List of big-game hunters

List of famous big game huntersMajor G.H. AndersonF.G. "Deaf" Banks
Finch Hatton hunted with a Mannlicher bolt actioned rifle in 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer, a second hand Rigby bolt actioned rifle in .350 Rigby, a Lancaster double rifle that he had converted from .450 No 2 Nitro Express to .450 Nitro Express as it was easier to source ammunition and an Army & Navy 20 bore shotgun. Finch Hatton remains famous as the lover of Karen Blixen, their relationship being detailed in her memoir Out of Africa, which she wrote under her nom de plume "Isak Dinesen". Roualeyn George "The Lion Hunter" Gordon-Cumming (1820–1866) was a Scottish traveler, sportsman, big game hunter and author.

Mannlicher–Schönauer

MannlicherMannlicher-SchönauerMannlicher stock
A limited edition called the 150 year anniversary Ritter Von Mannlicher were run in 1998 in the original 6.5×54mm M.S.cartridge. Although the modern "Classic" Steyr-Mannlicher rifles still incorporate some original features, like the butter-knife bolt handle, the distinctive actions and rotary (spool) magazines of the original Mannlicher–Schönauer rifles are no longer used. High production costs and the difficulty of fitting telescopic sights to the rifle's split receivers eventually resulted in a decision to terminate production in 1972.

W. D. M. Bell

W.D.M. "Karamojo" BellW.D.M. BellWalter Dalrymple Maitland "Karamojo" Bell
His favourite rifles were a bespoke Rigby-made 7×57mm Mauser with which he shot the majority of his elephants, a 'wand-like' Mannlicher–Schoenauer 6.5×54mm carbine, which he abandoned due to failure of the available ammunition, a Lee–Enfield sporting rifle in .303 British and Mauser rifles chambered in .318 Westley Richards.

Common pheasant

Ring-necked pheasantpheasantPhasianus colchicus
Since then it has been reared extensively by gamekeepers and was shot in season from 1 October to 31 January. Pheasants are well adapted to the British climate and breed naturally in the wild without human supervision in copses, heaths and commons. By 1950 pheasants bred throughout the British Isles, although they were scarce in Ireland. Because around 30,000,000 pheasants are released each year on shooting estates, mainly in the Midlands and South of England, it is widespread in distribution, although most released birds survive less than a year in the wild. The Bohemian was most likely seen in North Norfolk.

6.5×55mm Swedish

6.5×55mm6.5x556.5×55 mm
Thanks in part to its relatively roomy case which was designed for loading long, heavy 6.5 mm bullets, as well as an uncommon 12.2 mm diameter bolt face, it has proven more successful than other first-generation smokeless-powder military cartridges of similar caliber, such as the 6×60mm US Navy, 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer, 6.5×53mmR Dutch Mannlicher, 6.5×52mm Carcano and 6.5×50mm Arisaka. The Swedish-Norwegian Rifle Commission started its work in 1891. After extensive ballistic tests where different calibers were tested (8 mm, 7.5 mm, 7 mm, 6.5 mm etc.), the optimal caliber was determined to be 6.5 mm (0.256 in).

Carcano

Carcano M91Mannlicher–CarcanoCarcano M1891
Austria-Hungary: Captured during World War I, about 49,500 were converted to use the available 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer cartridges. Independent State of Croatia. Ethiopian Empire: captured from the Italian forces in 1896 or acquired after World War I. Still in use with irregular forces in the 1950s. 🇪🇬 Egypt. 🇫🇮 Finland. German Empire. 🇮🇹 Italy. Kingdom of Italy. Italian Social Republic. Empire of Japan. 🇱🇾 Libya. 🇲🇹 Malta. 🇲🇱 Mali: People's Movement for the Liberation of Azawad. Nazi Germany. 🇳🇱 Netherlands: The British sent captured Carcanos to the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army. Persia. Republic of China. 🇷🇴 Romania.

6.5×53mmR

.256 Mannlicher6.5x53R6.5×53 mm R
(COMMISSION INTERNATIONALE PERMANENTE POUR L'EPREUVE DES ARMES A FEU PORTATIVES) for the 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer Rimless cartridge. This seems to indicate that the Steyr factory may have originally designed the cartridges as rimmed and rimmless versions of the same family. This practice is to be seen in other cartridge families as well (ex. 7x57 vs. 7x57R: see 7×57mm Mauser). For the handloader, Boxer-primed cartridge cases can be made by resizing and trimming .303" British brass. Table of handgun and rifle cartridges. 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer. 6.5×55mm Swedish. 7×57mm Mauser.

