Life extension

anti-aginganti-aging medicinelife-extension
Anti-aging movement. Biological immortality. Centenarian. Clinical Interventions in Aging. Dementia. DNA damage theory of aging. Human enhancement. Immortality. Maximum lifespan. Rejuvenation Research. Senescence. Slow aging. Supercentenarian. Timeline of senescence research. Transgenerational design. Greg Easterbrook, "What Happens When We All Live to 100?, The Atlantic, October 2014, pp. 60–72. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Why I Hope to Die at 75, The Atlantic, October 2014, pp. 74–81. Aubrey de Grey: 'We will be able to live to 1,000'. Life extension on Wikiversity. The Fable of the Dragon Tyrant by philosopher Nick Bostrom - arguing for life extension research.


life spanlong-livedlifespan
Anti-aging movement. Biodemography. Biodemography of human longevity. Calico (company). Centenarian. DNA damage theory of aging. Genetics of aging. Gerontology Research Group. Hayflick limit. Indefinite lifespan. Life extension. List of aging processes. List of last survivors of historical events. Longevity claims. Maximum life span. Mitohormesis. Oldest viable seed. Reliability theory of aging and longevity. Research into centenarians. Senescence. Lucian Boia (2005) Forever Young: A Cultural History of Longevity from Antiquity to the Present Door Reaktion Books. ISBN: 1-86189-154-7. James R. Carey & Debra S.

Aubrey de Grey

Dr. [Aubrey] de Greyde Grey, Dr. Aubrey
Aubrey David Nicholas Jasper de Grey (born 20 April 1963) is an English author and biomedical gerontologist. He is the Chief Science Officer of the SENS Research Foundation and VP of New Technology Discovery at AgeX Therapeutics, Inc. He is editor-in-chief of the academic journal Rejuvenation Research, author of The Mitochondrial Free Radical Theory of Aging (1999) and co-author of Ending Aging (2007). He is known for his view that medical technology may enable human beings alive today not to die from age-related causes. He is also an amateur mathematician who has contributed to the study of the Hadwiger–Nelson problem.

Biological immortality

biologically immortalimmortalimmortalized
Biological immortality (sometimes referred to bio-indefinite mortality) is a state in which the rate of mortality from senescence is stable or decreasing, thus decoupling it from chronological age. Various unicellular and multicellular species, including some vertebrates, achieve this state either throughout their existence or after living long enough. A biologically immortal living being can still die from means other than senescence, such as through injury or disease.

Indefinite lifespan

actuarial escape velocityindefinitelylive forever
Naringenin was shown to increase the mRNA expression levels of two DNA repair enzymes, DNA pol beta and OGG1. • Aging • Anti-aging movement • Biological immortality • DNA damage theory of aging • Dyson's eternal intelligence • Eternal youth • HeLa • Howard Families • Immortality • Life extension • List of life extension related topics • Longevity • Maximum life span • Nootropics • Senescence • Technological singularity * Fantastic Voyage: The Science Behind Radical Life Extension Raymond Kurzweil and Terry Grossman M.D., Rodale. 2004. 452pp.


Gerontology is the study of the social, cultural, psychological, cognitive, and biological aspects of ageing. The word was coined by Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov in 1903, from the Greek γέρων, geron, "old man" and -λογία, -logia, "study of". The field is distinguished from geriatrics, which is the branch of medicine that specializes in the treatment of existing disease in older adults. Gerontologists include researchers and practitioners in the fields of biology, nursing, medicine, criminology, dentistry, social work, physical and occupational therapy, psychology, psychiatry, sociology, economics, political science, architecture, geography, pharmacy, public health, housing, and anthropology.


She called transhumanism a part of 'the new narcissism'. • The Beginning of Infinity • Directed evolution (transhumanism) • Do-it-yourself biology • Egotheism • Global brain • Fringe science • Human enhancement • Kardashev scale • Assisted Reproductive Technology • Meliorism • Participant evolution • Perfectionism (philosophy) • Posthumanization • Quantified Self • Respirocyte • Russian cosmism • TechnoCalyps • Technological dystopia • Technological utopia • Three Laws of Transhumanism • Übermensch • Metabolic supermice * H+Pedia Transhumanist Wiki * What is Transhumanism?


Anti-aging movement. DNA repair. Free radicals. Genetics of aging. Geriatrics. Gerontology. Homeostatic capacity. Immortality. Indefinite lifespan. Life extension. Index of topics related to life extension. Mitohormesis. Old age. Oxidative stress. Phenoptosis. Plant senescence. Programmed cell death. Regenerative medicine. Rejuvenation. SAGE KE. Stem cell theory of aging. Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence (SENS). Sub-lethal damage. Timeline of senescence research. Transgenerational design.

Outline (list)

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. An outline is used to present the main points (in sentences) or topics (terms) of a given subject. Each item in an outline may be divided into additional sub-items. If an organizational level in an outline is to be sub-divided, it shall have at least two subcategories, as advised by major style manuals in current use. An outline may be used as a drafting tool of a document, or as a summary of the content of a document or of the knowledge in an entire field.

