Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was very low in both North America and Europe, and was not widely used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia and Taiwan. CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD (VCD) became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed.


Signals toward North Korea are not immediately affected, nor are remaining analog cable television systems.). 🇱🇷 Liberia. 🇲🇭 Marshall Islands (in Compact of Free Association with US; US aid funded NTSC adoption). 🇲🇽 mexico plans to transition from NTSC announced July 2, 2004, started conversion in 2013 full transition was scheduled for December 31, 2015, but due to technical and economic issues for some transmitters, the full transition was extended to be completed on December 31, 2016. 🇲🇸 Montserrat. 🇫🇲 Micronesia (in Compact of Free Association with US, transitioning to DVB-T).

List of fictional American countries

Petoria: Is an Oligarchic Micro or Small nation that only occupies the Griffin household and later invades the Swanson's backyard as "Joehio" in the Family Guy episode "E. Peterbus Unum" and briefly mentioned in "Stew-Roids". "Republic" of Boulder City also called "Boulder Free Zone": It's a re-establish democratic city-state formed and founded by "Mother" Abagail in aftermath of World-ending flu; which actually closer of Theocratic-based democracy which formed in Stephen King's The Stand.

2009 in American television

The following is a list of events affecting American television in 2009. Events listed include television show debuts, finales, cancellations, and new channel launches.

Rucka Rucka Ali

DJ Not Nice
Some critics have labeled Ali as a racist as a reaction to his songs, although his humour seems heavily influenced by mainstream comedy television shows, such as South Park, Family Guy, and Chappelle's Show. His videos and YouTube channels are frequently removed (since he started creating music videos he has had 17 YouTube channels deleted for terms of service violations), but are reuploaded by his fans, who call themselves "Rucka's Nuckas". One of his most infamous parodies was "Ima Korean", which was a parody of The Black Eyed Peas' "I Gotta Feeling" which makes fun of Kim Jong-il and North Koreans.

List of fictional countries

Fictional countriesfictional stateGrenyarnia
This is a list of fictional countries from published works of fiction (books, films, television series, games, etc.). Fictional works describe all the countries in the following list as located somewhere as we know it – as opposed to underground, inside the planet, on another world, or during a different "age" of the planet with a different physical geography.


9090sEarly 1990s
It has spawned the adult-oriented animated sitcom genre, inspiring racier shows such as Beavis and Butt-head (1993–1997), Daria (1997–2001), along with South Park and Family Guy, the latter two of which began in 1997 and 1999 respectively and continue to air new episodes through the 2000s and into the 2010s.

2000s (decade)

2000snoughties2000s decade
North Korea successfully performed two nuclear tests in 2006 and 2009. Operation Orchard – during the operation, Israel bombed what was believed to be a Syrian nuclear reactor on September 6, 2007, which was thought to be built with the aid of North Korea. The White House and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) later declared that American intelligence indicated the site was a nuclear facility with a military purpose, though Syria denies this. The Doomsday Clock, the symbolic representation of the threat of nuclear annihilation, moved four minutes closer to midnight: two minutes in 2002 and two minutes in 2007 to 5 minutes to midnight. East Timor regains independence from Indonesia in 2002.

We Didn't Start the Fire

Billy Joel referencefirst verse
Television is becoming widespread throughout Europe and North America. North Korea and South Korea are plunged into war after Northern forces stream south on June 25. Marilyn Monroe appears in five films, including The Asphalt Jungle and ''All About Eve. The Rosenbergs, married couple Ethel and Julius, were convicted on June 19 of espionage. H-Bomb: The United States is in the middle of developing the hydrogen bomb as a nuclear weapon; it would be first tested in late 1952. Sugar Ray Robinson, a champion boxer, defeats Jake LaMotta in the "St. Valentine's Day Massacre". Panmunjom, the border village in Korea, is the location of truce talks between the parties of the Korean War.

The Falcon and the D'ohman

Justin Hurwitz
Television Blend's Steve West commented that the episode was the worst of the Animation Domination lineup that week and further elaborated that the cultural references "are always a year behind, and the smart writers who used classic American culture to bring wit to the series have been replaced by those who want to mimic South Park and Family Guy. They fail miserably, and it's gotten so bad that I now no longer care about the relationship between Marge and Homer."

