International Business MachinesIBM CorporationInternational Business Machines Corporation
For certain interns, IBM also has a program called Extreme Blue that partners top business and technical students to develop high-value technology and compete to present their business case to the company's CEO at internship's end. The company also has various designations for exceptional individual contributors such as Senior Technical Staff Member (STSM), Research Staff Member (RSM), Distinguished Engineer (DE), and Distinguished Designer (DD). Prolific inventors can also achieve patent plateaus and earn the designation of Master Inventor. The company's most prestigious designation is that of IBM Fellow.


Apple iPhotoiPhoto (Mac users)iPhoto for iOS
iPhoto is a discontinued digital photograph manipulation software application developed by Apple Inc. It was included with every Macintosh personal computer from 2002 to 2015, when it was replaced with Apple's Photos application. Originally sold as part of the iLife suite of digital media management applications, iPhoto can import, organize, edit, print and share digital photos.

Chief executive officer

CEOmanaging directorchief executive
The chief executive officer (CEO), or just chief executive (CE), is the most senior corporate, executive, or administrative officer in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution. CEOs lead a range of organizations, including public and private corporations, non-profit organizations and even some government organizations (e.g., Crown corporations). The CEO of a corporation or company typically reports to the board of directors and is charged with maximizing the value of the entity, which may include maximizing the share price, market share, revenues, or another element.

Web browser

browserweb browsersbrowsers
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. Each individual web page, image, and video is identified by a distinct URL, enabling browsers to retrieve and display them on the user's device.

Organizational founder

An organizational founder is a person who has undertaken some or all of the work needed to create a new organization, whether this is a business, a charitable organization, a governing body, a school, a group of entertainers, or some other kind of organization. If there are multiple founders, each can be referred to as a co-founder. If the organization is a business, the founder is usually an entrepreneur. If an organization is created to carry out charitable work, the founder is generally considered a philanthropist.

Plug-in (computing)

In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, or addon) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program. When a program supports plug-ins, it enables customization.


.swfFlashFlash files
Originally limited to presenting vector-based objects and images in a simple sequential manner, the format in its later versions allows audio (since Flash 3) and video (since Flash 6). Adobe introduced a new, low-level 3D API in version 11 of the Flash Player. Initially codenamed Molehill, the official name given to this API was ultimately Stage3D. It was intended to be an equivalent of OpenGL or Direct3D. In Stage3D shaders are expressed in a low-level language called Adobe Graphics Assembly Language (AGAL).

Fast Company

FastCompanyFast Company MagazineFast Company'' magazine
Fast Company is a monthly American business magazine published in print and online that focuses on technology, business, and design. It publishes eight print issues per year.

Chief technology officer

CTOchief technical officerChief Technology Officer (CTO)
A chief technology officer (CTO), sometimes known as a chief technical officer or chief technologist, is an executive-level position in a company or other entity whose occupation is focused on scientific and technological issues within an organization.

Computing platform

platformplatformssoftware platform
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed. It may be the hardware or the operating system (OS), even a web browser and associated application programming interfaces, or other underlying software, as long as the program code is executed with it. Computing platforms have different abstraction levels, including a computer architecture, an OS, or runtime libraries. A computing platform is the stage on which computer programs can run.


.wrf formatCisco WebExWebex Communications
Cisco Webex, formerly WebEx Communications Inc., is a company that provides on-demand collaboration, online meeting, web conferencing and videoconferencing applications. Its products include Meeting Center, Training Center, Event Center, Support Center, Sales Center, MeetMeNow, PCNow, WebEx AIM Pro Business Edition, WebEx WebOffice, and WebEx Connect. All WebEx products are part of the Cisco Systems collaboration portfolio.


GoToLogMeIn GotoMeeting
GoToMeeting is a web-hosted service created and marketed by LogMeIn. It is an online meeting, desktop sharing, and video conferencing software package that enables the user to meet with other computer users, customers, clients or colleagues via the Internet in real time. In late 2015, Citrix announced plans to spin-off the GoToMeeting business as a stand-alone subsidiary with a market value around $4 billion. In July 2016, Citrix and LogMeIn announced plans to merge the GoTo family of products.

Laser pointer

laser pointerslaser lightgreen laser lights
UK and most of Europe are now harmonized on Class 2 (

Interactive whiteboard

interactive whiteboardselectronic whiteboardActivboards
A disadvantage of front-projection whiteboards is that the presenter, standing in front of the screen, must extend his or her arm with or without a stylus to avoid casting a shadow. This is not a disadvantage of Ultra-Short-Throw (UST) projectors, which cast an image from above and just in front of the IWB surface, removing the presenter from the beam's path. Rear-projection interactive whiteboards locate the projector or emissive display behind the whiteboard sensing surface so that no shadows occur. This also avoids the problem with front-projection boards that the presenter has to look into the projector light while speaking to the audience.


