Porsche 911

911Porsche Carrera RSRPorsche 911 Bi-Turbo
Motor Trend chose the Porsche 911 Carrera S as its Best Driver's Car for 2012. It also won "World Performance Car Of The Year" in 2014. In 2015, Car and Driver named the Porsche 911 "the best premium sports car on the market". * Frère, P. (2006). Porsche 911 Story (eighth edition). J H Haynes. ISBN: 1-84425-301-5. Porsche 911 (1963–1989). Porsche 930 (1975-1989) a turbocharged version of the original 911. Porsche 964 (1989–1994). Porsche 993 (1995-1998). Porsche 996 (1999-2004) all-new body and water-cooled engines. Porsche 997.1 (2004-2008), Porsche 997.2 (2008-2012). Porsche 991.1 (2012-2016), Porsche 991.2 (2017-2019). Porsche 992 (2019-). 911 Carrera line-up.

Porsche Carrera

CarreraPorsche Carrera RSRPorsche Carrera 2
Porsche 911. Porsche 911 (1963–1989). Porsche 930 (1975–1989). Porsche 964 (1989–1993). Porsche 993 (1993–1998). Porsche 996 (1998–2004). Porsche 997 (2004–2012). Porsche 991 (2012–). Porsche 924. Porsche Carrera GT.


Porsche AGPorsche TeamPorsche KG
Porsche's 911 has been officially named by the Technischer Überwachungsverein (Technical Inspection Association) as Germany's most reliable car. 356. 911 4-seat coupe, targa and cabriolet. 911 (classic). 930. 964. 993. 996. 997. 991. 992. 911 GT1 Straßenversion. 912. 914. 918 Spyder. 924. 928 4-seat grand tourer. 944. 959. 968. Boxster (986, 987, 981, 982) 2-seat roadster. Carrera GT. Cayman (987, 981, 982) 2-seat coupe. Cayenne SUV. Macan SUV Crossover. Panamera 4-seat sports sedan. 64. 360 Cisitalia. 550 Spyder. 718. 787. 804. 904. 906. 907. 908. 909 Bergspyder. 910. 911 GT1. 917. 919 hybrid. 934. 934/5. 935. 936. 956. 961. 962. Porsche-March 89P. WSC-95 / LMP1-98. LMP2000 (never raced).

Porsche 911 GT2

911 GT2GT2Porsche 911 GT2 RS
Porsche Cars North America - Porsche 997 GT2 microsite. Porsche Cars North America - 1995 Porsche 911 GT2. Porsche Cars North America - 1995 Porsche 911 GT2 Evo.

Targa top

targatarga bandtarga-roofed
The new glass roof design allowed the 993 Targa to retain nearly the same side-on profile as the other 911 Carrera variants and eliminated the inconvenience of storing the removed top of the old system. The Targa had the body of the Cabriolet with the Targa glass roof replacing the fabric roof. The 911 Targa continued with the all-new 996-model and gained a lifting hatchback glass window. This, in turn, was used on the later 997 model of 911. With the introduction and production of the latest 911, the Type 991, Porsche decided to take the latest Targa in a different direction from that of the previous water-cooled Type 996/997 cars.

Suspension (vehicle)

suspensionrear suspensionsuspension system
For information on two-wheeled vehicles' suspensions see Suspension (motorcycle), Motorcycle fork, Bicycle suspension, and Bicycle fork.''

Manual transmission

manualsynchromeshmanual gearbox
In 2012, the Porsche 911 featured a 7-speed manual transmission, becoming the first of its class to support this feature, paving the way for the 2014 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray. Today, mass-market automotive manual transmissions are nearly all at least 5-speed. 4-speed manual transmissions had fallen into almost total disuse by the end of the 1980s, having gradually become less common on vehicles during the 1980s. By the early 1990s in the USA, they are usually only found on vehicles with engines of around 1-2 litres.

Car layout

rear-wheel driverear wheel driverear-wheel-drive
For example, the Porsche 911 added all-wheel drive to the existing line-up of rear-wheel drive models in 1989. Drivetrain layout Automobile handling. Car classification.


cabrioletdrophead coupédrophead
A convertible or cabriolet is a passenger car that can be driven with or without a roof in place. The methods of retracting and storing the roof vary between models. A convertible allows an open-air driving experience, with the ability to provide a roof when required. Potential drawbacks of convertibles are reduced structural rigidity (requiring significant engineering and modification to counteract the effects of removing a car's roof) and cargo space.

