In situ

in-situsituin place
For example, questions in languages such as Chinese have in situ wh-elements, with structures comparable to "John bought what?" with what in the same position in the sentence as the grammatical object would be in its affirmative counterpart (for example, "John bought bread"). An example of an English wh-element that is not in situ (see wh-movement): "What did John buy?" In literature in situ is used to describe a condition. The Rosetta Stone, for example, was originally erected in a courtyard, for public viewing. Most pictures of the famous stone are not in situ pictures of it erected, as it would have been originally. The stone was uncovered as part of building material, within a wall.

Inverted question and exclamation marks

¡¿inverted exclamation mark
The inverted question mark is a punctuation mark written before the first letter of an interrogative sentence or clause to indicate that a question follows. It is a rotated form of the standard symbol "?" recognized by speakers of languages written with the Latin alphabet. In most languages, a single question mark is used, and only at the end of an interrogative sentence: "How old are you?" This was once true of the Spanish language.

Ellipsis (linguistics)

Answer ellipsis involves question-answer pairs. The question focuses an unknown piece of information, often using an interrogative word (e.g. who, what, when, etc.). The corresponding answer provides the missing information and in so doing, the redundant information that appeared in the question is elided, e.g.: The fragment answers in these two sentences are verb arguments (subject and object NPs). The fragment can also correspond to an adjunct, e.g.: Answer ellipsis occurs in most if not all languages. It is a very frequent type of ellipsis that is omnipresent in everyday communication between speakers.

English clause syntax

Sentences can be classified according to the purpose or function of the sentence into declarative (making a statement), interrogative (asking a question), exclamatory sentence or imperative (giving an order). In interrogative main clauses, unless the subject is or contains the interrogative word, the verb precedes the subject: Are you hungry? Where am I? (but Who did this?, without inversion, since the interrogative who is itself the subject). However such inversion is only possible with an auxiliary or copular verb; if no such verb would otherwise be present, do-support is used. In most imperative clauses the subject is absent: Eat your dinner!

Hawaiian grammar

Yes-no questions can be unmarked and expressed by intonation, or they can be marked by placing anei after the leading word of the sentence. Examples of question-word questions include: See also Hawaiian Language: Syntax and other resources. A verb can be nominalized by preceding it with the definite article. Within the noun phrase, adjectives follow the noun (e.g. ka hale liilii "the house small", "the small house"), while possessors precede it (e.g. kou hale "your house"). Numerals precede the noun in the absence of the definite article, but follow the noun if the noun is preceded by the definite article. In Hawaiian, there is no gender distinction based on biological sex.

Interrogatives in Esperanto

In Esperanto there are two kinds of interrogatives: yes–no interrogatives, and correlative interrogatives. Yesno questions are formed with the interrogative ĉu "whether" at the beginning of the clause. For example, the interrogative equivalent of the statement La pomo estas sur la tablo "The apple is on the table" is Ĉu la pomo estas sur la tablo? "Is the apple on the table?" A yesno question is also normally accompanied by a rising intonation. In some cases, especially when the context makes it clear that the sentence is an interrogative, a rising intonation alone can make a clause into a question, but this is uncommon and highly marked.

Subject–auxiliary inversion

subject-auxiliary inversioninversioninversion of subject and auxiliary
The most common use of subject–auxiliary inversion in English is in question formation. It appears in yesno questions: and also in questions introduced by other interrogative words (wh-questions): Inversion does not occur, however, when the interrogative word is the subject or is contained in the subject. In this case the subject remains before the verb (it can be said that wh-fronting takes precedence over subject–auxiliary inversion): Inversion also does not normally occur in indirect questions, where the question is no longer in the main clause, due to the penthouse principle.

Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩

wine''–''whine'' mergerwine–whine mergerwine-whine merger
Because Proto-Indo-European interrogative words typically began with *kʷ, English interrogative words (such as who, which, what, when, where) typically begin with (for the word how, see below). As a result, such words are often called wh-words, questions formed from them are called wh-questions. In reference to this English order, a common cross-lingual grammatical phenomenon affecting interrogative words is called wh-movement. Before rounded vowels, such as or, there was a tendency, beginning in the Old English period, for the sound /h/ to become labialized, causing it to sound like /hw/.

Linguistic development of Genie

When she did respond she clearly had no understanding of the sentence and gave completely ungrammatical and nonsensical answers, either stating the answer in the question, attempting to fuse two separate questions into one, or attempting to state a declarative sentence as a question. She also remained entirely unable to ask an interrogative question in conversation, only ever attempting to upon specific request, and efforts during mid-1973 to help her memorize interrogative questions were completely unsuccessful.


