Alois Podhajsky

Spanish Riding School. Spanish Riding School of Vienna. Official Lipizzaner Site. Podhajsky profile with picture. Excerpt from My Horses, My Teachers, ( Meine Lehrmeister die Pferde) on dataOlympics profile. Quotes by Podhajsky at Classical


Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
Cultural highlights include the Burgtheater, the Wiener Staatsoper, the Lipizzaner horses at the spanische Hofreitschule, and the Vienna Boys' Choir, as well as excursions to Vienna's Heurigen district Döbling. There are also more than 100 art museums, which together attract over eight million visitors per year. The most popular ones are Albertina, Belvedere, Leopold Museum in the Museumsquartier, KunstHausWien, Bank Austria Kunstforum, the twin Kunsthistorisches Museum and Naturhistorisches Museum, and the Technisches Museum Wien, each of which receives over a quarter of a million visitors per year.

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

GettysburgGettysburg, PAGettysburg Borough
Community members have access to the Adams County Public Library which is located on 140 Baltimore Street in Gettysburg; Fairfield Area Library located at 31 Worts Drive in Fairfield; the Adams County Historical Society Library which is located at 368 Springs Avenue, in Gettysburg; the Adams County Law Library located in the Court House, 117 Baltimore Street, Room 305 in Gettysburg and to the statewide PA Power Library which is an online library funded with tax dollars from the state's education budget. Gettysburg's sister cities are: * State level. Dan Moul - State Representative, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 91.

Mark Schweiker

Mark S. SchweikerGovernor Mark SchweikerSchweiker
Schweiker began preparing for the transition as acting governor on September 20, and was formally sworn in as Pennsylvania's 44th governor on the day of Ridge's resignation. By provision of the Pennsylvania Constitution, Robert Jubelirer, the President Pro Tempore of the State Senate, became Lieutenant Governor. This became a matter of some controversy as Jubelirer retained his leadership position and seat in the state senate. In the wake of the terrorist attacks, Schweiker moved to secure Pennsylvania's five nuclear reactors, created the Governor's Task Force on Security by executive order, and expanded the ranks of the Pennsylvania State Police.

Coal strike of 1902

Anthracite Coal StrikeAnthracite Coal Strike CommissionAnthracite Strike
The behavior and private role of the Coal and Iron Police during the strike led to the formation of the Pennsylvania State Police, on May 2, 1905 as Senate Bill 278 was signed into law by Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker. The two forces operated in parallel until 1931. Organized labor celebrated the outcome as a victory for the UMWA and American Federation of Labor unions generally. Membership in other unions soared, as moderates argued they could produce concrete benefits for workers much sooner than radical Socialists who planned to overthrow capitalism in the future.


Villa Hermes
From the 1950s until 2005 these stables were used as a summer stable for the Lipizzan stallions of the Spanish Riding School. For seven weeks the stallions were given holidays at this location, where their riders gave them a change in routine from their usual work, taking them out hacking in the nearby forests of the "Tiergarten". * Thomas Trenkler. (2005) ''Sisi in Vienna. On the traces of the Empress Elisabeth.'' Vienna: Ueberreuter publishing. ISBN: 3-8000-7115-0.

Tom Ridge

RidgeFormer Pennsylvania Governor Tom RidgeGovernor Ridge
Prior to this, Ridge was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1983 to 1995 and the 43rd Governor of Pennsylvania from 1995 to 2001. He is a member of the Republican Party. Ridge was born in Munhall, Pennsylvania and raised in veterans' public housing in Erie, Pennsylvania. After graduating from Harvard University with honors, Ridge served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War where he was awarded the Bronze Star. He then returned to Pennsylvania and completed his Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree at the Dickinson School of Law, graduating in 1972, and entered private practice.

List of films based on actual events

true storyBased on actual eventsbased on true events
Miracle of the White Stallions (1963) – A film about the evacuation of the Lipizzaner horses from the Spanish Riding School in Vienna during World War II. PT 109 (1963) – U.S. President John F. Kennedy's exploits and heroism as captain of the ill-fated patrol boat, cut in half by a Japanese destroyer during World War II. The Sadist (1963) – first feature film loosely based on the teenage serial killers Charles Starkweather and his girlfriend Caril Ann Fugate. Becket (1964) – historical drama film about the changing relationship between King Henry II of England and Thomas Becket who became Archbishop of Canterbury, starring Peter O'Toole and Richard Burton.

