In Tartarus, the soul would be punished by being burned in lava, or stretched on racks. Some heroes of Greek legend are allowed to visit the underworld. The Romans had a similar belief system about the afterlife, with Hades becoming known as Pluto. In the ancient Greek myth about the Labours of Heracles, the hero Heracles had to travel to the underworld to capture Cerberus, the three-headed guard dog, as one of his tasks. In Dream of Scipio, Cicero describes what seems to be an out of body experience, of the soul traveling high above the Earth, looking down at the small planet, from far away. In Book VI of Virgil's Aeneid, the hero, Aeneas, travels to the underworld to see his father.
life after deathhereafterafter death
In Theosophy, Steiner suggested that human beings unite a physical body of substances gathered from (and that ultimately return to) the inorganic world; a life body (also called the etheric body), in common with all living creatures (including plants); a bearer of sentience or consciousness (also called the astral body), in common with all animals; and the ego, which anchors the faculty of self-awareness unique to human beings. Anthroposophy describes a broad evolution of human consciousness. Early stages of human evolution possess an intuitive perception of reality, including a clairvoyant perception of spiritual realities.
Apte provides fourteen different meanings for the Sanskrit word including breath or respiration; the breath of life, vital air, principle of life (usually plural in this sense, there being five such vital airs generally assumed, but three, six, seven, nine, and even ten are also spoken of); energy or vigour; the spirit or soul. Of these meanings, the concept of "vital air" is used by Bhattacharyya to describe the concept as used in Sanskrit texts dealing with pranayama, the manipulation of the breath. Thomas McEvilley translates prāṇa as "spirit-energy".
is Brahman limited by the mind. Matter and its limitations are considered real, not a manifestation of ignorance. Bhaskara advocated bhakti as dhyana (meditation) directed toward the transcendental Brahman. He refuted the idea of Maya and denied the possibility of liberation in bodily existence. Nimbārka propounded Dvaitādvaita, based upon Bhedābheda as was taught by Bhāskara. Brahman (God), souls (chit) and matter or the universe (achit) are considered as three equally real and co-eternal realities. Brahman is the controller (niyanta), the soul is the enjoyer (bhokta), and the material universe is the object enjoyed (bhogya).
altered states of consciousnesstrancealtered states
at large • Mystical psychosis • Mysticism • Near death experience • Neurotheology • New Age • Nitrogen narcosis • Out-of-body experience • Panic • Parapsychology • Peak experience • Presyncope • Psychedelia • Psychedelic experience • Psychology of religion • Psychonautics • Psychosis • Religious experience • Runner's high • Sleep paralysis • Syncope • Trance • Wakefulness • ;People • Bonny, Helen • Bourguignon, Erika • Castaneda, Carlos • de Ropp, Robert • Eisner, Bruce • Golas, Thaddeus • Gowan, John Curtis • Grof, Stanislav • Huxley, Aldous • Josephson, Ernst • Leary, Timothy • Lilly, John C. • McKenna, Terence • Naranjo, Claudio • Tart, Charles * Spontaneous (day-dreaming and near death
Theosophical SocietyAdyar School of TheosophyAdyar
The Theosophy Society – Adyar is the name of a section of the Theosophical Society founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and others in 1882. Its headquarters moved with Blavatsky and president Henry Steel Olcott from New York to Adyar, an area of Chennai, in 1886. The designation 'Adyar' is added to make it clear that this is the Theosophical Society headquartered there, after the American section and some other lodges separated from it in 1895, under William Quan Judge.
bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
The human body is the structure of a human being. It is composed of many different types of cells that together create tissues and subsequently organ systems. They ensure homeostasis and the viability of the human body.
Alice A. BaileyArcane Schoolesoteric astrology
The soul is regarded as the reflection of the real self that works through or uses the three aspects of personality. She also speaks of these as "vehicles" or "sheaths", and alternately as the "mental body", "astral body", or "physical body". The "etheric" body is most directly related to physical health and is seen as the vital energizing agent for the individual while in physical incarnation. (p. 172) (p. 33) See also: Subtle body. The mind and emotional nature are seen as auras. or energy fields of which brain activity is a secondary effect. (p. 411) The Great Invocation is a mantra given in 1937 by Bailey.
