24 Hours of Le Mans

Le MansLe Mans 24 HoursLMS
The race became the center of a major motion picture in 1971 when Steve McQueen released his simply titled Le Mans, starring McQueen as Michael Delaney, a driver in the 1970 event for the Gulf Porsche team. Likened to other motorsports films such as Grand Prix for Formula One racing and Winning for the Indianapolis 500, Le Mans is the best known film to center on sports car racing. It was filmed during the race using modified racing cars carrying cameras, as well as purchased Porsche 917s, Ferrari 512s and Lola T70s for action shots made after the race.

Targa top

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Ferrari 575 Maranello Superamerica. Fiat X1/9. Ford GTX-1 (1966 12 Hours of Sebring winner). Ford GTX-1 Roadster (2005). Honda CR-X del Sol. Honda NSX-T. Honda S660. Jaguar XJ-SC 'twin-targa' cabriolet (1984–1988). Koenigsegg (all models). Lamborghini Diablo VT Roadster. Lamborghini Miura Roadster. Lamborghini Aventador Roadster. Lotus Elise. Maserati MC12. Matra 530. Mazda MX-5 RF. Mercedes-Benz Silver Lightning. Nissan 100NX. Nissan URGE. Nissan 300ZX. Pontiac Solstice Coupe (2009). Porsche 911 Targa (1966–present). Porsche 914. Porsche Carrera GT. Porsche 918 Spyder. Porsche 944. Porsche 924. Qvale Mangusta (optional). Renault Wind. Saab Catherina prototype (1964). Smart Roadster.

Porsche 917

917Porsche 917KPorsche 917/10
In addition to Porsche's triumphant 1, 2 victory, a Porsche 908 came in third overall, a Porsche 914-6 came in sixth overall (plus it won the GT class), and a Porsche 911S was seventh. (Two Ferrari 512s took fourth and fifth place overall.) Towards the end of the 1970 season, Ferrari entered some races with a new version of the 512, the 512M (Modificata). The 512M had a new bodywork built on a similar aerodynamic doctrine as the Porsche 917K. At the end of 1970 the 512M was as fast as the 917s. but still lacked in reliability.

24 Hours of Daytona

Rolex 24 at DaytonaDaytona 24 HoursDAY
Specialist chassis makers like Riley, Dallara, and Lola provide the DP cars for the teams and the engines are branded under the names of major car companies like Pontiac, Lexus, Ford, BMW, and Porsche. The Gran Turismo class cars at Daytona are closer to the road versions, similar to the GT3 class elsewhere. For example, the more standard Cup version of the Porsche 996 is used, instead of the usual RS/RSR racing versions. Recent Daytona entries also include BMW M3s and M6s, Porsche 911s, Chevy Camaros and Corvettes, Mazda RX-8s, Pontiac GTO.Rs, and Ferrari F430 Challenges. The Audi R8 and the Ferrari 458 Italia debuted in the 50th anniversary of the race in 2012.

Sports car

sports carssportssportscar
Ferrari's first regular production turbocharged engine was used in the 2014-2017 Ferrari California T, followed by the 2015-2019 Ferrari 488. Similarly, in 2016, the Porsche 911 (991.2) began to use turbocharging on all models and the Porsche 982 Cayman/Boxster downsized from a six-cylinder engine to a turbocharged four-cylinder engine. Also in the 2010s, dual-clutch transmissions became more widespread, causing manual transmissions to decline in sales and no longer be offered on some models. Hybrid-electric sports cars began to appear in the 2010s— notably the 2013-2016 LaFerrari, 2013-2015 McLaren P1, 2013-2015 Porsche 918 Spyder "hypercars".

Stuttgart

Stuttgart, GermanyStuttgart, West GermanyVaihingen
Other famous sports venues are the Weissenhof tennis courts, where the annual Mercedes Cup tennis tournament is played, the Porsche Arena (hosting tennis, basketball and handball) and the Schleyerhalle (boxing, equestrianism/show jumping, gymnastics, track cycling etc.), Scharrena Stuttgart.