Classical dressage

haute écolehaute ecoleclassical
Two main breeds are most well known for their abilities for airs above ground: the Lipizzaner and the Andalusian. Other breeds known for their abilities in high school dressage include the Friesian and Lusitano. The Spanish Riding School in Vienna, as well as the Cadre Noir in Saumur, still practices and teaches the haute ecole. The Spanish Riding School exclusively uses Lipizzaner stallions for their work.

Piber Federal Stud

PiberFederal Stud Farm of Piber
"Operation Cowboy," as the rescue was known, resulted in the recovery of 1,200 horses, including 375 Lipizzans, General George S. Patton learned of the raid, and arranged for the director of the Spanish Riding School, Alois Podhajsky to fly to Hostau. On May 12, American soldiers began riding, trucking and herding the horses 35 miles across the border into Kotztinz, Germany. The Lipizzans were eventually settled in temporary quarters in Wimsbach, until the breeding stock returned to Piber in 1952. Piber, and the Lipizzan breed as a whole, suffered a setback to its population when a viral epidemic hit the Piber Stud in 1983. Forty horses and eight percent of the expected foal crop were lost.

Hershey, Pennsylvania

HersheyHershey, PAHershey, Pa.
The Pennsylvania State Police Academy is located north along Hersheypark Drive. In addition, the Derry Township Police Department is a nationally recognized law enforcement agency. Hershey is also home to four world-class golf courses, a few museums, The Hotel Hershey, and an opulent spa. Hersheypark Stadium hosts concerts and sporting events, with a capacity of 30,000. It is also the venue of the Cocoa Bean Game between the Hershey High School and Milton S. Hershey High School football teams. In the Mad Men season 6 finale, "In Care Of", Donald Draper makes a pitch that impresses Hershey's executives.

Baroque horse

BaroqueBaroque typebaroque" breeds
In the modern world, these horses are still seen in modern dressage and continue to perform haute ecole in venues such as the Spanish Riding School and the Cadre Noir. Their build also suits them for sports such as mounted bullfighting. Andalusian. Frederiksborger. Friesian. Ginetta. Kladruber. Lipizzan. Lusitano. Menorquín. Murgese. Classical dressage. Destrier. Horses in the Middle Ages. Horses in warfare.


Examples include the Lipizzan stallions of the Spanish Riding School in Vienna, Austria, where the entire group of stallions live part-time in a bachelor herd as young colts, then are stabled, train, perform, and travel worldwide as adults with few if any management problems. However, even stallions who are unfamiliar with each other can work safely in reasonable proximity if properly trained; the vast majority of Thoroughbred horses on the racetrack are stallions, as are many equine athletes in other forms of competition. Stallions are often shown together in the same ring at horse shows, particularly in halter classes where their conformation is evaluated.

South African Lipizzaners

The first public performances of the South African Lipizzaners was in 1957. There were 4 riders. Other than Iwanowski, all riders at the academy were women. Some riders of the first graduating class were Mietie of Hartesveldt, Margie Widman, Ann Sutton, Lynn Jarmen, Gill Meyer, Anne Webb, Ania Glintenkamp, Eva Sydow, Carol Kretszchmar, Maureen Quinn, Helen Dalgliesh and Valerie Welsh. Other staff of the Spanish Riding School continued to travel to South Africa to further develop the program.

Jeffrey B. Miller

Miller, Jeffrey B.
Miller enlisted with the state police in 1984 and became a member of fifty-sixth graduating class of the Pennsylvania State Police Academy in Hershey, Pennsylvania. He then moved through the ranks, attaining: Corporal in 1988, Sergeant in 1990, Lieutenant in 1993, Captain in 1995, and Major in January 2002. On January 9, 2003, Governor Edward G. Rendell nominated Miller to become 18th Commissioner of the Pennsylvania State Police, a Cabinet-level post. Col. Miller was unanimously confirmed by the Senate of Pennsylvania March 24, 2003. Miller is known for his handling of the West Nickel Mines School shooting in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania. Miller retired from the PSP on August 8, 2008.

