English clause syntax

frontingconditional
Sentences can be classified according to the purpose or function of the sentence into declarative (making a statement), interrogative (asking a question), exclamatory sentence or imperative (giving an order). In interrogative main clauses, unless the subject is or contains the interrogative word, the verb precedes the subject: Are you hungry? Where am I? (but Who did this?, without inversion, since the interrogative who is itself the subject). However such inversion is only possible with an auxiliary or copular verb; if no such verb would otherwise be present, do-support is used. In most imperative clauses the subject is absent: Eat your dinner!

Hawaiian grammar

Yes-no questions can be unmarked and expressed by intonation, or they can be marked by placing anei after the leading word of the sentence. Examples of question-word questions include: See also Hawaiian Language: Syntax and other resources. A verb can be nominalized by preceding it with the definite article. Within the noun phrase, adjectives follow the noun (e.g. ka hale liilii "the house small", "the small house"), while possessors precede it (e.g. kou hale "your house"). Numerals precede the noun in the absence of the definite article, but follow the noun if the noun is preceded by the definite article. In Hawaiian, there is no gender distinction based on biological sex.

Grammatical particle

particleparticlesgrammatical particles
There are sentence-tagging particles such as Japanese and Chinese question markers. In Latin, particles are the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction and the interjection (a word that has emotion). Polynesian languages are almost devoid of inflection, and use particles extensively to indicate mood, tense, and case. Suggs, discussing the deciphering of the rongorongo script of Easter Island, describes them as all-important. In Māori for example, the versatile particle "e" can signal the imperative mood, the vocative case, the future tense, or the subject of a sentence formed with most passive verbs.

Interrogatives in Esperanto

In Esperanto there are two kinds of interrogatives: yes–no interrogatives, and correlative interrogatives. Yesno questions are formed with the interrogative ĉu "whether" at the beginning of the clause. For example, the interrogative equivalent of the statement La pomo estas sur la tablo "The apple is on the table" is Ĉu la pomo estas sur la tablo? "Is the apple on the table?" A yesno question is also normally accompanied by a rising intonation. In some cases, especially when the context makes it clear that the sentence is an interrogative, a rising intonation alone can make a clause into a question, but this is uncommon and highly marked.

DIKW pyramid

Knowledge hierarchiesinformation hierarchyDICKW
In the context of DIKW, information meets the definition for knowledge by description ("information is contained in descriptions" ), and is differentiated from data in that it is "useful". "Information is inferred from data", in the process of answering interrogative questions (e.g., "who", "what", "where", "how many", "when"), thereby making the data useful for "decisions and/or action". "Classically," states a recent text, "information is defined as data that are endowed with meaning and purpose."

Teaching method

teaching methodsteachingtraining method
An effective classroom discussion can be achieved by probing more questions among the students, paraphrasing the information received, using questions to develop critical thinking with questions like "Can we take this one step further?;" "What solutions do you think might solve this problem?;" "How does this relate to what we have learned about..?;" "What are the differences between ... ?;" "How does this relate to your own experience?;" "What do you think causes .... ?;" "What are the implications of .... ?"

Subject–auxiliary inversion

subject-auxiliary inversioninversioninversion of subject and auxiliary
The most common use of subject–auxiliary inversion in English is in question formation. It appears in yesno questions: and also in questions introduced by other interrogative words (wh-questions): Inversion does not occur, however, when the interrogative word is the subject or is contained in the subject. In this case the subject remains before the verb (it can be said that wh-fronting takes precedence over subject–auxiliary inversion): Inversion also does not normally occur in indirect questions, where the question is no longer in the main clause, due to the penthouse principle.

Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩

wine–whine mergerwine''–''whine'' mergerwine-whine merger
Because Proto-Indo-European interrogative words typically began with *kʷ, English interrogative words (such as who, which, what, when, where) typically begin with (for the word how, see below). As a result, such words are often called wh-words, questions formed from them are called wh-questions. In reference to this English order, a common cross-lingual grammatical phenomenon affecting interrogative words is called wh-movement. Before rounded vowels, such as or, there was a tendency, beginning in the Old English period, for the sound /h/ to become labialized, causing it to sound like /hw/.

