Moro Rebellion

MoroAmericansMoro Rebels
As the Moros have never asked more than that, it is not surprising, that they refused all overtures made, by Aguinaldo's agents, at the time of the Filipino insurrection. President McKinley sent a personal letter of thanks to Mr. Straus for the excellent work he had done, and said, its accomplishment had saved the United States at least twenty thousand troops in the field. If the reader will pause to consider what this means in men and also the millions in money, he will appreciate this wonderful piece of diplomacy, in averting a holy war.

Spree killer

spree killingkilling spreeshooting spree
Mass murderers are defined by one incident, with no distinctive time period between the murders. How to distinguish a spree killer from a mass murderer, or from a serial killer, is subject to considerable debate, and the terms are not consistently applied, even within the academic literature. For example, The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment lists five different categories of spree killers and cites Mark O. Barton as an example of the second one. He is also noted with other mass murderers, such as Patrick Sherrill, in the respective entry about mass murder. In The Anatomy Of Motive, John E.

Jim Jones

Rev. Jim JonesJim Jones and the Jonestown suicidesJones
Jones subsequently committed a mass murder-suicide of 918 of his followers, 304 of whom were children, almost all by cyanide poisoning via Flavor Aid. Jones was born on May 13, 1931, in a rural area of Crete, Indiana to James Thurman Jones (1887–1951), a World War I veteran, and Lynetta Putnam (1902–1977). Jones was of Irish and Welsh descent; he later claimed partial Cherokee ancestry through his mother, but his maternal second cousin later stated this was untrue. Economic difficulties during the Great Depression led to the Jones family moving to the town of Lynn in 1934, where Jones grew up in a shack without plumbing.


Jonestown massacreJonestown, GuyanaJonestown deaths
While some refer to the events in Jonestown as mass suicide, many others, including Jonestown survivors, regard them as mass murder. As many as 70 people may have been injected with poison, and a third of the victims (304) were minors. It was the largest such event in modern history and resulted in the largest single loss of American civilian life in a deliberate act until September 11, 2001. The Peoples Temple was formed in Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1955. Though its roots and teachings shared more with biblical church and Christian revival movements than with Marxism, it purported to practice what it called "apostolic socialism".

Moro National Liberation Front

MNLFMoro National Liberation Front (MNLF)Bangsamoro Republik
The Homestead Program is one of the root-causes of the Moro conflict. Poverty, grievances of the Muslim population, weak rule of law and difficult terrain have made counterterrorism challenging against insurgents in the Southern Philippines. On March 18, 1968 there was an alleged massacre of Moro soldiers in Corregidor Island. There has been a long-standing allegation that Malaysia provided the initial training and arming of the first batch of MNLF cadres known as "Top 90" in 1969. Likewise, it has also been alleged that Malaysia was either seemingly ignorant or tolerated the illicit arms shipments, mainly from the Middle East, flowing into Mindanao that fueled the insurgency.


British BorneoSabah, MalaysiaNorth Borneo
High migration to the state was noticeable in the 1970s, when hundreds of thousands of Filipino refugees, mostly the Moros, began arriving due to the Moro conflict in the county. There are also Indonesian labourers from Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Lesser Sunda Islands. Islam is the predominant religion in Sabah, although its society remained secular. In the 2010 census, the percentage of Muslims was around 65.4%, while that of Christians was 26.6% and that of Buddhists 6.1%. In 1960, the population percentage of Muslims was only 37.9%, roughly the same as Animists (33.3%), while the percentage of Christians was 16.6% and those of other religions 12.2%.

Anders Behring Breivik

Anders BreivikBreivikAnders Brievik
In July 2012, he was convicted of mass murder, causing a fatal explosion, and terrorism. Breivik was arrested as a juvenile and rejected from the Norwegian Armed Forces. At the age of 20 he joined the anti-immigration/right-wing Progress Party, and chaired the local Vest Oslo branch of the party's youth organization during 2002. He left the Progress Party in 2006 and went on to join a gun club and the Freemasons while also founding a company which he used to finance his planned terrorist attacks. On the day of the attacks, Breivik electronically distributed a compendium of texts entitled 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, describing his militant ideology.

