Stanley is a community located in the East Hants municipal district, Hants County, Nova Scotia. Stanley is most famous as the birthplace of the acclaimed Canadian poet Alden Nowlan.
Eutaw Springsat Eutaw SpringsBattles of Eutaw Springs
Hector MacLean: The writings of a Loyalist-Era Military Settler in Nova Scotia. Gaspereau Press. 2015. (Soldier's journal of the Battle of Eutaw Springs). Dunkerly, Robert M. and Irene B. Boland. Eutaw Springs: The Final Battle of the American Revolution's Southern Campaign (U of South Carolina Press, 2017), xviii, 147 pp.
British ArmyBritish forcesBritish
Large numbers of scouts and skirmishers were also formed from loyalists and Native Americans. The renowned Robert Rogers formed the Queen's Rangers, while his brother James Rogers led the King's Rangers. Loyalist pioneer John Butler raised the provincial regiment known as Butler's Rangers, who were heavily engaged in the Northern colonies during which they were accused of participating in massacres at Wyoming and Cherry Valley. The majority of Native Americans favoured the British cause and Mohawk leader Joseph Brant commanded Iroquois and Loyalists in campaigns on the New York Frontier.
St. Catharines, OntarioSt CatharinesSt. Catherines
After the Butler's Rangers disbanded in 1784 and settled the area, Duncan Murray as a former Quartermaster in the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) was appointed by the Crown to distribute free Government supplies (victuals) for 2 years to the resettled Loyalists. He did this from his mill, built on the 12 Mile Creek in Power Glen. After his death in 1786, his holdings were forfeited to merchant Robert Hamilton of Queenston. Hamilton tried to operate for profit the already well-established Murray's Distribution Centre and Mill under the management of his cousin.
LoyalistLoyalistsLoyal to the British Crown
After the British were besieged inside Boston, Loyalist recruits inside the city continued to join the British side. After the Battle of Bunker Hill, Loyalist auxiliary units helped to maintain order inside the city. But that was all they were permitted to do, prior to the British evacuation of the city. The first organized Loyalist unit permitted to fight in a serious battle of the Revolution was Allan Maclean's 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), who helped the British successfully defend Quebec after the American invasion of Canada in the last days of 1775.
British ArmyAmerican EstablishmentAmerican Revolutionary War
Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) (Loyalist). 105th Regiment of Foot (Loyalist, ex Volunteers of Ireland). ?
John MunroCaptain John MunroCaptain The Hon. John Munro
He was the first Loyalist to offer his services to Colonel Allan Maclean of Torloisk and his newly formed 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants). Munro accompanied Maclean (in disguise) for two hundred miles through the hostile Province of New York "at great risk to his own life", and was instrumental in secretly enlisting many of his tenants and neighbours (many of whom were disbanded soldiers of the British and Highland Regiments) into the Royal Highland Emigrants before he was arrested and thrown into gaol at Albany. In 1776, Munro was sentenced to hang, but the following year managed to escape across the border to Canada.
John BethuneRev. John BethuneReverend Doctor John Bethune
As a Loyalist in MacDonald's Highland Regiment, Bethune fought at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in February 1776, but was captured by the victorious rebels along with a great many of MacDonald's men. He was eventually released and made his way to Montreal, where he was appointed chaplain to the 1st battalion of the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants). In 1784, upon the demobilization of his regiment, Bethune ministered to a small band of Presbyterian Scots and in 1786 established the first Presbyterian Church on St Gabriel's Street, Montreal, which became the mother church of Presbyterianism in Canada.
Royal N.S. VolunteersLoyal Nova Scotia Volunteers
Timothy Hierlihy of the Regiment settled in Antigonish (Captain Island and Captain Pond are named after the son. ) *American Revolution - Nova Scotia theatre Gilfred Studholme. Timothy William Hierlihy. Timothy Hierlihy. Hibbert Newton Binney. On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies Various period papers and other records of the Nova Scotia Volunteers. Barry Cahill. Royal NS Volunteer Regiment. 1988.
A monument was later erected to his memory by his great grand-daughter, Eliza Bayard West. * namesake of Ruggles Road, Wilmont, Nova Scotia *Military history of Nova Scotia * [http://dalspace.library.dal.ca/handle/10222/15458?show=full Catherine Cottreau-Robins. Timothy Ruggles - A Loyalist Plantation in Nova Scotia, 1784-1800. Doctorate Thesis.
Raid on LunenburgLunenburgLunenburg in 1782
[[Military history of Nova Scotia#American Revolution|]]. Colonial American military history. Military history of Nova Scotia. A Naval History of the American Revolution. DesBrisay, Mather Byles (1895). History of the county of Lunenburg, pp. 62-68. Eastman, Ralph M. "Captain Noah Stoddard" in Some Famous Privateers of New England. 1928. pp. 61–63. Gwyn, Julian. Frigates and Foremasts: The North American Squadron in Nova Scotia Waters, 1745–1815, University of British Columbia Press. 2003 ISBN: 0774809116. MacMechan, Archibald (1923), “The Sack of Lunenburg” in Sagas of the Sea. The Temple Press, pp. 57–72. A History of American Privateers. Massachusetts Privateers, p. 176.
The village was settled by the troops of the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) for their service in the war, protecting Nova Scotia from ongoing American Patriot attacks by land and sea. In 1861, Douglas Township became part of the newly formed Municipal District of East Hants, along with neighbouring townships. * John Duncanson. Rawdon and Douglas : two loyalists townships in Nova Scotia. 1989.
a combined land and sea assaultaction against the Penobscot ExpeditionAmerican expedition
It draws attention to the presence there of a junior British officer named John Moore, later a famous general. * Military history of Nova Scotia Thesis - Penobscot Expedition. Jonathan Mitchell's Regiment - Begaduce Expedition. Maine Historical Society. British journal of the attack. Paul Revere's account of the attack. A historical novel depicting the Penobscot Expedition, with a non-fiction "Historical Note" (pp. 451–468) on sources and key details. Revolutionary War-Era Swivel Gun reveals its secrets (about a gun raised from Penobscot Bay). "The Ancient Penobscot, or Panawanskek."
Fort GeorgeFort Castine
Military history of Nova Scotia. History of Maine. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Maine. Fort George (Castine) at FortWiki.com. Forts of Castine at NorthAmericanForts.com.
Siege of Saint Johna rebel expeditioneffort at Saint John
Allan's intention of establishing a permanent post was cut short when British authorities in Halifax learned of his operation from a Loyalist who escaped Allan's men. The Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Admiral Marriott Arbuthnot, sent several British war vessels to the mouth of the river. On Monday, June 23, under command of Brigade Major Gilfred Studholme and Colonel Michael Francklin, the British sloop-of-war HMS Vulture arrived, and a few days later she was joined by the frigates Milford and Ambuscade, with a strong detachment of the Royal Fencible Americans and the 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants) on board.
UpperUpper CanadianCanada West
After an initial group of about 7,000 United Empire Loyalists were thinly settled across the province in the mid-1780s, a far larger number of "late-Loyalists" arrived in the late 1790s and were required to take an oath of allegiance to the Crown to obtain land if they came from the US. Their fundamental political allegiances were always considered dubious. By 1812, this had become acutely problematic since the American settlers outnumbered the original Loyalists by more than ten to one. Following the War of 1812, the colonial government under Lt. Governor Gore took active steps to prevent Americans from swearing allegiance, thereby making them ineligible to obtain land grants.
Daniel DulanyDaniel Dulaney
Daniel Dulany the Younger (June 28, 1722 – March 17, 1797) was a Maryland Loyalist politician, Mayor of Annapolis, and an influential American lawyer in the period immediately before the American Revolution. His pamphlet Considerations on the Propriety of Imposing Taxes in the British Colonies. which argued against taxation without representation, has been described as "the ablest effort of this kind produced in America". Daniel Dulany was born on June 28, 1722 in Annapolis, Maryland, into a family steeped in law and politics. His father was the wealthy lawyer and public official Daniel Dulany the Elder (1685–1753). His brother Walter Dulany would also go on to be Mayor of Annapolis.