Flat engine

horizontally opposedboxer enginehorizontally-opposed
The majority of sports cars throughout Porsche's history are powered by flat engines, beginning with its first car; the 1948-1965 Porsche 356 used an air-cooled boxer-four engine. Also using boxer-four engines were the 1969-1976 Porsche 914, the 1965-1969 Porsche 912 and the 2016-present Porsche Boxster/Cayman (982). The Porsche 911 has exclusively used boxer-six engines from its introduction in 1964 until the present. In 1997, the Porsche 911 switched from being air-cooled to water-cooled. Porsche flat-eight engines were used in various racing cars throughout the 1960s, such as the 1962 Porsche 804 Formula One car and the 1968-1971 Porsche 908 sports car.

World Sportscar Championship

World Endurance ChampionshipWorld Championship for MakesWorld Sports Car Championship
Manufacturers such as Ferrari, Maserati, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche, and Aston Martin fielded entries, often featuring professional racing drivers with experience in Formula One, but the majority of the fields were made up of gentleman drivers (privateers) in the likes of Nardis and Bandinis. Cars were split into Sports Car and GT (production car) categories and were further divided into engine displacement classes. The Ferrari and Maserati works teams were fierce competitors throughout much of the decade, but although Maserati cars won many races the make never managed to clinch the World title.

Auto racing

racing driverracing carracecar driver
There are numerous notable one-make formulae from various countries and regions, some of which – such as the Porsche Supercup and, previously, IROC – have fostered many distinct national championships. Single marque series are often found at club level, to which the production-based cars, limited modifications, and close parity in performance are very well suited. Some of the better-known single-make series are the Mini 7 Championship (Europe's longest-running one make championship), the Radical European Masters, John Cooper Mini Challenge, Clio Cup, Ginettas, Caterhams, BMWs, and MX5s.

Targa Florio

Circuito Piccolo delle MadonieTARCircuito delle Madonie
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, race cars with up to 600 hp (450 kW) such as Nino Vaccarella's Ferrari 512S raced through small mountain villages while spectators sat or stood right next to, or even on, the road. Porsche, on the other hand, did not race its big Porsche 917, but rather the nimble Porsche 908/03 Spyders.

Sports car racing

sports carsports carssports car race
The Porsche 911 is currently the most popular car in the GT2 class. 2009 will be the last run of the GT1 class as a result of budgeting issues. GT1 teams are currently enlisting to run their cars in the GT2 class next year. The American Le Mans Series also runs a "GT-Challenge" class, which currently only uses Porsche 911 GT3 Cups but will open to other cars next year. This category is designed for privateer and rookie teams as an easier way to enter the series.

Ferdinand Piëch

Ferdinand PiechFerdinandDr. Ferdinand Piëch
Piech has been behind the development of multiple significant and influential automobiles, including the Porsche 911, Third generation (C3) Audi 100, Audi Quattro and Bugatti Veyron. Automotive blog Jalopnik said of Piech, "He is the mad genius behind much of Porsche and Audi’s racing successes as well as VW’s all-out engineering and luxury push from the early 2000s. That’s what gave us cars like the Bugatti Veyron and the 12-cylinder VW Phaeton."

Jetronic

K-JetronicL-JetronicD-Jetronic
K-Jetronic debuted in the 1973.5 Porsche 911T in January 1973, and was later installed into a number of Porsche, Volkswagen, Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Rolls-Royce, Bentley, Lotus, Ferrari, Nissan, Peugeot, Renault, Volvo, Saab, TVR and Ford automobiles. The final car to use K-Jetronic was the 1994 Porsche 911 Turbo 3.6. Fuel is pumped from the tank to a large control valve called a fuel distributor, which divides the single fuel supply line from the tank into smaller lines, one for each injector.

12 Hours of Sebring

SEBSebringSebring 12 Hours
In another incident Mario Andretti in his Ferrari 365 P2 tangled with Don Wester's Porsche 906 on the Warehouse Straight near the Webster Turns, killing four spectators and then crashing into a warehouse next to the track. Subsequent to these events, the facilities were upgraded and the circuit layout was changed, including eliminating the Webster Turns and creating the Green Park Chicane further down the track to move the straight further away from the airport warehouses. The circuit was made safer and there were no fatalities until 1980.