Corazon Aquino

Corazon C. AquinoAquinoCorazon "Cory" Aquino
Following her death, Filipino Catholics called on the Church to have Aquino canonized and declared as a saint. During her lifetime, Aquino was known and praised for her strong spirituality and sincere devotion to the Catholic faith. Days after her funeral, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) announced that it supported calls to put the former President on the 500-Peso banknote alongside her husband, Ninoy Aquino. Across the globe, messages of sympathy and solidarity with the Filipino people were sent by various heads of state and international leaders.

Jack Gilbert Graham

Jack GrahamGraham, Jack Gilbert
John "Jack" Gilbert Graham (January 23, 1932 – January 11, 1957) was an American mass murderer, who on November 1, 1955, killed 44 people aboard United Airlines Flight 629 near Longmont, Colorado using a dynamite time bomb. Graham planted the bomb in his mother's suitcase, who was killed along with 43 other people, in an apparent move to claim US$37,500 (US $343,667 today) worth of life insurance money from policies he purchased in the airport terminal just before the flight departure. Graham was convicted only of the murder of his mother due to laws at the time, for which he was sentenced to death and was executed by the state of Colorado in 1957.

Seung-Hui Cho

Cho, Seung-Huimotivationmultimedia manifesto
Seung-Hui Cho (조승희 in Korean, properly Cho Seung-Hui; January 18, 1984 – April 16, 2007) was a South Korean-born spree killer and mass murderer who killed 32 people and wounded 17 others armed with two semi-automatic pistols on April 16, 2007, at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in Blacksburg, Virginia. An additional six people were injured jumping from windows to escape. Cho was a senior-level undergraduate student at the university. The shooting rampage came to be known as the Virginia Tech shooting. Cho committed suicide after police breached the doors of the building where most of the shooting had taken place. His body is buried in Fairfax, Virginia.

Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold

Eric HarrisDylan KleboldHarris, Eric David
Eric David Harris (April 9, 1981 – April 20, 1999) and Dylan Bennet Klebold (September 11, 1981 – April 20, 1999) were two American mass murderers who killed 13 people and wounded 24 others armed with firearms, explosives and knives on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Columbine, Colorado. They were twelfth grade (senior) students at the high school. The shooting rampage came to be known as the Columbine High School massacre. Harris and Klebold committed suicide in the library, where they had killed 10 of their victims. Harris was born in Wichita, Kansas. The Harris family relocated often, as Eric's father, Wayne Harris, was a U.S. Air Force transport pilot.

Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God

Kanungu church fire
Ashes of Faith: A Doomsday Cult's Orchestration of Mass Murder in Africa. News. "Religion That Kills", ABC News, 14 February 2001 News story about the phenomenon of cults in Uganda. BBC – Death cult activities 'ignored'.

Richard Speck

Speck, Richard Franklin
Richard Benjamin Speck (December 6, 1941 – December 5, 1991) was an American mass murderer who systematically tortured, raped, and murdered eight student nurses from South Chicago Community Hospital on the night of July 13 into the early morning hours of July 14, 1966. He was convicted at trial and sentenced to death, but the sentence was later overturned due to issues with jury selection at his trial. Speck died of a heart attack after 25 years in prison. In 1996, videotapes featuring Speck were shown before the Illinois State Legislature to highlight some of the illegal activity that took place in prisons.

Islam in the Philippines

IslamMuslimFilipino Muslim
Filipino Muslim. Fil-Mus Foundation. Islam and Muslims in the Philippines. National Commission on Muslim Filipinos is a government agency whose objective is to promote the rights of Muslim Filipinos and to make them active participants in Philippine nation-building.

Marc Lépine

Lépine, MarcMarc Lépine's suicide statementPerpetrator
Marc Lépine (born Gamil Rodrigue Liass Gharbi; October 26, 1964 – December 6, 1989) was a Canadian mass murderer from Montreal, Quebec, who in 1989 murdered 14 women, and wounded 10 women and four men at the École Polytechnique, an engineering school affiliated with the Université de Montréal, in the École Polytechnique massacre, also known as the "Montreal Massacre". Lépine was born in Montreal, the son of Canadian nurse Monique Lepine, and Algerian businessman Rachid Gharbi. Rachid was abusive and contemptuous of women, and left the relationship when Marc was seven, when Monique returned to nursing to support her children.


The American colonial government and subsequently the Philippine government pursued a policy of migration by resettling significant numbers of Christian Filipino settlers from the Visayas and Luzon onto tracts of land in Mindanao, beginning in the 1920s. This policy allowed Christian Filipinos to outnumber both the Moro and Lumad populations by the 1970s, which was a contributing factor in aggravating grievances between the Moro and Filipino Christian settlers as disputes over land increased. Another grievance by the Moro people is the extraction of Mindanao's natural resources by the central government whilst many Moros continued to live in poverty.

