2008 Mumbai attacks

Mumbai attacks26/11Mumbai terrorist attacks
The 2008 Mumbai attacks (also referred to as 26/11) were a group of terrorist attacks that took place in November 2008, when 10 members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, an Islamic terrorist organisation based in Pakistan, carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across Mumbai. The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday 26 November and lasted until Saturday 29 November 2008. At least 174 people died, including 9 attackers, and more than 300 were wounded.

Treaty of Paris (1898)

Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 18981898 Treaty of Paris
As one Filipino writer noted in 1899: Now here is a unique spectacle – the Filipinos fighting for liberty, the American people fighting to give them liberty. The U.S. National Park Service says, "The Spanish–American War and its aftermath delayed Philippine independence until after World War II, but established a relationship that fostered a substantial Filipino population within U.S. borders." Furthermore, the Platt Amendment allowed the U.S. to continue its occupation of Cuba without annexing, despite promises made during the war and negotiations over Cuban freedom.

Wesley Merritt

MerrittMaj. Gen. Wesley MerrittMerritt, Wesley
. * Portrayed by Greg Dorris in the Filipino film, Heneral Luna (2015). * List of American Civil War generals (Union) * Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN: 0-8047-3641-3.


Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT, undefined ; literally Army of the Good, translated as Army of the Righteous, or Army of the Pure and alternatively spelled as Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, Lashkar-e-Toiba; Lashkar-e-Taiba; Lashkar-i-Tayyeba) is one of the largest and most active Islamist militant organisations in South Asia, operating mainly from Pakistan. It was founded in 1987 by Hafiz Saeed, Abdullah Azzam and Zafar Iqbal in Afghanistan, with funding from Osama bin Laden. Its headquarters are in Muridke, near Lahore in Punjab province of Pakistan, and the group operates several training camps in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.


Jolo IslandJolóAstana Putih
Jolo (Tausūg: Sūg) is a volcanic island in the southwest Philippines and is the primary island of the province of Sulu wherein its capital of the same name is situated. It is located in the Sulu Archipelago, between Borneo and Mindanao, and has a population of approximately 500,000 people.

November 2015 Paris attacks

Paris attacksterrorist attacks in Parisattacks in Paris
The November 2015 Paris attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks that took place on 13 November 2015 in Paris, France and the city's northern suburb, Saint-Denis. Beginning at 21:16 CET, three suicide bombers struck outside the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, during a football match. This was followed by several mass shootings and a suicide bombing, at cafés and restaurants. Gunmen carried out another mass shooting and took hostages at an Eagles of Death Metal concert in the Bataclan theatre, leading to a stand-off with police. The attackers were shot or blew themselves up when police raided the theatre.

Zamboanga City

ZamboangaCity of ZamboangaZamboanga City, Philippines
Hidilyn Diaz - is a Filipino weightlifter and airwoman. Won the silver medal in the 2016 Summer Olympics' women's 53-kg weight division. Buddy Zabala - a Filipino musician and producer. He is currently the bassist of Filipino punk rock band Hilera, Cambio. Was also a member of Eraserheads and bassist for The Dawn. Anton Mari H. Lim - a Filipino veterinarian, businessman, public figure, and humanitarian. Andy Mark C. Barroca - is a Filipino professional basketball player for the Magnolia Hotshots of the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA). Ryan Roose B. "RR" Garcia - is a Filipino professional basketball player for the TNT KaTropa of the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA).

Brigadier general

brigadier-generalgeneral of brigadeBrig. Gen.
Brigadier general ('''Brig. Gen.) or Brigade general''' is a senior rank in the armed forces. It is the lowest ranking general officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of colonel and major general. When appointed to a field command, a brigadier general is typically in command of a brigade consisting of around 4,000 troops (four battalions). In some countries a brigadier general is informally designated as a one-star general (OF-6).

John C. Bates

BatesGeneral Bates
John Coalter Bates (August 26, 1842 – February 4, 1919) was a United States Army officer who served as Chief of Staff of the United States Army from January to April 1906. Along with Arthur MacArthur, Jr., Bates was one of the last American Civil War veterans still on active duty in the United States military at the time of his retirement.


religious cultcultsdestructive cult
Scholars have suggested that outrage following the mass murder/suicides perpetuated by the Solar Temple as well as the more latent xenophobic and anti-American attitudes have contributed significantly to European anti-cult positions. In the 1980s clergymen and officials of the French government expressed concern that some orders and other groups within the Roman Catholic Church would be adversely affected by anti-cult laws then being considered. ;Books ;Articles Governmental lists of cults and sects. Greco-Roman mysteries. List of new religious movements. Secret society. . . . .

