A fetus or foetus (plural fetuses, feti, foetuses or foeti) is the unborn offspring of an animal that develops from an embryo. Following embryonic development the fetal stage of development takes place. In human prenatal development, fetal development begins from the ninth week after fertilisation (or eleventh week gestational age) and continues until birth. Prenatal development is a continuum, with no clear defining feature distinguishing an embryo from a fetus. However, a fetus is characterized by the presence of all the major body organs, though they will not yet be fully developed and functional and some not yet situated in their final anatomical location.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODCUN Office on Drugs and CrimeUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
The UNODC has been criticized by human rights organizations such as Amnesty international for not promoting the inclusion of adherence to international human rights standards within its project in Iran. Amnesty states that in Iran there are "serious concerns regarding unfair trials and executions of those suspected of drug offences in Iran. In June 2012, Mohammad Reza Rahimi the Iranian Vice President made some controversial remarks during a speech at a UNODC Drugs and Crime conference in Tehran. "The Islamic Republic of Iran will pay for anybody who can research and find one single Zionist who is an addict. They do not exist," he said.

Drug policy of Sweden

drug policySwedenSweden with its no-tolerance drug policy
However, the methodology of the UNODC report has been criticized for being unscientific and fundamentally biased in favour of repressive drug laws, since Sweden was the fourth largest donor to the UNODC in 2007. According to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), in 2005, the rate of drug-related deaths per capita in Sweden was more than twice that of the Netherlands and there were more persons addicted to severe narcotics ("heavy drugs") than in other countries.


(passiflora incarnata) • * Physochlaina - notably P. infundibularis • * Validol • Methaqualone and analogues • * Afloqualone • * Cloroqualone • * Diproqualone • * Etaqualone • * Methaqualone • * Methylmethaqualone • * Mebroqualone • * Mecloqualone • * Nitromethaqualone • Skeletal Muscle Relaxants • * Baclofen • * Meprobamate • * Carisoprodol • * Cyclobenzaprine • * Metaxalone • * Methocarbamol • * Tizanidine • * Chlorzoxazone • * Orphenadrine • * Gabapentin • * Pregabalin • Opioids • * Tramadol • * Tapentadol • * Morphine • * Hydromorphone • * Oxymorphone • * Oxycodone • * Hydrocodone • * Methadone • * Propoxyphene • * Meperidine • * Fentanyl • * Codeine • * Carfentanil • * Remifentanil • * Alfentanil


Kantar SifoOrvestoSIFO Research International
Sifo is a Swedish company (previously known as Sifo Research International) operating in the field of opinion and social research. The company was founded in 1954 as Svenska institutet för opinionsundersökningar ("the Swedish Institute for Opinion Surveys") and known by the public under the abbreviation Sifo, which is one of the strongest brands in Sweden. It is now a subsidiary of TNS Global which is part of the WPP Group plc. TNS Sifo has its headquarters in Stockholm.

August Vollmer

Vollmer supported programs to assist disadvantaged children, and was often criticized for his leniency towards petty offenders such as drunks and loiterers. He also encouraged the employment and training of African American (hired in 1819) and female (hired in 1925) police officers. This included the hiring of Walter A. Gordon, who became the recipient of the Benjamin Ide Wheeler Medal in 1955. In 1921, Vollmer was elected president of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.

University of California, Irvine

UC IrvineUCIUniversity of California at Irvine
The action was roundly criticized by liberal and conservative scholars who felt it hindered the academic mission of the law school, and disbelief over Chancellor Drake's claims that it was not subject to outside influence. The issue was the subject of a New York Times editorial on September 14, 2007. UCI had received criticism on the hire from California Chief Justice Ronald M. George, who criticized Chemerinsky's grasp of death penalty appeals, as well as a group of prominent Orange County Republicans and Los Angeles County Supervisor Michael D. Antonovich, who wanted to derail the appointment. Drake traveled to Durham, North Carolina, and reached an agreement with Chereminsky.

International Association of Chiefs of Police

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)Community Policing AwardNational Association of Chiefs of Police
International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization based in Alexandria, Virginia.

Prescription drug

prescriptionprescription drugsprescription medication
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed. In contrast, over-the-counter drugs can be obtained without a prescription. The reason for this difference in substance control is the potential scope of misuse, from drug abuse to practicing medicine without a license and without sufficient education. Different jurisdictions have different definitions of what constitutes a prescription drug.


British Medical JournalBMJThe British Medical Journal
The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal. It is one of the world's oldest general medical journals. Originally called the British Medical Journal, the title was officially shortened to BMJ in 1988, and then changed to The BMJ in 2014. The journal is published by the global knowledge provider BMJ, a wholly owned subsidiary of the British Medical Association. The editor in chief of The BMJ is Fiona Godlee, who was appointed in February 2005.

Designer drug

designer drugsdesigner steroiddesigner
Active dosages vary widely from substance to substance, ranging from micrograms to hundreds of milligrams, but while it is critical for the end user to weigh doses with a precision scale, instead of guessing ("eyeballing"), many users did not do this and this led to many emergency room visits and several deaths, which were a prominent factor leading to the emergency scheduling of several substances and eventually Operation Web Tryp. Some compounds such as 2C-B and 5-Meo-DiPT did eventually increase in popularity to the point that they were sold in pill form to reach a wider market, and acquired popular street names ("Nexus" and "Foxy," respectively).

