Copley's family connections were all Loyalists. He defended his wife's relatives at a meeting described in his letter of December 1, 1773. He wrote on April 26, 1774, of an unpleasant experience when a mob visited his house demanding the person of Col. George Watson, a Loyalist mandamus counselor who had gone elsewhere. The patriots having threatened to have his blood if he "entertained any such Villain for the future," Copley exclaimed: "What a spirit! What if Mr. Watson had stayed (as I pressed him to) to spend the night. I must either have given up a friend to the insult of a Mob or had my house pulled down and perhaps my family murthered."
CopleyMr. CopleyJ S Copley
Christian Daniel Claus
Christian Daniel Claus (1727–1787) was a Commissioner of Indian Affairs and a prominent Loyalist during the American Revolution. He was born September 13, 1727 at Bönnigheim, Württemberg the son of Adam Frederic Claus and his wife Anna Dorothea. He arrived in America in 1749. In 1755 he was made a Lieutenant in the Indian Department and a Deputy Secretary of Indian Affairs. He had lived with Joseph Brant and the Mohawks for a while and could speak their language. In September 1775, he was replaced as the deputy superintendent by Major John Campbell. In November, Daniel Claus sailed to London to appeal his case before the British House of Lords.
Conquest of AcadiaSiege of Port Royalcapture
Military history of Nova Scotia. Baudry, René (1969). "Aguer de Subercase." Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Toronto: 35–39. Bouton, Nathaniel (1869). Documents and papers relating to the Province of New Hampshire. Vol. III. Manchester. Campbell J. & Kent, John (1785). Biographia nautical. Dublin. Chartrand, Rene (1993). Canadian Military Heritage. Vol. 1. Art Global, Inc. Dalton, Charles (1904). English Army Lists and Commissions Registers, 1661–1714. Vol. VI. 1707–1714. London: Eyre and Spotswoode. Contains muster rolls and other documents concerning Massachusetts participation, as well as an official British account of the expedition. John Charmock Biographia Navalis. 1794, p. 199.
Raid on Chignectohad been raided in 16961696 Raid on Chignecto
. * Military history of Nova Scotia ; Endnotes * * Secondary Sources. Primary Sources. Villebon letter, Oct. 29, 1696, Webster, p. 94-96 Villebon Letters.
Doan GangDoan BrothersDoan Gang (The)
Loyalists wrote of the Doan gang as if they were Robin Hood. Patriots referred to them as demons. No doubt their success as spies, horsemen, runners, jumpers, their bravery, and their numerous criminal exploits hardened both views. The War for Independence and the Transformation of American Society. The New Doan Book by George MacReynolds. Early History of Washington's Crossing, and Its Environs by Warren S. Ely of Doylestown p. 386. Watson's Annals of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania, 1857 - Area History: Chapter 13 - Part II, Vol II. The Tavern at the Ferry by Edwin Tunis pages 59–102. The Doan Gang: The Remarkable History of America's Most Notorious Loyalist Outlaws by Terry A.
BurgoyneGeneral BurgoyneGeneral John Burgoyne
The British Campaign of 1777, Volume Two – The Burgoyne Expedition: Burgoyne's Native and Loyalist Auxiliaries, Global Heritage Press, Milton, 2013. Burgoyne burial site at Westminster Abbey. Map from a London Newspaper 1778. "The Best of Burgoyne", excerpts from Gen. Sir John Burgoyne's stage-plays. "The Best of Burgoyne", excerpts from Gen. Sir John Burgoyne's stage-plays. "The Best of Burgoyne", excerpts from Gen. Sir John Burgoyne's stage-plays.
Battle at ChedabuctoGuysboroughBattle at Chedabucto (Guysborough)
. * Military history of Nova Scotia *A Journal of The Proceedings In The Late Expedition To Port-Royal, On Board Their Majesties Ship, The Six Friends, The Honourable Sr. William Phipps Knight, Commander In Chief &c. A True Copy, Attested By Joshua Natstock Clerk. Haynes, Mark. The Forgotten Battle: A History of the Acadians of Canso/ Chedabuctou. British Columbia: Trafford. 2004. Geoffrey Plank, An Unsettled Conquest. University of Pennsylvania. 2001. A Journal of The Proceedings In The Late Expedition To Port-Royal, On Board Their Majesties Ship, The Six Friends, The Honourable Sr. William Phipps Knight, Commander In Chief &c. A True Copy, Attested By Joshua Natstock Clerk. Haynes, Mark.
