In all but 3 of the 29 cases, these letters are almost immediately followed by mention of the Qur'anic revelation itself (the exceptions are surat al-‘Ankabūt, ar-Rūm and al-Qalam); and some argue that even these three cases should be included, since mention of the revelation is made later on in the surah. More specifically, one may note that in 8 cases the following verse begins "These are the signs...", and in another 5 it begins "The Revelation..."; another 3 begin "By the Qur'an...", and another 2 "By the Book..." Additionally, all but 3 of these suras are Meccan surat (the exceptions are surat al-Baqarah, Āl ʾImrān and ar-Raʻd.)


A newer work which incorporates and quotes the work of a multitude of previous scholars and analyzes the relevant Arabic root words (based on all available classic Arabic meanings), and references all relevant passages of the Quran, was done by Abdul Mannan Omar. Atthakatha. List of tafsir works. Quran translations. Esoteric interpretation of the Quran (Ta'wil).


They used this same method to name Quranic chapters. Most chapter names are found in hadith. Some were named according to their central theme, such as Al-Fatiha (The Opening) and Yusuf (Joseph), and some were named for the first word at the beginning of the chapter, such as Qaf, Ya-Sin, and ar-Rahman. Some surahs were also named according to a unique word that occurs in the chapter, such as al-Baqarah (The Cow), An-Nur (The Light), al-Nahl (The Bee), Az-Zukhruf (The Ornaments of Gold), Al-Hadid (The Iron), and Al-Ma'un (The Small Kindness). Most chapter names are still used to this day.

Meccan surah

Meccan suraMakkanMeccan
List of chapters in the Quran.


Prophet MuhammadMohammedMohammad
According to the Quran, one of the main roles of Muhammad is to warn the unbelievers of their eschatological punishment (Quran, Quran ). Occasionally the Quran did not explicitly refer to Judgment day but provided examples from the history of extinct communities and warns Muhammad's contemporaries of similar calamities (Quran ). Muhammad did not only warn those who rejected God's revelation, but also dispensed good news for those who abandoned evil, listening to the divine words and serving God.


exegeticalexegeteBiblical exegesis
Tafsir (تفسير, tafsīr, "interpretation") is the Arabic word for exegesis or commentary, usually of the Qur'an. An author of tafsīr is a mufassir ('مُفسر, mufassir, plural: مفسرون, mufassirūn). Tafsir does not include esoteric or mystical interpretations, which are covered by the related word Ta'wil. Shi'ite organization Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project cites the Islamic prophet Muhammad as stating that the Qur'an has an inner meaning, and that this inner meaning conceals an even deeper inner meaning, in support of this view. Adherents of people for Sufism and Ilm al-Kalam pioneered this thought.


Quranism. Ayatollah.


It is said that when Muhammad emerged from his house, he recited the ninth verse of surah Ya Sin of the Quran and threw a handful of dust at the direction of the besiegers, rendering the besiegers unable to see him. Soon, Muhammad joined Abu Bakr, left the city, and the two took shelter in a cave outside the city. Next morning, the besiegers were frustrated to find Ali on Muhammad's bed. Fooled and thwarted by Muhammad's plan, they searched the city for him, and some of them eventually reached the threshold of the cave, but success eluded them. When the Quraysh came to know of Muhammad's escape, they announced heavy reward for bringing Muhammad back to them, alive or dead.

List of chapters in the Quran

chronological order of revelationList of surahs in the QuranNoldeke’s chronology
The Quran is divided into chapters (surahs) and further divided into verses (ayat ). The real translation of the word Ayat is actually "A Sign". For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah. Each surah, except for the ninth is preceded by the phrase ("In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful."). 29 surahs are preceded by Muqatta'at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear.the first surah in the (Quran) is surah fatiha * * Al-Quran, open source multi-language Quran project ru:Сура #Список сур Корана Makkan surah. Medinan surah. Nöldeke Chronology.

Asbāb al-nuzūl

Asbab al-nuzuloccasion of revelationsituation for which it was revealed
Mostly, though, he relies upon the existence of multiple, parallel non-Qur'anic forms of the narrative for most asbāb. Assuming that a report's link to scripture would not be removed once established, the non-Qur'anic (and thus non-exegetic) version of the report is in fact the original one. Rippin takes issue with this last assumption, though, arguing that the evidence does not preclude the creation of parallel sīra narratives even after the circulation of a supposedly "authoritative" Qur'anic one. The Quran was supposedly revealed over a period of nearly twenty three years.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Tafsīr al-Jalālayn is a classical Sunni interpretation (tafsir) of the Qur'an, composed first by Jalal ad-Din al-Maḥalli in 1459 and then completed after his death by his student Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuti in 1505, thus its name, which means "Tafsir of the two Jalals". It is recognised as one of the most popular exegeses of the Qur'an today, due to its simple style and its conciseness, as it is only one volume in length. Tafsir al-Jalalayn has been translated into many languages including English, French, Bengali, Urdu, Persian, Malay/Indonesian, Turkish, and Japanese. There are two English translations. * Quran with Tafsir Al-Jalalayn List of Tafsir works. List of Sunni books.


Al-MuddathirQaswarahSurat al-Muddaththir
A reference to the lion in the region of Pilgrimage is in a hadith. * Animals in Islam * The Holy Qur'an, translated by Abdullah Yusuf Ali. Three translations at Project Gutenberg. Three translations at Project Gutenberg.

Last Judgment

Last JudgementJudgment DayDay of Judgment
Many verses of the Quran, especially the earlier ones, are dominated by the idea of the nearing of the day of resurrection. Belief in Judgment Day is considered a fundamental tenet of faith by all Muslims. It is one of the six articles of faith. The trials and tribulations associated with it are detailed in both the Quran and the hadith, sayings of Muhammad. Hence they were added in the commentaries of the Islamic expositors and scholarly authorities such as al-Ghazali, Ibn Kathir, Ibn Majah, Muhammad al-Bukhari, and Ibn Khuzaimah who explain them in detail.

Prophets and messengers in Islam

Islamic prophetprophetprophets
The Quran mentions some Islamic scriptures by name, which came before the Quran: Muhammad was given a divine gift of revelation through the angel Gabriel. This direct communication with the divine underlines the human experience but the message of the Qur'an dignifies this history of revelation with these select people in human history the foundation for Mohammad's prophetic lineage. The Qur'an mentions various divinely-bestowed gifts given to various prophets. These may be interpreted as books or forms of celestial knowledge.


The Qur'an describes many prophets and messengers within Judaism and Christianity, and their respective followers, as Muslim: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus and his apostles are all considered to be Muslims in the Qur'an. The Qur'an states that these men were Muslims because they submitted to God, preached His message and upheld His values, which included praying, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. Thus, in Surah 3:52 of the Qur'an, Jesus' disciples tell him, "We believe in God; and you be our witness that we are Muslims (wa-shahad be anna muslimūn)."


Muslims recite and memorize the whole or part of the Quran as acts of virtue. Reciting the Quran with elocution has been described as an excellent act of worship. Pious Muslims recite the whole Quran at the month of Ramadan. In Islamic societies, any social program generally begins with the recitation of the Quran. One who has memorized the whole Quran is called a hafiz who, it is said, will be able to intercede for ten people on the Last Judgment Day. Apart from this, almost every Muslim memorizes some portion of the Quran because they need to recite it during their prayers. Sharia is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.

Battle of Badr

Tafsir (Sura 8: verse 11 to 18) – Battle of Badr: Analysis of Qur'anic verses by Irshaad Hussain.

Sunni Islam

SunniSunni MuslimSunni Muslims
Tafsir'ilmi stands for alleged scientific miracles found in the Qur'an. In short, the idea is that the Qur'an contains knowledge about subjects an author of the 7th century could not possibly have. Such interpretations are popular among many commentators. However, some scholars, such as the Commentators of Al-Azhar University, reject this approach, arguing the Qur'an is a text for religious guidance, not for science and scientific theories that may be disproved later; thus tafsir'ilmi might lead to interpreting Qur'anic passages as falsehoods.


revealeddivine revelationrevelation
In Islam, the Quran is considered a wahy given to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The word awha occurs in a number of shades of meaning in the Quran, each of them indicating the main underlying idea of directing or guiding someone or something. For example, "And inspired in each heaven its command," (Fussilat-12). "And your lord inspired to the bee," (An Nahl-68). "And we inspired to the mother of Mosses," (Al Qasas-7). Islamic scholars say that there is a clear difference between these kind of "wahy "and "wahy" to the Messenger Prophet. The prophets were very much conscious about revelations and they firmly believed that the revelations were true and came from the Almighty God.


GodAllāhAlmighty Allah
The Concept of Allāh According to the Qur'an by Abdul Mannan Omar. Allah, the Unique Name of God. Typography. Arabic Fonts and Mac OS X. Programs for Arabic in Mac OS X.

Muhammad's first revelation

first revelationNuzul Quranhis first revelation
Bukhari takes chapter 74 as the second revelation however chapter 68 has strong claims to be the second revelation.


divine revelationrevealedrevealed religion
The content of these revelations, known as the Qur'an, was memorized and recorded by his followers and compiled from dozens of hafiz as well as other various parchments or hides into a single volume shortly after his death. In Muslim theology, Muhammad is considered equal in importance to all other prophets of God and to make distinction among the prophets is a sin, as the Qur'an itself promulgates equality between God's prophets.(Qur'an 3:84) Many scholars have made the distinction between revelation and inspiration, which according to Muslim theology, all righteous people can receive.


Almost all Muslims, therefore, can be called Hadithists (i.e. believers in hadith), and maintain that the hadith are a necessary requirement for the true and proper practice of Islam, as it gives Muslims the nuanced details of Islamic practice and belief in areas where the Quran is silent. Quranists, on the contrary, hold that if the Quran is silent on some matter, it is because Allah did not hold its detail to be of consequence; and that some hadith contradict the Quran, evidence that some hadith are a source of corruption and not a complement to the Quran.

Medinan surah

MedinanMedinan suraMadinan
List of chapters in the Quran.


Islamic lawSharia lawShariah
Division of Inheritance According to Qur'an. Explanation of "The Reward of the Omnipotent" is a manuscript, in Arabic, from the late 19th or early 20th century about Sharia.