Police Foundation

Philadelphia Police Foundation
The Police Foundation (National), headquartered in Washington, DC, is a national, independent non-profit organization dedicated to advancing policing through innovation and science. The Police Foundation was founded on July 22, 1970 by the Ford Foundation, but operates today with funding support from public (federal, state and local governments) and private sources as well as donations.

In utero

unborn childuteroin the uterus
In utero is a Latin term literally meaning "in the womb" or "in the uterus". In biology, the phrase describes the state of an embryo or fetus. In legal contexts, the phrase is used to referred to an unborn child, i.e., gestational age until birth. Under common law, unborn children are still considered to exist for property transfer purposes.

Home Affairs Select Committee

Home Affairs CommitteeCommons Home Affairs CommitteeHome Affairs
The Home Affairs Select Committee is a Committee of the House of Commons in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.


direct-to-DVDstraight-to-DVDdirect to video
However, despite the movie's critically acclaimed success, its box-office performance was very poor, which has been attributed to its last minute decision to be released theatrically. The film had much better commercial success in its subsequent home video releases. Other times, a direct-to-video movie may get a limited theatrical screening in order to build excitement for the actual release of the video such as was done for 2010's Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, Batman: The Killing Joke and Planet Hulk, or 2013's Sharknado. As DVDs gradually replaced VHS videocassettes, the term "direct-to-DVD" replaced "direct-to-video" in some instances.

Prime Minister's Strategy Unit

Prime Minister's Strategy Unit (PMSU)
The Prime Minister's Strategy Unit (often referred to simply as The Strategy Unit) was an elite unit based in the UK Cabinet Office between 2002 and 2010 (with its predecessor unit dating back to 1999). The Strategy Unit was established by the former Prime Minister Tony Blair, forming one part of a more streamlined centre of government along with a Delivery Unit (headed by Sir Michael Barber, focused on the delivery of public service targets), a Policy Unit (whose heads included David Miliband and Andrew Adonis, providing day-to-day policy advice) and a Communications Unit (headed by Alastair Campbell and later David Hill).

Sample size determination

meadsample sizeSampling sizes
Sample size determination is the act of choosing the number of observations or replicates to include in a statistical sample. The sample size is an important feature of any empirical study in which the goal is to make inferences about a population from a sample. In practice, the sample size used in a study is determined based on the expense of data collection, and the need to have sufficient statistical power. In complicated studies there may be several different sample sizes involved in the study: for example, in a stratified survey there would be different sample sizes for each stratum.


Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The number of species within the genus is disputed. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis; C. ruderalis may be included within C. sativa; all three may be treated as subspecies of a single species, C. sativa; or C. sativa may be accepted as a single undivided species. The genus is widely accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Central Asia, with some researchers also including upper South Asia in its origin.

Royal Society of Arts

FRSARSASociety of Arts
The Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) is a London-based, British organisation committed to finding practical solutions to social challenges. Founded in 1754 by William Shipley as the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufacture and Commerce, it was granted a Royal Charter in 1847, and the right to use the term Royal in its name by King Edward VII in 1908. The shorter version, The Royal Society of Arts and the related RSA acronym, are used more frequently than the full name.


In March 1990, when it became clear that a digital standard was feasible, the FCC made a number of critical decisions. First, the Commission declared that the new ATV standard must be more than an enhanced analog signal, but be able to provide a genuine HDTV signal with at least twice the resolution of existing television images.(7) Then, to ensure that viewers who did not wish to buy a new digital television set could continue to receive conventional television broadcasts, it dictated that the new ATV standard must be capable of being "simulcast" on different channels.(8)The new ATV standard also allowed the new DTV signal to be based on entirely new design principles.

Michael Musto

Musto, MichaelMicheal Musto
The movie "Party Monster" (2003) includes reference to a Musto item, and Musto has appeared in many related documentaries, including "Disco Bloodbath" and A&E's "American Justice," as well as several Geraldo Rivera shows, where he had long been the expert on club kids. Discussing topics like gossip and nightlife, Musto also appeared on daytime talk shows hosted by Sally Jessy Raphael, Joan Rivers, Ricki Lake, Richard Bey, Gordon Elliott, and Mark L. Walberg. In 2001, Musto appeared in a groundbreaking ad campaign for Fortunoff in which he sported a wedding veil, campily promoting the possibility of same-sex marriage.


Empathogens or entactogens are a class of psychoactive drugs that produce experiences of emotional communion, oneness, relatedness, emotional openness—that is, empathy or sympathy—as particularly observed and reported for experiences with 3,4- Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). This class of drug is distinguished from the classes of hallucinogen or psychedelic, and amphetamine or stimulant. Major members of this class include MDMA, MDA, MDEA, MDOH, MBDB, 6-APB, methylone, mephedrone, αMT, and αET, MDAI among others. Most entactogens are phenethylamines and amphetamines, although several, such as αMT and αET, are tryptamines.

Harvard Business School

HarvardBusiness SchoolHarvard University
Harvard Business School (HBS) is the graduate business school of Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts. The school offers a large full-time MBA program, doctoral programs, HBS Online and many executive education programs. It owns Harvard Business Publishing, which publishes business books, leadership articles, online management tools for corporate learning, case studies and the monthly Harvard Business Review. It is home to the Baker Library/Bloomberg Center.

Ian Gilmore

Professor Sir Ian GilmoreSir Ian Gilmore
Sir Ian Thomas Gilmore, MD, DL PRCP (born 1947) is a professor of hepatology and previous president of the Royal College of Physicians of London (PRCP).