Sexual fetishism

fetishsexual fetishfetishes
MILF pornography. PVC clothing. Sexual roleplay. Uniform fetishism. Bienvenu, Robert (2003). The Development of Sadomasochism as a Cultural Style in the Twentieth-Century United States. Online PDF under Sadomasochism as a Cultural Style. Коловрат Ю. А. Сексуальное волховство и фаллоктенические культы древних славян // История Змиевского края. – Змиев. – 19.10.2008. Коловрат Ю. А. Сексуальное волховство и фаллоктенические культы древних славян // История Змиевского края. – Змиев. – 19.10.2008. Коловрат Ю. А. Сексуальное волховство и фаллоктенические культы древних славян // История Змиевского края. – Змиев. – 19.10.2008. Коловрат Ю. А.

Human rights

human righthuman rights violationshuman rights abuses
Interest theories highlight the duty to respect the rights of other individuals on grounds of self-interest: "Human rights law, applied to a State's own citizens serves the interest of states, by, for example, minimizing the risk of violent resistance and protest and by keeping the level of dissatisfaction with the government manageable" The biological theory considers the comparative reproductive advantage of human social behavior based on empathy and altruism in the context of natural selection. The most common categorization of human rights is to split them into civil and political rights, and economic, social and cultural rights.

African Americans

African AmericanAfrican-Americanblack
Ferguson in 1896—which was legally mandated by southern states and nationwide at the local level of government, voter suppression or disenfranchisement in the southern states, denial of economic opportunity or resources nationwide, and private acts of violence and mass racial violence aimed at African Americans unhindered or encouraged by government authorities. The desperate conditions of African Americans in the South sparked the Great Migration during the first half of the 20th century which led to a growing African-American community in Northern and Western United States.

Ivory Coast

Côte d'ivoireIvorianCote d'Ivoire
The government claimed that former president Robert Guéï led a coup attempt, and state TV showed pictures of his dead body in the street; counter-claims stated that he and 15 others had been murdered at his home, and his body had been moved to the streets to incriminate him. Alassane Ouattara took refuge in the German embassy; his home had been burned down. President Gbagbo cut short his trip to Italy and on his return stated, in a television address, that some of the rebels were hiding in the shanty towns where foreign migrant workers lived. Gendarmes and vigilantes bulldozed and burned homes by the thousands, attacking residents.

Massachusetts

MACommonwealth of MassachusettsMass.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England.

Deviance (sociology)

deviancedeviantdeviant behavior
Some of the examples include murder, rape, incest, or child molestation. Howard Becker, a labeling theorist, identified four different types of deviant behavior labels which are given as: Deviant acts can be assertions of individuality and identity, and thus as rebellion against group norms of the dominant culture and in favor of a sub-culture. In a society, the behavior of an individual or a group determines how a deviant creates norms. Émile Durkheim claimed that deviance was in fact a normal and necessary part of social organization.

Immorality

immoralmorally bankruptmoral bankruptcy
De Quincey set out an (inverted) hierarchy of immorality in his study On Murder Considered as one of the Fine Arts: "if once a man indulges himself in murder, very soon he comes to think little of robbing; and from robbing he comes next to drinking and Sabbath-breaking, and from that to procrastination and incivility...this downward path". Bible. Catechism of the Catholic Church. André Gide, L'Immoraliste (1902). Catherine Edwards, The Politics of Immorality in Ancient Rome (2002).

Sexual abuse

sexually abusedsexualsex abuse
It includes direct sexual contact, the adult or otherwise older person engaging indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc.) to a child with intent to gratify their own sexual desires or to intimidate or groom the child, asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities, displaying pornography to a child, or using a child to produce child pornography. Effects of child sexual abuse include shame, self-blame, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, self-esteem issues, sexual dysfunction, chronic pelvic pain, addiction, self-injury, suicidal ideation, borderline personality disorder, and propensity to re-victimization in adulthood.

Pornographic magazine

adult magazinepornographic magazinesadult magazines
Pornographic magazines, or erotic magazines, sometimes known as adult, sex or top-shelf magazines, are magazines that contain content of an explicitly sexual nature. Publications of this kind may contain images of attractive naked subjects, as is the case in softcore pornography, and, in the usual case of hardcore pornography, depictions of masturbation, oral or anal sex, or intercourse. They primarily serve to stimulate sexual arousal, and are often used as an aid to masturbation. Some magazines are general in their content, while others may be more specific and focus on a particular pornographic niche, part of the anatomy, or model characteristics.

