look downlook down shoot downlook-down
The first aircraft to rely completely on its own radar system is the F-4 Phantom. The F-4J had the Westinghouse AN/AWG-10 fire control system (making the F-4J the first fighter in the world with look-down/shoot-down capability). The Soviet Union introduced its first look-down/shoot-down radar with the Sapfir-23P on the Mikoyan MiG-23 interceptor. This made it harder for U.S. Air Force bombers and cruise missiles to penetrate the Soviet airspace at low altitude (terrain masking), without being detected.

Helmet-mounted display

helmet mounted displayhelmet mounted sightJoint Helmet Mounted Cueing System
Development of the DASH began during the mid-1980s, when the IAF issued a requirement for F-15 and F-16 aircraft. The first design entered production around 1986, and the current GEN III helmet entered production during the early to mid-1990s. The current production variant is deployed on IDF F-15, and F-16 aircraft. Additionally, it has been certified on the F/A-18 and F-5. The DASH III has been exported and integrated into various legacy aircraft, including the MiG-21. It also forms the baseline technology for the US JHMCS.

Gulf War

Operation Desert StormPersian Gulf WarOperation Desert Shield
A total of 48 US Air Force F-15s from the 1st Fighter Wing at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, landed in Saudi Arabia and immediately commenced round-the-clock air patrols of the Saudi–Kuwait–Iraq border to discourage further Iraqi military advances. They were joined by 36 F-15 A-Ds from the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing at Bitburg, Germany. The Bitburg contingent was based at Al Kharj Air Base, approximately an hour south east of Riyadh. The 36th TFW would be responsible for 11 confirmed Iraqi Air Force aircraft shot down during the war.

March Air Reserve Base

March FieldMarch Air Force BaseMarch AFB
Prior to 2013, the 144 FW stationed F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft, initially consisting of F-16C/D Block 25, then F-16C/D Block 32, on alert at March. Following the wing's transition to the F-15 Eagle, the 144 FW now stations an air defense alert detachment F-15C/D Eagle aircraft at this operating location in support of USNORTHCOM and NORAD. Civilian agency flight activities include a permanently based U.S. Customs and Border Protection Air Unit, as well as a California Department of Forestry air unit that uses the base on an intermittent basis. Dragon Flight is a civilian formation flight demonstration team, based at March, sponsored by the March Field Aero Club.

March Field Air Museum

Distinguished Flying Cross
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle 76-0008. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 0393215744. MMIST CQ-10A Snowgoose. Nieuport 11 – Scale replica. Nieuport 11 – Scale replica. North American TB-25J Mitchell 44-31032. North American F-86H Sabre 53-1304. North American F-86L Sabre 50-0560. North American F-100C Super Sabre 54-1786. North American SNJ-4 Texan 51360. Northrop F-89J Scorpion 52-1949. Northrop T-38A Talon 60-0593. Northrop YA-9A 71-1368. Piasecki H-21 Workhorse 53-4326. Republic F-84C Thunderjet 47-1595. Republic F-84F Thunderstreak 51-9432. Republic F-105B Thunderchief 57-5803.

Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum

Chanute Aerospace Museum
The Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum, the largest aviation museum in Illinois, occupied part of the grounds of the decommissioned Chanute Air Force Base in Rantoul, Illinois. It and the base were named for Octave Chanute, railroad engineer and aviation pioneer. The museum was dedicated to the life and works of Chanute, the former air base, the history of aviation in the state of Illinois, and hosted an annual air show.

Eglin Air Force Base

Eglin AFBEglin FieldEglin AFB, Florida
Reactivated at Eglin on 1 April 1965 with F-4C Phantom IIs, the wing operated, successively, F-4D and E models into the 1970s before transitioning to the F-15 Eagle. As of 1 October 2009, the 33d FW transitioned to a training wing for the new F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). The final F-15s assigned to the 33d departed the base in September 2009. As the first of its kind in the Department of Defense, the joint wing is responsible for F-35 JSF pilot and maintainer training for the Air Force, Marine Corps and the Navy. The first of 59 F-35s arrived from Fort Worth, Texas on 14 July 2011.

Aggressor squadron

AggressorAdversaryadversary squadron
Originally Douglas A-4s (US Navy) and Northrop F-5s (US Navy, Marines, and Air Force) were flown along with T-38 Talons that were immediately available and served as placeholders until new F-5E/F Tiger II aircraft were introduced. The Navy and Marine Corps briefly operated 2 squadrons of F-21 Kfir Adversaries at NAS Oceana (VF-43) and Marine Corps Air Station Yuma (VMFT-401). These were eventually supplemented by early-model F/A-18As (US Navy) and specially built F-16Ns (for the US Navy) and F-16A models (for the Air Force). At the end of 2005, the USAF started using the larger and faster F-15 Eagle as an aggressor aircraft alongside the F-16 at Nellis Air Force Base.