Flat-six engine

The longest surviving flat-six-engined model, the Porsche 911, is a rear-engined sports car with acceptably compromised interior room and a long history of suspension development to utilize the characteristics of the drivetrain layout. Subaru, an automobile manufacturer with a history of making aircraft engines, has adapted a front-engine configuration for use with its flat engines. The engine is mounted longitudinally ahead of the front axle and the transmission is mounted longitudinally behind the front axle.


VaihingenStuttgart, GermanyStuttgart-Vaihingen
Stuttgart (Swabian: Schduagert, ; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart is located on the Neckar river in a fertile valley known locally as the "Stuttgart Cauldron." It lies an hour from the Swabian Jura and the Black Forest. Its urban area has a population of 609,219, making it the sixth largest city in Germany. 2.7 million people live in the city's administrative region and another 5.3 million people in its metropolitan area, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Germany.

Sports car

sports carssportssportscar
The motor's distributed weight across the wheels, in a Porsche 911, provides excellent traction, but the significant mass behind the rear wheels makes it more prone to oversteer in some situations. Porsche has continuously refined the design and in recent years added electronic stability control to counteract these inherent design shortcomings. The front-engine, front-wheel-drive layout (FF) layout which is the most common in sport compacts and hot hatches, and modern production cars in general, is not generally used for sports cars.

Inlet manifold

intake manifoldmanifoldintake
Porsche VarioRam - 964, 993, 996, Boxster. Proton Campro CPS and VIM - Proton Gen-2 CPS and Proton Waja CPS; Proton Campro IAFM - 2008 Proton Saga 1.3. Renault - Clio 2.0RS. Rover - Rover 623 Rover 825 Rover 75 v6 Rover 45 v6. Subaru Legacy 1989–1994 JDM EJ20 2.0-liter naturally aspirated DOHC 16-valve flat-4. Subaru SVX 1992–1997 EG33 3.3-liter naturally aspirated DOHC 24-valve flat-6. Subaru Legacy and Subaru Impreza1999–2001 JDM EJ20 2.0-liter naturally aspirated DOHC 16-valve flat-4. Toyota T-VIS - (Toyota Variable Induction System) used in the early versions of the 3S-GE, 7M-GE, and 4A-GE engines, and ACIS - (Acoustic Control Induction System). Volkswagen - 1.6 L I4, VR6, W8.

Flat engine

horizontally opposedboxer enginehorizontally-opposed
The original 911 had an air-cooled flat-six, as did a six-cylinder version of the 914; the later 964 and 993 versions of the 911 used air/oil cooled flat-six engines. Some Porsche sports racing models, including the 908 used flat-eight engines. The flat-twelve in the 917 model is a 180° V 12 engine and later Followed by Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer (BB 512) used 180 degree Flat 12 for Le Mans to compete with Porsche but Ferrari BB 512 used on road going cars unlike Porsche. Porsche began to use water-cooled flat-six engines in the Boxster in 1996. This type is also used in the Cayman and in 911 models starting with the 996.

2009 24 Hours of Nürburgring

20092009 24 Hours Nürburgring37th 24 Hours of Nurburgring
They have decided to enter their well-known RSR, which is basically a GT2 car, but now has about 70 hp less due to new air restrictors, and also a 997 GT3 Cup S, the version Porsche homologated for FIA GT3. For the first 19 hours, two of the Audis and the two Manthey Porsche battled for the lead within a lap, the pace likely to result in a new distance record. The Manthey #1 had been punished for approaching an accident site too quickly and had to wait 3 minutes in the box, but the decision was reverted later based on data logging evidence, with the lost time deducted from the results. Around 11:30, the #99 Audi which had a narrow lead was stopped by suspension problems.

Timeline of European automobiles

Porsche 911 GT1 Straßenversion (1996-1998). Porsche 986 Boxster (1996-2004). TVR Cerbera (1996-2003). Audi A6 C5 (1997-2004). Audi S4 (1997-2001). Peugeot 306 II (1997-1999). Peugeot Partner (1997-2013). Porsche 993 Turbo S (1997-1998). Porsche 996 (1997-2004). Audi TT 8N (1998-2006). Citroën Berlingo électrique (1998-2005). Lamborghini Diablo (1998-2001). Peugeot 206 (1998-2009). Audi A4 B5 (1999-2001). Audi RS 4 B5 (1999-2001). Audi S3 (1999-2003). Audi S6 C5 (1999-2003). Lancia Lybra (1999-2005). Peugeot 306 III (1999-2002). Peugeot 607 (1999-2004). Porsche 996 GT3 (1999-2005). Porsche 996 Turbo (1999-2006). TVR Tuscan Speed Six (1999-2006). Iveco Daily (2000-2006). Lotus 340R (2000).