List of sultans of Sulu

complete listSultan of SuluSultan
This is a list of the rulers of the Sultanate of Sulu. The Royal House of Sulu is a Muslim royal house of the Sulu Archipelago in the Philippines.

Philippine–American War

Philippine InsurrectionPhilippinesFilipino-American War
The Philippine–American War, also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection or the Tagalog Insurgency (Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense), was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902. While Filipino nationalists viewed the conflict as a continuation of the struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution, the U.S. government regarded it as an insurrection.

William August Kobbé

W.A. KobbeWilliam A. KobbéWilliam Kobbé
William August Kobbé (born New York City, 10 May 1840; died 1 November 1931) was a United States Army officer.

John J. Pershing

PershingGeneral PershingJohn Pershing
When the Philippine–American War began, Pershing reported to Manila on August 17, 1899, was assigned to the Department of Mindanao and Jolo, and commanded efforts to suppress the Filipino Insurrection. On November 27, 1900, Pershing was appointed Adjutant General of his department and served in this posting until March 1, 1901. He was cited for bravery for actions on the Cagayan River while attempting to destroy a Philippine stronghold at Macajambo. Pershing wrote in his autobiography that "The bodies [of some Moro outlaws] were publicly buried in the same grave with a dead pig." This treatment was used against captured juramentado so that the Moro would believe they would be going to hell.

First Battle of Bud Dajo

Bud Dajo Massacrekillings of Muslim FilipinosLabanan sa Bud Dajo
The Moro National Liberation Front published an open letter to the United States President Barack Obama demanding to know why America is supporting Philippine colonialism against the Moro Muslim people, the Filipino "war of genocide", and atrocities against Moros. The letter reminded Obama that the Moro people have resisted and fought against the atrocities of Filipino, Japanese, American, and Spanish invaders. It reminded him particularly of past war crimes, such as the Moro Crater massacre at Bud Dajo, committed by American troops against Moro women and children.

Japanese occupation of the Philippines

Japanese occupationoccupationPhilippines
Filipinos remained loyal to the United States, partly because of the American guarantee of independence, and also because the Japanese had pressed large numbers of Filipinos into work details and even put young Filipino women into brothels. General MacArthur kept his promise to return to the Philippines on 20 October 1944. The landings on the island of Leyte were accompanied by a force of 700 vessels and 174,000 men. Through December 1944, the islands of Leyte and Mindoro were cleared of Japanese soldiers. During the campaign, the Imperial Japanese Army conducted a suicidal defense of the islands. Cities such as Manila were reduced to rubble.

Philippine resistance against Japan

Filipino guerrillasPhilippine guerrillasPhilippine resistance
Then in 1946, the Rescission Act was enacted to mandate some aid to Filipino veterans, but only to those who had disabilities or serious injuries. The only benefit the United States could only give at that time was the Immigrant Act, which made it easier for Filipinos who served in World War II to get American citizenship. It was not until in 1996 when the veterans started seeking for recognition from the United States. Representative Colleen Hanabusa submitted legislation to award Filipino Veterans with a Congressional Gold Medal, which became known as the Filipino Veterans of World War II Congressional Gold Medal Act.


🇬🇾GuyaneseBritish Guiana
In 1978, Guyana received international notice when 918 members of the American cult, Peoples Temple, died in a mass murder/suicide drinking cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. However, most of the suicides were by Americans and not Guyanese. More than 300 children were killed; the people were members of a group led by Jim Jones in Jonestown, the settlement which they had created. Jim Jones's bodyguards had earlier attacked people taking off at a small remote airstrip close to Jonestown, killing five people, including Leo Ryan, a US congressman. In May 2008, President Bharrat Jagdeo was a signatory to the UNASUR Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations.


Filipino martial arts. Bolo knife.

Order of the Solar Temple

Solar TempleLardanchet, Jean-Pierre
The Order of the Solar Temple, also known as Ordre du Temple Solaire (OTS) in French and the International Chivalric Organization of the Solar Tradition, or simply as The Solar Temple, is a secret society and cult that claims to be based upon the ideals of the Knights Templar. OTS was started by Joseph Di Mambro and Luc Jouret in 1984 in Geneva as l'Ordre International Chevaleresque de Tradition Solaire (OICTS) and later renamed Ordre du Temple Solaire.