New HollandDutch Occupation of Acadiaconquest of Acadia
Military history of Nova Scotia. History of Maine. New Netherland. L.-A. Vigneras, “Letters of an Acadian trader 1674–1676,” N. Eng. Q., XIII (1940), 98–110. Beamish Murdoch. History of Nova Scotia, p. 154. Capt. Francis Champernowne: The Dutch Conquest of Acadie, and Other Historical Papers (1889). Proofs considered of the early settlement of Acadie by the Dutch: being an appendix to The Dutch in Maine (1858). Dutch Conquest of Acadia. Acadiensis.
He became a Loyalist during the American Revolutionary War, after serving as delegate to the First Continental Congress from Pennsylvania. For much of his career in Pennsylvania politics, he was a close ally of Benjamin Franklin, and he became a leading figure in the colony. As a delegate to the Continental Congress, Galloway was a moderate, and he proposed a Plan of Union which would have averted a full break from Britain. When this was rejected, he moved increasingly towards Loyalism. After 1778, Galloway lived in Britain where he acted as a leader of the Loyalist movement and an advisor to the government.
NCNorthState of North Carolina
A majority of the colonists generally supported the American Revolution, and a smaller number of Loyalists than in some other colonies such as Georgia, South Carolina, Delaware, New York. During colonial times, Edenton served as the state capital beginning in 1722, and New Bern was selected as the capital in 1766. Construction of Tryon Palace, which served as the residence and offices of the provincial governor William Tryon, began in 1767 and was completed in 1771. In 1788 Raleigh was chosen as the site of the new capital, as its central location protected it from coastal attacks.
Rebecca Franks (1760 – September 1823) was a prominent member of loyalist society in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution. Rebecca Franks was born in Pennsylvania about 1760, the daughter and youngest child of David Franks, a businessman, and the sister of Abigail (1745–1798), the wife of Andrew Hamilton (son of the noted attorney of the same name and proprietor of "The Woodlands"), and the niece of Phila Franks, who married Oliver De Lancey an American loyalist politician and a major general during the American War of Independence.
Thomas HutchinsonGovernor Thomas HutchinsonHutchinson
Thomas Hutchinson (9 September 1711 – 3 June 1780) was a businessman, historian, and a prominent Loyalist politician of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in the years before the American Revolution. He has been referred to as "the most important figure on the loyalist side in pre-Revolutionary Massachusetts." He was a successful merchant and politician, and was active at high levels of the Massachusetts government for many years, serving as lieutenant governor and then governor from 1758 to 1774.
Kenneth RobertsKenneth L. RobertsKenneth Lewis Roberts
Oliver Wiswell focuses on a Loyalist officer during the American Revolution and covers the entire war, from famous events such as the Siege of Boston, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the New York and New Jersey campaign through the Battle of Fort Washington, and the Franco-American alliance, to less-remembered events such as the Convention Army, the exodus to Kentucky County, the Siege of Ninety-Six, and the resettlement of the United Empire Loyalists, as well as providing a later look at both a dissolute Rogers and a frustrated Arnold among the British.
John HoweMr. John Howe
"John Howe, Senior: Printer, Publisher, Postmaster, Spy," pp. 24–57, in Eleven Exiles: Accounts of Loyalists of the American Revolution, Phyllis R. Blakeley and John N. Grant, eds. (Toronto and Charlottetown: Dundurn Press Ltd., 1982). Punch, Terrance M. and Marble, Allan E. "The Family of John Howe, Loyalist and King's Printer" in the Nova Scotia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 6 (September, 1976), pp. 317–327. Thomas, Isaiah. The History of Printing In America: with a Biography of Printers & an Account of Newspapers (New York: Weathervane Press, 1970). Massachusetts Gazette and Boston Weekly News Letter (microfilm). Newport Gazette (microfilm). American Loyalists, p. 370.