Conan O'Brien

ConanO'BrienConan O’Brien
His visit included a trip to the Korean Demilitarized Zone, which resulted in O'Brien and Steven Yeun to also visit North Korea on a technicality by stepping across the border line at the DMZ. Conan commented on the significance during the sketch, claiming, "The idea that you and I could be in North Korea, talking and communicating freely, seems like kind of a cool message." TBS extended the show through 2018 in 2014 and through 2022 in 2017. In the fall of 2018, Conan took a hiatus while O'Brien launched another national comedy tour. The show returned January 22, 2019, in a new half-hour format without the live band.

Culture of South Korea

Contemporary culture of South KoreaSouth KoreaSouth Korean culture
While The Simpsons is the best known back-room product of South Korea, many other popular English-language animation series (Futurama, King of the Hill, Avatar: The Last Airbender, Family Guy) have had the basic animation, in-betweening, and coloring done in South Korea; there has also been some South Korean collaborations and minor contributions on anime from Japan. This work is professional, but not necessarily Korean in tone or manner. Recently, the animation Pororo the Little Penguin became one of the most popular cultural exports of South Korea, being exported to 120 countries worldwide. This little blue penguin has 1,500 spin-off products and a section in a theme park.

Seth MacFarlane

MacFarlaneSeth McFarlanehis voice actor
In addition to writing three episodes, "Death Has a Shadow", "Family Guy Viewer Mail 1" and "North by North Quahog", MacFarlane voices Family Guys main male characters – Peter Griffin, Stewie Griffin, Brian Griffin, and Glenn Quagmire as well as Tom Tucker, his son Jake Tucker, and additional characters. Bolstered by high DVD sales and established fan loyalty, Family Guy developed into a US$1-billion franchise. On May 4, 2008, after approximately two and a half years of negotiations, MacFarlane reached a US$100-million agreement with Fox to keep Family Guy and American Dad! until 2012. The agreement makes him the world's highest paid television writer.

Peter Griffin

PeterNate Griffinhis father
Peter is also featured on the Family Guy: Live in Vegas CD, and plays a significant part in Family Guy Video Game!, the first Family Guy video game, which was released by 2K Games in 2006. Peter will be used in the game Family Guy Online as a character class for the game's character creator. MacFarlane recorded exclusive material of Peter's voice and other Family Guy characters for a 2007 pinball machine based the show, created by Stern Pinball. In 2004, the first series of Family Guy toy figurines was released by Mezco Toyz; each member of the Griffin family had their own toy, with the exception of Stewie, of whom two different figures were made.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
In the North, however, a former anti-Japanese guerrilla and communist activist, Kim Il-sung was appointed premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in September. In October, the Soviet Union declared Kim Il-sung's government as sovereign over both parts. The UN declared Rhee's government as "a lawful government having effective control and jurisdiction over that part of Korea where the UN Temporary Commission on Korea was able to observe and consult" and the Government "based on elections which was observed by the Temporary Commission" in addition to a statement that "this is the only such government in Korea."

Griffin family

Griffinsthe Griffinsfamily
The Griffin family is a fictional family from the animated television series Family Guy. The Griffins are a nuclear family consisting of the married couple Peter and Lois, their three children Meg, Chris, and Stewie, and their anthropomorphic dog Brian. They live at 31 Spooner Street in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. Their family car is a red sixth-generation Ford Country Squire. They were created by Seth MacFarlane, in model of his two animated films, The Life of Larry and Larry & Steve. The family debuted on January 31, 1999, after Super Bowl XXXIII, in the episode "Death Has a Shadow."

China–North Korea border

Manchurian borderNorth Korean borderborder
The China–North Korea border is the international border separating the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). The border is 880 mi long. From west to east, the Amnok river, Paektu Mountain, and the Tumen River divides the two countries. Dandong, in the Liaoning Province of China, on the Amnok River delta, is the largest city on the border. On the other side of the river is the city of Sinuiju in North Pyongan Province, North Korea. The two cities are situated on the Amnok river delta at the western end of the border, near the Yellow Sea. Their waterfronts face each other and are connected by the Sino–Korean Friendship Bridge.

