of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in the years before the American Revolution. He has been referred to as "the most important figure on the loyalist side in pre-Revolutionary Massachusetts." He was a successful merchant and politician, and was active at high levels of the Massachusetts government for many years, serving as lieutenant governor and then governor from 1758 to 1774.
New Hollandconquest of AcadiaDutch occupation of Acadia
Military history of Nova Scotia. History of Maine. New Netherland. L.-A. Vigneras, “Letters of an Acadian trader 1674–1676,” N. Eng. Q., XIII (1940), 98–110. Beamish Murdoch. History of Nova Scotia, p. 154. Capt. Francis Champernowne: The Dutch Conquest of Acadie, and Other Historical Papers (1889). Proofs considered of the early settlement of Acadie by the Dutch: being an appendix to The Dutch in Maine (1858). Dutch Conquest of Acadia. Acadiensis.
At Hanging Rock, though, Hamilton's regiment was routed during the initial Patriot attack, but he rallied his command for an attempted stand along with other Loyalist units. The rallied Loyalist units were dispersed by a cavalry charge commanded by militia leader William Richardson Davie, and the Patriot forces were permitted to ransack the British camp. Hamilton surrendered his regiment, with 80 of its 142 survivors, after the Siege of Yorktown. After his surrender, Hamilton was sent to Saint Augustine in British Florida.
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of England. Military history of France.
Sir John JohnsonJohn JohnsonColonel Sir John Johnson
Johnson and thousands of other Loyalists were in permanent exile in Canada. The British had transported some Loyalists from New York and New England for resettlement to Nova Scotia, including more than 3,000 Black Loyalists: African-American slaves whom they had freed as promised for their service during the war. In 1784, Haldimand appointed Johnson to distribute Crown lands (purchased from First Nations) along the St. Lawrence River and the north shore of Lake Ontario including Amherst Island (what became known as Upper Canada) to Loyalists who had come to Canada, as some compensation for their losses in the colonies.
Edmund FanningFanning's Regiment
When the American Revolutionary War broke out, he was driven from his home in New York, and joined the British Army, recruiting other Loyalists. He served during campaigns in New England and the South. At the end of the war in 1783 he became a United Empire Loyalist, settling in Nova Scotia. Fanning was appointed lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia not long after his arrival, and helped oversee the resettlement of other Loyalist refugees in the province. In 1786 he was appointed lieutenant governor of Saint John's Island, which was renamed Prince Edward Island during his tenure. He served in that post until 1813. He retired to London, where he died in 1818.
Siege of Port Royalexpedition against the Acadian capital of Port RoyalFirst siege of Port Royal
. * Military history of Nova Scotia
Black LoyalistsothersAfrican descent
Black Loyalist website. "Biographies of the Loyalist Era: Thomas Peters, Black Loyalist", The Loyalists, Learn Quebec. "Loyalties", University of Manitoba, Vol. 17, No. 1. Heritage: Black Loyalists, Saint John. Black Loyalist Heritage Society, official website. Black History, National Archives, United Kingdom. Africans in America: Revolution, PBS. Loyalist Institute, Documents and writings on Black Loyalists. Anti-Slavery movement, Collections Canada. Enslaved Africans in Upper Canada, Archives. Nova Scotia archives, virtual exhibition. Black Loyalists' experience in Canada, Atlantic Canadian Portal.
Warin the American coloniesKing George’s War (1744–1748)
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Acadians. Military of New France. Boyer, Clark, Kett, Salisbury, Sitkoff and Woloch. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People. Drake, Samuel Gardner. A Particular History of the Five Years French and Indian War in New England. Kingsford, William. The history of Canada, Volume 3. King George's War on U-S-History.com. Select Bibliography of King George's War compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History. Journal of Captain WIlliam Pote captive 1745-1747 published 1896.
1703Northeast Coast Campaignmilitary campaign against the New England frontier
Military history of Nova Scotia. Northeast Coast Campaign (1723). Northeast Coast Campaign (1745). Military history of the Mi’kmaq people.
Jessup's Loyal Rangers
*Upper Canada * The King's Men: Loyalist Military Units
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Mi'kmaq people. Military history of the Acadians. Documentary on Cornwallis Statue – CBC Radio – Maritime Magazine Archives. Centre Acadien (1996). Cornwallis – Founder of Freemasonry in Halifax.
raided the British fishing port of Cansoraidedattack on Canso
. * Military history of Nova Scotia Endnotes Texts Bernard Pothier. The Siege of Annapolis Royal, 1744. The Nova Scotia Historical Review. 59-71. Johnson, A.J.B. The Summer of 1744: A Portrait of Life in 18th-Century Louisbourg. Parks Canada, 2002. George A. Rawlyk. Yankees at Louisbourg: The Story of the First Siege, 1745. Brenton Books. 1999. MacLellan. Louisbourg.
Benjamin ChurchCaptain Benjamin ChurchColonel Benjamin Church
George 2017) *Military history of Nova Scotia Primary Sources Secondary Sources Endnotes Links 1) Planning each operation in advance, not leaving anything to chance. 2) Ensuring that soldiers under his command were properly trained, fed, and equipped. 3) Building alliances with potential allies (i.e. Native Americans), who may have been overlooked or mistrusted by other commanders. 4) Not inflicting unnecessary damage or harm. 5) Using stealth and surprise to tactical advantage. 6) Understanding how a tactical operation fits in with strategic objectives. 7) Leading by example and from the front. 8) Maintaining communications with higher and lower echelons.
besieging Fort Saint-Jeanbattle of St. Johnsbesiege Fort Saint-Jean
Some Loyalists attempted to dissuade others from joining with Livingston; Livingston's supporters sometimes violently opposed attempts by Loyalists to organize, and Carleton did nothing at the time to assist the Loyalists outside the city. Allen, who was already renowned for his bravado in the action at Fort Ticonderoga, decided, when he reached Longueuil on September 24, to attempt the capture of Montreal. In the Battle of Longue-Pointe, this effort failed on the next day, with Allen and a number of men captured by the British. The alarm raised by Allen's proximity to Montreal resulted in the mustering of about 1,200 men from rural districts outside Montreal.
Battle of Port La Tour80 Mi’kmaq attacked 26 New England fishermenthe first military conflict between the Mi'kmaq and New England
Military history of Nova Scotia. Dickason, Guerre navale", 237. Rawlyk, Nova Scotia's Massachusetts, p. 43.
naval battle in the Bay of FundyNaval action in the Bay of FundyBay of Fundy
. * Military history of Nova Scotia * France and England in North America: A series of historical narratives, Part 5 By Francis Parkman, Chapter 18. p. 388 Primary Sources Hannay, James. The history of Acadia, from its first discovery to its surrender to England. John Clarence Webster. Acadia at the End of the Seventeenth Century. Saint John, NB, The New Brunswick Museum, 1979. According to Baudouin, who gives these details, there was no one in the French ships injured even by a wound, and he says that the Indians on board behaved well. Villebon's Journal.