Horse training

trainingtrainedHorse breaking
Doubleday, 1967 ISBN: 0-87980-235-9. 20th century text by the former director of the Spanish Riding School covering the training of horses from basic dressage through the haute ecole or "high school" movements. Wynmalen, Henry. Dressage: A study of the finer points of riding. Wilshire Book Company, 1971. ISBN: 0-87980-187-5. Methods to train horses in the classic dressage tradition.

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

HarrisburgHarrisburg, PAHarrisburg, Pa.
The Pennsylvania State Capitol Complex dominates the city's stature as a regional and national hub for government and politics. All administrative functions of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania are located within the complex and at various nearby locations. The Commonwealth Judicial Center houses Pennsylvania's three appellate courts, which are located in Harrisburg. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, which is the court of last resort in the state, hears arguments in Harrisburg as well as Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. The Superior Court of Pennsylvania and the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania are located here. Judges for these courts are elected at large.

Lake Erie

ErieLake Eirelake
When the rescued fishermen made it to shore, authorities had them line up single-file to take down their names." - John Seewer, February 2009 The lake's formerly more extensive lakebed creates a favorable environment for agriculture in the bordering areas of Ontario, Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and New York. The Lake Erie sections of western New York State have a suitable climate for growing grapes, and in Chautauqua County there have been many vineyards and wineries in the area as well as in Erie County in northwestern Pennsylvania. Much grape juice is produced in this region.

Lipica, Sežana

LipicaLipizzaLipica Shaft Mass Grave
Lipica is the origin of the Lipizzan horse. The Lipizzan breed as known today was fully developed in the time of Maria Theresa of Austria, whose husband was greatly interested in horse-breeding. During the Napoleonic wars, the stud farm was relocated to Székesfehérvár. In 1802, an earthquake struck Lipica, killing large numbers of horses. The stud farm was relocated to Đakovo in 1805, to Pecica (near Mezőhegyes) in 1809, to Laxenburg during the First World War, and then to Kladruby nad Labem. After the First World War, when Lipica was awarded to Italy, most of the horses were returned to Lipica. On 16 October 1943, the stud farm and 178 horses were relocated to Hostouň.

Delaware River

DelawareRiverRiver Delaware
Geological Survey: PA stream gaging stations. Marine Railway and Sectional Floating Dry Dock, Delaware River, Philadelphia, 1893 by D.J. Kennedy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Winter on the River Delaware, 1856. Shows "U.S.S. Prowhatan" by D.J. Kennedy, HSP. "Map of the South River in New Netherland" from ca. 1639 via the World Digital Library. Socioeconomic Value of the Delaware River Basin in Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

List of governors of Pennsylvania

Governor of PennsylvaniaGovernorPennsylvania Governor
Pennsylvania was one of the original thirteen colonies, and was admitted as a state on December 12, 1787. Prior to declaring its independence, Pennsylvania was a colony of the Kingdom of Great Britain; see the list of colonial governors for the pre-statehood period. The first Pennsylvania constitution in 1776 created the Supreme Executive Council as the state's executive branch, with the President of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as its head. The president was chosen annually by the council, though with no specific term dates.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil WarUnited States Civil War
The Eastern theater refers to the military operations east of the Appalachian Mountains, including the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and the coastal fortifications and seaports of North Carolina. ; Army of the Potomac Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan took command of the Union Army of the Potomac on July 26 (he was briefly general-in-chief of all the Union armies, but was subsequently relieved of that post in favor of Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck), and the war began in earnest in 1862.


SloveneSlovenianRepublic of Slovenia
Among these are the Karst Shepherd, the Carniolan honeybee, and the Lipizzan horse. They have been preserved ex situ and in situ. The marble trout or marmorata (Salmo marmoratus) is an indigenous Slovenian fish. Extensive breeding programmes have been introduced to repopulate the marble trout into lakes and streams invaded by non-indigenous species of trout. Slovenia is also home to the wels catfish. ;Fungi More than 2,400 fungal species have been recorded from Slovenia and, since that figure does not include lichen-forming fungi, the total number of Slovenian fungi already known is undoubtedly much higher. Many more remain to be discovered.

University of Pennsylvania

PennThe University of PennsylvaniaPennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania Press. University of Pennsylvania athletics website.