Crime prevention

preventionsituational crime preventionpreventing crime
World Health Organization, Preventing violence: A guide to implementing the recommendations of the World Report on Violence and Health, Geneva: Violence and Injuries Prevention, 2004. World Health Organization, World Report on Violence and Health, Geneva: Violence and Injuries Prevention, 2002. Institute for the Prevention of Crime. International Center for the Prevention of Crime. Crime Prevention and Social Media Community of Practice.

Castle doctrine

an Englishman's home is his castleCastle Doctrine in the United StatesCastle law
With justifiable homicide in self-defense, one generally must objectively prove to a trier of fact, against all reasonable doubt, the intent in the intruder's mind to commit violence or a felony. It would be a misconception of law to infer that because a state has a justifiable homicide in self-defense provision pertaining to one's domicile, it has a castle doctrine protecting the estate and exonerating any duty whatsoever to retreat therefrom. The doctrine can be misused as a pretext for extrajudicial punishment in private spaces.

Law of war

laws of warjus in bellorules of war
Generally speaking, the laws require that belligerents refrain from employing violence that is not reasonably necessary for military purposes and that belligerents conduct hostilities with regard for the principles of humanity and chivalry. However, because the laws of war are based on consensus, the content and interpretation of such laws are extensive, contested, and ever-changing. The following are particular examples of some of the substance of the laws of war, as those laws are interpreted today. Section III of the Hague Convention of 1907 required hostilities to be preceded by a reasoned declaration of war or by an ultimatum with a conditional declaration of war.

Nudity in film

nuditynude sceneNudity in film (East Asian cinema since 1929)
A film on naturism or about people for whom nudity is common may contain non-sexual nudity, and some other non-pornographic films may contain very brief nude scenes. The vast majority of nudity in film is found in pornographic films. Nude scenes can be controversial in some cultures because they may challenge some of the community's standards of modesty. These standards vary by culture, and depend on the type of nudity, who is exposed, which parts of the body are exposed, the duration of the exposure, the pose, the context, and other aspects.

Hate crime

hate crimesracially motivatedhate-crime
The penalties for murder were raised from 30 years (for non-hate crimes) to life imprisonment (for hate crimes), and the penalties for violent attacks leading to permanent disability were raised from 10 years (for non-hate crimes) to 15 years (for hate crimes). "There is no general provision in Georgian law for racist motivation to be considered an aggravating circumstance in prosecutions of ordinary offenses.

Right of self-defense

self-defensereasonable forcedefense of others
The fact that states no longer claim a monopoly to police within their borders, enhances the argument that individuals may exercise a right or privilege to use violence in their own defense. Indeed, modern libertarianism characterizes the majority of laws as intrusive to personal autonomy and, in particular, argues that the right of self-defense from coercion (including violence) is a fundamental human right, and in all cases, with no exceptions, justifies all uses of violence stemming from this right, regardless whether in defense of the person or property.

Freedom of speech

free speechfreedom of expressionfree expression
The Government can continue to protect children from pornography on the Internet through vigorous enforcement of existing laws criminalising obscenity and child pornography. [...] As we learned at the hearing, there is also a compelling need for public educations about the benefits and dangers of this new medium, and the Government can fill that role as well. In my view, our action today should only mean that Government's permissible supervision of Internet contents stops at the traditional line of unprotected speech. [...]

First Amendment to the United States Constitution

First AmendmentFirstU.S. Const. amend. I
Therefore, both the federal government and the states have tried to prohibit or otherwise restrict obscene speech, in particular the form that is called pornography., pornography, except for child pornography, is in practice free of governmental restrictions in the United States, though pornography about "extreme" sexual practices is occasionally prosecuted. The change in the twentieth century, from total prohibition in 1900 to near-total tolerance in 2000, reflects a series of court cases involving the definition of obscenity. The U.S. Supreme Court has found that most pornography is not obscene, a result of changing definitions of both obscenity and pornography.

Vagina

birth canalvaginalvaginal opening
These views are often influenced by the media, including pornography, and women can have low self-esteem as a result. They may be embarrassed to be naked in front of a sexual partner and may insist on having sex with the lights off. When modification surgery is performed purely for cosmetic reasons, it is often viewed poorly, and some doctors have compared such surgeries to female genital mutilation (FGM). Female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting, is genital modification with no health benefits. The most severe form is Type III FGM, which is infibulation and involves removing all or part of the labia and the vagina being closed up.

