France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
In addition to its wine tradition, France is also a major producer of beer and rum. The three main French brewing regions are Alsace (60% of national production), Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Lorraine. A meal often consists of three courses, hors d'œuvre or entrée (introductory course, sometimes soup), plat principal (main course), fromage (cheese course) or dessert, sometimes with a salad offered before the cheese or dessert. France produces rum via distilleries located on islands such as Reunion Island in the southern Indian Ocean. Popular sports played in France include football, judo, tennis, rugby and pétanque.

Appellation d'origine contrôlée

appellationAOCappellations
The appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC; ; "protected designation of origin") is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, all under the auspices of the government bureau Institut national des appellations d'origine, now called Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité (INAO). It is based on the concept of terroir.

Wine

winesfine winewhite wine
One recent study suggests that for the average wine drinker, the vintage year may not be as significant for perceived quality as had been thought, although wine connoisseurs continue to place great importance on it. Wine tasting is the sensory examination and evaluation of wine. Wines contain many chemical compounds similar or identical to those in fruits, vegetables, and spices. The sweetness of wine is determined by the amount of residual sugar in the wine after fermentation, relative to the acidity present in the wine. Dry wine, for example, has only a small amount of residual sugar.

Cows Creamery

cowcattleheifer
Cows is an ice cream manufacturer and chain of ice cream parlors based in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. Cows was founded in Cavendish, Prince Edward Island in 1983, and has since expanded into cheddar cheese, and cow-themed merchandise. Cows was named "Canada's best ice cream" in a survey of readers of Reader's Digest and named the world's top place to get ice cream by Tauck World Discovery.

List of French cheeses

French cheesecheesesFrance
Boursin cheese. Brie Noir (Black Brie). Brillat-Savarin. Broccio Passu. Bucheron. Cabécou. Cabrinu. Cabriou. Cachaille. Cacouyard. Callebasse. Cancoillotte. Canut. Carré de l'Est. Cathare. Chamois d'or. Chaource. Chaubier. Chaumes. Coulommiers. Coutances. Délice de Bourgogne. Délice du Calvados. Édel de Cléron. Explorateur. Faisselle. Fédou. Feuille de Dreux. Feuille du Limousin. Figou. Fromager d'Affinois. Fougerus. Foudjou. Fourme d’Asco. Fourme de Cantal. Gaperon. Lavort. Mont des Cats. Mottin Charentais. Niolo. Olivet cendré. Pavin. Port Salut. Raclette. Rochebarron. Roue de Brielove. Saint Albray. Saint-André. Saint-Marcellin. Saint-Paulin. Tarentais. Tomme au Fenouil. Tomme Boudane.

List of Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée wines

300 French winesFrench winesList of ''Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée'' wines
Saint-Pourçain || Loire || 2009 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Saint-Romain || Burgundy || 1970 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Saint-Sardos || South West France || 2011 || upgraded to AOC (AOP) from AOVDQS as disappear as label in 2011. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Saint-Véran || Burgundy || 1971 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Sainte-Croix-du-Mont || Bordeaux || 1936 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux || Bordeaux || 1937 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Sancerre || Loire || 1936 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Santenay || Burgundy || 1970 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Saumur || Loire || 1936 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF". Saumur-Champigny || Loire || 1936 ||. - bgcolor="#DDEEFF".

Vin de Savoie AOC

Savoy wineVin de Savoie
The wines are mostly white, made from grape varieties Chasselas, Jacquère, Altesse (also known as Roussette), Verdesse, Chardonnay and Roussanne grapes, although there are also some (relatively light) reds made from Mondeuse, Gamay noir and occasionally Pinot noir, and rosés made from Gamay, and some sparkling wines. Seventeen dénominations géographiques are authorized within the appellation: Abymes or Les Abymes (white wines). Apremont (white wines). Arbin (rouges). Ayze (sparkling white wines). Chautagne (white and red wines). Chignin (white and red wines). Chignin-Bergeron (white wines). Crépy (white wines). Cruet (white wines). Frangy (white and red wines).