List of sports cars

sport trims
This page is a compilation of sports cars, roadsters, supercars, race cars, and coupés, both discontinued and still in production. Cars that have sport trims (such as the Honda Civic SI) will be listed under the sport trims section. Production tunes will include cars modified by outside brands and then sold. This does not include in-house brands such as Ford's Special Vehicle Team, which will be included in the main list. Some vehicles are sold under different brands, therefore some vehicles may be listed more than once but usually link to the same page.

List of Volkswagen Group factories

This list of Volkswagen Group factories details the current and former manufacturing facilities operated by the automotive concern Volkswagen Group, and its subsidiaries. These include its mainstream marques of Volkswagen Passenger Cars, Audi, SEAT, Škoda and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, along with their premium marques of Ducati, Lamborghini, Bentley, and Bugatti, and also includes plants of their major controlling interest in the Swedish truck-maker Scania.

Porsche 911 GT1

911 GT1Porsche 911 GT1-98GT1
Official Porsche History of Racing Cars website. 1996 Porsche 911 GT1 at official Porsche website. 1997 Porsche 911 GT1 Evo at official Porsche website. 1998 Porsche 911 GT1 '98 at official Porsche website.

Rear-engine, four-wheel-drive layout

R4Rear-engine, all-wheel driveall-wheel-drive
Porsche - 1989 Porsche 911 Carrera Coupé, Cabriolet, Targa, Speedster, and 4 Coupé. Porsche - 1989 Porsche Turbo 911 Coupé, Cabriolet, and Targa. Official website of Porsche. 993 Owners and information. Information on and about Porsche 993. Porsche 911 Carrera 2 (Generation 993) Exterior and Interior in Full HD 3D YouTube. |Syncro -Driving Americas with VW Westfalia 4x4 Extreme Adventure, YouTube.

Porsche 911 GT3

Porsche 997 GT3Porsche 911 GT3 RPorsche 911 RSR
Porsche's official test-driver Walter Röhrl completed the Nürburgring Nordschleife with the 996 GT3 in 7 minutes 56 seconds, a feat which was used by Porsche to promote the car. In 2003, Porsche introduced the Porsche 911 GT3 RS, an even more track-focused version of the 996 GT3. RS is short for the German RennSport, literally "racing sport" in English. The "RS" moniker, and the characteristic lightweight blue or red wheels and "GT3 RS" side stickers link the 996 GT3 RS to historically important Porsches such as the Carrera 2.7 RS of the early 1970s. The 996 GT3 RS is lighter than the 996 GT3 thanks to a polycarbonate rear window, carbon fiber hood and rear wing.

Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout

Rear-engine, rear-wheel-driveRR layoutrear-engine, rear-wheel drive layout
Most notably, the 911 Turbo has been sold as AWD-only since the release of the 993 model. Race-oriented models such as the GT3 and twin-turbocharged GT2 remain solely RR, however. Another manufacturer to implement the RR configuration was the De Lorean Motor Company with its DMC-12 sports car. To compensate for the uneven (35/65) weight distribution caused by the rear-mounted engine, De Lorean used rear wheels with a diameter slightly greater than the front wheels. Before that was the rear-engined Škoda's from Škoda 1000MB (produced from 1964) to Škoda 130/135/136 (produced until 1990) or the Polski Fiat 126p (produced until October 2000).

Porsche 991

Porsche 911 RSR991Porsche 911
The Porsche 991 is the internal designation for the seventh generation of the Porsche 911 sports car, which was unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show on 15 September as the replacement for the 997. The 991 is an entirely new platform, only the third since the original 911 launched in 1963 (the 996 of 1999 was the second new platform). Compared to the 997, the 991 is slightly larger, with the wheelbase increased by 100 mm to 96.5 in, and the overall length up by 70 mm to 176.8 in.


A coupé—also known as coupe—is a car with a fixed-roof body style and should have two doors Some four-door cars have been marketed as "four door coupés" or "quad coupés" due to their coupé-like roofline at the rear.