It was surmised that the framing effect disappeared when choices are presented in a foreign tongue. As human reasoning is shaped by two distinct modes of thought: one that is systematic, analytical and cognition-intensive, and another that is fast, unconscious and emotionally charged, it was believed that a second language provides a useful cognitive distance from automatic processes, promoting analytical thought and reducing unthinking, emotional reaction. Therefore, those who speak two languages have better critical thinking and decision making skills.


Microsoft CorporationMSMicrosoft Corp.
The company was the official jersey sponsor of Finland's national basketball team at the 2015 EuroBasket. 1975–1980: First Microsoft logo, in 1975. 1980–1982: Second Microsoft logo, in 1980. 1982–1987: Third Microsoft logo, in 1982. 1987–2012: Microsoft "Pac-Man" logo, designed by Scott Baker and used from 1987 to 2012. 2012–present: Fifth Microsoft logo, introduced on August 23, 2012. List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft. Microsoft engineering groups. Microsoft Enterprise Agreement.


onlinethe Internetweb
However, this is not always the case, as any brand damage in the eyes of people with an opposing opinion to that presented by the organization could sometimes be outweighed by strengthening the brand in the eyes of others. Furthermore, if an organization or individual gives in to demands that others perceive as wrong-headed, that can then provoke a counter-backlash. Some websites, such as Reddit, have rules forbidding the posting of personal information of individuals (also known as doxxing), due to concerns about such postings leading to mobs of large numbers of Internet users directing harassment at the specific individuals thereby identified.

Edward Tufte

Tufte, EdwardDr. Edward TufteEdward R. Tufte
Simplistic thinking—from ideas being squashed into bulleted lists; and stories with beginning, middle, and end being turned into a collection of disparate, loosely disguised points—presenting a misleading facade of the objectivity and neutrality that people associate with science, technology, and "bullet points". Tufte uses a presentation format to present his opposition to PowerPoint presentations. Tufte typically presents his theories to large audiences (400+) in a one-way format without soliciting audience input, while espousing the need to engage audiences. His recommendations for better design are not always supported by existing data or later experimental tests.

Keynote (presentation software)

KeynoteApple Keynote.KEY extension - Keynote (Apple presentation software)
Dual monitor support: the presenter can show the presentation on a screen and still see the desktop or notes from his laptop or presenter screen. Exports to PDF, QuickTime, JPEG, TIFF, PNG, HTML (with JPEG images) and PowerPoint. Keynote also uses .key (presentation files) and .kth (theme files) bundles based on XML. Supports all QuickTime video formats (including MPEG-2 and DV) in slideshows. Version 3 brings export to iDVD with clickability. Compatibility with Apple Remote and the Keynote remote application for iPhone, iPad and iPod touch. Presentation program. Slideshow. Microsoft PowerPoint. Impress. Pages. Numbers. iWork. Office Open XML software. Prezi. Stevenote.

Calligra Stage

On 19 October 2014 a Linux version was presented.

OpenOfficeOpen OfficeCalc
OpenOffice included a word processor (Writer), a spreadsheet (Calc), a presentation application (Impress), a drawing application (Draw), a formula editor (Math), and a database management application (Base). Its default file format was the OpenDocument Format (ODF), an ISO/IEC standard, which originated with It could also read a wide variety of other file formats, with particular attention to those from Microsoft Office. Sun open-sourced the OpenOffice in July 2000 as a competitor to Microsoft Office, releasing version 1.0 on 1 May 2002.

Harvard Graphics

Harvard Graphics was a graphics and presentation program for personal computers. It was a pioneering program of the personal computer revolution – the first version, titled Harvard Presentation Graphics was released for DOS in 1986 by Software Publishing Corporation (SPC) and achieved a high market share in the days before Microsoft Windows supplanted DOS. It was taken off the market in 2017. Harvard Graphics was one of the first desktop business application software programs that allowed users to incorporate text, information graphics, and charts into custom slideshow presentations.

Apache OpenMeetings

OpenMeetings is software used for presenting, online training, web conferencing, collaborative whiteboard drawing and document editing, and user desktop sharing. The product is based on Red5 media server, HTML5 and Flash which in turn are based on a number of open source components. Communication takes place in virtual "meeting rooms" which may be set to different communication, security and video quality modes. The recommended database engine for backend support is MySQL. The product can be set up as an installed server product, or used as a hosted service. Work on OpenMeetings started in 2007 by Sebastian Wagner.