Cheese

cheesesrindCheese making
Some cheeses, like raclette, melt smoothly; many tend to become stringy or suffer from a separation of their fats. Many of these can be coaxed into melting smoothly in the presence of acids or starch. Fondue, with wine providing the acidity, is a good example of a smoothly melted cheese dish. Elastic stringiness is a quality that is sometimes enjoyed, in dishes including pizza and Welsh rarebit. Even a melted cheese eventually turns solid again, after enough moisture is cooked off. The saying "you can't melt cheese twice" (meaning "some things can only be done once") refers to the fact that oils leach out during the first melting and are gone, leaving the non-meltable solids behind.

Bergerac, Dordogne

BergeracBergererac
Pécharmant. Rosette. 🇨🇦 Repentigny, Quebec, Canada since 1997. 🇮🇹 Faenza, Emilia-Romagna, Italy since 1998. 🇵🇱 Ostrów Wielkopolski, Poland since 2017. Communes of the Dordogne department. Elias Burneti of Bergerac.

Franche-Comté

BurgundyFree CountyFree County of Burgundy
Cheese: Cancoillotte, Bleu de Gex, Comté, Édel de Cléron, Metton, Morbier, Munster, Vacherin. Franche-Comté : land of contrasts - Official French website (in English). Conseil régional de Franche-Comté Official website. Franche-Comté directory search engine.

Fondue

cheese fonduefondutafon to due
Raclette. Welsh rarebit. Fondue as a social event. Isabelle Raboud-Schüle, "Comment la fondue vint aux Suisses", Annales fribourgeoises 72:101–112 (2010).

South West France (wine region)

South West FranceSouthwest FranceSouth West
Pécharmant AOC. Rosette AOC. Saussignac AOC. Brulhois AOC. Buzet AOC. Cahors AOC. Côtes de Duras AOC. Côtes du Marmandais AOC. Fronton AOC. Gaillac AOC. Marcillac AOC. Coteaux du Quercy VDQS. Côtes de Millau VDQS. Saint-Sardos VDQS. Vins de Lavilledieu VDQS. Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel VDQS. Vins d'Estaing VDQS. Madiran AOC. Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh AOC. Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh Sec AOC. Saint-Mont VDQS. Tursan VDQS. Béarn AOC. Jurançon AOC. Abouriou. Arrouya noir. Arrufiac. Baco blanc. Bouchalès. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Clairette blanche. Colombard. Courbu. Duras. Fer. Folle blanche. Gros Manseng. Jurançon. Len de l'El. Malbec. Merlot. Muscadelle. Négrette. Petit Manseng.

Communes of France

communecommunesintercommunal
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany or comuni in Italy. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Departments of France

departmentdépartementdepartments
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département, ) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Dordogne

Dordogne, France2424 - Dordogne
Dordogne (, or ; ; Dordonha) is a department in Southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. The department is located in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees and is named after the river Dordogne that runs through it. It corresponds roughly with the ancient county of Périgord. It had a population of 416,909 in 2013.

Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure

VDQSVin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure (VDQS)
Vin délimité de qualité supérieure ("Delimited Wine of Superior Quality"), usually abbreviated as VDQS, was the second highest category of French wine, below Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) in rank, but above Vin de pays (country wine). VDQS was sometimes written as AOVDQS, with AO standing for Appellation d'Origine. VDQS wines were subject to restrictions on yield and vine variety, among others.

Cabernet Sauvignon

CabernetboucheBryant Family Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon
Some regions, such as Portugal with its abundance of native grape varieties, have largely ignored Cabernet Sauvignon as it seeks to rejuvenate its wine industry beyond Port production. The style of Cabernet Sauvignon is strongly influenced by the ripeness of the grapes at harvest. When more on the unripe side, the grapes are high in pyrazines and will exhibit pronounced green bell peppers and vegetal flavors. When harvested overripe the wines can taste jammy and may have aromas of stewed blackcurrants. Some winemakers choose to harvest their grapes at different ripeness levels in order to incorporate these different elements and potentially add some layer of complexity to the wine.

Cabernet Franc

CabernetCabernet Franc (10%)Franc
Cabernet Franc is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide. It is principally grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the Bordeaux style, but can also be vinified alone, as in the Loire's Chinon. In addition to being used in blends and produced as a varietal in Canada and the United States, it is sometimes made into ice wine in those regions.