Social movement

social movementsmovementmovements
A social movement is a type of group action. Social movements can be defined as "organizational structures and strategies that may empower oppressed populations to mount effective challenges and resist the more powerful and advantaged elites". They are large, sometimes informal, groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues. In other words, they carry out, resist, or undo a social change. They provide a way of social change from the bottom within nations.

Life expectancy

lifespanlife spanlife expectancies
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender. The most commonly used measure of life expectancy is at birth (LEB), which can be defined in two ways. Cohort LEB is the mean length of life of an actual birth cohort (all individuals born a given year) and can be computed only for cohorts born many decades ago, so that all their members have died. Period LEB is the mean length of life of a hypothetical cohort assumed to be exposed, from birth through death, to the mortality rates observed at a given year.


Optimistic assumptions are made by proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and singularitarianism, which view technological development as generally having beneficial effects for the society and the human condition. In these ideologies, technological development is morally good. Transhumanists generally believe that the point of technology is to overcome barriers, and that what we commonly refer to as the human condition is just another barrier to be surpassed.

Calorie restriction

caloric restrictionlow calorielow-calorie
. • CR Society International • Fasting • List of diets • Very low calorie diet • Okinawa diet • Mitohormesis • Intermittent fasting


Rejuvenation is a medical discipline focused on the practical reversal of the aging process.


cryoniccryonic suspensioncryonically
Cryonics (from Greek κρύος kryos meaning 'cold') is the low-temperature freezing (usually at −196 °C) of a human corpse, with the hope that resuscitation may be possible in the future. It is regarded with skepticism within the mainstream scientific community and has been characterized as quackery.

Suspended animation

cryosleepcryogenic sleephibernation
Suspended animation is the inducement of a temporary cessation or decay of main body functions, including the brain, to a hypometabolic state in order to try to preserve its mental and physiological capabilities.

Dietary supplement

dietary supplementsnutritional supplementnutritional supplements
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid. A supplement can provide nutrients either extracted from food sources or synthetic, individually or in combination, in order to increase the quantity of their consumption. The class of nutrient compounds includes vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids and amino acids. Dietary supplements can also contain substances that have not been confirmed as being essential to life, but are marketed as having a beneficial biological effect, such as plant pigments or polyphenols.

Mind uploading

mind transferuploadedwhole brain emulation
Democratic transhumanism. Human Brain Project. Isolated brain. Neuralink. Posthumanization. Robotoid. Ship of Theseus—thought experiment asking if objects having all parts replaced fundamentally remain the same object. Simulation hypothesis. Simulism. Technologically enabled telepathy. Turing test. The Future of Work and Death.


immortalimmortality of the souleternal life
Immortality is eternal life, being exempt from death, unending existence. Some modern species may possess biological immortality.

Low-density lipoprotein

LDLlow density lipoproteinLDL cholesterol
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is one of the five major groups of lipoprotein which transport all fat molecules around the body in the extracellular water. These groups, from least dense, compared to surrounding water (largest particles) to most dense (smallest particles), are chylomicrons (aka ULDL by the overall density naming convention), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). LDL delivers fat molecules to the cells and can drive the progression of atherosclerosis if they become oxidized within the walls of arteries.

Ray Kurzweil

Raymond KurzweilKurzweil Computer ProductsKurzweil
He has written books on health, artificial intelligence (AI), transhumanism, the technological singularity, and futurism. Kurzweil is a public advocate for the futurist and transhumanist movements, and gives public talks to share his optimistic outlook on life extension technologies and the future of nanotechnology, robotics, and biotechnology. Kurzweil received the 1999 National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the United States' highest honor in technology, from President Clinton in a White House ceremony. He was the recipient of the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize for 2001, the world's largest for innovation.

American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine

American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M)
According to a review of the anti-aging movement published in 2005, the A4M is one of the most prominent organizations that are making "attempts at legitimizing anti-aging as a medical specialty". The review notes that these efforts at legitimization are contentious and have been rebuffed by some academic scientists who work on aging, who instead attempt to portray the A4M as "charlatans whose main goal is making money".

Index of topics related to life extension

Transhumanism. Unageing. Uniform Determination of Death Act. [[United States Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Research, Nutrition, and General Legislation]]. Vitamin. Cryopreservation#Vitrification. Walford M.D., Dr. Roy Lee. Weismann, August. Werner syndrome. West, Dr. Michael D. Williams, George C.

Space colonization

space coloniescolonizationspace colony
Changing organisms to become more compatible with the environment (see genetic engineering, transhumanism, cyborg). A generation ship would travel much slower than light, with consequent interstellar trip times of many decades or centuries. The crew would go through generations before the journey is complete, so that none of the initial crew would be expected to survive to arrive at the destination, assuming current human lifespans. A sleeper ship, in which most or all of the crew spend the journey in some form of hibernation or suspended animation, allowing some or all who undertake the journey to survive to the end.


Democratic transhumanism. Digital probabilistic physics. Eclipse Phase, a tabletop game which uses the philosophy in its futuristic setting. Futures studies. Holism. Law of Complexity/Consciousness. Meliorism. Negentropy. Posthuman. Proactionary Principle. Sustainability. Systems philosophy. Systems thinking. Transhumanism.