., a mysterious dedication in Shakespeare's sonnets name for an interrogative word such as where and when wh (digraph), in when, etc. Voiceless labio-velar approximant, the sound used for the above when it is pronounced differently from w. Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩. wh-word, a. wh-movement, a syntactic phenomenon involving such words. wh-question, a question formed using such words. County Westmeath, Ireland, vehicle registration code. The White House, United States, official residence and workplace of the President of the United States. Watt-hour, a unit of energy. China Northwest Airlines, IATA airline code. Wardlaw-Hartridge School, W-H. Wyndham Hotels & Resorts, NYSE Stock Symbol.

Udmurt grammar

plural marker
The nominative case of reflexive pronouns are listed in the following table: Udmurt interrogative pronouns inflect in all cases. However, the inanimate interrogative pronouns 'what' in the locative cases have the base form кыт-. The nominative case of interrogative pronouns are listed in the following table: The following table shows Udmurt interrogative pronouns in all the cases: Udmurt does not distinguish gender in nouns or even in personal pronouns: 'со' = 'he' or 'she' depending on the referent. Udmurt has fifteen noun cases: eight grammatical cases and seven locative cases. Notice that the word in a given locative case modifies the verb, not a noun.

Question (disambiguation)

"Questions", by Moneybagg Yo from Heartless (mixtape). "La question", by Gaëtan Roussel from Trafic. The Questions, a Scottish pop band. Question?, a Japanese group promoted by Johnny & Associates. Questions (game), a game played by asking questions. Ballot measure, a piece of proposed legislation to be approved or rejected by voters. Masá’il or "Questions", the fifteenth month of the Bahá'í calendar. Questioning (infinitive form: to question), another term for police interrogation. Question mark (disambiguation). Answer (disambiguation). Questions and answers (disambiguation). Interrogative, for grammatical rules for question formation. Inquiry. Ask (disambiguation).

V2 word order

verb-secondV2verb-second (V2) word order
Interrogative Wh- questions (like Yes/No questions) are regularly formed with inversion of subject and auxiliary. Present Simple and Present Past questions are formed with the auxiliary do, a process known as do-support. ||b. Where does she live? In certain patterns similar to Old and Middle English, inversion is possible. However, this is a matter of stylistic choice, unlike the constraint on interrogative clauses. negative or restrictive adverbial first :{|cellspacing="8" ||c. At no point will he drink Schnapps. ||d. No sooner had she arrived than she started to make demands. comparative adverb or adjective first :{|cellspacing="8" ||e.

Locality (linguistics)

In wh-movement in English, an interrogative sentence is formed by moving the wh-word (determiner phrase, preposition phrase, or adverb phrase) to the specifier position of the complementizer phrase. This results in the movement of the wh-phrase into the initial position of the clause .In English, they raise past C since they are found to the left of a T that has raised to C, meaning that they raise to the subject (or specifier) position of CP. The wh-phrase must also contain a question word, due to the fact that it needs to qualify as a +q. The +q feature of the complementizer (+q= question feature) results in an EPP:XP +q feature: This forces an XP to the specifier position of CP.

Basque grammar

Basqueadjectival suffix ''-koBasque declension
There are two question markers: al for straightforward yes-no questions, and ote for tentative questions of any kind (yes-no or not). Both al and ote are placed immediately in front of the finite verb form. The question marker al is not used pan-dialectally. In some dialects the same function is performed by a suffix -a attached to the finite verb form (thus the equivalents of the above examples are John ikusi duzu(i)a? and Badakia?). Still other dialects lack either interrogative al or interrogative -a.

Index of philosophy articles (I–Q)

Informal fallacy. Informal logic. Informal mathematics. Information bias (psychology). Information ethics. Information theory. Informed consent. Informed refusal. Infoshop. Ingeborg Bachmann. Ingeborg i Mjärhult. Ingenuity. Ingo Zechner. Ingroup bias. Ingsoc. Inherence. Inherence relation. Inherent. Inherent value. Inherently funny word. Iniciales. Inka. Innate idea. Innate ideas. Innate knowledge. Innatism. Inne pieśni. Inner peace. Innocence. Inocenc Arnošt Bláha. Inoue Tetsujirō. Inquiry. Inside Front. Insight. Insolubilia. Instantiation. Instantiation principle. Institute for Anarchist Studies. Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies.