Gujarat StateGujarat, IndiaGujrat
Gujarat is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1600 km – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million. It is the fifth largest Indian state by area and the ninth largest state by population. Gujarat is bordered by Rajasthan to the northeast, Daman and Diu to the south, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Maharashtra to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. The Gujarati-speaking people of India are indigenous to the state.


Hindus are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism. Historically, the term has also been used as a geographical, cultural, and later religious identifier for people living in the Indian subcontinent.


caste systemcastescasteism
Caste is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a style of life which often includes an occupation, ritual status in a hierarchy, and customary social interaction and exclusion based on cultural notions of purity and pollution.

Folk dance

folk dancingfolkfolk dances
A folk dance is developed by people that reflect the life of the people of a certain country or region. Not all ethnic dances are folk dances. For example, ritual dances or dances of ritual origin are not considered to be folk dances. Ritual dances are usually called "Religious dances" because of their purpose. The terms "ethnic" and "traditional" are used when it is required to emphasize the cultural roots of the dance. In this sense, nearly all folk dances are ethnic ones. If some dances, such as polka, cross ethnic boundaries and even cross the boundary between "folk" and "ballroom dance", ethnic differences are often considerable enough to mention.


IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), – "Official name: Republic of India."; – "Official name: Republic of India; Bharat Ganarajya (Hindi)"; – "Official name: Republic of India; Bharat."; – "Official name: English: Republic of India; Hindi:Bharat Ganarajya"; – "Official name: Republic of India"; – "Officially, Republic of India"; – "Official name: Republic of India"; – "India (Republic of India; Bharat Ganarajya)" is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world.

Ahmedabad district

AhmedabadAhmadabadAhmadabad District
Ahmedabad District comprises the city of Ahmedabad, in the central part of the state of Gujarat in western India. It is the seventh most populous district in India (out of 640).


Sindh ProvinceSindSindh, Pakistan
Sindh (سنڌ; undefined, ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, in the southeast of the country, and the historical home of the Sindhi people. Sindh is the third largest province of Pakistan by area, and second largest province by population after Punjab. Sindh is bordered by Balochistan province to the west, and Punjab province to the north. Sindh also borders the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to the east, and Arabian Sea to the south. Sindh's landscape consists mostly of alluvial plains flanking the Indus River, the Thar desert in the eastern portion of the province closest to the border with India, and the Kirthar Mountains in the western part of Sindh.

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

Scheduled casteScheduled tribeScheduled Castes
The Scheduled Caste (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of historically disadvantaged people in India. The terms are recognised in the Constitution of India and the groups are designated in one or other of the categories. For much of the period of British rule in the Indian subcontinent, they were known as the Depressed Classes.

Gujarati language

Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat and spoken predominantly by the Gujarati people. Gujarati is part of the greater Indo-European language family. Gujarati is descended from Old Gujarati (circa 1100–1500 AD). In India, it is the official language in the state of Gujarat, as well as an official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. As of 2011, Gujarati is the 6th most widely spoken language in India by number of native speakers, spoken by 55.5 million speakers which amounts to about 4.5% of the total Indian population. It is the 26th most widely spoken language in the world by number of native speakers as of 2007.

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

Nal SarovarNal SavorarNalsarovar Bird Sanctuary
Migrating Aamin bhai shepherds populate the islands of the lake and on the banks are the Padhars, who are folk dancers, artisans and boatmen. One can hire country boats on the lake for bird viewing, and picnic at shacks the on the islands. The interpretation center, Abhiruchi Kendra, was developed at a cost of Rs. 42 lakhs including Rs. 15 lakhs for kiosks. So far 225 types of birds are recorded in Nal Sarovar area. 140 of them are water-birds and 70 of them are migratory. Out of these 70, only 25 to 30 are easily observed by the visitors and tourists. The interpretation center focuses on these 30 species. Some of the species are flamingo, pelican, egret, heron, ducks, cormorant, crane.

Koli people

KoliKolisMahawar Koli
The Koli are an ethnic Indian group in Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Karnataka and Jammu and Kashmir states.

Bhal region

BhalBhāl region
The Bhāl region (भाल प्रदेश, is spread across the political boundaries of three districts; namely Bhavnagar district, Ahmedabad district, and Anand District. The Bhal region is situated on the deltas of the Sabarmati, Bhogawo, Bhada, Lilka and other rivers that flow east and southeast off the Kathiawar peninsula into the Gulf of Cambay. The word Bhaal seems to have been derived from the Sanskrit word भाल which means forehead. Such a name is given to this region probably because it is mostly as flat as a forehead with almost entire region's soil without any stones, pebbles or gravel.

Culture of Gujarat

Gujarati cultureGujaraticulture
The traditional folk dance forms include Garba, Dandiya Raas, Tippani, Padhar, Sidi and Dangi. ;Dandiya Raas Dandiya Raas is a romantic, very energetic, colourful and playful dance originating in the state of Gujarat. Its roots lay from the days of Lord Krishna who played raas on the shores of Yamuna river on a moonlit night with his beloved Gopis. Men and women dressed in colorful clothes dance in two concentric circles - one moving clockwise, one moving counter-clockwise. Men and women carry two bamboo sticks called dandiyas in their hands. In addition to footwork, one of the most enjoyable part of this dance is the creative use of dandiyas.

List of Indian folk dances

folk dancesIndian folk dancefolk dance
Other folk dances include the Padhar dance, Siddi Dhamal, Hudo, Matukadi, and Aagawa. Kolis of Saurashtra and Padhiyar also perform folk and classical dances. Theatrical. Ras Leela. Ragini. Devotional. Chaupaiya (on verses). Holi festival. Manjira (type of Cymbal). Ras Leela (of Krishna and Gopis). Ragini. Festive seasonal. Gogaji and Gugga. Holi. Phaag. Sawan. Teej. Ceremonial and recreational. Legendary bravery. Kissa. Ragini. Love and romance. Been (including its variant Nāginī dance). Ragini. Ceremonial. Dhamal Dance. Ghoomar. Jhoomar (sway, male only). Khoria dance. Loor dance. Ragini. Nagaland. Dumhal is a dance performed by men of the Wattal tribe on specific occasions.


harpistharpsCeltic harp
In India, the bin-baia harp survives about the Padhar people of Madhya Pradesh. The harp largely became extinct in East Asia by the 17th century; around the year 1000 harps like the vajra began to replace preceding harps. A few examples survived to the modern era, particularly Myanmar's saung-gauk, which is considered the national instrument in that country. Though the ancient Chinese konghou has not been directly resurrected, the name has been revived and applied to a modern newly invented instrument based on the Western classical harp, but with the strings doubled back to form two notes per string, allowing advanced techniques such as note-bending.

List of dances

List of specific dancesdance stylesstyle of dance
Padhar dance. Pagode. Paidushko horo. Pakurumo. Palamakia. Palo de Mayo (Nicaragua), Afro-Caribbean influence, not to be confused with Maypole dance. Pambiche. Pandanggo. Pangalay. Panthi (Folk dance of Chhattisgarh, India). Pantsula (South Africa). Panyembrama. Para Para. Parai Attam. Parasol dance (Japan). Partalos. Participation dance. Partner dance. Pas de Basques and Highcuts. Passacaglia (Passacaille) (historical). Passepied (historical). Pasillo. Pasodoble (Spanish Ballroom, International Latin). Pavane (historical). Pavri Nach. Peabody (ballroom). Peacock dance. Peewee style (originated by Pee-wee Herman in Pee-wee's Big Adventure). Pembe. Pendet. Pentozali (Greece).