.260 Remington

.260 Rem.
Standardizing the cartridge addressed the issues owners experienced when it was a wildcat. .264 (6.5 mm) caliber has historically been commercially unsuccessful in North America but has been one of the mainstays in Europe especially in the Scandinavian countries. The 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer, 6.5×55mm, 6.5×57 Mauser, and 6.5-284 Norma have loyal followings in Europe. Starting with the .264 Winchester Magnum and later the 6.5mm Remington Magnum, North American cartridges in this caliber have been largely failures.

Trapping

trappertrapperstrap
Cage traps are used by animal control officers to catch unwanted animals and move them to another location without harm, as well as by gamekeepers to catch birds and animals they consider to be pests. Cage traps are also sometimes used for capturing small animals such as squirrels by homeowners in attics or basements of homes, for removal to locations where they may either be legally killed and disposed of, or released unharmed.

6.5×47mm Lapua

6-6.5x47 Lapua6.5x476.5x47 Lapua
List of rifle cartridges. 6 mm caliber. .243 Winchester. 6.5×54mm MannlicherSchönauer - a cartridge that saw military service with the Greek Army from 1903-1949, which fires the same diameter and weight 9.0g bullet as the 6.5×47mm Lapua but achieves a lower muzzle velocity. 6.5×52mm Carcano. 6.5x47 Cartridge Guide, cartridge specs, load data, reloading tips, and more. Zak Smith, 6.5mm Shootout: .260 Remington vs. 6.5x47 Lapua vs. 6.5 Creedmoor. First Born: Darrell's 6.5x47mm Lapua. Zak Smith, 6.5x47 Lapua Tactical TackDriver (6mmBR.com Gun Of The Week). Nielson's 6.5×47 Nationals Winner, 6.5x47 Lapua Competition winner (Accurateshooter.com Gun of the Week).

Hunting

hunterhuntershunt
However, the vast herds of bison attracted market hunters, who killed dozens of bison for their hides only, leaving the rest to rot. Thousands of these hunters quickly eliminated the bison herds, bringing the population from several million in the early 1800s to a few hundred by the 1880s. Conservation efforts have allowed the population to increase, but the bison remains near-threatened due to lack of habitat. The Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy cites that the legalization of white rhinoceros hunting in South Africa motivated private landowners to reintroduce the species onto their lands.

Game (hunting)

gamegame animalwild game
Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food, and the meat of those animals. The type and range of animals hunted for food varies in different parts of the world.

Kangaroo

kangaroosAustralian native animal kangaroos
The kangaroo is a marsupial from the family Macropodidae (macropods, meaning "large foot"). In common use the term is used to describe the largest species from this family, especially those of the genus Macropus: the red kangaroo, antilopine kangaroo, eastern grey kangaroo, and western grey kangaroo. Kangaroos are indigenous to Australia. The Australian government estimates that 34.3 million kangaroos lived within the commercial harvest areas of Australia in 2011, up from 25.1 million one year earlier. As with the terms "wallaroo" and "wallaby", "kangaroo" refers to a paraphyletic grouping of species.

Rifle

hunting rifleriflesrevolving rifle
A rifle is a portable, long-barrelled firearm designed for accurate long-range shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore wall. The term was originally rifled gun, with the word "rifle" referring to the machining process of creating groovings with cutting tools, and is now used for any long handheld device designed for well-aimed discharge activated by a trigger, such as the personnel halting and stimulation response rifle. Rifles are used extensively in warfare, law enforcement, hunting and shooting sports.

Culling

cullculledculls
In biology, culling is the process of segregating organisms from a group according to desired or undesired characteristics. In animal breeding, it is the process of removing or segregating animals from a breeding stock based on specific trait. This is done to exaggerate desirable characteristics, or to remove undesirable characteristics by altering the genetic diversity of the population. For livestock and wildlife, culling often refers to the act of killing removed animals.