Questionnaire construction

questionnairesquestionQuestion specification
Results can inform a researcher of errors such as missing questions, or logical and procedural errors. estimating the measurement quality of the questions. This can be done for instance using test-retest, quasi-simplex, or mutlitrait-multimethod models. predicting the measurement quality of the question. This can be done using the software Survey Quality Predictor (SQP). Closed-ended questions – Respondents' answers are limited to a fixed set of responses. Yes/no questions – The respondent answers with a "yes" or a "no". Multiple choice – The respondent has several option from which to choose.

Relational quantum mechanics

relational interpretation of quantum mechanicsrelational interpretationrelational
There will also be more than one possible complete question. If we further assume that the relations are defined for all Q_i, then is an orthomodular lattice, while all the possible unions of sets of complete questions form a Boolean algebra with the Q_c^{(i)} as atoms. The second postulate governs the event of further questions being asked by an observer O_1 of a system S, when O_1 already has a full complement of information on the system (an answer to a complete question). We denote by the probability that a "yes" answer to a question Q will follow the complete question Q_c^{(j)}.

Linguistic development of Genie

When she did respond she clearly had no understanding of the sentence and gave completely ungrammatical and nonsensical answers, either stating the answer in the question, attempting to fuse two separate questions into one, or attempting to state a declarative sentence as a question. She also remained entirely unable to ask an interrogative question in conversation, only ever attempting to upon specific request, and efforts during mid-1973 to help her memorize interrogative questions were completely unsuccessful.

Esperanto

EsperantistEsperantistsEsperanto language
However, outside China and Hungary, these mostly involve informal arrangements rather than dedicated departments or state sponsorship. Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest had a department of Interlinguistics and Esperanto from 1966 to 2004, after which time instruction moved to vocational colleges; there are state examinations for Esperanto instructors. Additionally, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poland offers a diploma in Interlinguistics. The Senate of Brazil passed a bill in 2009 that would make Esperanto an optional part of the curriculum in public schools, although mandatory if there is demand for it. the bill is still under consideration by the Chamber of Deputies.

Thesis circle

Many thesis circles accomplish a culture of reflective (i.e. non-rhetorical) questioning and dialogue (Damen, 2007; Van Seggelen-Damen & Romme, 2014). The supervision style of the professor appears to have a strong impact on whether this culture of reflection comes about: in thesis circles with a coaching rather than instruction oriented supervisor, more reflective questioning and dialogue was observed (Van Seggelen-Damen & Romme, 2014). Furthermore, reflective questioning among participants in thesis circles enhances learning in terms of so-called multi-perspective cognitive outcomes (Suedfeld et al., 1992; Curşeu and Rus, 2005).

WH

Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩. wh-word, a name for an interrogative word such as where and when. wh-movement, a syntactic phenomenon involving such words. wh-question, a question formed using such words. County Westmeath, Ireland, vehicle registration code. The White House, United States, official residence and workplace of the President of the United States. Watt-hour, a unit of energy. China Northwest Airlines, IATA airline code. Wardlaw-Hartridge School, W-H. Wyndham Hotels & Resorts, NYSE Stock Symbol.

Article (publishing)

articlesarticlecover story
The writer can also give facts and detailed information following answers to general questions like who, what, when, where, why and how. Quoted references can also be helpful. References to people can also be made through the written accounts of interviews and debates confirming the factuality of the writer’s information and the reliability of his source. The writer can use redirection to ensure that the reader keeps reading the article and to draw her attention to other articles. For example, phrases like "Continued on page 3” redirect the reader to a page where the article is continued.

Udmurt grammar

plural marker
The nominative case of reflexive pronouns are listed in the following table: Udmurt interrogative pronouns inflect in all cases. However, the inanimate interrogative pronouns 'what' in the locative cases have the base form кыт-. The nominative case of interrogative pronouns are listed in the following table: The following table shows Udmurt interrogative pronouns in all the cases: Udmurt does not distinguish gender in nouns or even in personal pronouns: 'со' = 'he' or 'she' depending on the referent. Udmurt has fifteen noun cases: eight grammatical cases and seven locative cases. Notice that the word in a given locative case modifies the verb, not a noun.

