FrankishFrankFrankish kingdom
Aegidius, was originally the magister militum of northern Gaul appointed by Majorian, but after Majorian's death apparently seen as a Roman rebel who relied on Frankish forces. Gregory of Tours reported that Childeric I was exiled for 8 years while Aegidius held the title of "King of the Franks". Eventually Childeric returned and took the same title. Aegidius died in 464 or 465. Childeric and his son Clovis I were both described as rulers of the Roman Province of Belgica Secunda, by its spiritual leader in the time of Clovis, Saint Remigius. Clovis later defeated the son of Aegidius, Syagrius, in 486 or 487 and then had the Frankish king Chararic imprisoned and executed.


VandalVandalicVandal Kingdom
In 457 a mixed Vandal-Berber army returning with loot from a raid in Campania were soundly defeated in a surprise attack by Western Emperor Majorian at the mouth of the Garigliano river. As a result of the Vandal sack of Rome and piracy in the Mediterranean, it became important to the Roman Empire to destroy the Vandal kingdom. In 460, Majorian launched an expedition against the Vandals, but was defeated at the Battle of Cartagena. In 468 the Western and Eastern Roman empires launched an enormous expedition against the Vandals under the command of Basiliscus, which reportedly was composed of 100,000 soldiers and 1,000 ships.


Subsequently, the King defeated two major efforts by the Romans to overthrow him, that of the emperor Majorian in 460 or 461 and that led by Basiliscus at the Battle of Cape Bon in 468. After dying in Carthage at the age of 77, Gaiseric was succeeded by his son Huneric. Gaiseric was an illegitimate son of King Godigisel; he is assumed to have been born near Lake Balaton (Hungary) around 400. After his father's death in battle against the Franks during the Crossing of the Rhine 406 AD, Gaiseric became the second most powerful man among the Vandals, after the new king, his half-brother Gunderic. After Gunderic's death in 428, Gaiseric was elected king.

Licinia Eudoxia

EudociaEmpress Eudoxiadue
Eudoxia promoted her own candidate, in the person of Majorian. John of Antioch reports that Maximus secured his own succession by buying the loyalties of palace officials and the local military. Eudoxia was forced to marry him or face execution. Their marriage secured the connection of Maximus to the Theodosian dynasty. Prosper of Aquitaine reports that Maximus befriended the murderers of Valentinian III instead of punishing them. Both Prosper and Victor of Tonnena place the marriage of Eudoxia to Maximus only days following the death of her first husband, commenting with disapproval that the empress was not given a period to grieve for Valentinian.


Anicius OlybriusFlavius Anicius Olybrius
After Petronius, the Gallic-Roman senator Avitus was proclaimed Emperor by the Visigoth king Theodoric II and ruled for two years; he was deposed by Majorian, who ruled for four years before being killed by his general Ricimer in 461. Gaiseric supported Olybrius to assume the vacant Western throne because Gaiseric's son Huneric and Olybrius had married the two daughters of Valentinian III, and with Olybrius on the throne, Gaiseric could exert great influence on the Western Empire. Therefore, Gaiseric freed Licinia Eudoxia (fulfilling Daniel's prophesy) and her daughter Placidia (Olybrius' wife), but he did not cease his raids on Italy's coasts.

Petronius Maximus

PetroniusFlavius Petronius MaximusMaximus
In particular, the army’s support was split among three main candidates: Maximianus, the former domesticus (bodyguard) of Aëtius, who was the son of an Egyptian merchant named Domninus who had become rich in Italy; the future emperor Majorian, who commanded the army after the death of Aetius and who had the backing of the Empress Licinia Eudoxia; and Maximus himself, who had the support of the Roman Senate and who secured the throne on 17 March by distributing money to the officials of the imperial palace. After gaining control of the palace, Maximus consolidated his hold on power by immediately marrying Licinia Eudoxia, the widow of Valentinian.

Marcellinus (magister militum)

"Resistance and Reconciliation; Majorian and the Gallic Aristocracy After the Fall of Avitus", Francia 7 pp. 597–627.


This is known because the future emperor Majorian was present, and this incident was therefore celebrated in the panegyric written by Sidonius Apollinaris for him. The passage describes "Cloio" as having overrun the land of the Atrebates (Artois, a province north of the Somme, and partly between Tournai and Cambrai). As explained above Gregory of Tours mentions that "some people said" that Merovech, the ancestor of the 'Merovingian' dynasty, was in the line of Chlodio, although Merovech's son Childeric I is known only from records associating him with Romanized northern Gaul.


