Luby's shooting

George HennardHennard, George PierreKilleen, Texas Luby's Restaurant Shooting (1991)
The Luby's shooting, also known as the Luby's massacre, was a mass shooting that took place on October 16, 1991, at a Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas. The perpetrator, George Hennard, drove his Ford Ranger pickup truck through the front window of the restaurant. He quickly shot and killed 23 people, and wounded 27 others. He had a brief shootout with police, refused their orders to surrender, and fatally shot himself.

List of rampage killers

List of workplace killingsLists of rampage killersmass murderers
Mass murder. School shooting. Spree killer. Chester, Graham: Berserk! – Motiveless Random Massacres; Michael O'Mara Books, 1993. ISBN: 978-1-85479-177-1. O'Brien, Bill: Killing for Pleasure; Blake Publishing, 2001. ISBN: 978-1-903402-58-0. Pantziarka, Pan: Lone Wolf – True Stories of Spree Killers; Virgin Publishing, 2002. ISBN: 978-0-7535-0617-2. Time-Life Staff: Mass Murderers; Time-Life Books, 1992. ISBN: 978-0-7835-0004-1. Duwe, Grant: The Rise and Decline of Mass Shootings, AOL News (March 1, 2010). Fessenden, Ford: They Threaten, Seethe and Unhinge, Then Kill in Quantity, The New York Times (April 9, 2000).

School shooting

school shootingsschool shootings in the United Statesschool massacre
Some mass murderers study media reports of previous killers. Justin Nutt, Director of Outpatient Services and Mobile Assessment at PEAK Behavioral Health Services, postulates that sometimes those who feel as though they are alone and who feel no one will remember them may seek to be remembered through acts of violence.

Isnilon Hapilon

Isnilon Totoni HapilonAbu Abdullah al-Filipini
Isnilon Totoni Hapilon (March 18, 1966 or March 10, 1968 – October 16, 2017), also known by the nom de guerre Abu Abdullah al-Filipini ("Abu Abdullah the Filipino"), was a Filipino Islamist militant affiliated with ISIS. He was formerly leader of Abu Sayyaf Group, before its battalions pledged their allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. An April 2016 issue of ISIL's weekly newsletter Al Naba said that Hapilon had been appointed as "emir of all Islamic State forces in the Philippines". In the early morning of October 16, 2017, he was killed by the Philippine Army in the Battle of Marawi, along with Omar Maute.

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FBIF.B.I.FBI Special Agent
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes.


Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world's population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, unique and has guided humankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.

North Borneo dispute

territorial claimdormant claimSabah
The North Borneo dispute is the territorial dispute between the Federation of Malaysia and the Republic of the Philippines over much of the eastern part of the state of Sabah, a territory known as North Borneo prior to the formation of the Malaysian federation. The Philippines, presenting itself as the successor state of the Sultanate of Sulu, retains a "dormant claim" on Sabah on the basis that the territory was only leased to the British North Borneo Company in 1878, with the sovereignty of the Sultanate (and subsequently the Republic) over the territory never having been relinquished.

Hyponymy and hypernymy

umbrella termblanket termhyponym
In linguistics, a hyponym (from Greek hupó, "under" and ónoma, "name") is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word, its hyperonym or hypernym (from Greek hupér, "over" and ónoma, "name"). In simpler terms, a hyponym is in a type-of relationship with its hypernym. For example, pigeon, crow, eagle and seagull are all hyponyms of bird (their hypernym); which, in turn, is a hyponym of animal.

University of the Philippines

UPUniversity of the Philippines SystemUniversity of the Philippines Theater
As of 2019, two Americans and 19 Filipinos served as President of the University of the Philippines. The current president of U.P. is lawyer and former University of the Philippines College of Law Dean Danilo L. Concepcion. He assumed office on February 10, 2017. The governance of the University is vested in the Board of Regents of the University of the Philippines System (or Lupon ng mga Rehente in Filipino) and commonly abbreviated as BOR. The board, with its 12 members, is the highest decision-making body of the U.P. system.