Yalu River

YaluAmnok RiverAmnok
In the river delta upstream from Dandong and adjacent to Hushan are several North Korean villages. Economic conditions in these villages have been described as poor, without access to electricity. * Battle of the Yalu River (1894) – First Sino-Japanese War. Battle of Yalu River (1904) – Russo-Japanese War. Battle near to the Yalu River (1950) – Korean War. Sino–Korean Friendship Bridge, Dandong, China – Sinŭiju, North Korea. Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge, Ji'an China – Manp'o, North Korea. New Yalu River Bridge, under construction between Dandong, China and Sinŭiju, North Korea. China–North Korea border. Geography of China. Geography of North Korea. List of China-related topics.

East Asia

East AsianEastEastern Asia
North Asia borders East Asia's north, Southeast Asia the south, South Asia the southwest, and Central Asia the west. To the east is the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast is Micronesia (a Pacific Ocean island group, classified as part of Oceania). States of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Chinese special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. The East Asian states China, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan are all unrecognized by at least one other East Asian state. Hong Kong and Macau are officially highly autonomous but are under effective Chinese sovereignty.

Stewie Griffin

StewiePeter Griffin's infant son
In 2018, Watchmojo.com ranked him #1 on their "Top 10 Family Guy Characters" list. Several commentators, including its author Chris Ware, have noticed similarities between the title character of the graphic novel Jimmy Corrigan, the Smartest Kid on Earth (first published in 1995) and Stewie. Ware has remarked that the similarities are "a little too coincidental to be simply, well, coincidental." He further stated, "I don't want a book of seven years' worth of my stuff to become available and then be accused of being a rip-off of Family Guy." 20th Century Fox insists that Stewie is an entirely original character.

Lois Griffin

LoisLois Pewterschmidt
Lois and the rest of the Griffins live in the fictional city of Quahog, Rhode Island, which is modeled after Cranston, Rhode Island. Lois primarily works as a housewife throughout the series, though she did give piano lessons in early episodes. Lois has also had various jobs in single episodes such as in "FOX-y Lady", where she becomes the new reporter for Fox News Channel, in "It Takes a Village Idiot, and I Married One", Lois is elected the mayor of Quahog, and in "Call Girl" Lois gets a job doing phone sex. In the episode Take a Letter, Lois works at the Post Office, where she sarcastically states "she is 6,004th in line for the Presidency."

Meg Griffin

MegMegan "Meg" GriffinStan Thompson (Family Guy)
Megan "Meg" Griffin is a fictional character in the animated television series Family Guy. Meg is the eldest child of Peter and Lois Griffin and older sister of Stewie and Chris, but is also the family's scapegoat who receives the least of their attention and bears the brunt of their abuse. She is often bullied, ridiculed, and ignored. Meg first appeared on television, along with the rest of the Griffin family, in a 15-minute short on December 20, 1998.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
North Korea continued to claim that any South Korean POW who stayed in the North did so voluntarily. However, since 1994, South Korean POWs have been escaping North Korea on their own after decades of captivity., the South Korean Ministry of Unification reported that 79 ROK POWs escaped the North. The South Korean government estimates 500 South Korean POWs continue to be detained in North Korea. The escaped POWs have testified about their treatment and written memoirs about their lives in North Korea. They report they were not told about the POW exchange procedures, and were assigned to work in mines in the remote northeastern regions near the Chinese and Russian border.

Korean Demilitarized Zone

Demilitarized ZoneDMZKorean DMZ
The 38th parallel north—which divides the Korean Peninsula roughly in half—was the original boundary between the United States and Soviet Union's brief administration areas of Korea at the end of World War II. Upon the creation of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK, informally "North Korea") and the Republic of Korea (ROK, informally "South Korea") in 1948, it became a de facto international border and one of the most tense fronts in the Cold War. Both the North and the South remained dependent on their sponsor states from 1948 to the outbreak of the Korean War.

Brian Griffin

BrianBrian (''Family Guy'')Brian Griffin, the Dog
List of Family Guy characters.