MeherazadAmartithiAvatar Meher Baba
Baba related that there are 56 incarnate God-realized souls on Earth at any given time. Of these souls there are always five who constitute the five Perfect Masters of their era. When one of the five Perfect Masters dies, according to Baba, another God-realized soul among the 56 would replace him or her at once. The Avatar, according to Baba, is a special Perfect Master, the first soul to achieve God-realization. This soul, the original Perfect Master, or Ancient One, never ceases to incarnate. Baba indicated that this particular soul personifies the state of God called Vishnu in Hinduism and Parvardigar in Sufism, i.e. the sustainer or preserver state of God.
Human sciences study the role of emotions in mental processes, disorders, and neural mechanisms. In psychiatry, emotions are examined as part of the discipline's study and treatment of mental disorders in humans. Nursing studies emotions as part of its approach to the provision of holistic health care to humans. Psychology examines emotions from a scientific perspective by treating them as mental processes and behavior and they explore the underlying physiological and neurological processes.
They coupled their ideas of soul, or lack thereof, into their theory of matter. The strongest developers and defenders of this theory were the Nyaya-Vaisheshika school, with the ideas of the philosopher Kanada (c. 6th–century BC) being the most followed. The Buddhists also developed these ideas in late 1st-millennium BCE, ideas that were similar to the Vaishashika Hindu school, but one that did not include any soul or conscience. The Jains included soul (jiva), adding qualities such as taste, smell, touch and color to each atom. They extended the ideas found in early literature of the Hindus and Buddhists by adding that atoms are either humid or dry, and this quality cements matter.
Donovan RawcliffeD. H. RawcliffeIllusions and Delusions of the Supernatural and the Occult
The Psychology of the Occult is a 1952 skeptical book on the paranormal by psychologist D. H. Rawcliffe. It was later published as Illusions and Delusions of the Supernatural and the Occult (1959) and Occult and Supernatural Phenomena (1988) by Dover Publications. Biologist Julian Huxley wrote a foreword to the book.
PrincetonPrinceton Univ. PressPrinceton University
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University. Its mission is to disseminate scholarship within academia and society at large.
BrennanHands of light
Brennan claims that the technique she calls spiritual surgery works on the fifth level of the human energy field using the power of a spirit surgeon. In her second book, Light Emerging, Brennan added, to her model of human subtle energies, the dimension of "intentionality" called "hara". Hara holds the human body in material manifestation until the life purpose is fulfilled. When the hara is healthy, the individual acts naturally and effortlessly to fulfill his or her life purpose. The hara is the foundation for the human energy field (HEF), or aura. Because of this relationship, healing hara is considered especially powerful for healing the auric field and, thereby, the physical body.
YoganandaParamhansa YoganandaParamahamsa Yogananda
To liberate man from his threefold suffering: physical disease, mental inharmonies, and spiritual ignorance. To encourage “plain living and high thinking”; and to spread a spirit of brotherhood among all peoples by teaching the eternal basis of their unity: kinship with God. To demonstrate the superiority of mind over body, of soul over mind. To overcome evil by good, sorrow by joy, cruelty by kindness, ignorance by wisdom. To unite science and religion through realisation of the unity of their underlying principles. To advocate cultural and spiritual understanding between East and West, and the exchange of their finest distinctive features. To serve mankind as one’s larger Self.
Jones, Theravada is a form of mindful extrovertive and introvertive mysticism, in which the conceptual structuring of experiences is weakened, and the ordinary sense of self is weakened. It is best known in the west from the Vipassana movement, a number of branches of modern Theravāda Buddhism from Burma, Laos, Thailand and Sri Lanka, and includes contemporary American Buddhist teachers such as Joseph Goldstein and Jack Kornfield. The Yogacara school of Mahayana investigates the workings of the mind, stating that only the mind (citta-mātra) or the representations we cognize (vijñapti-mātra), really exist.
trance statesystemic trancetrance states
A state of mind in which consciousness is fragile and voluntary action is poor or missing. A state resembling deep sleep. Capture: attract; cause to be enamored; "She/he captured all the men's hearts"; in the sense of entranced. A condition of apparent sleep or unconsciousness, with marked physiological characteristics, in which the body of the subject is thought by certain people to be liable to possession. An out-of-body experience in which one feels they have passed out of the body into another state of being, a rapture, an ecstasy.
sexual magicsex magicksexual alchemy
Specially adapted to the task of attainment of control of the Body of Light, development of intuition, and Hatha yoga. Babalon Working. Marjorie Cameron and Jack Parsons. Chaos magic. Charge of the Goddess. Coitus reservatus (also known as karezza). Eroto-comatose lucidity. Great Rite. Hieros gamos. Ior Bock. Maithuna. Neotantra. Religion and sexuality. Sacred prostitution. Satanic ritual abuse. Spirit spouse. Tantra. Tantra techniques (Vajrayana). Taoist sexual practices. Venus Butterfly. Yab-Yum. Maria de Naglowska. Wilson, Robert Anton (1988) Sex, Drugs and Magick: a journey beyond limits; revised ed. (First ed. entitled Sex and Drugs: Chicago: Playboy Press, 1973).