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (2000–2009)

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (2000–09)List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (2000–present)2002 USAF Hercules air disaster
The director of the Israel Aerospace Industries announced that an investigation into the incident had already begun and that a panel to probe the crash had been appointed. ;21 July:A United States Navy Sikorsky HH-60H 163790 crashed on a training flight at Fort Pickett, Blackstone, Virginia, United States; minor injuries only. ;23 July:A Turkish Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II crashes on take-off after from the Erhaç Air Base in Malatya, Turkey due to a technical fault caused by drop-tank falling from the aircraft.

Components of jet engines

flush inletintakeair inlet
The air intake can be designed to be part of the fuselage of the aircraft (Corsair A-7, Dassault Mirage III, General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, nose located North American F-86 Sabre and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21) or part of the nacelle (Grumman F-14 Tomcat, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, Sukhoi Su-27, Sukhoi Su-57, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Boeing 737, 747, Airbus A380). Intakes are more commonly referred to as inlets in the U.S.A. Pitot intakes are the dominant type for subsonic applications. A subsonic pitot inlet is little more than a tube with an aerodynamic fairing around it.

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (2010–present)

;May 23: A United States Air Force Northrop T-38 Talon crashes in Mississippi during a training mission, both pilots eject safely. ;June 4: A Republic of China Air Force General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon piloted by Major Wu Yen-ting crashed on Wufenshan, Ruifang District, New Taipei City. ;June 11: A U.S. military McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle fighter jet crashed in waters off Japan's southern island of Okinawa, where the bulk of U.S. forces in Japan are based, during a routine training mission. ;June 22: A United States Air Force A-29 Super Tucano crashed during the Light Attack Experiment evaluation program, at the Red Rio Bombing Range inside the White Sands Missile Range.

George J. Marrett

George Marrett
While at the school, Marrett flew a variety of aircraft including the Northrop T-38 Talon, Lockheed F-104 Starfighter and General Dynamics F-106 Delta Dart. After graduating with Class 64A, he was assigned to the Fighter Test Branch of Flight Test Operations at Edwards and completed three years flight-testing the McDonnell F-4C Phantom, Northrop F-5A Freedom Fighter, and General Dynamics F-111A Aardvark. Marrett flew during the heyday of flight test when many aviation record were set, such as Colonel Robert 'Silver Fox' Stephens' world speed record in the YF-12.

Weapons of the Vietnam War

individual weaponList of Vietnam War weaponsVietnam
F-4 Phantom II - carrier and land based fighter-bomber. F-5 Freedom Fighter - light-weight fighter used in strike aircraft role. F8F Bearcat - piston fighter-bomber, used by the South Vietnamese Air Force until 1964. F-8 Crusader - carrier and land based fighter-bomber. F-14 Tomcat - carrier-based fighter, made its combat debut during Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of Saigon, in April 1975. F-100 Super Sabre - fighter-bomber. F-102 Delta Dagger - fighter. F-104 Starfighter - fighter. F-105 Thunderchief - fighter-bomber. F-111 Aardvark - medium bomber. HU-16 Albatross - rescue amphibian. KA-3 Skywarrior - carrier-based tactical aerial refueler aircraft.

Tonopah Test Range Airport

Tonopah Airport
It is believed that Air Force Material Command operates MiG-29 Fulcrums and Su-27 Flanker aircraft somewhere in Nevada flying against Fighter Weapons School instructors, 422d Test and Evaluation Squadron aircrews and F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon "Aggressor" aircraft flying from Nellis AFB. It is known that the USAF continues a Foreign Materiel Acquisition/Exploitation program, although the extent of acquisitions and operations of that program is not available. In March 1991, in the aftermath of the 1991 Gulf War, a team from the Joint Captured Materiel Exploitation Center arrived at Jalibah Southeast Air Base in Iraq.

USAF Weapons School

United States Air Force Weapons SchoolUSAF Fighter Weapons SchoolUnited States Air Force Fighter Weapons School
The Weapons School deactivated the F-100 and F-105 courses, and added the F-111 and A-7D Corsair II. The Aggressors, flying the T-38 Talon and F-5E Tiger II were stood-up as part of the Weapons School in the early 1970s to improve air-to-air skills by providing accurate threat replication for dissimilar air combat training. The A-7D tenure in the school was a brief 3 years as the squadron transitioned from A-7s to F-5 Aggressors in 1975. Fighter modernization brought both the A-10 Thunderbolt II and the F-15 Eagle into Weapons School operations in 1977. The 1980s ushered in a time of significant change for the Weapons School.

List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft (1975–1979)

1978 Groom Lake & 1979 NAFRrecovery attemptTwo U.S. Army UH-60A Blackhawks
Aircraft impacts on desert floor, whole sequence filmed from Northrop T-38 Talon chase plane. Pilot is treated at a Palmdale, California hospital, and returns to the A-10 cockpit six months later. Joe Baugher cites crash date of 8 August 1977. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mD3Y_Qcqulw&NR=1&feature=fvwp ;15 June:The third prototype Mikoyan MiG-29, '03 Blue/903', utilized for powerplant testing, crashes on its ninth flight when one of the engines suffers an uncontained compressor failure and fragments sever the control runs. The fighter flicks into an irrecoverable spin.

