Czech language

Czech (čeština ), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group. Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic. Czech is closely related to Slovak, to the point of mutual intelligibility to a very high degree. Like other Slavic languages, Czech is a fusional language with a rich system of morphology and relatively flexible word order. Its vocabulary has been extensively influenced by Latin and German.


underwearundergarmentsintimate apparel
Undergarments commonly worn by females today include bras and panties (known in the United Kingdom as knickers), while males often wear briefs, boxer briefs, or boxer shorts. Items worn by both sexes include T-shirts, sleeveless shirts (also called singlets or tank tops), bikini underwear, thongs, and G-strings. Undergarments are known by a number of terms. Underclothes, underclothing and underwear are formal terms, while undergarments may be more casually called, in Australia, Reg Grundys (rhyming slang for undies) and Reginalds, and, in the United Kingdom, smalls (from the earlier smallclothes) and (historically) unmentionables.

Thunderbirds (TV series)

ThunderbirdsThunderbirdInternational Rescue
The most important of these are five machines named the "Thunderbirds", each assigned to one of the five Tracy brothers: With the engineer Brains and Jeff's elderly mother, as well as the Malaysian manservant Kyrano and his daughter Tin-Tin (who serves as Brains' assistant), the family reside in a luxurious villa on Tracy Island, their hidden base in the South Pacific Ocean. In this location, IR is safe from criminals and spies who envy the organisation's technology and seek to acquire the secrets of its machines. Despite its humanitarian principles, some of IR's operations are necessitated not by misadventure but deliberate sabotage motivated by greed for power and wealth.

Christine Finn

Finn also performed as a voice actress, supplying the voices of Tin-Tin, Grandma Tracy and other characters in Thunderbirds (1965–66). She also starred in a number of radio plays from the end of the 1950s to the mid-1970s. During the final years of her career, she performed with voice actor Peter Tuddenham. *Pamphlet for the production of The School for Wives at the Theatre Royal, Bristol, 1954. * Fan site 1959. Lady Windermere's Fan by Oscar Wilde, with Catherine Lacey, John Humphry and Sylvia Coleridge. 1963. No Highway by Nevil Shute, with Nicolette Bernard and Virginia Winter. 1967. Sort of Soufflé by Peter Bryant, with Peter Tuddenham.

Our Gang

The Little RascalsLittle RascalsOur Gang/The Little Rascals
This was a second film loosely based on the series and featuring interpretations of classic Our Gang shorts, including Helping Grandma, Mike Fright, and Birthday Blues. The film was directed by Alex Zamm, and starred Jet Jurgensmeyer as Spanky, Drew Justice as Alfalfa, Eden Wood as Darla, and Doris Roberts as the kids' adopted Grandma. The characters in this series are well-known cultural icons, and identified solely by their first names. The characters of Alfalfa, Spanky, Buckwheat, Porky, Darla, Froggy, Butch, Woim, and Waldo were especially well known. Like many child actors, the Our Gang children were typecast and had trouble outgrowing their Our Gang images.

Shirley Jean Rickert

Shirley Jeane Rickert
She made her screen debut at the age of four in the short How's My Baby (1930), soon followed by her Our Gang debut, Helping Grandma in 1931. Rickert's most notable appearances were in the films Love Business and Bargain Day, in which her spit-curls were the centerpiece of her precocious performance. After Rickert left the Our Gang series, she had a brief movie career, including starring roles as Tomboy Teri Taylor alongside Mickey Rooney in eight Mickey McGuire comedies, followed by a string of jobs including driving trucks for the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II.


CzechBohemianCzech people
Božena Němcová has become a cultural icon and gained much fame for her book Babička. Other important Czech writers include Milan Kundera, Karel Čapek, Jaroslav Hašek, Jan Neruda, Franz Kafka, Bohumil Hrabal, Viktor Dyk, Kosmas, Pavel Kohout, Alois Jirásek, Josef Škvorecký, Karel Jaromír Erben, Jiří Wolker, Karel Hynek Mácha, Vítězslav Nezval, Arnošt Lustig, Jaroslav Vrchlický, Karel Havlíček Borovský, Ivan Klíma, Egon Erwin Kisch, Vladimír Holan, Julius Zeyer or Svatopluk Čech. From contemporary Czech writers can be mentioned Jáchym Topol, Patrik Ouředník, Michal Viewegh or Daniela Hodrová. Important playwrights were Karel Čapek, František Langer or Josef Kajetán Tyl.


her father
Kyrano is the father of Tin-Tin, and he is also the half brother of The Hood and acts as a manservant in the Tracy household, sharing domestic duties with Grandma Tracy. Kyrano is renowned for serving tea and coffee within the house and is upset when Parker tries to take this duty from him ("The Mighty Atom"). Kyrano is an old friend of Jeff Tracy and has lived all over the world, pursuing careers as a chef in Paris, gardener in England, and producing synthetic foods from plants for astronauts. Kyrano was heir to a rubber plantation fortune in Malaysia, but was cheated out of it by The Hood.