Sunieric (Latin: Suniericus; fl 459-461) was a Visigoth general, who collaborated with the Roman army in the re-conquest of Spain on behalf of Emperor Majorian. Cyrila's successor, Sunieric was sent by king Theodoric II to Hispania Baetica, in 459, with a Visigothic army. Elevated to the rank of comes rei militaris in the same year, together with general Nepotianus, comes et magister utriusque militiae of Emperor Majorian, he sent messengers in Gallaecia to inform about the alliance between the Visigoths and the Empire.


Battle of Vindonissa—Constantius again defeats the Alemanni. 356, Battle of Reims—Caesar Julian is defeated by the Alemanni. 357, Battle of Strasbourg—Julian expels the Alemanni from the Rhineland. 367, Battle of Solicinium—Romans under Emperor Valentinian I defeat yet another Alemanni incursion. 378, Battle of Argentovaria—Western Emperor Gratianus is victorious over the Alemanni, yet again. 451, Battle of the Catalaunian Fields-Roman General Aetius and his army of Romans and barbarian allies defeat Attila's army of Huns and other Germanic allies, including the Alemanni. 457, Battle of Campi Cannini, Alemanni invade Italy and are defeated near Lake Maggiore by Majorian. 554, Battle of the Volturnus-Armenian-Roman

Caecina Decius Basilius

He was Praetorian prefect of Italy in 458, under Emperor Majorian. Emperor Libius Severus (461-465) honoured Basilius with the consulate of the year 463 (during which he was already Patricius), also naming him Praetorian prefect of Italy, a position Basilius held until 465. The Gallo-Roman poet Sidonius Apollinaris, arrived in Rome in 467, tells that Basilius was one of the two most influential civil officers in Rome in the 460s, together with Gennadius Avienus.

Battle of Garigliano (457)

Battle of Gariglianodefeateddefeats
In 457, the new emperor Majorian surprised a Vandal-Berber raiding party which was returning with loot from Campania. They were engaged at the mouth of the river Garigliano. Many of the raiders were slaughtered before they could reach their ships or were driven into the sea and drowned. The Vandal king Genseric was avenged a few years later at the Battle of Cape Bon.

Libius Severus

SeverusFlavius '''Libius [Severus]''' Serpentius AugustusFlavius Libius Severus Serpentius
However, the area under Libius' control was even smaller, as the governors of several provinces did not recognise him as Emperor: both Aegidius, who controlled Gaul, and Marcellinus, who ruled semi-autonomously over Illyricum, had been supporters of Majorian and thus did not accept Libius' election. Even the Eastern Emperor Leo I the Thracian did not recognise Libius Severus; the historical sources related to the Eastern part of the empire, Marcellinus Comes and Jordanes, consider Libius a usurper of the Western throne.

Battle of Campi Cannini

At nearby Campi Cannini, the Alemanni were defeated by the Roman general Majorian. With the help of his Suebian ally Ricimer, Majorian was later proclaimed Roman emperor.


In response, Emperor Majorian expelled Gundioc from the city. After Majorian's assassination in 461, Gondioc resumed an expansionist policy. He made Lyons his new capital, taking possession of the provinces of Gallia Lugdunensis (now Burgundy) and, in 463, Gallia Viennensis (Rhône valley). After the death of Aetius in 454, Gondioc married the sister of Ricimer, the Gothic general at the time ruling the Western Roman Empire. In 472, Gondioc was succeeded by his younger brother Chilperic I. After the death of Chilperic, Burgundy was divided among the sons of Gondioc: Gundobad, Chilperic II of Burgundy, Godomar and Godegisel. List of Kings of Burgundy. Burgundy (historical region).


In 457, Ricimer overthrew another emperor, Avitus, raising Majorian to the throne. This new emperor proved unhelpful to Ricimer and the Burgundians. The year after his ascension, Majorian stripped the Burgundians of the lands they had acquired two years earlier. After showing further signs of independence, he was murdered by Ricimer in 461. Ten years later, in 472, Ricimer–who was by now the son-in-law of the Western Emperor Anthemius–was plotting with Gundobad to kill his father-in-law; Gundobad beheaded the emperor (apparently personally). Ricimer then appointed Olybrius; both died, surprisingly of natural causes, within a few months.