832nd Air Division

832d Air Division
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon operators. List of B-57 units of the United States Air Force. List of F-100 units of the United States Air Force. List of F-105 units of the United States Air Force. List of Lockheed F-104 Starfighter operators. List of McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle operators. List of United States Air Force air divisions. McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II non-U.S. operators.

Robert E. Kelley

Kelley, Robert E.
Air Force Tactical Fighter Weapons Center at Nellis Air Force Base and also served as chairman of the executive committee Multinational Test and Evaluation of the F-16 Fighting Falcon. He was appointed the ninth Superintendent of the U.S. Air Force Academy, Colorado, in June 1981. His final assignment was as Vice Commander, Tactical Air Command, back at its headquarters in Langley. He was promoted to Lieutenant General on July 1, 1983 and retired on October 1, 1986. He was a command pilot with more than 4,000 flying hours. Fighter aircraft he has flown include F-86s, F-100s, F-104s, F-4s, A-7s, A-10s, F-5s, F-l5s, F-16s and F-111s.

Head-up display

HUDheads-up displayheads up display
Many modern fighters (such as the F/A-18, F-16, and Eurofighter) use both a HUD and HMD concurrently. The F-35 Lightning II was designed without a HUD, relying solely on the HMD, making it the first modern military fighter not to have a fixed HUD. HUDs are split into four generations reflecting the technology used to generate the images. Newer micro-display imaging technologies are being introduced, including liquid crystal display (LCD), liquid crystal on silicon (LCoS), digital micro-mirrors (DMD), and organic light-emitting diode (OLED). HUDs evolved from the reflector sight, a pre-World War II parallax-free optical sight technology for military fighter aircraft.

1982 in aviation

19821981June 1982
July 31 – In air-to-air combat since the 1982 Lebanon War began on June 6, Israeli F-15 Eagle fighters have shot down 40 Syrian aircraft, F-16 Fighting Falcons have shot down 44, and F-4 Phantom IIs have shot down one, all without loss to themselves. About half the kills have been MiG-21s and the other half MiG-23s. After a vote in the Israeli Knesset banning Israel's national airline, El Al, from flying on the Jewish Sabbath outrages secular Israelis, angry El Al employees block Orthodox and Hassidic Jews from entering the airport building at Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv.

William J. Knight

Pete KnightWilliam "Pete" KnightWilliam J. "Pete" Knight
He was a project test pilot for the F-100, F-101 Voodoo, F-104 Starfighter and later, T-38 and F-5 test programs. In 1960, he was one of six test pilots selected to fly the X-20 Dyna-Soar, which was slated to become the first winged orbital space vehicle capable of lifting reentries and conventional landings. After the X-20 program was canceled in 1963, he completed the astronaut training curriculum through the Aerospace Research Pilot School at Edwards AFB and was selected to fly the North American X-15. He had more than his share of eventful flights in the X-15.

8th Fighter Squadron

8th Tactical Fighter Squadron8th Fighter-Bomber Squadron8th
North American F-100 Super Sabre, 1957-1962. Republic F-105D Thunderchief, 1962-1967. Republic F-105F Thunderchief, 1962-1967. McDonnell F-4D Phantom II, 1967-1978. McDonnell Douglas F-15A Eagle, 1978-1992. McDonnell Douglas F-15B Eagle, 1978-1992. Northrop T-38 Talon, 1992-2008. Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk, 1992-2008. Lockheed Martin F-22A Raptor, 2009-2011. General Dynamics F-16C Fighting Falcon, 2017–present.

Commandants of the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School

Commander of the United States Air Force's elite Test Pilot SchoolCommandant
The commanding officer of the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School (USAF TPS) is known as its Commandant. The commandant manages the school which is a military unit that operates in a distinctly academic atmosphere. The position is usually held by a colonel selected by the Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) commander although this authority may be delegated to the commander of the Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC). The commandant oversees all flying training, academic instruction, budgeting, and curriculum administration at the school. The commandant also chairs a board of officers that selects the school's students.

7th Fighter Squadron

7th Tactical Fighter Squadron7th Fighter-Bomber Squadron7th
In return, the squadron was to receive General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft from Luke Air Force Base, Arizona as part of a training restructuring plan to move the F-16 Training School from Luke to Holloman. Luke AFB is scheduled to begin the Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II training mission in October 2005. In August 2013, it was announced however, that the United States Congress enacted a freeze on U.S. Air Force structure changes, including aircraft transfers. These moves were reviewed and in April 2014 the last of the F-22s were sent to Tyndall. The squadron was inactivated a month later, on 2 May. ; Explanatory notes ; Citations * F-4 deployments:.

Militaire Luchtvaart Museum

Militaire LuchtvaartmuseumNationaal Militair MuseumNational Military Museum
The Militaire Luchtvaart Museum was located at Camp Zeist near the former Soesterberg Airforce base. It was the official museum of the Royal Netherlands Air Force.