Dorothy DeBorba

Helping Grandma (1930). Love Business (1931). Little Daddy (1931). Bargain Day (1931). Fly My Kite (1931). The Stolen Jools (1931). Big Ears (1931). Shiver My Timbers (1931). Dogs Is Dogs (1931). Readin' and Writin' (1932). Free Eats (1932). Spanky (1932). Choo-Choo! (1932). The Pooch (1932). Hook and Ladder (1932). Free Wheeling (1932). Birthday Blues (1932). A Lad an' a Lamp (1932). Fish Hooky (1933). Forgotten Babies (1933). The Kid from Borneo (1933). Mush and Milk (1933). Historical survey of Our Gang / The Little Rascals. Our Gang and the Little Rascals. Meeting Dorothy DeBorba in 2000. Our Gang Autographed Photos. Dorothy DeBorba photo #1. Convention Photos.

Tin-Tin Kyrano

Tin-TinKayo KyranoTanusha "Kayo" Kyrano
Daniel O'Brien describes Tin-Tin, as well as Penelope and the third female regular, Grandma Tracy, as "intelligent" and "independent-minded", praising Thunderbirds for its progressive attitude to characterisation. Cultural historian Nicholas J. Cull, on the subject of the rejection of ethno-national stereotyping, cites as an example Tin-Tin's Malaysian nationality, combined with her status as a "positive, non-white character"; this contrasts directly with her relative, the Hood, whose evil is intrinsic to his Oriental appearance and manner.


As underwear, a G-string may be worn in preference to panties to avoid creation of a visible panty line, or to briefs in order to enhance sex-appeal. The two terms G-string and thong are sometimes used interchangeably; however, technically they refer to different pieces of clothing. Since the 19th century, the term geestring referred to the string which held the loincloth of Native Americans and later referred to the narrow loincloth itself.

Norman Chaney

Norman "Chubby" ChaneyChubby
Helping Grandma (1931). Love Business (1931). Little Daddy (1931). The Stolen Jools (1931). Bargain Day (1931). Fly My Kite (1931).

Božena Němcová

Babička (The Grandma) (1855) – Němcová's best-known novel about a young girl named Barunka (a pet form of Barbora) and her childhood with her grandmother in the countryside. The book was inspired by Němcová's own childhood in the village of Ratibořice, where she lived with her parents, siblings and maternal grandmother Magdalena Novotná. Chýše pod horami. O dvanácti měsíčkách. Národní báchorky a pověsti (National Stories and Legends). Slovenské pohádky a pověsti (Slovak Fairy Tales and Legends). Selská politika (Country Politics). Hospodyně na slovíčko. Dopisy z lázní Františkových (The Letters from Franzenbad). Listy přítele přítelkyni. Silný Ctibor. Devět křížů (Nine Crosses).

Foundation garment

shapewearfoundation garmentsfoundation undergarments
The contributing factors include fashions that emphasize body shape; technological advances in garment design and light-weight fabrics; re-branding of pantie girdles as panties; media items about celebrities wearing shapewear; and recommendations in fashion makeover television programmes and the media. A survey of 500 American women carried out by Kelton Research for Jockey International in 2008 showed that 44% wore shapewear regularly or occasionally.

Alan Tracy

Alan Tracy is a fictional character who first appeared in the 1960s British Supermarionation television series Thunderbirds, its film sequels Thunderbirds Are Go (1966) and Thunderbird 6 (1968), as well as the TV remake Thunderbirds Are Go. The character also appeared in the 2004 live-action film adaptation, Thunderbirds.

Underwear fetishism

panty fetishismfetishismpanties
Panty fetishism is a fetish in which one eroticizes panties (or similar styles of underwear). Fetishistic behavior can involve sharing printed or electronic material depicting exposure of panties, usually of a softcore nature, or direct sight and physical contact with the panties. Some individuals have a paraphilia for a specific type of panty. For example, a common subclass of panty fetishism are panties that show the exposed buttocks (i.e. thongs and g-strings). Further, some individuals have the opposite preference, and are attracted to panties that cover the buttocks. One of the most common types of panty fetishes involves used panties.


panty hosedark pantyhosenylon stockings
Control-top pantyhose, intended to boost a slimmer figure, has a reinforced-panty section. The panty section may be visible when wearing short skirts or shorts. Sheer-to-waist pantyhose is sheer throughout, with the panty portion being the same thickness and color as the leg portion, and are designed for use with high-slit gowns, miniskirts, hot pants, or lingerie. Often sheer-to-waist pantyhose will be reinforced along and on either side of the seam in the middle of the panty. Open-crotch pantyhose, sometimes known as crotchless pantyhose, do not have a gusset. Instead, an opening is in place for hygiene or sexual-fetishism activities.