Jeff Weise

Jeffrey WeiseWeise, Jeffrey James
Jeffrey James Weise (August 8, 1988 – March 21, 2005) was an American teenage mass murderer and spree killer, who was a student at Red Lake Senior High School in Red Lake, Minnesota, located on the reservation of the Ojibwe people. He murdered nine people in a shooting spree on March 21, 2005. He killed his grandfather and his grandfather's companion before going to the reservation high school, where he murdered seven more people and wounded five others. He committed suicide before being captured by police. Weise struggled in school due to frequent relocations, bullying, disruptions in his personal life and truancy.


first-degree murderfirst degree murdersecond-degree murder
Mass murder. Misdemeanor murder. Murder conviction without a body. Seven laws of Noah. Stigmatized property. Thrill killing. Capital Murder. Assassination, a form of murder where the victim is prominent person such as a head of state or head of government. Australia. Brazil. Canada. China. Cuba. Denmark. England and Wales. Finland. France. Germany. Hong Kong. India. Israel. Italy. Netherlands. Northern Ireland. Norway. Peru. Portugal. Romania. Russia. Sweden. Switzerland. United States. Lord Mustill on the Common Law concerning murder. Sir Edward Coke Co. Inst., Pt. III, ch.7, p. 50. Introduction and Updated Information on the Seville Statement on Violence. The Seville Statement.

Friedrich Leibacher

Leibacher, FriedrichLeibacher, Friedrich Heinz
Friedrich Heinz Leibacher (21 July 1944 – 27 September 2001) was a Swiss mass murderer who killed 14 members of the Zug canton Parliament and injured 18 others, before committing suicide in the Zug massacre. Leibacher had been employed in business, and had several failed marriages to women from the Dominican Republic, of whom one had a daughter. In 1970 he was convicted of incest, theft, forgery and traffic offences, and sentenced to 18 months' detention. He served his sentence in a work-training institution. After leaving detention, Leibacher became unemployed. Doctors diagnosed a personality disorder and alcoholism and he received an invalidity pension.

William Unek

Unek, William
William Unek (1929-February 21, 1957) was an African police constable and mass murderer who killed a total of 57 people in two separate spree killings three years apart. Unek worked as Police Constable or Police soldier in the Belgian Congo. His first murder spree occurred near Mahagi, Belgian Congo on January 1, 1954, where he killed 21 people and wounded many more with an axe in less than an hour and a half, before escaping and finally ending up in British Tanganyika Territory, where he assumed a false identity, found work and began a new life. Apparently because of social misunderstandings with his boss, Unek went on a second rampage which began in the early hours of February 11, 1957.


Lemkin's lifelong interest in the mass murder of populations in the 20th century was initially in response to the killing of Armenians in 1915 and later to the mass murders in Nazi-controlled Europe. He referred to the Albigensian Crusade as "one of the most conclusive cases of genocide in religious history". He dedicated his life to mobilizing the international community, to work together to prevent the occurrence of such events. In a 1949 interview, Lemkin said "I became interested in genocide because it happened so many times. It happened to the Armenians, then after the Armenians, Hitler took action."

Ahmed Ibragimov

Ibragimov, Ahmed
Ahmed Ibragimov was a Chechen mass murderer, who killed at least 34 Russian inhabitants of the village of Mikenskaya, Chechnya, on October 8, 1999, during the Second Chechen War. Ibragimov escaped the village, but was captured two days later and handed over to relatives of his victims, who publicly lynched him in the village square. Ahmed Ibragimov was born in 1956, and was a native of Mikenskaya, Chechnya, a village about 30 miles northwest of Grozny. During the privatization after the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 90s, he acquired some farm machinery and worked as a driver, later on running a small shop, and at one point was also the local postman.

Baruch Goldstein

Goldstein, Baruch Kappel
Baruch Kopel Goldstein (December 9, 1956 – February 25, 1994) was an American-Israeli physician, religious extremist, and mass murderer who perpetrated the 1994 Cave of the Patriarchs massacre in Hebron, killing 29 Palestinian Muslim worshippers and wounding another 125. He was beaten to death by survivors of the massacre.