Browsing (herbivory)

browsingbrowsersbrowse
Browsing is a type of herbivory in which a herbivore (or, more narrowly defined, a folivore) feeds on leaves, soft shoots, or fruits of high-growing, generally woody plants such as shrubs. This is contrasted with grazing, usually associated with animals feeding on grass or other low vegetation. Alternatively, grazers are animals eating mainly grass, and browsers are animals eating mainly non-grasses, which include both woody and herbaceous dicots. In either case, an example of this dichotomy are goats (which are browsers) and sheep (which are grazers); these two closely related ruminants utilize dissimilar food sources.

Ballistic coefficient

G1 BCMayevski/Siacci
The 6 mm and 6.5 mm cartridges are probably the most well known for having high BCs and are often used in long range target matches of 300 m – 1000 m. The 6 and 6.5 have relatively light recoil compared to high BC bullets of greater caliber and tend to be shot by the winner in matches where accuracy is key. Examples include the 6mm PPC, 6mm Norma BR, 6x47mm SM, 6.5×55mm Swedish Mauser, 6.5×47mm Lapua, 6.5 Creedmoor, 6.5 Grendel, .260 Remington, and the 6.5-284. The 6.5 mm is also a popular hunting caliber in Europe.

Even-toed ungulate

artiodactyleven-toed ungulatesCetartiodactyla
The even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla, ) are ungulates – hoofed animals – which bear weight equally on two (an even number) of the five toes: their third and fourth toes. The other three toes are either present, absent, vestigial, or pointing posteriorly. By contrast, odd-toed ungulates bear weight on one (an odd number) of the five toes: the third toe. Another difference between the two is that even-toed ungulates digest plant cellulose in one or more stomach chambers rather than in their intestine as the odd-toed ungulates do.

Roe deer

Capreolus capreolusroebuckroe
The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), also known as the western roe deer, chevreuil, or simply roe deer or roe, is a species of deer. The male of the species is sometimes referred to as a roebuck. The roe deer is relatively small, reddish and grey-brown, and well-adapted to cold environments. The species is widespread in Europe, from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia, from Scotland to the Caucasus, and east to northern Iran and Iraq. It is distinct from the somewhat larger Siberian roe deer.

Sectional density

sectional densitiessectionally denser
Sectional density (often abbreviated SD) is the ratio of an object's mass to its cross sectional area with respect to a given axis. It conveys how well an object's mass is distributed (by its shape) to overcome resistance along that axis.

Chamois

Rupicapra rupicapraBalkan chamoisAlpine chamois
The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a species of goat-antelope native to mountains in Europe, including the European Alps, the Pyrenees, the Carpathians, the Tatra Mountains, the Balkans, the Rila - Rhodope massif, parts of Turkey, the Caucasus, and the Apennines. The chamois has also been introduced to the South Island of New Zealand. Some subspecies of chamois are strictly protected in the EU under the European Habitats Directive.

Red deer

Cervus elaphusredelk
Along with the other introduced deer species, they are, however, officially regarded as a noxious pest and are still heavily culled using professional hunters working with helicopters, or even poisoned. The first red deer to reach Australia were probably the six that Prince Albert sent in 1860 from Windsor Great Park to Thomas Chirnside, who was starting a herd at Werribee Park, south west of Melbourne in Victoria. Further introductions were made in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia. Today, red deer in Australia range from Queensland south through New South Wales into Victoria and across to South Australia, with the numbers increasing.

Scottish Highlands

HighlandsHighlandHighlands of Scotland
The Highlands (the Hielans, ; A’ Ghàidhealtachd, 'the place of the Gaels') is a historic region of Scotland. Culturally, the Highlands and the Lowlands diverged from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands. The term is also used for the area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, although the exact boundaries are not clearly defined, particularly to the east. The Great Glen divides the Grampian Mountains to the southeast from the Northwest Highlands.

Red grouse

grouseRedgrouse moor
Reasons for the decline include loss of heather due to overgrazing, creation of new conifer plantations and a decline in the number of upland gamekeepers. Some predators such as the hen harrier feed on grouse and there is ongoing controversy as to what effect these have on grouse numbers. Red grouse have been introduced to the Hautes Fagnes region of Belgium but the population there died out in the early 1970s. The red grouse is herbivorous and feeds mainly on the shoots, seeds and flowers of heather. It will also feed on berries, cereal crops and sometimes insects. The birds begin to form pairs during the autumn and males become increasingly territorial as winter progresses.