List of VDQS wines

|| Loire || VDQS in 1951 under the name Vins de Saint-Pourçain sur Sioule, renamed to Saint-Pourçain in 1982, AOC in 2009 | Sartène || Corsica || VDQS in 1968, could also be called Vin du Sartenais, AOC in 1976 as part of Corse or Vin du Corse | Sauvignon de Saint-Bris || Burgundy || AOC in 2003 under the name Saint-Bris | Valençay || Loire || VDQS in 1970, AOC in 2004 | Vin de Marcillac || South West France || VDQS in 1965, AOC in 1990 under the name Marcillac {|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:left". - bgcolor="#CCDDEE". - bgcolor="#DDEEFF".

Savoy wine

SavoieSavoyMarc de Savoie
Altesse – Second fermentation of a dry white Jacquère with an Altesse (Roussette)-based liqueur. Pinot gris – Grape variety for white wine, muted of the Pinot noir. The skin of this grape has a color that can vary from almost black to white and from pale blue to pink. The color of the wine can also have a hint of pink. Mondeuse – Mondeuse is a red wine with bluish tones. Mondeuse d’Arbin – Mondeuse d’Arbin is also a red wine from Mondeuse with intense red deep color. Pinot noir – Pinot is a wine with a high alcohol content (12 to 13°) and a scarlet raisin color. Local map. Savoy wines.

Metton

Metton is a runny French cheese made in Franche-Comté, mostly used as an ingredient for making Cancoillotte. The traditional process to produce Cancoillotte with metton is to cook it in an earthenware pot with some water or milk, then to add salt and butter (garlic is an option). * text for the "La cancoillotte" song by Hubert-Félix Thiéfaine

Cream cheese

triple creamPhiladelphia Cream Cheesecream
It is more comparable in taste, texture, and production methods to Boursin and Mascarpone. Early prototypes of cream cheese are mentioned in England as early as 1583 and in France as early as 1651. Recipes are recorded soon after 1754, particularly from Lincolnshire and the southwest of England. Recipes for cream cheese can be found in U.S. cookbooks and newspapers beginning in the mid-18th century. By the 1820s, dairy farms in the vicinity of Philadelphia and New York City had gained a reputation for producing the best examples of this cheese. Cream cheese was produced on family farms throughout the country, so quantities made and distributed were typically small. Around 1873 William A.

Béarn AOC

Béarn
Wines made in the village of Bellocq also carry the appellation Béarn-Bellocq. During the Roman colonisation, a vineyard was planted on the hillsides between Salies-de-Béarn and Bellocq village. Gaston VII de Montcada, Viscount of Béarn, built a fortress in Bellocq. This allowed for the construction of a bastide. The new inhabitants of the bastide contributed to the development of the vineyard. Crossing the vineyard on the Way of St. James, pilgrims making their way to Galicia or returning from their pilgrimage popularised Béarn wine beyond regional borders. Jeanne d'Albret, mother of Henry IV of France, who was here on her land, particularly appreciated Béarn wine.

Haute-Savoie

74U-Savoy74 - Haute-Savoie
Raclette raw milk – 2,000 tons. Abondance – 700 tons. Tome des Bauges – 650 tons. Food: 955 companies. Construction: 4,924. Production: 2,834. Services: 3,238. Construction: 20 percent. Decoration, electricity, plastering, painting: 70 percent. Public works: 10 percent. Tourism, culture and recreation: 23.7 percent. Food and restaurants: 22.5 percent. Hygiene and health: 15.2 percent. Service: 14.3 percent. Cars, motorcycles, bicycles: 13.1 percent. Household equipment, home appliances: 11.2 percent. 13 hypermarkets (78105 m2). 92 supermarkets (112844 m2). 24 maxidiscounts (17600 m2). 6 department and variety stores (14640 m2). 465 other stores (482230 m2).

Chasselas

Fendant
It is considered an ideal pairing for raclette or fondue. Chasselas is also known as Perlan in the Mandement district of Geneva. In 2009, it was Switzerland's second-most planted grape variety at 4013 ha. In Germany, with 1123 ha, it is almost exclusively grown in the wine region of Baden under the name Gutedel. In France it is mostly grown in the Loire region, where it is blended with Sauvignon blanc to produce a wine called "Pouilly-sur-Loire". Californian and Australian growers know this variety under the names Chasselas Doré and Golden Chasselas. Michel Chapoutier has stated that he is looking for land for a vineyard in England, which would be planted with Chasselas.