Kundalini energyKundalini syndromeawakened kundalini
Paramahansa Yogananda in his book God Talks with Arjuna: The Bhagavad Gita states: "At the command of the yogi in deep meditation, this creative force turns inward and flows back to its source in the thousand-petaled lotus, revealing the resplendent inner world of the divine forces and consciousness of the soul and spirit. Yoga refers to this power flowing from the coccyx to spirit as the awakened kundalini."
Mind uploading. Past life regression. Planes of existence. Pre-existence. Reincarnation in popular culture. Shanti Devi. Soulmate. Subtle body. Xenoglossy. Zalmoxis. Alegretti, Wagner, Retrocognitions: An Investigation into Memories of Past Lives and the Period Between Lives. ISBN: 0-9702131-6-6, 2004. Archiati, Pietro, Reincarnation in Modern Life: Toward a new Christian Awareness. ISBN: 0-904693-88-0. Atkinson, William Walker, Reincarnation and the Law of Karma: A Study of the Old-new World-doctrine of Rebirth and Spiritual Cause and Effect, Kessinger Publishing, 1997. ISBN: 0-7661-0079-0. Baba, Meher, Discourses, Sufism Reoriented, 1967, ISBN: 1-880619-09-1.
Dream of ScipioCicero's Dream of ScipioCicero's eponymous classical text
Then the climatic belts of the earth are observed, from the snow fields to the deserts, and there is discussion of the nature of the Divine, the soul and virtue, from the Stoic point of view. The tale is modelled on "The Myth of Er" in Plato's Republic. Although the story of Er records a near-death experience, while the journey of Scipio's "disembodied soul" takes place in a dream, both give examples of belief in astral projection. The literary and philosophical influence of the Somnium was great. Macrobius' Commentary upon Scipio's Dream was known to the sixth-century philosopher Boethius, and was later valued throughout the Middle Ages as a primer of cosmology.
At the same time, however, a belief in the animal origins of man threatened the foundation of the immortality of the spirit, for if man had not been created, it was scarcely plausible that he would be specially endowed with a spirit. This led to spiritualists embracing spiritual evolution. In the 19th century, Anglo-American Spiritualist ideas emphasized the progression of the soul after death to higher states of existence, in contrast to Spiritism which admits to reincarnation. Spiritualism taught that after death, spirits progressed to new spheres of existence.
Astral may refer to: Astral body, a subtle body posited by many religious philosophers. Astral journey (or astral trip), the same as having an out-of-body experience. Astral plane (AKA astral world), a plane of existence postulated by classical (particularly neo-Platonic), medieval, oriental and esoteric philosophies and mystery religions. Astral projection, a controversial interpretation of out-of-body experiences. A ghost or spirit. Astral, a Magic: The Gathering gaming set. Astral (band), a dream pop band. The Astral (novel), a book by Kate Christensen. Astral (wrestler) (born 1989), Mexican Mini-Estrella professional wrestler. Astral Weeks, a 1968 album by Van Morrison.
psychic powerspsychic abilitiespsychic
Astral projection or mental projection – The ability to voluntarily project the astral body (consciousness), being associated with the out-of-body experience, in which the astral body is felt to temporarily separate from the physical body. Automatic writing – The ability to draw or write without conscious intent. Divination – The ability to gain insight into a situation using occult means. Dowsing – The ability to locate water, sometimes using a tool called a dowsing rod. Energy medicine – The ability to heal with one's own empathic etheric, astral, mental or spiritual energy. Mediumship or channeling – The ability to communicate with spirits.
The program further subdivides each step into three areas – Non-being spirit or Mind (Spiritual abstract universal mental body; see Spiritual bodies: Theosophical society ); Soul as mental body into the astral, psychic and emotional body; the astral body and physical body – with the intent of developing all areas of the self simultaneously and in a balanced way. This is to ensure that the student maintain a balance of the three "bodies", which accelerates progress in the long run and minimizes injury to oneself in the process of growth. Also, there occurs a purification of the personality, where the magician should become incapable of wishing harm to his fellow man.