David Farnsworth was a Colonial-era American Loyalist. He was a British agent during the American Revolutionary War. George Washington had him hanged for his involvement in a plot to destroy the American economy by placing counterfeit money into circulation. Farnsworth initially joined up with Patriot forces in Cambridge, Massachusetts at the age of 15 in 1775, serving as a drummer and participating in the Battle of Bunker Hill. The use of counterfeit money has been used as a strategy in warfare for centuries. The idea is to flood the enemy's economy with fake money, thus devaluing the real money and causing an economic collapse, rendering the enemy unable to fund their side of the war.
besieged Port ToulousePort-Toulouse
. * – Pepperrell to Shirley April 1745 Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Mi’kmaq People. Military history of the Acadians. – Pepperrell to Shirley April 1745.
1688Indian warsSecond Indian War
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of England. Military history of France. King William's War (1689–97) at usahistory.info.
Siege of Port Royalexpedition against the Acadian capital of Port RoyalFirst siege of Port Royal
. * Military history of Nova Scotia *
John HamiltonJohn Hamilton (American Revolution)
At Hanging Rock, though, Hamilton's regiment was routed during the initial Patriot attack, but he rallied his command for an attempted stand along with other Loyalist units. The rallied Loyalist units were dispersed by a cavalry charge commanded by militia leader William Richardson Davie, and the Patriot forces were permitted to ransack the British camp. Hamilton surrendered his regiment, with 80 of its 142 survivors, after the Siege of Yorktown. After his surrender, Hamilton was sent to Saint Augustine in British Florida.
King Georges WarWarin the American colonies
Military history of Nova Scotia. Military history of the Acadians. Military of New France. Boyer, Clark, Kett, Salisbury, Sitkoff and Woloch. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People. Drake, Samuel Gardner. A Particular History of the Five Years French and Indian War in New England. Kingsford, William. The history of Canada, Volume 3. Peckham, Harry H. The Colonial Wars, 1689-1762. King George's War on U-S-History.com. Select Bibliography of King George's War compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History. Journal of Captain WIlliam Pote captive 1745-1747 published 1896.
Siege of Fort Anneattack on their owntwo attacks on Annapolis Royal
. * Military history of Nova Scotia ;Endnotes * [https://archive.org/details/cihm_12322 W.O. Raymond. The old Meductic Fort and the Indian chapel of Saint Jean Baptiste: paper read before the New Brunswick Historical Society (1897)] Secondary Sources. Johnson, Rossiter. A history of the French wars: ending in the conquest of Canada, Volume 2. W.O. Raymond. The old Meductic Fort and the Indian chapel of Saint Jean Baptiste: paper read before the New Brunswick Historical Society (1897). Johnson, Rossiter. A history of the French wars: ending in the conquest of Canada, Volume 2. W.O. Raymond.
1703Northeast Coast Campaignmilitary campaign against the New England frontier
Military history of Nova Scotia. Northeast Coast Campaign (1723). Northeast Coast Campaign (1745). Military history of the Mi’kmaq people.
raided the British fishing port of Cansoraidedattack on Canso
. * Military history of Nova Scotia ;Endnotes * Texts. Bernard Pothier. The Siege of Annapolis Royal, 1744. The Nova Scotia Historical Review. 59-71. Johnson, A.J.B. The Summer of 1744: A Portrait of Life in 18th-Century Louisbourg. Parks Canada, 2002. George A. Rawlyk. Yankees at Louisbourg: The Story of the First Siege, 1745. Brenton Books. 1999.
Sir John JohnsonJohn JohnsonColonel Sir John Johnson
Johnson and thousands of other Loyalists were in permanent exile in Canada. The British had transported some Loyalists from New York and New England for resettlement to Nova Scotia, including more than 3,000 Black Loyalists: African-American slaves whom they had freed as promised for their service during the war. In 1784, Haldimand appointed Johnson to distribute Crown lands (purchased from First Nations) along the St. Lawrence River and the north shore of Lake Ontario including Amherst Island (what became known as Upper Canada) to Loyalists who had come to Canada, as some compensation for their losses in the colonies.
Military history of Nova Scotia. Attribution.