Oscar Apfel

Oscar C. Apfel
Helping Grandma (1931). Misbehaving Ladies (1931). Big Business Girl (1931). Huckleberry Finn (1931). Five Star Final (1931). Men in Her Life (1931). The Finger Points (1931). Impatient Maiden (1932). Business and Pleasure (1932). Way Back Home (1932). Make Me a Star (1932). High Pressure (1932). One Man's Journey (1933). Hold the Press (1933). I Am a Thief (1934). The Old Fashioned Way (1934) (uncredited). Man on the Flying Trapeze (1935). Romance in Manhattan (1935). Shadows of the Orient (1935). The Fire Trap (1935). Crack-Up (1936). Conquest (1937) as Count Potocka (uncredited).

Donald Haines

Helping Grandma (1931). Love Business (1931). Little Daddy (1931). Bargain Day (1931). Big Ears (1931). Readin' and Writin' (1932). Free Eats (1932). Choo-Choo! (1932). Birthday Blues (1932). A Lad an' a Lamp (1932). Fish Hooky (1933).

Our Gang filmography

Our Gang'' filmography140thOur Gang films
Helping Grandma. Robert McGowan. January 3. With Bobby "Bonedust" Young. First appearance of Shirley Jean Rickert. Pete the Pup does not appear. Television prints edited due to racial humor involving African Americans. 104. Love Business. Robert McGowan. February 14. With June Marlowe and Bobby "Bonedust" Young. Television prints edited due to racial humor involving African Americans. 105. Little Daddy. Robert McGowan. March 28. Final appearance of Bobby "Bonedust" Young. With June Marlowe. Withdrawn from television package due to racial humor involving African-Americans. 106. Bargain Day. Robert McGowan. May 2. Final appearance of Jackie Cooper.


briefcheer briefsjocks
Briefs also refers to a style of women's and girls' panties that is typically cut with a high waist to provide full coverage of the hips and buttocks. A control brief is a kind of high-waisted panty girdle. French-cut or high-cut briefs expose more of the front part of the thigh, while boy briefs have short legs, similar to men's boxer briefs, often combined with a lower waist. Briefs is also the name given to costumed outerwear worn by female dancers and athletes in sports such as cheerleading, figure skating, and tennis. These briefs are typically worn under a short skirt; they may be attached to the skirt or dress body, or a separate garment ("cheer briefs").

Teddy (garment)

As an undergarment, it combines the functions of a camisole and panties, and may be preferred to avoid a visible panty line. It is also found as lingerie. A one-piece undergarment which combined a camisole and knickers appeared in the 1910s under the name envelope chemise or camiknickers. It was considered an appropriate garment to wear under the shorter dresses which came into fashion in the 1920s. The garment was also worn without an overgarment in the boudoir. The style gained popularity during the World War II when women who served in military-related duties wore trousers instead of skirts. By the late 1940s, the garment lost its popularity.


bikinisbikini topswimsuit contest
By the 1960s, the bikini swimsuit influenced panty styles and coincided with the cut of the new lower rise jeans and pants. In the seventies, with the emergence of skintight jeans, thong versions of the panty became mainstream, since the open, stringed back eliminated any tell-tale panty lines across the rear and hips. By the 1980s the design of the French-cut panty pushed the waistband back up to the natural waistline and the rise of the leg openings was nearly as high (French Cut panties come up to the waist, has a high cut leg, and usually are full in the rear ).

Garter (stockings)

gartergarter beltgarters
Since the early 1960s, many men's magazines featured images of women in underwear, with models in suspenders and stocking, often with slips, petticoats, corsets or a bra and knickers or panties in erotic pose. These images may have an erotic element and are sometimes presented as fetish fashion and also in pornography. Suspender belts continue to be worn for their original purpose of holding up stockings. Suspenders today are available in a variety of styles, most commonly in white, 'fleshtone' beige-pink, or black with a satin finish. These are often now made from a mixture of nylon and spandex / lycra, being more readily available in retail stores.

Dell Henderson

Del Henderson
Helping Grandma (1931). Choo-Choo! (1932). Too Much Harmony (1933). Men in Black (1934). You're Telling Me! (1934). The Old Fashioned Way (1934). Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (1934). It's a Gift (1934). Diamond Jim (1935). Poppy (1936). A Message to Garcia (1936). Our Relations (1936). Wells Fargo (1937). Frontier Marshal (1939). Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940). The Major and the Minor (1942). Wilson (1944). The Big Noise (1944). Nothing But Trouble (1944). Abbott and Costello in Hollywood (1945). State of the Union (1948). Annie Get Your Gun (1950). Louisa (1950).