Nude photography (art)

nudesart nudefine art
In May 2008, police in Sydney, Australia, raided an exhibition by the photographer Bill Henson featuring images of naked children on allegations of child pornography. In June 2008, it was reported in The Age that police would have no basis to prosecute Henson over his photographs of naked teenagers, after they were declared "mild and justified" and given a PG rating by the Australian Classification Board, suggesting viewing by children under the age of 16 is suitable with parental guidance. Also in 2008, Art Monthly Australia published a nude image of the 6-year-old Olympia Nelson taken by her mother, Polixeni Papapetrou.

Los Angeles

Los Angeles, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CALos Angeles, United States
In 1992, the city of Los Angeles recorded 1,092 murders. Los Angeles experienced a significant decline in crime in the 1990s and late 2000s and reached a 50-year low in 2009 with 314 homicides. This is a rate of 7.85 per 100,000 population—a major decrease from 1980 when a homicide rate of 34.2 per 100,000 was reported. This included 15 officer-involved shootings. One shooting led to the death of a SWAT team member, Randal Simmons, the first in LAPD's history. Los Angeles in the year of 2013 totaled 251 murders, a decrease of 16 percent from the previous year. Police speculate the drop resulted from a number of factors, including young people spending more time online.

Community standards

community standard
We strongly welcome the commitment that all three social media companies have to removing hate speech or graphically violent content, and their acceptance of their social responsibility towards their users and towards wider communities." Colleges and universities enforce their standards through conduct offices in their Student Affairs divisions. Examples of community standards by various entities: Michigan Tech Youth Programs community standards. eBay Community Values (2005).

Snuff film

snuffsnuff moviesnuff films
Other than graphic gore, the film contains several scenes of sexual violence and the genuine deaths of six animals onscreen and one off screen, issues which find Cannibal Holocaust in the midst of controversy to this day. It has also been claimed that Cannibal Holocaust is banned in over 50 countries, although this has never been verified. In 2006, Entertainment Weekly magazine named Cannibal Holocaust as the 20th most controversial film of all-time. Trilogy of films about home footages made by a serial killer and his friends, depicting gore, sex, torture and murders. Some scenes are distributed in the darknet as if it were real. * David Kerekes and David Slater.

Sexual objectification

sex objectobjectification of womensexual objects
Clothed male, naked female. Dehumanization. Erotic humiliation. Erotophobia. Exploitation of women in media. Himbo. Human furniture. Indecent exposure. Legends Football League. Me too movement. Male gaze. Nyotaimori. Pornographication. Prude. Rape culture. Sex in advertising. Sexuality in music videos. Sex in film. Sex symbol. Sexualization. Sexual repression. Sexual revolution. Wet T-shirt contest. ISBN: 0-563-12244-7 (BBC), ISBN: 0-14-021631-6, ISBN: 0-14-013515-4 (pbk). Preview. [Link Broken]. (conference paper). Mario Perniola, The Sex-appeal of the inorganic, translated by Massimo Verdicchio, London-New York, Continuum, 2004. Preview. [Link Broken]. (conference paper).

Fighting words

fighting words doctrinedeadly wordsfighting' words
Ohio (1969), where the Supreme Court reversed the conviction of a Ku Klux Klan leader accused of advocating violence against racial minorities and the national government. The Ohio statute under which the conviction occurred was overturned as unconstitutional because "the mere abstract teaching of the moral propriety or even moral necessity for a resort to force and violence is not the same as preparing a group for violent action and steeling it to such action." The difference between incitement and fighting words is subtle, focusing on the intent of the speaker. Inciting speech is characterized by the speaker's intent to make someone else the instrument of his or her unlawful will.

Miller test

Miller'' testpruriencetest
In practice, pornography showing genitalia and sexual acts is not ipso facto obscene according to the Miller test. For instance, in 2000, a jury in Provo, Utah, took only a few minutes to clear Larry Peterman, owner of a Movie Buffs video store, in Utah County, Utah. He had been charged with distributing obscene material for renting pornographic videos which were displayed in a screened-off area of the store clearly marked as adult-only. The Utah County region had often boasted of being one of the most socially conservative areas in the United States.