Standard Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin Chinese
There are also weak syllables, including grammatical particles such as the interrogative ma and certain syllables in polysyllabic words. These syllables are short, with their pitch determined by the preceding syllable. It is common for Standard Chinese to be spoken with the speaker's regional accent, depending on factors such as age, level of education, and the need and frequency to speak in official or formal situations. This appears to be changing, though, in large urban areas, as social changes, migrations, and urbanization take place. Due to evolution and standardization, Mandarin, although based on the Beijing dialect, is no longer synonymous with it.

Question (disambiguation)

"Questions", by Moneybagg Yo from Heartless (mixtape). "La question", by Gaëtan Roussel from Trafic. The Questions, a Scottish pop band. Question?, a Japanese group promoted by Johnny & Associates. Questions (game), a game played by asking questions. Ballot measure, a piece of proposed legislation to be approved or rejected by voters. Masá’il or "Questions", the fifteenth month of the Bahá'í calendar. Questioning (infinitive form: to question), another term for police interrogation. Question mark (disambiguation). Answer (disambiguation). Questions and answers (disambiguation). Interrogative, for grammatical rules for question formation. Inquiry. Ask (disambiguation).

Japanese language

JapaneseJapanese-languageJp
Questions (both with an interrogative pronoun and yes/no questions) have the same structure as affirmative sentences, but with intonation rising at the end. In the formal register, the question particle -ka is added. For example, ii desu "It is OK" becomes ii desu-ka "Is it OK?". In a more informal tone sometimes the particle -no is added instead to show a personal interest of the speaker: Dōshite konai-no? "Why aren't (you) coming?". Some simple queries are formed simply by mentioning the topic with an interrogative intonation to call for the hearer's attention: Kore wa? "(What about) this?"; O-namae wa? "(What's your) name?".

Veridicality

veridicalnonveridicalitynonveridic
Polarity items are quite frequent in questions, although questions are not monotone. Although questions biased towards the negative answer, such as "Do you give a damn about any books?" (tag questions based on negative sentences exhibit even more such bias), can sometimes be seen as downward entailing, this approach cannot account for the general case, such as the above example where the context is perfectly neutral. Neither can it explain why negative questions, which naturally tend to be biased, don't license negative polarity items.

Cognitive city

Such a collaboration can take place through different paths: Question-answering-system: As a knowledge-based system, a question-answering-system is able to give answers to questions asked in natural language. Thus, an efficient dialogue between human and system should be enabled. On the basis of the collected data (cf. big data), the city is able to see which topics the citizens engage with. Internet of Things (IoT): The whole urban environment is equipped with sensors that make all recorded data available in the cloud (cloud computing). In this way, a permanent interaction between citizens and the technology that surrounds them is developed.

Locality (linguistics)

localitydomainisland constraint
In wh-movement in English, an interrogative sentence is formed by moving the wh-word (determiner phrase, preposition phrase, or adverb phrase) to the specifier position of the complementizer phrase. The +q feature of the complementizer results in an EPP:XP +q feature: This forces an XP to the specifier position of CP. The +q feature also attracts the bound morpheme in the tense position to move to the head complementizer position; leading to do-support. There are seven types of violations that can occur for wh-movement. These constraints predict the environments in which movement generates an ungrammatical sentence: Movement does not occur locally.

Basque grammar

BasqueBasque declensionadjectival suffix ''-ko
There are two question markers: al for straightforward yes-no questions, and ote for tentative questions of any kind (yes-no or not). Both al and ote are placed immediately in front of the finite verb form. The question marker al is not used pan-dialectally. In some dialects the same function is performed by a suffix -a attached to the finite verb form (thus the equivalents of the above examples are John ikusi duzu(i)a? and Badakia?). Still other dialects lack either interrogative al or interrogative -a.

List of Latin words with English derivatives

Latin28.24%Latin words with English derivatives
This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).

Syntax

syntacticsyntacticalsyntactically
However, in the 19th century, with the development of historical-comparative linguistics, linguists began to realize the sheer diversity of human language and to question fundamental assumptions about the relationship between language and logic. It became apparent that there was no such thing as the most natural way to express a thought, and therefore logic could no longer be relied upon as a basis for studying the structure of language. The Port-Royal grammar modeled the study of syntax upon that of logic.