Magnus (consul 460)

Flavius MagnusMagnus
He was appointed Consul of Rome in 460 by the Emperor Majorian, at the same time Flavius Apollonius served in the East, and later served as praetorian prefect of Gaul in 469. His father, born ca 380, might have been the son of Ennodius, Proconsul of Africa. He might have been Flavius Felix (380 – 430), Consul of Rome in 428, who married Padusia and was allegedly an ancestor of Felix, Consul in 511. His mother (b. 385) was a daughter of Flavius Julius Agricola, Consul of Rome in 421 and father of Emperor Avitus. He was the father of: *Sidonius Apollinaris, The Letters of Sidonius (Oxford: Clarendon, 1915), pp. clx-clxxxiii * John R.


In 459, the Roman Emperor Majorian defeated the Suebi, briefly restoring Roman rule in northern Hispania. Nevertheless, the Suebi became free of Roman control forever after Majorian was assassinated two years later. The Suebic kingdom was confined in the northwest in Gallaecia and northern Lusitania where political division and civil war arose among several pretenders to the royal throne. After years of turmoil, Remismund was recognized as the sole king of the Suebi, bringing forth a politic of friendship with the Visigoths, and favoring the conversion of his people to Arianism.


DertonaBertram TortonaTortona, Piedmont
Majorian (420–461), Western Roman Emperor from 457 until his death, is said to have died here. Judith of Bavaria (c.805–843), Holy Roman Empress and Queen of the Franks, was exiled to Tortona (when her husband Louis the Pious was briefly overthrown) in 833, and rescued in 834. Ufomammut (active 1999-), doom metal band. 🇫🇷 Privas, France. 🇩🇪 Weilburg, Germany (until 2008). Zevenaar, The Netherlands. Jiangyin, People's Republic of China. Diocese of Tortona. In geology, the Tortonian Age of the Miocene Epoch is named for Tortona. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (eds. Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, Marian Holland McAllister).

Severinus (consul 461)

Flavius SeverinusSeverinus
As told by Sidonius Apollinaris, Severinus held some offices under Emperor Avitus (455–456), then participated in Emperor Majorian's campaign in Gaul against the Visigoths (458). As Majorian wanted to please the aristocracy of both Italy and Gaul, he chose Severinus as consul for 461. At a banquet at Arelate, described by Sidonius, Severinus was the second-most important person, after the emperor. Mathisen, Ralph W., "Julius Valerius Maiorianus (18 February/28 December 457 - 2/7 August 461)", De Imperatoribus Romanis. Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, John Robert Martindale, John Morris, "Fl.

Leo I the Thracian

Leo ILeoEmperor Leo
Leo I (Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus; 401 – 18 January 474) was Eastern Roman Emperor from 457 to 474. A native of Dacia Aureliana near historic Thrace, he was known as Leo the Thracian (Greek: Λέων Α' ὁ Θρᾷξ Leōn ha ho Thrax).

Late Roman army

Roman armylate Romanlate Roman military
In modern scholarship, the "late" period of the Roman army begins with the accession of the Emperor Diocletian in AD 284, and ends in 476 with the deposition of Romulus Augustulus, being roughly coterminous with the Dominate. During the period 395–476, the army of the Roman Empire's western half progressively disintegrated, while its counterpart in the East, known as the East Roman army (or the early Byzantine army) remained largely intact in size and structure until the reign of Justinian I (r. AD 527–565).


Dalmatian coastDalmatianDalmatian Islands
Dalmatia (Dalmacija ; Dalmazia; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia and Istria.


A barbarian is a human who is perceived to be either uncivilized or primitive. The designation is usually applied as generalization based on a popular stereotype; barbarians can be any member of a nation judged by some to be less civilized or orderly (such as a tribal society), but may also be part of a certain "primitive" cultural group (such as nomads) or social class (such as bandits) both within and outside one's own nation. Alternatively, they may instead be admired and romanticised as noble savages. In idiomatic or figurative usage, a "barbarian" may also be an individual reference to a brutal, cruel, warlike, and insensitive person.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineByzantinesEastern Roman Empire
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Fatih, İstanbul, and formerly Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe.