Pakistan Navy

The naval operation in Dwarka had greatly increased the prestige of the Pakistan Navy and it had also alerted Indian Navy commanders to the significant threat posed by the Pakistan Navy, and to its own naval shortcomings. After the war, the United States imposed an arms embargo on Pakistan and Pakistani military began exploring options for military procurement from China, France, and Soviet Union. The United Kingdom offered the Navy to jointly built the Type 21 frigate but was rejected by Ayub administration that would only allow the financial capital to be spent on submarine procurement.

Education Index

educationenrollment in schoolUnited Nations Human Development Index
United Nations publishes a Human Development Index every year, which consists of the Education index, GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index. These three components measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy respectively.

Left- and right-hand traffic

right-hand driveleftleft-hand drive
In France, traditionally foot traffic had kept right, while carriage traffic kept left. Following the French Revolution, all traffic kept right. Following the Napoleonic Wars, the French imposed RHT on parts of Europe. During the colonial period, RHT was introduced by the French in New France, French West Africa, the Maghreb, French Indochina, the West Indies, French Guiana and the Réunion, among others.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Brno is home to all three of the country's highest courts, making it the de facto capital of the Czech judicial branch. 🇪🇪 Estonia: the Supreme Court and the Ministry of Education and Research are located in Tartu. 🇫🇮 Finland: During the summer, the President resides at the Kultaranta in Naantali; presidential sessions of the government are held there as well. 🇫🇷 France: The French constitution does not recognise any capital city in France. By law Paris is the seat of both houses of Parliament (the National Assembly and the Senate), but their joint congresses are held at the Palace of Versailles.

Parental leave

maternity leavepaternity leavepaid family leave
The term "parental leave" generally includes maternity, paternity, and adoption leave. A distinction between "maternity leave" and "parental leave" is sometimes made- maternity leave as the mother's leave time directly before and after childbirth and parental leave being the time given to care for newborns. In some countries and jurisdictions, "family leave" also includes leave provided to care for ill family members. Often, the minimum benefits and eligibility requirements are stipulated by law. Unpaid parental or family leave is provided when an employer is required to hold an employee's job while that employee is taking leave.

Islam by country

Muslim-majority countriesMuslim-majority countryIslamic world
The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), and India (10.9%). About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries. In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Iran and Turkey are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities. The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria. Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has more Muslims than all the other Muslim majority countries except Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran and Turkey.

2018 Pakistani general election

20182018 general electiongeneral elections
We are willing to work together with the new Pakistani government to push China-Pakistan all-weather strategic partnership to a new level.”. 🇫🇷 France – Spokesperson of the French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs issued the statement, "France welcomes the mobilization of the Pakistani people, who went to the polls to exercise their electoral rights despite calls from extremist groups and incidents during the electoral process, which will be detailed in the final report of the Election Observation Mission of the European Union.

Striped hyena

hyenastriped hyaenaHyaena hyaena
The winter coat is unusually long and uniform for an animal its size, with a luxuriant mane of tough, long hairs along the back from the occiput to the base of the tail. The coat is generally coarse and bristly, though this varies according to season. In winter, the coat is fairly dense, soft, and has well-developed underfur. The guard hairs are 50–75 mm long on the flanks, 150–225 mm long on the mane and 150 mm on the tail. In summer, the coat is much shorter and coarser, and lacks underfur, though the mane remains large. In winter, the coat is usually of a dirty-brownish grey or dirty grey colour.


🇹🇩ChadianRepublic of Chad
French colonial expansion led to the creation of the Territoire Militaire des Pays et Protectorats du Tchad in 1900. By 1920, France had secured full control of the colony and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. French rule in Chad was characterised by an absence of policies to unify the territory and sluggish modernisation compared to other French colonies. The French primarily viewed the colony as an unimportant source of untrained labour and raw cotton; France introduced large-scale cotton production in 1929. The colonial administration in Chad was critically understaffed and had to rely on the dregs of the French civil service.

Continental climate

continentalDsbhumid continental
France: Chamonix. Belgium: Bertrix. Italy: Bruneck, Cortina d'Ampezzo. Austria: Innsbruck, Salzburg (bordering an oceanic climate). Switzerland: Bern. Germany: Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Norway: Oslo, Trondheim, Lillehammer. Sweden: Stockholm, Gothenburg. Finland: Helsinki, Turku. Estonia: Tallinn. Latvia: Riga. Lithuania: Vilnius. Belarus: Minsk, Grodno. Ukraine: Kiev, Kharkiv, Lviv. Czech Republic: Prague. Poland: Warsaw, Wrocław, Szczecin. Slovakia: Bratislava. Bulgaria: Sofia, Pleven. Romania: Bucharest. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo. Croatia: Zagreb. Moldova: Chișinău. Russia: throughout much of southern Russia except coastal Black Sea.

Head of government

heads of governmentgovernmentchief executive
A modern example is the present French government, which originated as the French Fifth Republic in 1958. In France, the president, the head of state, appoints the prime minister, who is the head of government. However, the president must choose someone who can act effectively as an executive, but who also enjoys the support of the France's legislature, the National Assembly, in order to be able to pass legislation. In some cases, the head of state may represent one political party but the majority in the National Assembly is of a different party.

State religion

state churchestablished churchofficial religion
of the Constitution of Pakistan: "Islam shall be the State religion of Pakistan.".

Inter-Services Intelligence

ISIDirectorate for Inter-Services IntelligenceInter-Services Intelligence (ISI)
Wang is accused of conspiring to export and re-export, and exporting and re-exporting specially designed, high-performance epoxy coatings to the Chashma 2 Nuclear Power Plant in Pakistan. Wang and her co-conspirators agreed upon a scheme to export and re-export the high-performance epoxy coatings from the United States to Pakistan's Chashma II plant, via a third-party distributor in People's Republic of China. US officials and Pakistani journalists and scholars say the ISI has a systematic campaign to threaten those who speak critically of the Pakistan military. Critics of the ISI say that it has become a state within a state and not accountable enough.


North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNorth Atlantic Treaty OrganisationNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
French Algeria was however covered until their independence on 3 July 1962. Twelve of these twenty-nine are original members who joined in 1949, while the other seventeen joined in one of seven enlargement rounds. From the mid-1960s to the mid-1990s, France pursued a military strategy of independence from NATO under a policy dubbed "Gaullo-Mitterrandism". Nicolas Sarkozy negotiated the return of France to the integrated military command and the Defence Planning Committee in 2009, the latter being disbanded the following year.

International Bureau of Weights and Measures

BIPMInternational Conference on Weights and MeasuresBIPM spelling
The organisation is usually referred to by its French initialism, BIPM. The BIPM's headquarters is based at Sèvres, France. It has custody of the International Prototype of the Kilogram and houses the secretariat for this organization as well as hosting its formal meetings.