Convertible

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Examples include the Ford Thunderbird (1st-generation and 11th-generation), Mercedes SL (2nd-generation and 3rd-generation), Porsche Boxster, Jeep Wrangler, and Mazda MX-5. During the 1950s and 1960s, detachable hardtops were offered for various convertible sports cars and roadsters, including the 1955–1957 Ford Thunderbird and Chevrolet Corvette, as well as the 1963–1971 Mercedes-Benz W113 series of two-seaters. Because the convertible top mechanism is itself expensive, the hardtop was customarily offered as an additional, extra-cost option.

Group 4 (racing)

Group 4Group 4 Sports CarsGroup 4 Grand Touring Cars
Porsche began work on a production run of 25 cars for the Porsche 917. Ferrari, with some financial help from Fiat, produced the similar Ferrari 512. For the 1970 season, the Group 4 Sports car category was renamed and became Group 5 Sports Cars and Group 4 designation was applied to a new Special Grand Touring category. The new Group 4 was contested by production based cars such as the Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona, Porsche 911 Carrera RS and the De Tomaso Pantera. The Group 4 GT category was replaced by a new Group B GT class for 1983. The Group 4 regulations were also used as the basis for the World Rally Championships until they were replaced by the Group B regulations.

Carrera Panamericana

Pan American Road RaceLa Carrera PanamericanaPanamericana
Other common European entries include Alfa Romeo Giuliettas, Jaguar E-types, Porsche 356s & 911s. Rarer cars included Saab 96s, Volvo PV544s, and Jaguar MkII saloons. Porsche 911 and classic Ford Mustangs are extremely popular cars. However, despite the vintage appearance of the cars, often they conceal underpinnings more closely related to modern NASCAR entries. Tuned V8 engines of more than 500 PS are common, especially in the American cars, and the cars are often created especially for this race and usually ineligible for true vintage events elsewhere. Even less modified cars often have modern disc brakes at all four corners and coolant upgrades to help them survive the punishing course.

Car of the Century

Global Automotive Elections FoundationCar of the 20th Centurygreatest cars of the 20th century
The Car of the Century (COTC) was an international award given to the world's most influential car of the 20th century. The election process was overseen by the Global Automotive Elections Foundation. The winner, the Ford Model T, was announced at an awards gala on December 18, 1999 in Las Vegas, Nevada.

Group 5 (racing)

Group 5Group 5 Special Production CarsGroup 5 Sports Cars
Porsche 911. BMC Mini Cooper S 999 cc. Porsche 917 (includes the Kurzheck (K), Langheck (LH), widebody shortnose 917/20). Ferrari 512M/S. Lola T70. Ford GT40 Mk 1. Ferrari 312P. Matra-Simca MS670. Mirage M6. Alfa Romeo T33TT/12. Renault Alpine A442. Porsche 935 (includes the 935-77, 935-78 known as the Moby-Dick and the customer Kremer K3 and K4 and the JLP variation). BMW 320i Turbo. Carma FF. Dallara Icsunonove. Toyota Celica LB Turbo (RA22) (1st generation). Dome Celica Turbo (RA45) (2nd generation). TOM'S Corolla G5 (A40). Nissan Skyline RS Silhouette Formula. Nissan Nichira Impul Silvia (two nose variations). Mazda RX-7 252i. Mazda RX-7 253/253i/253SR. Mazda RX-7 254/254i.

Magna PT

Getrag233Getrag 221
Porsche 911 (1964-1968). 902 — 4 and 5-speed. Porsche 912 (1965-1969). 923 — 5-speed. Porsche 912E (1976). 016 — 5-speed. Porsche 924 (1977-1980). G31 — 5-speed. Porsche 924 GTS. G50 — 5-speed. Porsche 911 (1987-1989). G50 — 5-speed. Porsche 911 (1987-1989) (G50/00-G50/02). Porsche 911 Turbo (1989 type 930) (G50/50). Porsche 964 Carrera 2 (1990-1994) (G50/03-04). Porsche 964 Carrera 2 RS America (1992-1994) (G50/05). Porsche 964 Carrera 2 RS (1993) (G50/10). Porsche 964 Turbo (1991-1994 type 965) (G50/52). G64 — 5-speed. Porsche 964 Carrera 4 (1989-1994) (G64/00-02). G40/50 — 6-speed.

6 Hours of Nürburgring

1000 km Nürburgring1000km Nürburgring1000 km of Nürburgring
In 2010, for the first time a distance of more than 1000 km was covered by the winning Porsche 911 GT3. Current record of most wins belongs to Stirling Moss who won the race in 1956, 1958, 1959 and 1960. In 2010, the winning Porsche 911 GT3 R of the 6h ADAC Ruhr-Pokal-Rennen race was the first to cover more than 1000 km in a 6-hour VLN endurance race for GT3 and touring cars, lapping the 24,369 km long modern version of the Nordschleife 42 times for 1023.498 km in a time of 6:06:56.091. The 2012 winner, a Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG GT3, covered the same distance in a time of only 6:01:29.541, at an average of 169.879 km/h.

North American International Auto Show

Detroit Auto Show2006 North American International Auto Show2007 North American International Auto Show
Porsche 911 Carrera 4 and Speedster. Porsche 944 S2 Cabriolet. Shelby Dakota. Shelby CSX-VNT. Volkswagen Corrado. Chevrolet PPG XT-2 Concept. Chrysler Millenium Concept. Chrysler PPG Le Baron Pace Car Concept. Dodge Viper VM-01 Concept. Mercury Concept 50. Oldsmobile Aerotech II. Oldsmobile Aerotech III. Plymouth Speedster Concept. Pontiac Stinger Concept. Dodge Daytona 199x. Pontiac Pursuit. Chevrolet Express Concept. Oldsmobile Aerotech I Long Tail. Oldsmobile Aerotech I Short Tail.

McLaren F1 GTR

F1 GTRGTRMcLaren F1 GTR Longtail
GTC, West Competition, and Mach One would trade off wins for the next three rounds until McLaren finally suffered a loss to Ferrari at Anderstorp yet again. GTC Competition would take victory again at Suzuka Circuit, but when the series arrived in Brands Hatch, the F1 GTR faced new competition. Porsche debuted their new 911 GT1, and took a strong victory in their first race. Although legally not allowed to score points at first, the 911 GT1 would still take victory again at Spa. Porsche skipped Nogaro, leaving McLaren to take the victory, but Porsche returned for the final round at Zhuhai, again taking the victory.

Sports Car International

Top Sports Cars of the 1960sTop Sports Cars of the 1970sTop Sports Cars of the 1980s
Ferrari F40. 6. BMW M3. 7. Porsche 911 Carrera. 8. Toyota MR2. 9. Renault 5 Turbo. 10. Lamborghini Countach. 1. Mazda MX-5/Mazda Miata. 2. Porsche Boxster. 3. Ferrari 550. 4. McLaren F1. 5. Porsche 911. 6. Honda NSX/Acura NSX. 7. Ferrari F355. 8. Nissan 300ZX. 9. Lotus Elise. 10. Mazda RX-7. 1. Porsche Carrera GT. 2. Ford GT. 3. Enzo Ferrari. 4. Pagani Zonda C12S. 5. Lotus Elise. 6. Porsche Boxster S. 7. Porsche 911 GT3. 8. Lamborghini Gallardo. 9. Lamborghini Murcielago. 10. Subaru Impreza WRX.

Geneva Motor Show

Geneva Auto Show2012 Geneva Motor Show2010 Geneva Motor Show
Porsche Panamera Sports Turismo. Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid. Porsche 911 GT3 (facelift). Porsche 911 Carrera 4 GTS. Porsche 911 Targa 4 GTS. Porsche 911 R by Tag Heuer. Renault Alaskan (European debut). Renault Captur (facelift). Renault Koleos II (European debut). Rimac Concept One. Rolls-Royce Ghost Elegance. RUF CTR 2017. Scuderia Cameron Glickenhaus SCG 003. SEAT Ibiza. SEAT León Cupra (facelift). Škoda Citigo (facelift). Sin Cars R1 550. Škoda Rapid (facelift). Škoda Octavia RS 245. Škoda Kodiaq Sportline and Scout. Smart Forfour crosstown edition. Smart Fortwo cabrio Brabus edition #2. Spyker C8 Preliator Spyder. Subaru XV / Crosstrek. Suzuki Swift. TechArt Magnum Sport.