Sulu Archipelago

The Moro Rebellion (1899–1913) independence movement continued the Islamic Moro conflict, against the United States occupation in areas of the Moro people in the archipelago and southwestern Philippines. The Sulu Archipelago was part of the Islamic Sultanate of Sulu, founded in 1405 by Shari’ful Hashem Syed Abu Bak’r. The sultanate also included portions of Borneo, Mindanao, Palawan, and other islands in the region. From the first Spanish encounters with Jolo island, the Spanish–Moro conflict met firm and organised resistance from the Sultanate of Sulu.

List of designated terrorist groups

terrorist organizationterrorist groupterrorist organisation
This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism. Some organisations have multiple wings or components, one or more of which may be designated as terrorist while others are not.

Islamic Jihad Organization

Islamic JihadIJOIslamic Jihad Organisation
The Islamic Jihad Organization – IJO (حركة الجهاد الإسلامي, Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami) or Organisation du Jihad Islamique (OJI) in French, but best known as "Islamic Jihad" (Arabic: Jihad al-Islami) for short, was a Shia militia known for its activities in the 1980s during the Lebanese Civil War. They demanded the departure of all Americans from Lebanon and took responsibility for a number of kidnappings, assassinations, and bombings of embassies and peacekeeping troops which killed several hundred people. Their deadliest attacks were in 1983, when they carried out the bombing of the barracks of French and U.S. MNF peacekeeping troops, and that of the United States embassy in Beirut.

Başbağlar massacre

attack the village of BaşbağlarBaşbağlar attack
The Başbağlar massacre (Başbağlar Katliamı) is the name given to the 5 July 1993 event in which 33 civilians were killed, and the village of Başbağlar near Erzincan burnt down. Ex-special forces soldier Ayhan Çarkin claimed that the deep state was behind the massacre. The attack was attributed to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). Some journalists and politicians have argued that both incidents were part of a "strategy of tension" that was part of an alleged military coup in 1993.

Kurdistan Workers' Party

PKKKurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)Kurdish rebels
The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistanê) is a Kurdish far-left militant and political organization based in Turkey and Iraq. Since 1984 the PKK has been involved in an armed conflict with the Turkish state (with a two year cease-fire during 2013-2015), with the initial aim of achieving an independent Kurdish state, later changing it to a demand for equal rights and Kurdish autonomy in Turkey.

Sultanate of Sulu

SuluSultan of SuluSulu Sultanate
The Sultanate of Sulu (Tausūg: Kasultanan sin Sūg, Jawi: کسلطانن سولو دار الإسلام, Kesultanan Sulu, سلطنة سولك) was a Muslim state that ruled the islands in the Sulu Archipelago, parts of Mindanao, certain portions of Palawan and north-eastern Borneo (present-day the certain parts of Sabah and North Kalimantan).

2004 Madrid train bombings

Madrid train bombings11 March 2004 Madrid train bombingsMadrid
The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections. The explosions killed 193 people and injured around 2,000. The bombings constituted the deadliest terrorist attack carried out in the history of Spain and the deadliest in Europe since the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. The official investigation by the Spanish judiciary found that the attacks were directed by an al-Qaeda terrorist cell, although no direct al-Qaeda participation has been established.

Spanish–American War

war with SpainSpanish–AmericanSpanish War
This battle marked the end of Filipino–American collaboration, as the American action of preventing Filipino forces from entering the captured city of Manila was deeply resented by the Filipinos. This later led to the Philippine–American War, which would prove to be more deadly and costly than the Spanish–American War. The U.S. had sent a force of some 11,000 ground troops to the Philippines. On August 14, 1899, Spanish Captain-General Jaudenes formally capitulated and U.S. General Merritt formally accepted the surrender and declared the establishment of a U.S. military government in occupation.

United States Armed Forces

U.S. militaryUnited States militaryarmed forces
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America. It consists of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard. The President of the United States is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and forms military policy with the Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), both federal executive departments, acting as the principal organs by which military policy is carried out. All five armed services are among the seven uniformed services of the United States.


al Qaedaal-Qaidaal Qaida
Al-Qaeda (القاعدة ', translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or "The Database", alternatively spelled al-Qaida and al-Qa'ida''') is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988 by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several other Arab volunteers during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Palimbang, Sultan Kudarat

', officially the ', is a province of, . According to the, it has a population of people.